1763 Chapters
Medium 9781780645377

10 Urbanization, Climate Change and Malaria Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa

Dhang, P. CABI PDF


Urbanization, Climate Change and Malaria Transmission in

Sub-­Saharan Africa

Eliningaya J. Kweka1,2,*, Humphrey D. Mazigo2,

Yousif E. Himeidan3, Domenica Morona2 and

Stephen Munga4


of Livestock and Human Diseases Vector Control,

Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania;

2Department of Medical Parasitology and Entomology, Catholic

University of Health and Allied Sciences, Mwanza, Tanzania;

3Africa Technical Research Centre, Vector Health International,

Arusha, Tanzania; 4Centre for Global Health Research, Kenya

Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya

10.1  Introduction

In recent years, malaria transmission has increasingly been reported within urban areas across sub-­Saharan Africa (Ntonga et al., 2015). Malaria cannot be considered a rural disease any longer. With the growing human population in urban areas, the chances of urban transmission may be higher than rural (Staedke et al., 2003; Donnelly et al., 2005; Hay et al., 2005). One of the major aspects of sub-­Saharan Africa’s development which has had a significant impact on malaria transmission is urbanization (Tatem et  al., 2013). Due to rapid growth of the urban population in sub-­

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Medium 9781780645599

6: Celery

Ambrose, D.C.P.; Manickavasagan, A.; Naik, R. CABI PDF

6 Celery

Svein Øivind Solberg*

Nordic Genetic Resource Center, Alnarp, Sweden

6.1  Botany

Cultivated celery can be divided into three subtypes:

6.1.1  Introduction

Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is an important vegetable but also a spice and medicinal plant (Fig. 6.1). All parts of the plant are used. The crop is grown in all continents, with the largest production in the USA, Europe, China and India. The common name in

English is celery; in French it is céleri, in

Italian seleri, in Hindi ajavaina, in Urdu kharasanior ajwain and in Chinese qíncài.


Celery belongs to the Apiaceae family and to the genus Apium, which contains around

30 species. The wild form of celery grows on the coastlines of Europe, West Asia and North

Africa. The global database GBIF (2014) reports more than 7000 georeferenced records, most of them from Europe (from Sweden in the north to Spain, Italy and Greece in the south). Records from Southern Africa, from

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Medium 9781786391896

1 Introduction: Creating Memorable Experiences

Scott, N.; Gao, J.; Ma, J. CABI PDF


Introduction: Creating

Memorable Experiences

Jianyu Ma,1* Jun Gao1 and Noel Scott2

1Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai, China; 2Griffith University, Southport,


1.1 Introduction

The aim of this book is to examine the best practice in creating and delivering exciting and memorable visitor experiences from a psychological perspective. Increasingly, visitor destinations, hotels, attraction operators and other service providers are seeking to improve visitors’ experiences through their better design and management

(Ooi, 2005). By enhancing their experiences, providers are better able to please their target markets, increase loyalty intentions and improve word of mouth recommendations (Carbone, 1998). In a recent example of experience design, the aviation company KLM gave personally relevant gifts to its customers who were waiting for a flight connection, in order to improve their transit experiences (KLM Royal Dutch

Airlines, 2010). This experiment was aimed at creating positive emotions such as surprise and happiness. The Canadian Tourism Commission has developed an online

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35 Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy

LaPlante. K.; Cunha, C.; Morrill, H. CABI PDF


Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial


Christopher J. Graber1,2* and Armen Arshakyan2,3


David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles

(UCLA), Los Angeles, California, US; 2VA (Veterans Affairs) Greater Los Angeles

Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, US; 3Saban Community Clinic, Los

Angeles, California, US


The OPAT Team

Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) allows patients to be given intravenous antibiotics in the community rather than as an inpatient. OPAT was first developed in the 1970s, initially in the management of children with cystic fibrosis (Rucker and

Harrison, 1974), but has since been utilized in a wide variety of practice settings, including physicians’ offices, hospital clinics, specialized infusion centers and, most frequently, patients’ homes (Tice et  al.,

2004). In the early 1990s, it was estimated that 1 in

1000 US residents received OPAT on a yearly basis

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Medium 9781780647753

8: Assessing Gender Gaps in Information Delivery for Better Farming Decisions: The Case of Albania

Chan, C.; Sipes, B.; Lee, T.S. CABI PDF


Assessing Gender Gaps in Information

Delivery for Better Farming Decisions:

The Case of Albania

Edvin Zhllima1* and Klodjan Rama2

Agriculture University of Tirana, Albania; 2European University of Tirana, formerly

Leibniz Institute of Agriculture Development in Transition Economies

(IAMO) and Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany


8.1  Introduction

Public sector agricultural advisory services remain one of the most crucial and critical mechanisms to enhance farmers’ efficiency and profitability in both developed and developing countries. These services are means for disseminating and changing the modality of supply and adoption of innovative technologies. In transitioning economies, including those exiting conflict or the transitional ones, where structural and institutional changes happen rapidly during the transition, well functioning agricultural advisory services are critical for delivering effective new practices and knowledge to farmers.

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