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• History

Marina Carter Hunter Publishing ePub

The archaeological richness of the Bay of Naples owes as much to its long history of foreign domination as to the awesome powers of Vesuvius. Romans built on and expanded the original Greek settlements, and after the fall of their Empire, Byzantines, Normans and Spaniards followed. It was under Bourbon rule that the great 18th-century palaces were built and the systematic excavation of Roman towns began. Foreign rule was ended by Garibaldis triumphal march from the south in 1860. However unification brought its own problems, and the economic stalemate was highlighted by waves of out-migration. Development remains patchy, and youth unemployment high, but the local inhabitants are at last harvesting a good vintage from their cultural pride and legendary hospitality as ever-increasing numbers of vacationers arrive to enjoy the stunning views and architectural wealth of the region.

The Greeks

Eight centuries before Christ, Greeks colonized Campania, making it the northernmost province of Magna Graecia. They founded a city which they called Parthenope after the sirens who were said to lure sailors onto dangerous rocks on the promontory of present-day Pizzofalcone in Naples. Greek seafarers and traders also settled on the island of Ischia, at Cuma in the Campi Flegrei, and Elea, in the Cilento Valley. The magnificent Greek temple dedicated to Hera, at Paestum, dates from the sixth century BC.

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Trip Insurance

Blair Howard Hunter Publishing ePub
Medium 9781556500626

PEOPLE & CULTURE

Vivien Lougheed Hunter Publishing ePub

Belize City

Vivien Lougheed

HUNTER PUBLISHING, INC,

 

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2012 Hunter Publishing, Inc.

 

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the written permission of the publisher.

This guide focuses on recreational activities. As all such activities contain elements of risk, the publisher, author, affiliated individuals and companies disclaim responsibility for any injury, harm, or illness that may occur to anyone through, or by use of, the information in this book. Every effort was made to insure the accuracy of information in this book, but the publisher and author do not assume, and hereby disclaim, liability for any loss or damage caused by errors, omissions, misleading information or potential travel problems caused by this guide, even if such errors or omissions result from negligence, accident or any other cause.

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Maryland's Central Region

Norman Renouf Hunter Publishing ePub
Medium 9781588439291

El Fuerte

Vivien Lougheed Hunter Publishing ePub

This tiny town of about 30,000 people is 45 miles/80 km northeast of Los Mochis and is far more popular with tourists, perhaps because of its size and its location on El Fuerte River, where the Septentrion Gorge, shown below, begins.

The town was first a military post, founded in 1564 by Conquistador Don Francisco de Ibarra. Missionaries came shortly after and the village then became an important religious center that eventually grew, under the watchful eye of the Franciscan Fathers, into a commercial center. However, the town was destroyed by local Indians who didn't want the Spaniards poking around their sacred mountains. Under the guidance of the Viceroy of Monte Carlos, the town was rebuilt in the form of a fort. Because of the precious metals the Spanish hoped to pull out of the canyons, the Camino Real trade route was designed to run past the village. The fort was completed in 1610 to securely hold the valuables en route to the Pacific.

The town, in 1824, became the capital of the area now known as Sonora and Sinaloa states and remained so for many years. Then the region was divided into separate states, each with its own capital. Now the town is a tourist center at the gates to the greatest canyon area in Mexico.

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