11622 Chapters
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9 Increasing Agricultural Productivity of Farming Systems in Parts of Central India – Sir Ratan Tata Trust Initiative

Wani, S.P.; Raju, K.V. CABI PDF

9

Increasing Agricultural

Productivity of Farming

Systems in Parts of Central

India – Sir Ratan Tata Trust

Initiative

Gajanan L. Sawargaonkar,* Girish Chander, Suhas P.

Wani, S.K. Dasgupta and G. Pardhasaradhi

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics,

Patancheru, India

Abstract

Soil health mapping was adopted as entry point activity in the initiative supported by Sir Ratan Tata Trust in

Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh states of India which emphasized on developing soil test-based fertilizer recommendations at block level. In Jharkhand, yield benefit with balanced nutrition was 27–44% in paddy, groundnut and maize with benefit–cost (BC) ratio varying from 7.36 to 12.0. In Madhya Pradesh, balanced nutrition increased crop productivity by 11–57% in crops like soybean, paddy, green gram, black gram and groundnut with BC ratio of 1.97 to 9.35. Water harvesting through farm ponds (~500) helped in supplemental irrigation during critical crop stages besides serving as reservoir for fish cultivation. Efforts were made to promote off-season cultivation of vegetables, crop intensification, vermicompost units (~200) and seed bank in pilot villages and capacity development was carried out for ~15,000 farmers through direct demonstrations and around 2–3 times more through field days.

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13 Learnings and a Way Forward

Wani, S.P.; Raju, K.V. CABI PDF

13

Learnings and a Way Forward

Suhas P. Wani* and K.V. Raju

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics,

Patancheru, India

13.1 Introduction

The mission of International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is ‘to reduce poverty, malnutrition, hunger and environmental degradation in the dryland tropics’.

The semi-arid tropics is a hot spot of poverty and malnutrition, as 850 million poor live in the region. In particular, the Indian subcontinent is a hot spot of malnutrition recording 3 million malnourished children below 5 years of age.

This region is also water-scarce as the annual evapotranspiration demand is far higher than the available water in the region. As a result, agriculture largely depends on monsoonal rains and per capita availability of water particularly in India has declined from 5177 m3 in 1951 to

1450 m3 in 2015. Similar is the case for arable land availability, which is 0.11 ha per capita (in

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8 Scaling-up of Science-led Development – Sir Dorabji Tata Trust Initiative

Wani, S.P.; Raju, K.V. CABI PDF

8

Scaling-up of Science-led

Development – Sir Dorabji

Tata Trust Initiative

Girish Chander,* P. Pathak, Suhas P. Wani,

G. Pardhasaradhi and S.K. Dasgupta

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics,

Patancheru, India

Abstract

Soil health mapping in Sir Dorabji Tata Trust-supported initiative across 16 districts of Madhya Pradesh and

Rajasthan, India showed widespread deficiencies of sulfur, boron, zinc and phosphorus. Soil test-based balanced nutrient management recorded yield benefit of 10–40%, while the integrated nutrient approach recorded still higher yield up to 20–50% along with 25–50% saving in chemical fertilizers through promotion of on-farm vermicomposting. Maximum yield advantage (90–200%) was realized with improved varieties and nutrient management. Other advantages included food/fodder nutrition, rainwater use efficiency, more food per kg of nitrogen or phosphorus, and residual benefits of micro/secondary nutrients and vermicompost. Promoting landform management enabled farmers to cultivate rainy season fallows and harvest 1270–1700 kg/ha soybean.

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4 CSR and Climate-resilient Agriculture – A JSW Case Study

Wani, S.P.; Raju, K.V. CABI PDF

4

CSR and Climate-resilient

Agriculture – A JSW Case

Study

Kiran J. Petare,* A.V.R. Kesava Rao, Mukund D. Patil,

Suhas P. Wani, R. Sudi and K. Srinivas

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics,

Patancheru, India

Abstract

The semi-arid tropics being dominant region is primarily agrarian with rainfed traditional agricultural production systems. Jawhar is a tribal block in Maharashtra, India characterized by high rainfall, water scarcity, degraded soils and low crop productivity. ICRISAT in collaboration with JSW has initiated agricultural interventions with watershed approach. Over a two-year period, the project has demonstrated various activities to build the resilience against climate change to cope with varying climatic risks and to improve livelihoods. Conservation of available resources through various measures was carried out with active community participation. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood of the community. Soil health management, rainwater harvesting, soil conservation, promotion of improved cultivars, introduction of new crops (crop diversification), income-generating activities and promotion of agronomic practices were the major interventions carried out in the project villages.

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2 A Holistic Approach for Achieving Impact through CSR

Wani, S.P.; Raju, K.V. CABI PDF

2

A Holistic Approach for

Achieving Impact through CSR

Suhas P. Wani,* Girish Chander and Kaushal K. Garg

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics,

Patancheru, India

Abstract

Food and nutritional security of projected population of 9.7 billion globally and 1.7 billion in India by 2050 is the major challenge of the 21st century. Alongside the challenge is to improve farmers’ income and upgrade agriculture as a business to make it attractive to the youth and generate livelihood options through value chain, as 55% of the population in India is dependent on agriculture and allied sectors. Holistic solutions are needed to effectively address the issues of increasing land degradation, water scarcity and threat of climate change to bring in sustainable system intensification and diversification to high-yielding, climate-smart and high-value crops. There is a need to focus on enhancing system productivity through crops and livestock and services in a holistic manner rather than crops alone. In spite of availability of game-changing technologies, the farms are far from realizing the productivity potential mainly due to ineffective delivery of knowledge and scientific solutions. This necessitates the need to strengthen the ‘Science of Delivery’ of holistic solutions to farmers. Capacity building of farmers involving traditional and modern tools like information and communication technology, collectivization as producer organization, on-farm mechanization and infrastructure development for handling, storage and transport is the key to develop/promote significant control measures in production and effective linkages with the markets.

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