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6. Over Here: Texans on the Home Front by Ralph A. Wooster

Edited by John W. Storey and Mary L. Kelley University of North Texas Press ePub

Over Here

Texans on the Home Front

Ralph A. Wooster

Much has been written about the courage and heroism of Texans in battle. The impact of war upon Texas culture and society, especially in the twentieth century, has received less attention. While the exploits of Texas military units such as the 90th Division in the Meuse-Argonne Forest in 1918 and the 36th Division at Salerno and the Rapido River in 1943–44 and individual Texas soldiers and seamen such as John W. Thomason, Chester W. Nimitz, Audie Murphy, Sam Dealey, and William H. Walker have been described in various books and films, little attention has been paid to the effect that twentieth-century wars, both hot and cold, have had upon cultural and social developments in the state.1

The First World War, 1914–1918, or the Great War as it was called by contemporaries, had a profound impact upon Texans. Nearly 200,000 Texans saw military service, many overseas in the trenches of France. The war also affected those Texans who remained at home. Hundreds of new jobs were created in constructing camps for training soldiers, building ships, drilling for and refining oil, and increasing production of cotton and other agricultural commodities. The war developed a new sense of national patriotism among many Texans, most of whom thought of themselves more as southerners than Americans when the conflict began.2

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Chapter 6. A Man of Low Instinct and Habits

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 6

A Man of Low Instinct and Habits

A comparison of Longley’s version of his adventures in the Northwest with the official record concerning Camp Stambaugh truly reveals his artful ability to mix fact with fiction in order to project the desperado image he sought. The truth does not do much for that image.

When Longley was captured in 1877, according to the account given by Fuller, he claimed that after the Kuykendall expedition broke up, he was broke and stranded, so he applied to the army quartermaster for a job as a teamster. He said that his job was to drive a sixmule team between Camp Brown and Fort Bridger hauling supplies and equipment. Because of the Indian threat, he said that there were usually four or five wagons in each caravan, guarded by a detachment of cavalrymen. Longley alleged that on September 15 (probably 1870, although no year is given), a caravan was attacked by some 130 Indians between South Pass City and the Green River on a creek that he called the Dry Sandy, which lies to the southeast of South Pass. Longley said that after much shooting and yelling and the loss of one of their men, the Indians were driven off. As will be seen, Longley could not possibly have been present at that fight, if it occurred, even as a soldier.

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10. When People Act on the Gospel Values

Mary Beth Rogers University of North Texas Press PDF

10

When People Act on the Gospel Values

Chicago, 1971

When Ernie Cortes came to the Industrial Areas Foundation

Training Institute in 1971, Saul Alinsky was conspicuous by his absence. Edward Chambers was fully in charge, struggling to build a program to attract and train professional organizers.

When Alinsky died of a heart attack in 1972, it was Chambers who had to scramble to raise money to keep the training institute alive. Alinsky's speaking fees had supplemented foundation grants to underwrite the program, and now without Alinsky, it was going to be difficult for the IAF to survive financially.

"The first five years I had to sell my soul to raise money.

Foundations wouldn't fund us and I had to figure out a way to make it self-sufficient," Chambers recalls.

Everything was in a state of flux within the IAF-the money, the ties with local organizations, the concept of organizing, and the development of training programs for organizers and volunteer leaders. Then Ernie Cortes came along and dropped into the brewing stew his interest in theological concerns.

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Medium 9781574412864

Appendix A. Boos-Waldeck Purchases

James C. Kearney University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781574414677

5. A Heavy Task

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF

5

A HEAVY TASK

A S J O N E S M A D E H I S WAY B AC K D OW N the line to his headquarters in Austin, the companies continued their hunt for raiding

Indians and wayward outlaws. On August 3, General Steele commissioned

J. T. Nelson of Stephenville as a second lieutenant in Waller’s Company

A, apparently without consulting Jones.1 Along the way, as he revisited each company, Jones stopped off at Fort Griffin where he discussed the

Indian problem with Army General Don Carlos Buell, who promised his cooperation with the Battalion. Captains Stevens and Waller were instructed to keep the general apprised of Indian activity in their jurisdictions, and Buell made available to them two Tonkawa Indians as scouts and trailers.2

Although there is no record of it in Frontier Battalion files, Private

Thurlow Weed wrote his brother that on August 3 a lieutenant in Maltby’s Company E, leading ten men, came upon a party of thirty-seven

Indians attacking a stagecoach that had an escort of twenty United

States soldiers. While the soldiers apparently failed to help fend off the attack, the Rangers were reported to have routed the attackers, killing at least two with four others carried off by the Indians, and recovering some forty horses.3

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