7332 Slices
Medium 9780253000989

6 Pastors and Theologians from the Unaffiliated Protestant “Middle”

Christopher J. Probst Indiana University Press ePub

Bolshevism is the menace of the stateless. It is therefore no wonder that it gets its main leaders from stateless Judaism.

—Heinrich Bornkamm, What Do We Expect from the German Protestant Church of the Future? (1939)

Over the course of the twelve-year Nazi rule, roughly 35–40 percent of Protestant clergymen were not affiliated with either the Confessing Church or the German Christians.1 In 1936, the largest church-political group among professors of Protestant theology consisted of those aligned with neither of these two polarized wings of the German Protestant Church, comprising just over half of the total number.2 Thus, the number of Protestant pastors and theologians who did not choose sides formally in the Church Struggle was very substantial. In this chapter, I examine the writings of two academic theologians and one pastor who addressed Luther’s outlook on Jews and Judaism either directly or indirectly. Despite the fact that some exhibited sympathies with either the Confessing Church or the German Christians, all three were officially associated only with the German Protestant Church for the overwhelming majority of the Nazi period. Yet, they approached the Jewish Question in fairly unique ways.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253336910

11 Nixon’s War, I: The Strategy of Withdrawal, 1969–1970

Larry H. Addington Indiana University Press ePub

The secret strategy that Nixon had talked about during the 1968 campaign for ending America’s war in Vietnam had three facets. The first facet embodied what Nixon called his “madman pose,” or the threat that he would take drastic action against North Vietnam, and against countries that supported North Vietnam, if the DRV did not become more reasonable about peace terms. Nixon was banking on his reputation as an aggressive anti-communist who might take almost any action to gain his ends.

The second facet was “linkage,” or linking progress in improving relations with the Soviet Union to the latter’s success in influencing North Vietnam to take more moderate positions in peace talks. Under Chairman Leonid Brezhnev, the Soviet Union had been anxious to cap the expensive strategic arms race with a strategic arms limitation treaty (SALT), and Nixon believed that the Soviets would put their interests ahead of those of North Vietnam.

The final facet was not very different from Robert McNamara’s proposal, repeated by Clark Clifford, to President Johnson that the main burden of the war should be shifted to an expanded and more capable ARVN while the American and Third Country combat forces in South Vietnam were gradually withdrawn. Melvin Laird, a former Republican congressman and the new secretary of defense, called this facet “Vietnamization,” and it underscored the importance that the administration attached to reducing American exposure to casualties in order to keep the public behind Nixon’s policy in Vietnam.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253022790

Squirtgun Uncle Maked Me, The

James Whitcomb Riley Indiana University Press ePub

UNCLE Sidney, when he wuz here,

Maked me a squirtgun out o’ some

Elder-bushes ’at growed out near

Where wuz the brickyard—’way out clear

To where the toll-gate come!

So when we walked back home again,

He maked it, out in our woodhouse where

Wuz the old workbench, an’ the old jack-plane,

An’ the old ’pokeshave, an’ the tools all lay’n’

Ist like he wants ’em there.

He sawed it first with the old hand-saw;

An’ nen he peeled off the bark, an’ got

Some glass an’ scraped it; an’ told ’bout Pa,

When he wuz a boy an’ fooled his Ma,

An’ the whippin’ ’at he caught.

Nen Uncle Sidney, he took an’ filed

A’ old arn ramrod; an’ one o’ the ends

He screwed fast into the vise; an’ smiled,

Thinkin’, he said, o’ when he wuz a child,

’Fore him an’ Pa wuz mens.

He punched out the peth, an’ nen he put

A plug in the end with a hole notched through;

Nen took the old drawey-knife an’ cut

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253355935

1 Introduction

Patrick J. Kelly Indiana University Press ePub

On 3 August 1914 gray-clad German troopers crossed the Belgian and Luxemburg frontiers to begin, in that theater, the greatest conflagration Europe had ever seen. Nestled in the fenlands of the North Sea coast, the small, drab German city of Wilhelmshaven overnight became a household word. In its harbor and in the nearby Jade, a lagoon-like body of water, sheltered from the stormy North Sea by a great sand bar, there gathered the most powerful fleet ever assembled in continental Europe, the mighty German High Seas Fleet. Fifteen of the most modern (Dreadnought-type) battleships, soon joined by two more in trials, and four speedy battlecruisers lay poised for an expected Armageddon with the even mightier British Grand Fleet, which then had twenty-two Dreadnoughts and ten powerful battlecruisers.

A few dozen leagues to the north, on the small island of Helgoland, lookouts scanned the horizon in wary anticipation of the British Armada. Smaller warships, based in Helgoland, formed a picket line to the north and west, ready to wireless the alarm.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253011824

3 A Long Strange Trip: The First 4000 Million Years of Earth History

John Foster Indiana University Press ePub

3.1. Stromatolite in limestone of the Snowslip Formation (Proterozoic) of Glacier National Park, Montana. Laminated layers are calcium carbonate mud bound by cyanobacteria and built up in biscuit-like structures (seen here in cross section) over generations of growth of the colony. Specimen approximately 30 cm across.

There is nothing like the Cambrian until the Cambrian.

Andrew Knoll, 2003

OUR DESTINATION IS THE CAMBRIAN, BUT TOO MUCH OF EARTH history is sunk back in the depths of the Precambrian, previously the Dark Ages of the paleontological record, to ignore the prelude. We can’t truly appreciate nor understand the Cambrian world without a little background on what led up to this circus of events 520 million years ago. Earth was, from our perspective, a weird place in the Precambrian, and seeing it will serve as a good lead-in to the Cambrian, but it may make even the Cambrian seem a little bit more like “home” in comparison. And this is why we are on the road from the Grand Canyon.

See All Chapters

See All Slices