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Chapter Eleven When Things Get Emotional: Time-outs

Blanchard, Ken Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

”JOSH. JOSH. Joshie! Listen to me!” Amy’s voice grew louder, but it was no match for her son’s voice, as the youngster wailed, screamed, and thrashed on the floor, beating his little feet against the carpet. His eyes were pinched shut, and tears streaked his fiery red face. Amy fell silent, suddenly realizing that with her insistence, she was only reinforcing Josh’s poor behavior. He was having a full-fledged tantrum, and the longer Amy tried to reason with him, the louder and more upset he became. As she concentrated on calming herself, a scene came into her mind from a few days ago.

Amy and Kim Lee had been working with Kagan, a year-old killer whale, when the calf suddenly turned and swam away toward one of the underwater viewing ports that was being cleaned by a crew member. Kagan had been distracted by the sound of the squeegee rubbing on the window. When Kim Lee tried to get the whale’s attention by slapping the water with her open hand, Kagan started to swim toward her, but at the last minute, he swung back in the direction of the glass. He even slapped his tail several times in an aggressive manner, letting Kim Lee know that he didn’t want to cooperate. The whale was throwing a little tantrum.

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CHAPTER ONE. Introduction

Margaret Robinson Karnac Books ePub

There are two reasons for writing a book on the family transition of divorce at this time. Firstly, the original proposals in the mid-1960s to change the divorce law led to often fierce public debates, which were mirrored—but also provoked—by the media and which revealed oppositional and hitherto often privately held beliefs about marriage and the family.

It is surely significant of the need for change that the measures in the Law Commission’s original proposals for the reform of the divorce law, laid before Parliament in 1965, led to more general demands for some reform, and these have built up over the last 30 years. There has been considerable concern, on the one hand, because we have the highest divorce rate in Europe, and, on the other, because of the cost of legal aid (332 million in 1995), through which some 72.5% of petitioners in 1994/5 were able to claim legal advice and assistance. The Family Law Bill when proposed as legislation by the Lord Chancellor led to intensive political debate both inside and outside Parliament, often of an unprecedented form. Largely as the result of a campaign in one of the tabloids, the proposed Family Homes and Domestic Violence Bill was abandoned in 1995; the Bill has now been included in a slightly amended form in the new Act (as Part III). So the stakeholders in the current preoccupations are not only the families involved, the politicians, and the media; there are also the legal profession, the Lord Chancellor’s Department, and, of course, the Treasury, the Legal Aid Board, as well as those caregiving professions such as health and social services whose task could be said to be to attempt to pick up the pieces of the fallout during and following separation and divorce. During the debates in the House of Commons, the vote was supposed to be one of individual conscience, and many ministers voted against the government even in the teeth of the impending general election; there was, however, tabloid-press pillorying of those MPs who voted one way but seemed in their private lives to live another. There were also apparently surprising cross-party alignments during the debates, in one of which, in the House of Lords, the Government was somewhat unexpectedly defeated. This involved an amendment, which was carried, to give the wife, on divorce, a share in her former husband’s pension, and ways of achieving this are currently being explored. At the final and third reading of the bill in June 1996, the Family Law Act was eventually passed.

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CHAPTER THREE. Legal “definitions” of the family, and the family life cycle

Margaret Robinson Karnac Books ePub

As I have already indicated and because divorce takes families from the private sector into the public one, in which the State exercises some control on decisionmaking and behaviour, it might be useful to set out how the decisions of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) appear to have defined the family (O’Donnell, 1995). While there is no clear legal definition of the family, a 1948 ECHR Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Article 16.3.) states: “The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the state/’ Subsequent decisions by ECHR imply certain principles, such as

… a family relationship is apparently understood as the legally recognised tie of blood or marriage … since family life does not come to an end upon divorce, the award of custody to one parent will interfere with the family life of the other … the state’s usual concern is to protect the rights and freedoms of the child whose position is weaker. … Treating the child’s welfare as paramount does not mean that no other considerations are relevant: clearly the parents have interests which must be taken into account. Paramountcy shifts the focus of the balance away from a direct conflict between parents and child, and focuses instead on the conflict between different aspects of the child’s welfare.

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Chapter 18: Larry—Parkinson’s Disease

Naomi Scott University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Eighteen

Larry—Parkinson’s Disease

“I’m sleeping six and a half to seven hours straight now. Before I started riding, many nights I didn’t sleep more than two or three, because of back pain.” Larry Walls said this less than two months after he began hippotherapy.

Dr. Ronald Faries, D.C., remarked on Larry’s progress at this stage in the riding program: “His balance, strength, and stamina have increased tremendously. Many times he comes into the clinic without his walker.

Before he started riding, he didn’t have the ability to maintain upright posture.”1

Eight years earlier Larry was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. I had heard about his remarkable results, and asked to include his story in the book.

“Sure,” he said, slowly climbing the ramp to the mounting platform.

Two of Larry’s friends had told him about therapeutic riding and urged him to try it. One was volunteer Cecil Hill.

“Cecil kept talking about it, explaining some of the benefits people had experienced, and the procedure. But I was skeptical,” Larry said.

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C

Naomi Scott University of North Texas Press PDF

GLOSSARY

Bulldogging: A timed rodeo event in which the contestant dives from his saddle to grab the horns of a speeding steer, and wrestles it to the ground.

CanTRA: Canadian Therapeutic Riding Association, P. O. Box 24009,

Guelph, Ontario, CA N1E 6V8, (519) 767-0700, Email: ctra@golden. net, http://www.cantra.ca.

Clonus: A form of movement marked by contractions and relaxations of a muscle, occurring in rapid succession.

Contraindications: Physical or mental conditions which prevent an individual’s participation in an equine assisted program; in general, any condition which renders a particular line of treatment improper or undesirable.

CPR: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, a procedure including the timed external compression of the anterior chest wall, to stimulate blood

flow by pumping the heart, and alternating with mouth to mouth breathing, to provide oxygen.

DPT: A series of shots containing a combination of vaccines to immunize against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus.

EAGALA: Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association, P. O. Box

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