2223 Chapters
Medium 9781786392848

22 Sustainability Along All Value Chains: Exploring Value Chain Interactions in Sustainable Food Systems

Burlingame, B.; Dernini, S. CABI PDF

22 

Sustainability Along All Value Chains:

Exploring Value Chain Interactions in Sustainable Food Systems

Allison Marie Loconto, Pilar Santacoloma, Roberto Azofeifa Rodríguez,

Emilie Vandecandelaere and Florence Tartanac

Abstract

The value chain, as an analytical tool, has been used for more than 50 years as a way to better understand how agri-food products move and gain value from the farm gate to the table. Over the past 20 years, increasing attention has been paid to questions of sustainability within value chains and even more recently there has been a push to try to better understand how the way through which food is provisioned can deliver diets that are also sustainable. In this chapter, we explore the recent advances in value chain theories and we illustrate how taking a horizontal network, systemic and territorialized approach to food provisioning systems contributes to this literature. We argue that by looking both within and across value chains, we can better identify innovations in actor arrangements that are bringing new values (particularly sustainability) into food systems. By refocusing our analytical lens away from specific commodities and towards new forms of organization – such as short supply chains, circular economies, gastronomy and geographical indications – we can better capture how they might contribute to promoting sustainable consumption and production in local food systems.

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Medium 9781780648002

11 Integrated Pest Management and Good Agricultural Practice Recommendations in Greenhouse Crops

Rapisarda, C.; Cocuzza, G.E.M. CABI PDF

11 

Integrated Pest Management and Good

Agricultural Practice Recommendations in Greenhouse Crops

Abdelhaq Hanafi1,* and Carmelo Rapisarda2

1International

Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome, Italy; 2Dipartimento di

Agricoltura, Alimentazione e Ambiente, Università degli Studi, Catania, Italy

11.1 Introduction

In many tropical and subtropical regions, and parallel to the development of economic activities in these countries and of the international trade of their agricultural products, greenhouses are increasingly used for vegetable production as well as for cultivation of ornamental plants, due to their ability to allow a qualitative and quantitative control of production through a direct management of the growing environment. Especially in these areas of the world, where seasonal excursions of temperature are almost negligible and no need exists for artificially heating protected crops, greenhouses may

­ be realized with relatively simple means, which allow obtaining higher yields with comparatively modest investments.

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Medium 9781786395177

30 A Strategy for Doubling Farmers’ Income

Paroda, R.S. CABI PDF

30

A Strategy for Doubling Farmers’ Income

All the nations facing problems of poverty, hunger and malnutrition will need to accelerate their agricultural growth for achieving SDGs, especially while aiming at no poverty, zero hunger and a safe environment for all (Paroda, 2017).

The Green Revolution not only led to food self-sufficiency but also helped to reduce poverty and hunger. And yet, despite a five-fold increase in foodgrain production, as against a four-fold increase in population, India still has around

250 million people who live in poverty and about

45 million children below age 5 who are malnourished. Moreover, after 50 years of the Green

Revolution, India is also facing second-generation challenges like decline in factor productivity growth, poor soil health, loss of soil organic carbon, ground and surface water pollution, water-­ related stress, increased incidence of pests and diseases, increased cost of inputs, decline in farm profits and the adverse impact of climate change. On the demographic front, India adds annually almost one Australia (about 15–16 million) to its population. Thus, any progress gets nullified by an overall increase in population. Also, around 48% of the population is currently dependent on agriculture and allied fields and the agriculture sector contributes around

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Medium 9781780647388

CH 5 Islam- Contemporary Perspectives

Leppakari, M.; Griffin, K.A. CABI PDF

5

Islam – Contemporary

Perspectives

Razaq Raj1* and Irfan Raja2

Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK; 2University of Huddersfield,

Huddersfield, UK

1

Introduction

In today’s secular world the relationship between tourists and their beliefs plays a major part in influencing individuals when visiting religious sites. The patterns of visitation within individuals depend on the strength of religious beliefs. In current literature limited research is available that explores the understanding and motivation of visitation patterns of religious tourists. In the Muslim world from Australia to the USA, the mosque in its many forms is the fundamental pilgrimage destination to visit five times a day. The word mosque is a translation of the Arabic word masjid – meaning the Muslim gathering place for prayer. Mosque simply means ‘place of worship’. In reality the five daily prayers set in Islamic practice can take place anywhere, but Muslims are required to gather together at the mosque for the five daily prayers if they are free and able to attend. In the media, the importance of this Muslim concept of mosque visitation for religious worship is being underestimated and undermined.

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Medium 9781786392688

7 The Sociocultural Impacts of World Heritage Site Designation on Local Communities

Jimura, T. CABI PDF

Medina of Fez, Morocco

7

The Sociocultural Impacts of World Heritage

Site Designation on Local Communities

1  Sociocultural Impacts of Tourism

1.1 Introduction

The sociocultural aspect of the triple bottom line of sustainability and tourism development is

96�

­ iscussed in Section 1.3 of Chapter 3. Section 1 d explores the sociocultural impacts of tourism on local communities and sociocultural changes in local communities instigated by tourism. Social impacts of tourism include changes in individual and collective value systems, behaviour patterns,

© T. Jimura 2019. World Heritage Sites (T. Jimura)

The Sociocultural Impacts of World Heritage Site Designation on Local Communities

community structures, lifestyle and quality of life (Hall, 1995). In local people’s everyday lives, changes may occur in traffic, shopping, ­privacy and overcrowding. ‘Culture’ is difficult to define since it encompasses numerous complex ideas

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