1710 Chapters
Medium 9781628873245

8 SAN ANTONIO

Janis Turk FrommerMedia ePub

8

San Antonio

Home to the Alamo and rich in Spanish colonial style, San Antonio is a colorful tapestry of influences, from Mexican to Aztec to German. Add a laid-back South Texas charm, and the Alamo City is quite unlike any other in America. Romantic River Walk runs right through it, the Tex-Mex here is hard to beat, and the hot Pearl culinary district is drawing foodies from all over the world. San Antonio has some of the state’s most storied historic sites, but modern industry and innovation are welcomed with open arms. And if you’re looking for a fun family destination, look no further: The downtown area is comfortable and safe, and on its outskirts are two kid-pleasing theme parks. Best of all, this sunny and inviting city is just a short drive from Austin, so you can see both with ease. San Antonio simply sizzles—and especially in summer when the heat and humidity hit high digits.

For most of its history, San Antonio was the largest city in Texas, the “cosmopolitan” center, where multiple cultures—Native American, Mexican, Anglo, and German, among others—came together and coexisted. In 1718, the native Coahuiltecan Indians sought protection from Apache raids and invited the Spaniards to establish a mission here. A few years later, by order of the king of Spain, 15 families came from the Canary Islands to settle here. (The oldest families in San Antonio can trace their family trees back to these colonists.) The settlement grew and prospered. The church eventually built five missions along the San Antonio River. But during the fight for Mexican Independence and then Texan Independence (1821 and 1836, respectively), San Antonio was the site of several hard-fought battles, including the famous siege of the Alamo. This greatly reduced the population for more than a decade until the city began to attract thousands of German settlers fleeing the revolutions in Europe. So many came that by 1860, German speakers in the city outnumbered both Spanish and English speakers. Throughout the following decades, these different immigrant groups would accommodate each other and forge a unique local culture.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781907099694

LITERATURE, CINEMA AND TELEVISION

Michelin Michelin ePub

Literature, Cinema and Television

Literature and cinema are among the most important keys to understanding Korea today. Korean cinema has become particularly popular, winning a number of major awards overseas. Original and profound, yet sometimes wacky or disconcerting, many films draw a great deal of inspiration from the literature that questions the war between North and South, the years spent under dictatorship and the country’s rapid economic growth. Korean television series are less concerned with this critical dimension, but they have attracted record audiences in Asia since the early 2000s.

Mokpo Museum of Literature, Jeolla-do

©KTO

LITERATURE

For centuries Korean literature lacked its own alphabet and borrowed Chinese characters for its different writing systems—a classical system used by literary scholars for official documents, and a popular system for the vernacular. Only fragments of these texts remain, most having been lost as a result of censorship, rewriting and the ravages of war.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781786393265

12: The Pilgrimage to the Mausoleum of Sidi Shaykh

McIntosh, I.S.; Harman, L.D. CABI PDF

12 

The Pilgrimage to the Mausoleum of Sidi Shaykh

Tahar Abbou*

University of Adrar, Adrar, Algeria

Introduction

The pilgrimage to the Mausoleum of Sidi Shaykh is a yearly celebration in a town located in the

Algerian West Saharan Atlas region. The festivities take place under the auspices of descendants of the prominent Sufi figure Sidi Abdul Qadir ben

Mohamed. This sacred journey, known as er-Rakb, lasts 5 days and goes through five stations, covering about 95 miles (150 km). During their stay, pilgrims and visitors are offered free food and accommodation. Pilgrimages, except the one to

Mecca, are not entirely approved by Muslim scholars, and in particular by the Salafists, who argue that contact between the people and Allah should be directly undertaken, that is intercession is forbidden and considered as a great sin. This chapter discusses the various theories of the origin of Sufism, and why Salafists oppose this branch of Islam. It also discusses the recent classification by UNESO of the pilgrimage to the Mausoleum of Sidi Shaykh as part of the intangible cultural heritage, and of worldwide significance.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781628872729

5 EXPLORING LONDON

Jason Cochran FrommerMedia ePub

5

Exploring London

England has been a top dog for 500 years, and London is where it keeps its bark. Many of the world’s finest treasures came here during the Empire and never left. Most cities store their best goodies in one or two top ­museums. In London, riches hide everywhere. The major attractions could by themselves occupy months of ­contemplation. But the sheer abundance of history and wealth—layer upon layer of it—means that London boasts dozens of exciting smaller sights, too. You could spend a lifetime seeing it all, so you’d better get started.

Sightseeing discounts, such as 2-for-1s, are sometimes offered at LastMinute.com under Experiences. The heavily promoted (www.londonpass.com) gets you into a bevy of attractions and a Golden Tours sightseeing bus for a fixed price (such as £59 a day or £79 for 2 days), but is unlikely to pay off in the small amount of time you’re given to use it. Only the version that lasts 6 days (£129 adult, £89 child) would potentially pay off, but still only marginally and only if you don’t take much time for meals.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781907099526

Art and Culture

Michelin Michelin ePub

Art and Culture

A SURVEY OF FRENCH ART

From Prehistory to the Gallo-Roman Era

Prehistory

While stone and bone tools appeared in the Lower Palaeolithic period, prehistoric art did not make its entrance until the Upper Palaeolithic, (350–100C BCE), and reached its peak in the Magdalenian Period (Tsee Les EYZIES DE-TAYAC).

The art of engraved wood and ivory objects together with votive statuettes developed alongside the art of wall decoration, which is well illustrated in France by caves in the Dordogne, the Pyrenees, the Ardèche and the Gard. Early artists used pigments with a mineral base for their cave paintings and sometimes took advantage of the natural shape of the rock itself to execute their work in low relief.

The Neolithic revolution (6500 BCE), during which populations began to settle, brought with it the advent of pottery as well as a different use of land and a change in burial practices – some megaliths (dolmens and covered passageways) are ancient burial chambers. Menhirs, a type of megalith found in great numbers in Brittany (Carnac and Locmariaquer), are as yet of unknown origin. The discovery of metal brought prehistoric civilisation into the Bronze Age (2300–1800 BCE) and then into the Iron Age (750–450 BCE). Celtic art showed perfect mastery of metalwork, as in the tombs of Gorge-Meillet, Mailly-le-Camp, Bibracte and Vix, in which the treasures consist of gold torques (necklaces) and other items of jewellery, various coins and bronzeware.

See All Chapters

See All Chapters