1011 Chapters
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Pat Pascoe University Press of Colorado ePub

Twenty years of teaching provided the skills that propelled Helen Ring Robinson into the Colorado State Senate. She became a scholar, an excellent speaker, and a fine writer, and she developed a lifelong interest in the education of young people. Though she only attended Wellesley for one year, her studies there were impressive. In the early years of her career she taught in New York and at a private school in Cleveland before coming to Colorado to teach at Colorado College. Then she taught at two private girls’ schools in Denver. When she married lawyer Ewing Robinson, her teaching career ended, but her writing career began. Drawn into a fight over a water company monopoly, she became involved in progressive political campaigns that led to her election to the state senate in 1912.

We do not have a clear picture of Helen Ring Robinson’s birth and family or of her experiences as a child and young woman. Even her birth date and her parents’ exact identities are uncertain.1 She was born Helen Margaret Ring in the early 1860s to Thomas Warren Ring and Mary Ring.2 Two biographical references contemporary with Helen’s rise to political office asserted that she was the daughter of Thomas and Mary (Prescott) Ring and was born in Eastport, Maine.3 Maine is also cited as Helen’s birthplace in several census reports, including the 1870 census.

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Joshua Kryah University Press of Colorado ePub

Or we were poor and we did not know we were.

Or we were not poor and we thought we were.

Or we knew we were not poor.

Or just enough we did not deny being poor.

Or others told us we were poor and we believed we were.

Or this is what we told ourselves when we disliked others.

Or it was good to be poor among those who were not poor.

Or we had friends who were poor but did not know they were.

Or the poor were always among us.

Or we wanted nothing to do with the poor even if we were poor.

Or someone somewhere in our family had been poor.

Or it was a story we learned from our older brother who told us we were poor.

Or we told ourselves “at least we’re not poor.”

Or we made up things to make our lives a little less poor.

Always blood and those who give of it so freely.

The hemophiliac, the martyr.

The meatpacking plant at the end of the street.

Piles of ice dumped out back, soaked with the blood of deer, their hind legs broken, stabbed through, hung to drain.

And the children, always the children.

Gathering the ice into small handfuls, licking it as one would a snow cone.

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Medium 9781607321484

Appendix B. Structure of the Council of Energy Resource Tribes

Donald L. Fixico University Press of Colorado ePub
Medium 9781607321750

Chapter 8. Vale Boi 10,000 Years of Upper Paleolithic Bone Boiling

Sarah R. Graff University Press of Colorado ePub

Tiina Manne

Animal fats in the form of subcutaneous, muscular, mesenteric, and within-bone deposits represent some of the most high-calorie foods available to foragers. Though the prehistoric extraction of animal body fats has no visible archaeological record, the harvesting of within-bone fats may be recognized through careful, taphonomy-oriented faunal studies. Prior to the Upper Paleolithic, humans practiced only one form of bone processing, that of cold marrow extraction where the focus is the consolidated fatty deposits found in the large central, medullary cavities of the limb bones and mandibles (see review by Stiner 2002). A second method of bone-grease extraction, heat-in-liquid grease rendering, appeared during the Upper Paleolithic (see Audouze and Enloe 1991; Enloe 2003; Manne and Bicho 2009; Nakazawa et al. 2009; Stiner 2003; Weniger 1987; West 1997). This new form of bone processing allowed humans to take advantage of all body fats within a carcass and thus maximize the edible potential of their captured prey (Binford 1978; Brink 2002; Leechman 1951; Lupo and Schmitt 1997; Munro and Bar-Oz 2005; Saint-Germain 1997; Stiner 2002; Vehik 1977).

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Medium 9781607320579

6. Managing the Maya: Power in the Fair-Trade Market

Sarah Lyon University Press of Colorado ePub

The cooperative’s beneficio is at the center of the flurry of activity accompanying the annual coffee harvest in San Juan; it is where members work rotating shifts and gather each afternoon to weigh their coffee, discuss the year’s harvest, and joke with one another. Children frequently rush down the hill to the beneficio after school to chase each other around the patios and wait for their mothers and fathers to finish their work. The town’s chuchos, or street dogs, aimlessly circulate, occasionally stopping to sniff at the coffee drying in the high-altitude sun on the cement patios. The atmosphere is relaxed and celebratory: I once heard a member describe it as “very happy.” With so many individuals coming and going and only a small group of paid employees overseeing daily operations, the beneficio was also a bit chaotic, disorganized, and even messy. Backpacks were haphazardly slung on window bars and plastic lawn chairs were scattered about. Uncoiled hoses snaked around walk-ways and empty soda bottles and trash accumulated in corners while the bathrooms were uninviting, to say the least.

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