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8 The Drive across Walachia

Michael B. Barrett Indiana University Press ePub

The soldiers of the 26th Prussian Infantry Regiment with their artillery started marching south toward Romania at 5 AM. The regiment belonged to the 109th Division. The division’s gunners had spent the freezing night bivouacked in the open, just to the east of the Lainici Monastery, the only spot in the Szurduk Pass wide enough to accommodate the horse park for the artillery. The infantry had slept bunched near the end of the pass. At 4 AM the night watch roused everyone, and they started south an hour later. The mounted artillerymen soon overtook the infantry. Confident in their preparation and objectives, the soldiers were singing marching songs as they trudged south. The practice proved infectious; once the following regiments and divisions got under way, they picked up the singing.1

A few miles to the east, separated by a ridge several hundred feet high, were the division’s other two regiments, the 376th and the 2nd Grenadier Guard Regiment. They had gotten under way at the same time. Their mission was to break from the mountains east of Bumbesti and fall on the flank and rear of the Romanian forces blocking the exit from the pass, while the 26th Regiment pushed through from the inside, catching the Romanian defenders in a crossfire. Along the roadway west of Lainici Monastery, the 152nd Regiment (known as the German Order Regiment, in honor of its Teutonic Knight forebears) of the 41st Infantry Division stood poised to punch through the Romanian lines west of Bumbesti. To keep the Romanians in the dark about the main thrust, a regiment from von Kneussl’s 11th Bavarian Division would descend from the snow-covered Vulkan Pass six miles to the west, marching on the village of Schela. The remainder of the Bavarian division was at the northern mouth of the Szurduk Pass, ready to enter once the operation began and the 41st and 109th divisions moved south, making room in the packed defile.2 West of the Vulkan Pass, the Württemberg Mountain Battalion would attack. The battalion had infiltrated to the edge of the Romanian lines, taking the enemy position at Gruba Mare on 7 November. The Romanians tried hard to retake the summit the next day, but Hungarian mountain artillery attached to the Württemberg battalion drove them off, the officer in charge muttering, “Mother Mary, please make this one a direct hit!” with every round fired at the charging Romanians.3

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1. Bataille, Stam, and Locations of Trash

Kenneth W. Harrow Indiana University Press ePub

If loving these islands must be my load

Out of corruption my soul takes wings

—Derek Walcott

In Postcolonial African Cinema (2007), I threw down the following challenge:

It is time for a revolution in African film criticism. A revolution against the old tired formulas deployed in justification of filmmaking practices that have not substantially changed in forty years. Time for new voices, a new paradigm, a new view—a new Aristotle to invent the poetics we need for today.

Something trashy, to begin, straight out of the Nigerian video handbook. Something sexy, without the trite poses of exotic behinds spinning the ventilateur for the tourists. Something violent, without the obscenity of trivializing brutality, trivializing phallocentric abuse, without the accompanying violence of Truth holding the whiphand over thought or difference.

Most of all, it is the retreat into safe and comfortable truisms that must be disrupted by this new criticism, this new third cinema challenge. (xi)

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9 - Retracing the Local: Amateur Cine Culture and Oral Histories

Edited by Julia Hallam and Les Roberts Indiana University Press ePub


Oral history and moving images have considerable potential synergy.

While amateur films/footage of landscapes and sociocultural practices often account for the majority of regional film collections, accompanying materials such as scrapbooks and interview transcripts can take up more physical space than an archive can reasonably be expected to store in the long term. As a result, the thought processes behind the making of these productions can be difficult to discern for the visiting scholar who does not have the local knowledge required to assess the significance of the films. This problem is compounded by the lack of synchronized sound in many amateur cine productions, meaning that they have now effectively become silent films even if an accompanying soundtrack once existed. In particular, non-fiction films/footage that documented local events, buildings, and spaces are available to view, yet their significance often lies outside the boundaries of the frame.

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7 Population Aging and the Family: The Southeast Asian Context / Theresa W. Devasahayam

Tim Harper Indiana University Press ePub

7   Population Aging and the Family

The Southeast Asian Context

Theresa W. Devasahayam

Population aging is one of the key demographic drivers of the rise in non-communicable chronic disease in Southeast Asia. The phenomenon of aging raises far-reaching questions about the locus of responsibility for elder care in the context of changing family structures and shifting public priorities. It is likely to present a formidable challenge to health policy in Southeast Asia in the foreseeable future, calling into question both the adequacy of public provision and its financial sustainability. This chapter follows from Peter Boomgaard’s overview of Southeast Asia’s demographic transition in the twentieth century, focusing on the past three decades. It shifts the terrain of this volume’s discussion of health to the family, and it adopts a perspective informed by demography and sociology.

The phenomenon of population aging has been a cause of public concern for several reasons. From the perspective of the state, an aging population suggests pressures on government resources that, in turn, have called for swift and relevant policy responses in the areas of fiscal management, income support, the labor market, health care, housing, and social support services.1 In Southeast Asia, the strategy of states has been to provide minimal or residual support to elder care largely with the aim of ensuring that families continue to undertake the role of primary caregiver to the elderly.2 In light of this, we may ask how, then, have families been able to cope with the role of providing care to the elderly and whether population aging has posed unique challenges to these families.

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5 The German Occupation, 1941–1944

Shimon Redlich Indiana University Press ePub

For me, the war began on a peaceful summer afternoon a few months after my sixth birthday. We had just finished our Sabbath meal. We sat around our dinner table, humming Sabbath songs. Suddenly, we heard a powerful explosion, followed by the sound of broken glass. Later I would learn that a bomb had demolished the Przyjazn movie theater on the street corner. In a few moments everybody was running downstairs into the cellar. I recall hearing the terrifying sequence of whining sounds followed by heavy thumps all through that dreadful night. The split second of silence between the end of each whining sound and the ensuing thump filled me with terror. From time to time we peeked out of the cellar to watch the flames reflected in the dark skies above us. My father and my mother’s younger sister Malcia left the cellar for a few hours and ran to the Okopisko Jewish cemetery on the outskirts of town. It was considered to be safer during the night bombings. They returned at dawn. A nauseating stench emanating from the scorched ruins filled the air for days and weeks.

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