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7 Lilly and the Insulin Story

Alexander W. Clowes Indiana University Press ePub

IN A MODEST few sentences spoken while delivering the Banting Memorial Address in June 1947, Clowes described the very beginning of the project that established his career as the research director of Eli Lilly and Company:

In October, 1921, I heard rumors regarding the work being carried on in Dr. Macleod’s laboratory in Toronto. I got in touch with him and he advised me to hear the paper [on the control of experimental diabetes with pancreatic extracts] to be presented by Banting and Best in New Haven the day after Christmas, 1921. So as to be certain not to miss their paper, I left Indianapolis early on Christmas Day, much to the disgust of my young family. I was well repaid. . . .

Clowes immediately understood the importance of the work by Banting and Best and the major pharmacologic opportunity their discovery could provide for Lilly. At the meeting he introduced himself to the investigators and planted the seeds that launched a collaboration between the University of Toronto and Lilly that led to the first definitive treatment for diabetes mellitus and the success of Eli Lilly and Company as a modern pharmaceutical firm.1

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Chapter Twenty

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

Phoenix knew better than to hope Teeg would change her mind. Might as well hope Salt Creek Falls would change its direction and tumble uphill. No sooner get my feet under me here, he thought, than she’s itching to go somewhere else. Portland, ye gods. What could be left of the place, twenty years after its dismantling? Moss-covered rubble and tons of plastic. Maybe it was all cinders, like Zuni’s village, like the hundreds of blackened townsites he had viewed in satellite photos.

“I have a concern to make a trip,” Teeg announced in the stillness following that night’s ingathering. “I am moved to seek my mother, to find out how she died. Or if she died.”

Everyone let that soak in for a while. The ingathering, Zuni’s first, had been the clearest since the landing, so there was a good deal to absorb. Phoenix sat on his mat in a clairvoyant stupor. Each of Teeg’s words, as she explained her mission, drifted before him like a tiny glass animal.

Surely they would say no, you can’t go, it’s a crack-brained scheme. But no sooner had Teeg finished speaking than everyone was agreeing to her plan. “It would be good for you to wait until the crops are established,” Marie was saying. “And the ribs will take another four weeks to mend,” Hinta cautioned. “And of course you won’t go alone,” said Jurgen.

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5: Kofi Annan’s Conflict Resolution Model and Peacebuilding in Kenya

Edited by Kenneth Omeje and Tricia Redek Indiana University Press ePub

Alfred Anangwe

KENYANS WENT TO the polls in December 2007 to elect their leaders amid rumors and fears of a possible rigging by the incumbent government. These fears were informed by three factors: First, President Kibaki appointed commissioners to the Electoral Commission of Kenya (ECK) without consulting the opposition. Second, he announced the election date too late. Third, he went on to appoint judges to the High Court just days before the election. It was feared that the ECK commissioners would facilitate the rigging while the judges would rule in favor of the president in the event of an election petition. After the elections, these fears seemed to have been substantiated when independent election observers declared that the elections were not free and fair (Murunga 2009). Worse still, the chairman of the Electoral Commission of Kenya, Samuel Kivuitu, remarked that it was not possible to tell who actually won the presidential race. All these factors triggered the political violence that took place minutes after the winner of the presidential polls was announced. It was also apparent that youth unemployment, regional development imbalances, and the results of the 2005 constitutional referendum—which aggravated the country’s polarization along ethnic lines—catalyzed the violence (see Ojielo, this volume).

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18. An Outline Classification of the Sciences

Edited by the Peirce Edition Project Indiana University Press ePub

 

MS 478. [Found in CP 1.180–202, this text is the first section of “A Syllabus of Certain Topics of Logic,” a large document composed mostly in October 1903 to supplement the Lowell Lectures. The original syllabus contains six sections, of which four are printed here (selections 18–21). Omitted are “Nomenclature and Divisions of Dyadic Relations” (MS 539; CP 3.571–608) and “Existential Graphs: The Conventions” (MS 508; CP 4.394–417). The first two sections and part of the sixth were printed for the audience by the Lowell Institute (Boston: Alfred Mudge & Son, 1903); the selection below is found there pp. 5–9.] This first part of the “Syllabus” is literally, as proclaimed in its title, an outline. In its summary form, it provides an easy guide to Peirce’s mature classification of the sciences, with the normative sciences—esthetics, ethics, and logic—constituting the central branch of philosophy. Peirce defines logic as “the science of the general laws of signs,” and divides it, as he had in his first 1903 Lowell Lecture (previous selection) into three departments: speculative grammar, critic, and methodeutic. Peirce’s subsequent development of semiotics will be built on this classification.

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Chapter 41 Twenty Eighth Year

William Williams Indiana University Press ePub

We had not seen one sail for a long time, but about August as Job was on the Hill he discovered a fleet of above twenty vessels all Standing to the Southward. I got the glass, but they were So far out that I could not make much of them and we Lost sight of them towards Evening….

“Being Mate of a large Brigg, one Captain Smith Commander, and laying at the Havannah anno 1776, It chanced that we lay nigh to a Spanish Sloop late From the Main, and as the mate of her happened to Get a little acquainted with me by my speaking the Spanish tongue, He on a day asked me on board to Spend an hour or two, that he had something to shew me. According, the next day being Sunday and He Only being on board except an Old Negro fellow, I went on board to have a little chatt with him.

“We had not been long together before he unlocked a Ceder Chest and got out a bundle of old Papers and Bid me look at them, saying they were English. After I had looked over a few leaves I asked him how it came into his hands. He told me he had it from two Indians who spoke good English, and that one of them Told him in Spanish it was wrote by his Father Who had lived and died there, and that they would ‘Give me money enough if I would sware to give it Into the hands of some good English man As soon as I could after we had took in what water we wanted. They brought me above fifty Pieces of Eight, And I swore by the Holy Cross to deliver the Papers. Now as you are the first English man I have met with, If you will take it in charge You shall have It. Otherwise I shall take it on shore and deliver it to some other, and if not, to the Governor.’

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