1710 Chapters
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Medium 9781628872064

14 YORKSHIRE & THE NORTHEAST

Stephen Brewer FrommerMedia ePub

Frost on fields in Upper Swaledale, Yorkshire Dales National Park.

Roman ruins, lonely abbeys, castles, stately homes, museums, and literary shrines are just some of the attractions on offer in Yorkshire and the more northern regions of County Durham and Northumberland. Together with historic York, they are also jumping-off points for exploring the wild and remote beauty that characterizes both the interior of England’s northeast and its incredible ­shoreline—which includes the old port of Whitby, Gothic inspiration for the original “Dracula” tale.

A thoroughly modern British city reawakening from a post-industrial slumber, Newcastle is as hip and happening a destination as you’ll find in the U.K. It has earned a reputation for its shopping and nightlife, but there’s also an array of contemporary museum spaces including ­BALTIC, over the River Tyne in Gateshead. Travel back in time west of the city with a visit to the fortified remains of Hadrian’s Wall, which once protected Roman Britain from the wild tribes to the north.

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Medium 9781907099762

RETIRO

Michelin Travel & Lifestyle ePub

DISCOVERING

RETIRO

The barrio of Retiro may be small, but it’s well worth a visit. Within this neighborhood is Buenos Aires’ main plaza, and two very different sub-neighborhoods.

As you’ll read, Retiro is known for the Plaza San Martín, which is the most famous pedestrian walkway in all of Buenos Aires. Along with many of the parks in the city, landscaper Charles Thays was involved in the design. If you’re looking for a green space within the city, consider that Thays filled the Plaza San Martín with more than 350 trees, using regional species like ceibos, gomeros, ombues, tipas, jacarandas, palos borrachos and tilos.

Tourists may be seen in the southwest corner of the plaza taking photos in front of the giant bronze equestrian statue of the plaza’s namesake—Argentinean Independence hero Don José de San Martín. But the plaza is also a real local experience. The plaza’s central location makes it a popular local hangout. Throughout the week, you can find porteños using the plaza to sunbathe, have a picnic, play soccer or simply relax on the grass.

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Medium 9781628871180

7 Bruges

Sasha Heseltine FrommerMedia ePub

7

bruges

Graceful Bruges has drifted down the stream of time with all the self-possession of the swans that cruise its canals. To step into the old town is to be transported back to the Middle Ages, when Bruges (Brugge in Dutch) was among the wealthiest powerbases in Europe. Despite the city’s turbulent past and two world wars fought around it, Bruges and its glorious monumental buildings have remained untouched by the passage of time; it’s so picture-book perfect that in 2000, UNESCO awarded the entire city center World Cultural Heritage status.

Bruges is the capital town of West-Vlaanderen (West Flanders) province, and is the pride and joy of all Flanders. Medieval Gothic architecture is the real deal here, along with a layer of Romanesque; a touch of Renaissance, baroque, and rococo; a dab of neoclassical and neo-Gothic; and a smidgeon of Art Nouveau and Art Deco. But Gothic is what Bruges does best, in quantities that come near to numbing the senses—and likely would do so if it wasn’t for the distraction of the city’s contemporary animation. To what does it owe its Gothic glamor? In the 15th century, Bruges was a center for Hanseatic League trading, and with the growth of its wealth it acquired the rich heritage of civic buildings that you see today: guildhalls, exchanges, warehouses, and the residences of wealthy merchants.

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Medium 9781574411607

Part Two Day 1

Geraldine Ellis Watson University of North Texas Press PDF

Part Two, Day 1

Part Two

Day 1

SCOTT’S LANDING

River Mile 94 3:30 P.M.

A year passed before I continued my journey. It was autumn again. The weather couldn’t have been more perfect: cobalt blue skies, brilliant, sunshiny days and cool, crisp nights. And I had just been given my annual no-pay furlough from the Park Service, so it seemed a most auspicious time to begin the second part of my Neches River voyage. I had just finished building my little backwater boat and tried it out on Massey Lake near my home and it didn’t sink, so I packed the bare necessities for survival, and my daughter, Regina, drove me to Sheffield’s Ferry (Highway 1013 crossing) to launch me off.

I hadn’t intended to build a boat for this trip. I had thought for years that I would return to Deweyville where the old boat maker lived from whom Daddy had bought his backwater boat many years ago and try to find him, but kept putting it off. I didn’t even know his name. Then one night I had a dream.

Daddy came to me and said, “Sister, if you want a backwater boat, go to that

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Medium 9781628872187

4 Where to stay

Jeanne Cooper FrommerMedia ePub

The Fairmont Orchid Hawaii.

F or additional bed-and-breakfasts, visit the website of Hawaii Island B&B Asso ciation ( www.stayhawaii.com ), which only allows licensed, inspected proper ties to become members; 34 are cur rently listed. Vacation rentals, which Hawaii County does not regulate the way it does B&Bs and hotels, are currently less of a hot-button issue here than on other islands. You’ll find numerous listings of condos and houses on sites such as VRBO.com and airbnb.com . To help you more easily compare units and complexes, as well as guarantee rapid assistance should issues arise during your stay, though, consider booking vacation rentals through an island-based company, such as those listed for specific regions below.

All rooms listed below come with a private bathroom and free parking unless otherwise noted; all pools are outdoors. Rates do not include Hawaii’s 13.41% tax, while cleaning fees refer to one-time charges, not daily service.

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Medium 9781628872187

9 Planning

Jeanne Cooper FrommerMedia ePub

Hawaiian sunset.

Hawaii is rich in natural and cultural wonders and that's especially true for the Big Island of Hawaii, home to the state's most important national park and intriguing ancient Hawaiian sites. Here we’ve compiled everything you need to know before escaping to the Islands.

Our biggest tip is to fly directly to the island of your choice; doing so can save you a 2-hour layover in Honolulu and another plane ride. Oahu, the Big Island, Maui, and Kauai now all receive direct flights from the Mainland; if you’re heading to Molokai or Lanai, you’ll have the easiest connections if you fly into Honolulu.

So let’s get on with the process of planning your trip. For pertinent facts and on-the-ground resources in Hawaii, turn to “Fast Facts: Hawaii,” at the end of this chapter on p. 240.

Getting There

By Plane

Most major U.S. and many international carriers fly to Honolulu International Airport (HNL), on Oahu. Some also offer direct flights to Kahului Airport (OGG), on Maui; Lihue Airport (LIH), on Kauai; and Kona International Airport (KOA) and Hilo Airport (ITO), on the Big Island. If you can fly directly to the island of your choice, you’ll be spared a 2-hour layover in Honolulu and another plane ride. If you’re heading to Molokai (MKK) or Lanai (LNY), you’ll have the easiest connections if you fly into Honolulu. See island chapters for detailed information on direct flights to each island.

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Medium 9781628871487

1 THE BEST OF SPAIN

Harris, Patricia FrommerMedia ePub

A horse dressed for Feria del Caballo in Jerez.

We agree with the sentiment apocryphally attributed to Ernest Hemingway: “If you visit only one foreign country in your lifetime, make it Spain,” Don Ernesto supposedly said. He might have added that after your first visit, you might not be tempted to go anywhere else. No other country is quite as flamboyantly romantic as Spain.

Even before Hemingway first visited in 1922 to write about trout and tuna fishing, 19th-century European writers and painters had mythologized Spain as the quintessential romantic country. It was the land of Moors and Gypsies, of swirling flamenco skirts and narrow-hipped matadors. It was the land of such legendary heroes as El Cid, such wise fools as Don Quijote, and of kings with such names as Pedro the Cruel and Alfonso the Wise. Hemingway’s contribution was to give that romance both a macho gloss and an air of tragic loss.

The funny thing is that it’s all still true—it’s just not the whole truth. In fact, flamenco is enjoying a renaissance, and if some parts of the country have turned thumbs-down on bullfighting, many Spaniards are still obsessed with matadors. As the old Saturday Night Live routine goes, Franco is still dead. But Spain is very much alive. Having exported its talent during Franco’s dictatorship, Spain jumped straight from the 19th century to the 21st. A flamenco beat still drives it, but Spain is now a country of high-speed trains and cutting-edge Web technology, of a radical avant-garde in food and art alike, of vibrant modern metropolises like Barcelona, Bilbao, and Madrid that can hold their own on the world stage.

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Medium 9781628873061

THE SAVVY TRAVELER

Meredith Pratt FrommerMedia ePub

Ronald Reagan International Airport.

Before You Go

Government Tourist Offices

Destination D.C., 901 7th St. NW, 4th Floor, Washington, DC 20001-3719 (☎ 800/422-8644 or 202/789-7000; www.washington.org) provides information on hotels, restaurants, sights, shops, and more.

Also take a look at the D.C. government’s website, www.dc.gov, and Cultural Tourism D.C., www.culturaltourismdc.org, for more information about the city.

For additional information about Washington’s most popular tourist spots, access the National Park Service website, www.nps.gov/nacc and the Smithsonian Institution’s www.si.edu.

The Best Times to Go

The city’s peak seasons generally coincide with the sessions of Congress and springtime. When Congress is “in,” from about the second week in September until Thanksgiving, and again from about mid-January through June, hotels are full with guests on business.

Mid-March through June traditionally is the most frenzied season, when families and school groups descend to see the cherry blossoms. It’s also a popular season for protest marches.

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Medium 9781786392282

5 Tourism Security: The Evolution of Theory

Korstanje, M.E.; Raj, R.; Griffin, K. CABI PDF

5 

Tourism Security: The Evolution of Theory

Maximiliano E. Korstanje*

University of Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Introduction

In recent decades terrorism has adopted more cruel and sophisticated methods. In earlier decades, attacks were perpetrated against police chiefs, politicians or celebrities, but now ‘global’ tourists, journalists and travellers are the targets of international terrorism. This raises serious concerns amongst policy makers with regard to the evolution of terrorism and its effects on the tourism industry (Moten, 2010). This chapter examines the changes in academic literature on  tourism security in relation to three major events: the Luxor massacre (Egypt, 1997), 9/11

(New York, 2001) and the Paris bombings (2015).

To some extent, academics in tourism struggle to find an answer as to how these destinations can recover fully after these attacks. The Luxor massacre, where Al-Gama’a al-Ismaiyya cell killed

62 people (mostly tourists) on 17 November 1997, not only shocked international public opinion but also placed tourism on the agenda of security experts. Doubtless, this event reflected what had been written on tourism security from the

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Medium 9781603448147

6. August—Bats in Carlsbad Caverns

Gary W. Vequist Texas A&M University Press ePub

6. August

Bats in Carlsbad Caverns

The sweltering desert landscape of the American Southwest may not seem like an ideal wildlife-watching destination in August. But within the caves at Carlsbad Caverns National Park in New Mexico the temperatures can run 20–40 degrees cooler than the outside desert. That cool subterranean climate is ideal for the hundreds of thousands of Brazilian (a.k.a. Mexican) free-tailed bats that roost in the caves during the day. Come evening the bats awake and leave the cave in a mass exodus as they venture out into the desert to feed. Watching swarm after swarm of bats corkscrew their way up into the fading twilight and then depart toward the distant horizon is one of nature’s great wildlife-viewing spectacles.

What’s Remarkable about Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats?

Every summer evening since time immemorial a half-million or so Brazilian free-tailed bats exit Carlsbad Caverns to head out into the surrounding desert to feed. Upon leaving the cave the “clouds” of bats—yes, that is one of the terms for a group of bats—corkscrew upward into the evening sky in a counterclockwise pattern. Why counterclockwise? Some have speculated that this behavior is due to the Coriolis effect, the same earthly phenomenon that causes the water in your bathtub to drain in a counterclockwise pattern (assuming you live in the Northern Hemisphere). Although the Coriolis effect is extremely weak, a bat trying to gain altitude needs all the assistance it can get, so the ascending bats may use it to more efficiently ascend. This counterclockwise pattern is so ingrained in bats they even use it in confined spaces such as inside houses. When the Carlsbad Caverns bats return to the cave at the end of the night they don’t need this earthly assistance to descend so they simply dive in a straight line into the cave entrance.

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Medium 9781907099786

BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS

Michelin Travel & Lifestyle ePub

Addresses

For price ranges, see the Legend.

WHERE TO STAY

$$ Sapphire Beach Condominium Resort – 6720 Estate Smith Bay, St. Thomas. t800-524-2090. www.antillesresorts.com. 171 units. This large resort, sitting on its own beach a mile north of Red Hook, offers spacious suites in condos with sea or marina views and full kitchens. Activities include snorkeling, windsurfing, tennis, volleyball, and swimming in the on-site pool.

$$$ Carambola Beach Resort and Spa – Estate Davis Bay, St. Croix. t340-778-3800. www.marriott.com. 150 rooms. This Marriott property welcomes guests to its own beach, spa, pool, fitness trail and golf course at nearby Carambola Golf Club. Spacious rooms are done up Island style and offer views of the Caribbean or the resort’s gardens. Enjoy breakfast on the terrace of Saman Restaurant and the Friday night pirate buffet with evening entertainment.

$$$ Frenchman’s Reef – 5 Estate Bakkeroe, St. Thomas. t340-776-8500. www.marriott.com. All-inclusive plan available. 450 rooms. The largest resort in the US Virgin Islands, this high-rise Marriott property lies six miles from the airport and overlooks Charlotte Amalie harbor. Guests enjoy a private beach, on-site pools, restaurant, spa and tennis courts. Frenchman’s Reef shares restaurant and beach facilities with the adjacent beachside Morning Star Resort.

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Medium 9782067182042

Astoria

Michelin Michelin ePub

The Willamette’s loamy soil gives rise to a feast of foods that enrich the plates of the finest restaurants in Portland. The climate and soil are ideal for vineyards, and more than 500 wineries, mostly west of Interstate 5, draw visitors from around the world to wine-country tasting rooms. Charming small towns, bucolic countryside and farm stands provide additional reasons to stop and savor Oregon’s wine country.

A string of cities, including the state capital of Salem and the free-spirited town of Eugene, are situated along I-5, which runs north to south through the center of the valley. To the west, the forested Coast Range cradles the valley, and 30mi to the east, waterfalls plummet down mossy Cascade Range hillsides alongside wooded hiking trails whose vine maple trees turn crimson and orange in the fall.

SALEMa

The capital of Oregon is the state’s third-largest city (pop. 156,000). Salem traces its founding to 1840, when Jason Lee moved the headquarters of his Methodist mission to this mid-Willamette Valley location. Lee’s house and other early buildings still stand at the Willamette Heritage Center at the Millaa (1313 Mill St.; t 503-585-7012; www.willametteheritage.org; open year-round Mon–Sat 10am–5pm ;$6), a five-acre historical park that includes the 1889 Thomas Kay Woolen Mill. A millstream courses beneath the main mill building, and inside, massive looms operate with water-powered turbines. Four buildings, filled with period furnishings, were moved to this site, and are considered the oldest in the Northwest, dating to the 1840s.

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Medium 9781628873368

3 THE BEST NEIGHBORHOOD WALKS: Piazza Navona & The Pantheon, Campo de' Fiori, Trastavere,, Tridente, Monti, Jewish Ghetto/Tiber Island, Pigneto, Testaccio

Elizabeth Heath FrommerMedia ePub

Bernin’s Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, designed for Pope Innocent X.

Piazza Navona & the Pantheon

Prepare to switch sightseeing gears quickly in the most central part of the old city—quiet, labyrinth-like alleys abruptly give way to imposing monuments and knockout postcard panoramas, and a slew of nonchalant-looking churches stash away some of the city’s most celebrated works of art. We’ll start at Castel Sant’Angelo, on the other side of the Tiber. Start: Take bus 40 or 62 to Castel Sant’Angelo/Piazza Pia.❶ ★★★ Castel Sant’Angelo. Rome’s hamburger of history started out as Hadrian’s mausoleum in the 2nd century a.d. and was converted in the Middle Ages into a fortress for the popes, who then gave themselves apartments here in the Renaissance. Its final incarnation, as a prison, lasted through the end of the 19th century, long enough to inspire Puccini’s Tosca. Be sure to climb all the way up to the highest terrace—looking straight down over the Tiber is as soaring and dramatic as an operatic finale. N 1 hr. Lungotevere Castello 50. castelsantangelo.beniculturali.it. ☎ 06-32810. 10€. Daily 9am–7:30pm.

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Medium 9781628870206

10. The Best Day Trips & Excursions

Marie Morris FrommerMedia ePub

Over the course of three-plus centuries, Concord (say “conquered”) has grown from a country village to a prosperous suburb of about 18,000. The first official battle of the Revolutionary War took place at the North Bridge on April 19, 1775. By the mid-19th century, an impressive constellation of literary stars—Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Henry David Thoreau, and Louisa May Alcott—called the town home. Present-day Concord preserves and honors that rich history. START: Jump in the car and follow Route 2 from Cambridge until you see signs for Lincoln; where the road takes a sharp left, go straight, following signs for historic Concord. If it’s not rush hour, the trip from Boston takes 30 to 40 minutes.

 

Concord Museum The museum tells the story of the town in informative exhibits that incorporate intriguing artifacts, murals, films, maps, and documents. A onetime Native American settlement, Concord is best known as a Revolutionary War battleground. In the 19th century, it was a literary and intellectual center with a thriving clock-making industry. The town was also an important player in the 20th-century historic preservation movement. Many museum displays focus on the big names: You’ll see one of the lanterns Longfellow immortalized in “Paul Revere’s Ride” (“one if by land, and two if by sea”), the contents of Emerson’s study, and a large collection of Thoreau’s belongings. The period furniture, silver, clocks, and (my favorites) embroidery samplers offer an engaging look at the lives of regular people. If you’re traveling with kids, check ahead for info on family activities. 1–1½ hrs. 53 Cambridge Turnpike (Lexington Rd.). 978/369-9609 (recorded info) or 978/369-9763. www.concordmuseum.org. Admission $10 adults, $8 seniors and students, $5 kids 6–18, free for kids under 6. June–Aug daily 9am–5pm; Apr–May & Sept–Dec Mon–Sat 9am–5pm, Sun noon–5pm; Jan–Mar Mon–Sat 11am–4pm, Sun 1–4pm.

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Medium 9782067182042

Mount Rainier NP

Michelin Michelin ePub

80mi northeast of Medford on Rte. 62. Open daily year-round. $10/vehicle. t 541-594-3000. www.nps.gov/crla. Steel Visitor Center open late Apr–early Nov daily 9am–5pm; rest of the year daily 10am–4pm; closed Dec 25. Rim Visitor Center open late May–late Sept 9:30am–5pm.

Crater Lake National Park
©Chrisboswell/Dreamstime.com

Crater Lake (elevation 1,932ft) is the world's deepest volcanic lake. The sapphire-blue lake rests in the basin of a collapsed volcano, surrounded by steep-walled cliffs. Wizard Island, a volcanic cinder cone, rises at its west end.

Ringed by mountains tinged with snow much of the year, the 6mi diameter lake attracts hikers and sightseers from around the world. The lake—so renowned for its clarity that its water has set new standards for water purity—was formed when the cataclysmic eruption of Mount Mazama 7,700 years ago created a bowl-shaped caldera that filled with snowmelt.

One of the most scenic drives in the world, 33mi loop Crater Rim Driveaaa has more than 20 overlooks, but there are ample other attractions here as well, including hikes through mid-elevation pine forests, and the famed boat touraa to Wizard Island.

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