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Climate Change Impacts on Urban Pests slice

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This book is the first resource to review the influence of climate change on urban and public pests such as mosquitoes, flies, ticks, and wood pests, with respect to population, distribution, disease, damage and control. It systematically addresses how the impact of climate change on pests in urban areas differs from natural areas, focusing on the increased temperatures of urban locations, the effect of natural disasters, the manner of land use and the consequences of human habitation. Climate Change Impacts on Urban Pests:

- covers key information on how climate change and urban pests affect human health
- includes coverage of the impacts of natural disasters such as flooding looks at issues which could influence the management of pests
- explores a range of international opinion from recognised authorities covering six continents.
 

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12 Climate Change and Urban Human Health

Dhang, P. CABI PDF

12

Climate Change and Urban

Human Health

Martha Macedo de Lima Barata

Lagoa, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

12.1  Introduction

Current climate extremes and projections for future climate changes have resulted in growing attention being given to the health effects of these events on the urban population (Barata et al., 2016). Considering health as ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-­being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’ (WHO, 1948), indeed, almost all the effects of climate change have a direct or indirect impact on health (Barata et al., 2016).

The urban population is growing at a fast rate. In 1960, it accounted for 34% of the total global population, which in 2014 grew to 54% and it is estimated that by 2017 the majority of people will be living in urban areas (WHO, 2015). This fast urbanization is threatening environmental quality in cities.

There is an expanding field of research exploring how the way in which cities are planned and managed can influence the health of its residents (Rydin, 2012). Additionally, long-­term projections and models show that climate change may aggravate the health of city dwellers (Barata et al., 2016).

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