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Chapter 20 Not Upon His Doomed Neck

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF



Not Upon His

Doomed Neck


ill Long­ley quickly passed from the pages of Texas newspapers, and his notoriety with him. Other gunmen, such as Hardin and

Ben Thompson, stepped to the forefront of the public spotlight, their sort continuing to fascinate those who found glamour and excitement in the larger-than-life exploits of an outlaw, as opposed to the humdrum routine of school, farming, or other similar everyday callings. As with Long­ley, the notorious Jesse James also capitalized on the press to insure a place in history, although James took great pains to deny his nefarious deeds.

Only eight months after the hanging, however, stories were already being passed around in Dallas that the execution had been a hoax, thus commencing decades of confusion and speculation about the ultimate fate of Bill Long­ley. “Rich relatives supplied him with a steel corset and neck piece, which prevented the rope from choking him or pulling on his neck at all when the drop fell.” Friends were supposed to have pretended to bury the body, smuggling Long­ley away and “setting him up in business in California, where he now lives a pious and model young man.”1 Although the story was briefly published in 1879, it did

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Chapter 13: “The Gladden Trial”

David Johnson University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter 13

“The Gladden Trial”

As the mob’s attention turned to the Olneys and their family, they were aided, inadvertently or not, by the editor of the Burnet Bulletin.

Dean Swift Ogle made little attempt at remaining impartial. Having the opportunity to sway public opinion, Ogle used it. From the beginning Ogle was a staunch supporter of families who had ties to the mob, such as the Rountrees. When John J. Strickland, sheriff of Burnet

County, appointed another brother-in-law James Martin as deputy to replace his brother, the Bulletin reported: “Mr. James Martin, brother of the deceased S. B. Martin, will take the place of his brother as

Deputy Sheriff. He is a quiet man, sober and discreet, but is cool and brave, which is a characteristic of the family.”1

Martin may have been an excellent choice, but the appointment can hardly have been viewed with any degree of warmth by Olney supporters. Also on Strickland’s payroll was Joseph T. Bozarth, John

J. Bozarth’s brother. The Bozarth brothers had served under L. H.

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Medium 9781574411676

7 “Take that . . . ”

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter seven

“Take that . . . ”

“The movies don’t even come close.”

—Norman* piano player for the Mike Harris Quartet



he Mike Harris Quartet had been playing soft music since

9 P.M., and by the time midnight came along, they were getting no requests or tips. “Hey, it was a Thursday night,” said Norman, the piano player. They played Duke Ellington’s C Jam Blues before taking a break just after midnight. Sherlyn, the featured singer, turned on taped music and went to the end of the bar where Mary and Dick were talking and laughing.

From the time Belachheb arrived to just after midnight, he had three or four Johnny Walker and 7Up. He roamed around the entire barroom and spoke to nearly all of the women. He even danced with a few, but he always came back to Marcell.

“Marcell was the kind of person if she was annoyed with somebody you could tell quite immediately,” Dick observed. He noticed, as did almost everyone else, that Marcell wanted less and less to do with Belachheb as the night wore on. Some of the other regulars, less than enchanted by her brusque ways, recall that she could, at times, be cruel. “I had seen her before come on to a man sitting next to her and then belittle him in front of people,” remembered a Ianni’s bartender.

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Notes on Sources

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

t m - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Notes on Sources


I conducted three formal interviews: one with Houston McCoy on I March I 995, in Menard, Texas; one with Ramiro Martinez on

3 April 1995, in New J3raunfels, Texas; and one with Lawrence A.

Fuess in Dallas 011 6 June 1996. All three gentlemen were interviewed as much for an update on their lives since 1966 as for their recollections of the Tower incident. I also had brief meetings with

Phillip Conner, one of the members of the McCoy Team, on 18

August 1995, at my office in Austin; Dr. Albert Lalonde on 30 June

1995, at his home in Austin; and Robert Heard and lack Keever, former Associated Press reporters, on 16 March 1996, at the 1996

South by Southwest Media Conference in Austin. Other, very brief, conversations are endnoted through the book. None of the interviews produced dramatic new information relative to the Whitman murders.

On 26 January 1995, I met Mr. C. A. Whitman at his home in

Lantana, Florida. It is my personal belief that news and history should not be purchased, so when he indicated that in the past he has received payments for interviews and pictures, I explained that I could not pay him for any information. We then had a pleasant conversation which yielded no information that had not already been published or was otherwise well-documented.

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11. Indictments

Corey Recko University of North Texas Press PDF



Garrett and Perry began the next month working on Luis Herrera

(a different Herrera than was with the search party) after they received information that he might know where the bodies were, but this led to nothing.1

Not much progress was made in the investigation or the search for the bodies over the next two years. Fall, meanwhile, was able to have the cattle rustling indictments Fountain had brought against

Lee and McNew dropped.2

Pat Garrett had to run in the fall elections of 1896 in order to keep the office of sheriff. Garrett was a loyal, lifelong Democrat, but owed his position to the Republicans. Torn, Garrett decided to run as an

Independent and then registered as a Republican after an easy win.3

In the meantime, life went on in New Mexico. William Llewellyn served as a delegate in the Territorial Republican Convention and was elected to the Territorial House of Representatives, of which he became speaker.4 James Gililland married.5 So did Thomas

Branigan.6 Oliver Lee was a delegate for the Territorial Democratic

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8: The Glass-Paneled Door

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

returned with a vengeance to turn the fallen rain into steam rising from the streets and sidewalks. A light southerly wind, not strong enough to bring relief, accompanied the heat and humidity When

Whitman left his home for the last time, at or slightly after 11 :00

A.M., the temperature had climbed to the upper nineties. Vacationers and students on semester break flocked to Barton Creel" where cold spring-fed water supplied bathers with a momentary refuge from the heat. But most Austinites could afford no such luxury and instead wearily prepared for another one of "those" days. It was hot-damn hot. I

The drive to the university would not have taken more than twenty to twenty-five minutes. Whitman entered the UT campus through a security checkpoint on 21 st Street near the corner of Speedway Avenue, the northern extension of Congress Avenue, between

11:25 and 11:30 A.M. He approached the little white outpost manned by [ack O. Rodman, a UT Security Officer there to relieve the regular security guard during a lunch break. Whitman retrieved his wallet, holding ninety-six dollars remaining from the checks he had cashed earlier in the morning, and presented a Carrier Identification Card to gain admission to the campus. The guard would have been familiar with the ID which was issued to individuals with a frequent need to transport heavy or bulky materials onto the campus. Whitman had been issued such a card as part of his lab assistant duties in Dr.

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2. Enter Albert B. Fall and Other Men of Note

Corey Recko University of North Texas Press PDF


Enter Albert B. Fall and Other Men of Note

In November 1888, Fountain ran against Democratic newcomer

Albert B. Fall for a seat in the New Mexico State Legislature.1

Fountain won the election and went on to be chosen speaker of the house. While in the legislature, Fountain pushed for public education for both boys and girls, an unpopular idea at the time. He successfully fought to have the state’s land grant college situated in Las Cruces. (It now is New Mexico State University.) He also worked vigorously for statehood.2 The rest of Fountain’s life would be intertwined with that of his opponent in the 1888 election. The two men, Fountain as a leader of the Republicans and Fall a soonto-be leader of the Democrats, grew to despise each other.

Albert Bacon Fall was born in Frankfort, Franklin County,

Kentucky, on November 26, 1861.3 He married Emma Morgan on

May 8, 1883, and they settled in New Mexico in 1887.4 According to his service record, Fall stood five feet, ten and one-half inches tall, had a fair complexion, brown eyes, and black hair.5 Despite his limited formal education, the former miner rose quickly in the

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Medium 9781574413533

Chapter 15. We Want Him

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 15

We Want Him

Bill Longley likely visited his parents in Bell County in the late fall and perhaps early winter of 1876, during which time Dick Sanders may have left him and returned home. It is also possible that in March 1877 Longley and Sanders might have been in Kerr County. From March 10 to March 20, a detachment of Texas Rangers from Company C, responding to some source of information, was sent into the county to look for them.1 The Rangers returned empty-handed. No doubt concerned that the authorities would get wind of his whereabouts in his old haunts, Longley said that he went to East Texas, and he ultimately made his way into Nacogdoches County, across the Angelina River. An educated guess would place this trip in the spring of 1877.

For whatever reason, Longley decided that he would detour around the town of Nacogdoches, rather than ride through it. Fuller, who himself was a resident of Nacogdoches, and speaking again in third person, said that the outlaw had “heard something” about Nacogdoches Sheriff Milt Mast and his deputy, Bill Burrows, and did not want to get into “fresh trouble.”2 About four or five miles west of the town, Longley stopped at the farm of George Washington Clevenger, Jr., a twenty-six-year-old who lived with his wife, Missouri Caroline, and two daughters, Ida and Nora.3 Clevenger had a brother who may have been living with him at the time, Joseph Phlemester Clevenger, who was shy of his twentieth birthday, and whom Fuller described as a “good-sized boy.”4

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Chapter 10 Shot Him Dead

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF




Shot Him Dead

etween July 1873 and Christmas 1874, there is no real record of

Long­ley’s whereabouts. We only have his story that, after being released in Austin, he killed a man in Frio County and then worked for Dr. McIver in Madison County. The 1877 account of his adventures found in the Galveston Daily News had him leaving Madison

County, which is in East Texas northeast of Bryan, visiting his parents again briefly in Bell County, then riding on to old Fort Ewell on the

Nueces River in LaSalle County, at the junction of the San Antonio and Laredo roads. The fort had been established in 1852, but abandoned in October 1854 when army troops there were transferred to

Fort McIntosh on the Rio Grande above Laredo.1 Fort Ewell and Dog

Town, forty miles northeast on the Frio River, became two principal stage stands between San Antonio and the Rio Grande. Fort Ewell was not much of a town, being principally occupied by Mexicans and a storekeeper known as Peg Leg Stuart.2

Long­ley said that he was at Fort Ewell only a short time when he got into a fight with “a noted gambler named Dave Clark.” He said that he shot Clark “a couple of times” but did not kill him.3

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Chapter 4 I Kept on Pumping Lead

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF



I Kept on Pumping Lead


ong­ley said that he decided that the most practical way to get to Utah was by joining one of the many cattle drives headed north through the Indian Territory and terminating at the railhead at

Abilene, Kansas. According to him, he rode north to near Gainesville, in Cooke County not far from the Red River, and ran upon a large herd. The boss of the herd, a man named Rector, who Long­ley said came from Bee County in southwest Texas, hired Long­ley to go along on the drive, offering him pay of a dollar a day. Rector also furnished

Long­ley with an extra horse so that the horse Long­ley was riding could be turned out with the other extra horses on the drive in order to rest and gain a few pounds. Long­ley said that he picked out a horse and joined the trail drive as it headed into the Indian Territory.

Fuller quoted a letter from Long­ley that described his days with the trail drive as tedious, “following a big herd of cattle, seeing that none drop out by the wayside or are stolen and in the days of which

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Medium 9781782200925

Chapter Ten

John C. Espy Karnac Books ePub

Bridgewater and the metamorphosis

Digging through Bar Jonah's stacks of papers seemed never-ending. Theisen joked that Bar Jonah's crap reproduced each night after the lights were turned out. Cameron and Wilson peeled opened one of the dusty boxes and found that it was filled with stacks of Bar Jonah's prison records, including his past psychiatric evaluations dating back to the 1975 assault. Bar Jonah had even more reports than Bridgewater had bothered to send when Wilson had made his initial request. The first one that Cameron pulled out of the box was a psychological evaluation by Timothy Sinn, M.A., staff psychologist at Bridgewater.

At the request of the department of mental health and in accordance with the provisions of section 9, chapter 123a, I conducted a psychiatric examination of David Brown at the Massachusetts treatment center. My examination consisted of two interviews on 8/18/83 and 8/25/83, as well as a review of his records at the treatment center. Prior to each interview I informed him as to who I was, the nature and purpose of the examination and the fact that whatever was said was not confidential and could be used in my report. He indicated that he understood these conditions and agreed to talk with me. Mr. Brown is a 27-year-old single white male who was committed to the treatment center in June, 1979 following a conviction of attempted murder, and kidnapping of two young boys in 1977 for which he received 18–20 years. There has been at least one other similar previous offense for assault and battery on a young boy in which he disrobed him, choked him and then released him. While at the treatment center he has been quite resistant to treatment in any form. He had to be persuaded by other members in his large group to attend group in order not to lose his maximum tier privilege. His participation has been on the minimal side. He has the historical pattern of isolation and passivity, which is played out daily at the treatment center. He has rationalized his unwillingness to participate in group therapy because group therapy would not help him because his offenses are not sexual and he really doesn't belong here. His original willingness to come to the treatment center was because it seemed to be better than serving out a prison sentence. He has been seen by most of the staff as unable or unwilling to participate in therapy. In spite of his resistance to group and therapy he has allegedly been asking for an individual therapist for the past year.

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13: Independent Actions

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

mJ~-------- Independent Actions

ments, sent them to the ·UT Security Office a few blocks north of the Tower at 24th and San Jacinto. There Houston McCoy asked them if they had a11Y additional shotguns. They did not. He also asked if they had any directions or a plan. They did not. At the office, UT's Security Chief Allen R. Hamilton directed one of his men, Sgt. A.Y. Barr, to lead the APD team to the Tower.

From the university police station, the band of officers walk.ed through the campus to an area directly east of the Tower. From that position there appeared to be only one way to get to the Tower-a dash over an open area. McCoy wondered aloud if there was a safer way for six men to get to the Main Building. William Wilcox, a university employee, knew of a maze of tunnels connecting the buildings to allow for relative ease when maintaining the campus infrastructure-telephone, power lines and water lines. Through the tunnel connecting the Computation Center to the Main Building,

Wilcox guided McCoy's team. I

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12 The Convenience Store

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF


The Convenience Store

“We had a feeling that this is bad; this can’t wait.”

—Bill Johnston,

United States Attorney


Officially, Kenneth McDuff completed graduation requirements from

TSTI in late February, 1992. The certificate he “earned” was mailed to J.

A. and Addie. For most students, graduation means an opportunity to seek employment and build a future. For Kenneth McDuff, it probably meant an end to his state-supported lifestyle of sex and drugs. Reportedly, just a couple of days before his rendezvous with Holly, he had driven to Victoria, Texas, to interview for a job. According to Addie, he was excited at the prospect of gainful employment at the Victoria Machine Works, and then crushed to learn he was not hired. It was on February 29, 1992, according to Addie, that “Kenneth left [her home] so mad he didn’t take his glasses or his clothes.”1

And so, during the early morning hours of March 1, he might still have harbored anger over not getting a job he and his mother claimed he wanted very badly. More likely, however, his anger centered over the end of a very bad night. He had no money and could not get any because his cigarettes had been stolen from him; his Thunderbird had broken down the day after over $800 had been spent repairing it; he was coming down from an evening of smoking crack, and he had not had a woman. In a mood fashioned by such a bizarre evening, Kenneth McDuff headed towards the Quik Pak #8.

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Conclusion: “A Bitter Cup of Suffering”

David Johnson University of North Texas Press PDF


“A Bitter Cup of Suffering”

In his biography of Texas Ranger Ira Aten, historian Harold Preece wrote of the feud, “Corpses had dangled from pecan trees. Men were called to their doors at night and gunned to death before their families. Ranchers and cowboys were butchered on rocky roads, then dumped like the carcasses of wild goats into mountain gulches and creek bottoms.”1

Aten recalled that in 1884 the feud again threatened to erupt, this time in McCulloch County “right next door to Mason County—scarcely an omen of peace.”2 The Rangers hustled to the area, all too familiar with the passions that governed the Hill Country. Another upsurge in the feud was avoided, and in time the violent passions of the region began to cool. Age was overtaking the fighters, and death came for them all in time.

Among the Germans charged with organizing the mob, Ernst

Jordan was the first to die. Crippled for life from the gunshot wound to his leg, Jordan was unable to enjoy the active life that he once had.

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Chapter 2. These Desperate Scoundrels and Out Laws

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 2

These Desperate Scoundrels and Out Laws

The Civil War ended in 1865, and Texas struggled to restore some equilibrium throughout its many communities. Young Bill Longley reportedly dropped out of his schooling and acquired a six-shooter and a horse, like many other young men in those unsettled times. And thus began the confusing mixture of fact and fiction that complicates a straightforward telling of Longley’s short criminal career.

Some have written that in 1866, fifteen-year-old Longley jumped a train in order to go to Houston, where he could get his hands on a pistol. This seems a little contrived, given the ready availability of firearms. However, as the story goes, in the teeming streets of Houston, he saw firsthand how “the newly-freed Negroes had taken over the new State Police and created clashes with the white man.”

Longley supposedly took up with another young white man, and having nowhere to stay, they decided to bed down in an alley. According to the story, they were confronted by a blue-uniformed black policeman swinging a lead ball on a leather thong, commonly called a mace. The officer demanded to know what they were doing and, instead of searching them, ordered them to undress. Longley’s companion suddenly pulled a knife from under his shirt and stabbed the officer to death. Longley grabbed the officer’s Texas-manufactured “Dance” revolver and the two boys fled. Longley immediately returned to Evergreen, the proud possessor of his first firearm, or at least so the story goes.1 Unfortunately, there is no documented basis for this story and it seems a little far-fetched.

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