1011 Chapters
Medium 9780870818004


Stephen J. Leonard University Press of Colorado ePub

Within the last three years—a bank failure—a motor
accident—long severe illness of my son, and this thing called
depression. Now we are really quite hungry.1

MAY 12, 1932

In 1930 most Coloradans—or at least most of the official spokespersons—would have denied that their state was suffering from the Great Depression. “Look at The Denver Post and the Rocky Mountain News,” they might have told a visitor, “as fat as ever with advertising. Does that show a state in trouble? Look at the employment rate, higher than that in the rest of the country. The Depression may be a problem for the industrialized East, but it isn’t for us. Our resources protect us. Our climate protects us. It won’t happen here.”

Such bravura was short-lived. By late 1931 the entire state was in trouble, as farm commodity prices fell and trade slowed. By 1932 Denver’s bank clearings were less than half those in 1929. The economic disaster of the 1930s hit Coloradans especially hard because many of them had struggled during the 1920s. As in other parts of the Rocky Mountain West, agriculture and mining had been depressed since the end of World War I, leaving many people without surplus wealth to fall back on. The twenty years between 1920 and 1940, two decades of reduced income and limited opportunities, shaped a society that was like a hibernating bear: sluggish and resentful of change.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780870819360


Cara Blessley Lowe University Press of Colorado ePub


Colorado—The power of an animal appearing repeatedly in dreams calls forth deep examination of the lessons we may glean from them,
illuminating the connection humans share with our wild brethren.

Over the years many animals, both wild and domestic, have called and spoken to me in countless dreams as well as in real life. I have been blessed to have lived in the Rocky Mountains where encounters with wildlife are frequent. But it was my dreams of powerful “fierce creatures” of the wild that got my attention and focused it on the transformative significance that animals have had in my life.

Two of the most memorable and meaningful of these dreams occurred when I was on a wilderness retreat in the late 1980s. In order to reconnect with the Earth and my own heart, I did a six-day and six-night solo among the wild cliffs on the west side of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains on the northern edge of Crestone, Colorado. I have found that solo time in the wilderness is one of the most effective ways to get out of my head and back into my body so that the wisdom of the unconscious may speak. The vivid animal dreams recounted here convey the power of that experience.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781607321798

8. Creation Narratives in the Postclassic Maya Codices

Kerry M. Hull University Press of Colorado ePub



Narratives in the Postclassic screenfold books known as the Dresden, Madrid, and Paris Codices have received relatively little attention in the past, although scholars have recently begun focusing on them in more detail. They provide an important source of information about deities and events in primordial time that helps supplement Classic and Colonial period data-sets. This chapter focuses on a particular narrative—and pictorial—device used by Maya scribes to highlight the shift to mythic time and the performance of rituals related to invoking this “time out of time.”

Importantly, narratives in the codices referring to mythic time are presented as relatively brief texts that serve primarily to provide a temporal framework for events and actions relating to specific deities. They are not grouped together in a specific section of the hieroglyphic books (or even in a particular codex) but rather are found in the prefaces to the astronomical tables of the Dresden Codex and within a subset of almanacs in all three codices with a focus on rituals that involve a reenactment of mythic events. They may be recognized by various elements; of interest in our inquiry is the reference to stations in time’s journey, represented textually by the phrase wa’al-aj y-ok “his/her footsteps stopped” and visually by the inclusion of footprints in the picture. Although lacking the breadth of Classic period texts that focus on cosmogenesis and other acts of creation, mythic time is highlighted in a number of separate almanacs and texts in the Maya codices, which can be combined to present a detailed picture of the events that transpired.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780870819858

13. The arizona expedition

Amos Jay Cummings University Press of Colorado ePub


Particulars of the Last Mormon Expedition—The Paradise in the

Gadsden Purchase—Terrible Suffering in the Painted Desert—

The Prophet Asked for Instructions—On to the Mexican Frontier.

Correspondence of The Sun.

SALT LAKE CITY, Aug. 7.—Some of the members of Brigham Young’s Arizona expedition have returned to this city. They are very reticent, but I have succeeded in eliciting considerable information from them. Gov. Young tells me that the main idea of the expedition was to aid the Government in keeping down the Apaches and Navajos. This undoubtedly was one of its objects. Another object was to effect a settlement on the line of Tom Scott’s Southern Pacific road.1 Col. Scott was here some time ago, and held long consultations with the Mormon President. If a strong body of the Saints were located along the projected route the Indians would not be apt to interfere in the construction of the road, and the services of the Mormons in building it would be invaluable. And this was not all. If there are any really fine lands in Arizona the sons of Zion could preempt them, and hold them for a rise. The Gentiles declare that Brigham wanted to plant the colony for a place of refuge in case the United States authorities here should drive him from cover. This is nonsense. The Mormon chief is shrewd and nervy. He thoroughly understands the Grant2 officials and knows how to deal with them when necessary.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781607321941

Appendix D. The Oñate Maps

Stan Hoig University Press of Colorado ePub

Juan Rodríguez,1 a native of Chutuma, Spain, enlisted with Oñate at age forty. He served as a commander in the company of Captain Francisco de Zúñiga and took part in all of the discoveries conducted by Oñate and his maestre de campo (second in command). He was back in Mexico City in April 1602, where he testified on behalf of Vicente de Zaldívar and gave the Valverde Inquiry a lengthy report regarding the Quivira expediton.2

He is also the Juan Rodríguez who provided cartographer Enrico Martínez with the very creditable details for preparing a map depicting Oñate’s New Mexico province in 1602 and his expedition’s march to Quivira.3 Martínez was an experienced navigator who had sailed up the California coast and later visited the Philippine Islands. One would suspect, however, that Rodríguez must have helped with the actual drawing of the map or that he had detailed notes and sketches for reference.

The Martínez map is lacking identifiable landmarks, particularly streams, that would help viewers today better understand precisely where beyond the Canadian River the expedition went. Still, it remarkably reflects many aspects of the march and the topography of southwestern America that are recognizable four centuries later through narrative accounts, archaeological study, and known landmarks.

See All Chapters

See All Chapters