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Selection of CABI book chapters for the BES conference, displaying some of our latest forestry and ecology books.

 

3 Chapters

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Medium 9781780648651

14: Long-term Ecological Studies

Peterken, G.; Mountford, E. CABI PDF

14

Long-term Ecological Studies

Many aspects of ecology, especially in woodland, can be understood only through observation continued over decades or centuries. The practice of making observation dependent on research grants and three-year Ph.D. courses prevents these aspects being studied. The philosophy, now fashionable, of designing observations only in order to confirm or disprove some preconceived hypothesis makes it difficult to discover the unexpected. At Madingley Wood, along with Wytham Woods and Lady Park Wood, the long duration of existing studies makes it possible to break out of these limitations.

(Rackham and Coombe, 1996)

Forests operate on timescales of centuries, during which some changes are rapid and profound but most are slow and almost imperceptible. We try to understand them, not only for their intrinsic interest but also for highly practical reasons. What changes are happening now? Is the change unprecedented?

To what extent are people responsible? Do we need to do anything to stop, reverse or facilitate change?

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Medium 9781780643373

4: Evolution of Modern Landscapes

Kirby, K.J.; Watkins, C. CABI PDF

4 Evolution of Modern LandscapesKeith J. Kirby1* and Charles Watkins2Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK;2School of Geography, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK14.1  IntroductionWildwood, whatever it was like, now exists in Europe perhaps only in the most remote mountainous and boreal areas; even here, it can be affected by long-range pollution and climate change and be under threat from­logging. Sites often described as ‘primeval’, such as the Białowiez·a Forest in Poland, or FibyUrskog in Sweden, turn out to have had a more active management history than at first appears(Bradshaw and Hannon, 1992; Latałowa et al.,Chapter 17). The diverse ways in which the­extent, structure and species composition ofEurope’s forest and woodland cover have been altered by humans over the last 6000 years(Table 4.1) has also had implications for a wide range of other (non-plant) species (Bengtsson et al., 2000).4.2  The Emergence of WoodlandManagementDifferent tree species have different properties, even as firewood, and were selectively collected from the Neolithic period onward (Out, 2010).

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Medium 9781780641409

3: Sustainable Forestry in Rainforests: Reality or Dream, Hope or Chimaera?

Bruenig, E.F. CABI PDF

3Sustainable Forestry in Rainforests: Reality or Dream, Hope or Chimaera?3.1  The Concept of SustainableForestry: Origin and Postmodern­RelevanceThe story of the rainforest’s turbulent history(Section 1.1) and the responses to logging(Chapter 2) demonstrate very clearly that various structural and functional features contribute to a capacity of self-sustainability.The abilities to adapt, repair, restore, reorganise and colonise are intrinsic features which together are a powerful arsenal of the rainforest ecosystem. But this arsenal has its limits, which nature occasionally – and modern mankind continuously – exceeds, but native forest people and modern foresters have learned by trial and error to respect.The year 2013 saw the 300th anniversary of the first formal scientific definition of sustainable forestry and the need to counteract timber famine (Carlowitz, 1713), recognition of the need to enforce sustainability in forestry. In 1713, the Berghauptmann (mine head man) Hans Carl von Carlowitz, a senior mining official and forester-at-heart in Saxony, central Germany, published the book

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