400 Slices
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3 From Ski Area to Ski Resort: 1971-1980

Christie, John Down East Books ePub

The decade of the 1970s was to mark the emergence of Sugarloaf as a true “destination” resort in the finest sense of the word. To be a destination where skiers go to stay for an extended period of time, the resort must have all of the necessary amenities (lodging, food, entertainment, and shopping), and it must allow visitors to leave their automobiles behind. They need to be able to walk or be bused to wherever they want to go during their stay. It also requires that there be a sense of place—in Gertrude Stein’s words, “a there there”—populated by a community of people constituting a real town. The 1970s saw all of these needs met with an explosion of housing development on the Mountain and in the Valley, and the establishment of a real town with the incorporation of Carrabassett Valley in 1972.

The early years of the decade also served to remind everyone involved in the economics of the ski business, not only at Sugarloaf but elsewhere in the East, how fragile was the balance between success and failure, as both sparse snowfall and the first Arab oil embargo led to diminished traffic and a tenuous revenue stream.

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Chapter 15

Bean, Leon Leonwood Down East Books ePub

Chapter 15

How to Use a Compass

There is no excuse for getting lost if you carry a good compass and know how to use it.

Camping places are invariably located on trail, tote road, stream, lake, telephone wire, etc. We will say that your camp is on a good sized stream or well defined road running North and South. You cross the stream or road and hunt to the East for several hours. When you want to go to camp all you need to do is travel West. Hold compass so needle arrow points to “N” then pick out some object in a due West direction and go to it. Keep repeating this and you are sure to hit your road but it may be a mile or more below or above your camp. You are out of the woods anyway and if you have been over the road a few times you will soon see landmarks that will tell you which way to go.

L.L. Bean felt the dials of most compasses were too “cluttered up with figures, lines, and ornaments.” So he created this plain dial for ease of use “even on a very dark day.”

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Local Pastimes

Vandenberg, Lydia; Shettleworth, Earle G. Down East Books ePub

WHEN THE SUMMER colony left for their winter homes, Bar Harbor’s permanent residents could relax and have the mountains, lakes, paths, and streams all to themselves. Island men frequently took this time to head to the forests and shores on fall hunting expeditions, sometimes traveling to camps on the mainland to hunt deer, moose, and small game, producing a winter feast for family and friends.

On a crisp fall day in October 1894, this group of villagers—(from left to right) William Sherman, Martin Pendleton, John Roberts, F. T. Young, W. B. Higgins, A. L. Higgins, and Charles Conners—left early in the morning to hunt sea ducks. They took a boat to Turtle Island, located between Schooner Head and Schoodic Point. Dressed in tall leather boots and warm sweaters, and armed with shotguns, these seven brought down 250 coots in just a few hours. Such an unusually successful trip warranted a photograph.

Photo courtesy of the Bar Harbor Historical Society

AROUND BAR HARBOR, ample opportunities could be found for a rewarding fishing expedition, as this family’s catch shows. Anglers could head to the Atlantic to wrestle with cod or sea bass, or they could hike down to Eagle Lake where plenty of speckled trout and salmon awaited the sportsman. With more than a dozen lakes and streams on the island, there was no shortage of fishing spots. After locals stocked Eagle Lake with more than 20,000 young salmon fry in 1886, fishermen were hooking salmon that tipped the scale at six pounds apiece. The sportsmen’s families turned the bounty into many delicious lunches and dinners. In a typical workman’s lunch of the day, one would find homecured stripped fish, some soda biscuits, and a jar of stewed tea.

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Construction of Early Lights and the Pioneer of Lenses

Caldwell, Bill Down East Books ePub

If there was beauty to our early lighthouses, it came more from their good work than their good looks. They were designed and built by low-budget engineers rather than high-priced architects. So long as their light shone and they functioned, few cared about their appearance.

Until 1840, lighthouses along the New England coast were made two ways: from rubble stone shaped like a cone, or from wooden-frame towers built on the roof of a keeper’s house. Stones for the towers were hacked from nearby ledges or from loose stones collected on the beach—whatever sturdy material was close to hand. The walls were usually three feet thick at the base, where the seas hit hard, and tapered to two feet at the top, with the tower reaching twenty to thirty feet high.

Then came a dome of brick and a flat roof of stone slabs overhanging the walls of the tower by six inches or a foot. The lanterns were mounted here, by iron angle posts sunk into the masonry walls three or four feet deep.

The lantern itself was part of the keeper’s house. The angle posts supporting the light rested on the attic beams. So the roof of a lightkeeper’s house was often strange looking. When the tower swayed in high winds and heavy rain, the keeper and his family below got drenched because of leaks caused by the strain on the roof.

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Appendix A: Maine Audubon Field Checklist of Maine Birds

Duchesne, Bob Down East Books ePub

ALCIDS (ALCIDAE)

Atlantic Puffin
Black Guillemot
Common Murre
Dovekie
Razorbill
Thick-billed Murre

BITTERNS and HERONS
(ARDEIDAE)

American Bittern
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Great Blue Heron
Great Egret
Green Heron
Least Bittern
Little Blue Heron
Snowy Egret
Tricolored Heron
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

BLACKBIRDS (ICTERIDAE)

Baltimore Oriole
Bobolink
Brown-headed Cowbird
Common Grackle
Eastern Meadowlark
Orchard Oriole
Red-winged Blackbird
Rusty Blackbird

BOOBIES (SULIDAE)

Northern Gannet

CARDINALS and ALLIES
(CARDINALIDAE)

Blue Grosbeak
Dickcissel
Indigo Bunting
Northern Cardinal
Rose-breasted Grosbeak

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