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23. The Alley Way

Margaret Lewis Furse Texas A&M University Press ePub

Chapter 23

THE ALLEY WAY

My parents’ house, which they built in the 1930s, fronted like Aunt Janie’s on Avenue G and was only a block from hers—a block closer than hers to the Depot. Our house was red brick with a center hall, an early American design with the front door near the middle and the upstairs and downstairs windows positioned symmetrically. To get to Aunt Janie’s taking either the boulevard way or the alley way, I had to cross only one street, Third Street, where there was almost no traffic. I made the trip often and had only to sing out, “I’m going to Aunt Janie’s.”

My usual thoroughfare when I was a child was the alley, which had in it all those cast-off things children valued. It was also my main route for setting out with my friend Virginia on one of our investigative missions. The alley gave us the further advantage of providing access to our house or any neighbor’s house through the kitchen, a preferred entry because it plunged us immediately into interesting activities; and there was no need to ring a doorbell.

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10. Sex and Age Ratios

Hernández, Fidel Texas A&M University Press ePub

Figure 10.1 Sex and age ratio data are relatively easy to collect from harvested bobwhites. This information can be used to gain insight on bobwhite survival and productivity. (Photograph provided by Dale Rollins)

THE SEX AND AGE of bobwhites in the harvest provides information that may be used to index or induce additional attributes of populations such as production, survival, and distribution of hatches during the breeding season. As was the case with population counts, this information may be useful in evaluation of management efforts or habitat types. For example, estimates of average annual survival may be used to evaluate quail responses between a pasture with a grazing system and one with continuous grazing. Hatching distributions may be used to evaluate if supplemental feeding in a pasture influences the length of the hatching season differently than in a pasture with no feeding. Age ratios may be used to compare the productivity of bobwhite populations among habitat types or properties.

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Part 2

Buster, Noreen A. Texas A&M University Press ePub

Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor

Gregg R. Brooks

Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor are the 2 largest estuaries in the eastern Gulf of Mexico. They lie in close proximity to one another, separated by less than 200 km, along the westward-facing, barrier-island Gulf Coast of peninsular Florida (Fig. 5.1). They have similar dimensions, share the same regional geological setting, have a similar climate (humid subtropical), and share a similar oceanographic setting (tide and wave regimes). Geologic research over the past 50 years has developed slower for Charlotte Harbor than for Tampa Bay. Over the past 20 years, studies have focused on the recent geologic history and modern depositional units because interests and funding have concentrated more on anthropogenic impacts and environmental concerns.

Figure 5.1. Location map of Tampa Bay and Charlotte Harbor along the Florida Gulf Coast (modified from Randazzo and Jones 1997).

Setting

Tampa Bay is a large multilobed system of interconnected bays and lagoons (Fig. 5.2). It covers over 1000 km2, but despite its large aerial extent is rather shallow with an average depth of 4 m. It has been naturally divided into 5 physiographic subregions. Middle and lower Tampa Bay form the main body, which is 1520 km in width, 30 km in length, and contains 58% of the total area. Fifty percent of middle and lower Tampa Bay is 26 m deep, and 30% attains depths >6 m. Almost all of the depths >6 m are in this part of the bay. Old Tampa Bay, the northwestern lobe, is approximately 25 km long, 510 km wide, and comprises 26% of the bay area. Almost 38% is <2 m deep and 2% is covered by water depths >6 m. Hillsborough Bay, the northeastern lobe, is approximately 15 km long by 7 km wide and comprises approximately 10% of the bay complex. Its depth distribution is similar to that of Old Tampa Bay. Boca Ciega Bay, located north of the mouth of Tampa Bay, is not technically part of the estuary but is a small lagoon behind the coastal barrier islands. Much of Boca Ciega Bay has been dredged and filled, resulting in a substantial decrease in estuarine habitat. Greater than 75% of Boca Ciega Bay is <2 m in depth (Goodell and Gorsline 1961).

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Coral Reefs

Buster, Noreen A. Texas A&M University Press ePub

Late Quaternary Stratigraphy

Barbara H. Lidz

The reef-rimmed south Florida shelf is a windward carbonate-platform margin, yet it differs substantially in morphology and depositional processes from the classic windward carbonate-margin model (James and Ginsburg 1979). The submerged shelf is shallow (generally <12 m), uneven, extends for ~5 to 7 km seaward of the Florida Keys, and slopes westward, transitioning into a non-rimmed ramp morphology in the Gulf of Mexico (see Hine and Locker, chapter 7 in this volume). Average present gradient from the keys to the break in slope is ~0.8 m/km (Perkins 1977). Pleistocene gradients were generally less (Perkins 1977). Typical windward margins are steeply inclined (James and Ginsburg 1979; Hine et al. 1981; Hine and Mullins 1983). Although south Florida is generally regarded as a marginal geographic setting for modern coral reefs (Jaap 1984; Shinn 1988; Shinn et al. 1989), late Pleistocene reefs flourished and produced massive cumulative structures (Lidz et al. 1991; Lidz 2004).

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Epilogue

Porter, Charles R. Texas A&M University Press ePub

EPILOGUE

In the past, Texans have taken water for granted, and still almost everywhere water availability is as easy as reaching for and turning on the spigot. Our recent ancestors dug water wells by hand, hauled water into the house, or if they were really lucky and reasonably wealthy, pumped it by hand into buckets inside the home. They had no choice but to center their lives each and every day for at least a few minutes on the personal search for and delivery of water. In most areas of Texas we have lost the sense of urgency our grandparents or great-grandparents lived with daily over water. To this day, most land purchasers give water availability only a cursory investigation, assuming that their right to water is a “given” and that it will be easy to acquire from somewhere or someone. As our state continues to grow, we must all reach a better understanding of the ways in which we share and conserve the common pool of our most important resource, water.

Understanding water rights in Texas is challenging, especially when trying to determine what water rights a tract of land owns, whether it is your land or land you are looking to buy. Water rights to any single property or for any person exist in a “bundle” of rights. The bundle could include rights to use surface water, rights to own groundwater and diffused surface water, rights to sell or lease the water, rights to access water for domestic and livestock use—any one person’s water rights in total include the bundled rights to all the types of water in Texas.

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