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Medium 9781574411805

One—“Stop right there or I’ll kill you!”

William T. Harper University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter One

July 24, 1974 • Day One

“Stop right there or I’ll kill you!”

—Fred Carrasco, hostage-taker

Ronald (Ron) Wayne Robinson kept looking at his watch, anxious to get home for his daughter Sheryle’s eleventh birthday party that night. Aline V. House was kicking herself for forgetting to bring her bloodpressure medication to work. Bobby G. Heard kept looking through the doorway to see if his relief was on his way up to take his place as the only guard in the prison library. Ann Fleming was thinking about her eighty-year-old mother in a Nashville, Tennessee, nursing home. Novella M. Pollard was worried about getting her rent check in the mail on time. Elizabeth

Yvonne (Von) Beseda’s concern was the alteration of her daughter ’s University of Texas cheerleader uniform. All in all, it was just a routine day in

Huntsville, Texas.

That routine ended abruptly with the roar a .357 caliber Ruger Speed Six, blue Magnum revolver made as it was fired in the confined quarters of the thirdfloor library of the State Penitentiary in Huntsville,

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Medium 9781574410723

1 They Was Just Pranks

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF


They Was Just Pranks

“I got sent to prison because I was an asshole.

They should have been able to overlook that.”

—Kenneth Allen McDuff


On the eastern edge of Rosebud, Linden Street heads south from Main

Street toward a baseball field carved out of surrounding farmland. Small wooden houses, old but well kept, and shaded by large pecan trees, line the streets. On the east side of Linden, only the second building from

Main, stands what once was the Rosebud Laundromat. A small living area connects to the rear of the laundromat where the family of John

Allen “J. A.” McDuff lived. At least some of the McDuff children, including two boys named Lonzo (“Lonnie”) and Kenneth, were born in far-off

Paris, Texas, and no one seems to know why the McDuffs, who lived in the Blackland Prairie before moving to Rosebud, ended up in the area.

J. A. did farm work. His wife was a hefty, domineering woman named

Addie. Addie ruled. She controlled everything, including the money, the children, and J. A. “The only opinions J. A. had were Addie’s,” a longtime Rosebud resident would say.1 At least one of Kenneth’s teachers, however, knew of some who thought that at one point J. A. had made some effort to bring discipline into the lives of his two sons. In reality no one knew for sure. The family was a mystery to those around them. In

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Medium 9781574412246

5. Bring in the Pinkertons

Corey Recko University of North Texas Press PDF


Bring in the Pinkertons

Shortly after Pat Garrett began his work on the case, Governor

Thornton brought in additional help. Garrett was a man of action, a man who could round up the suspected parties. What Thornton sought next was a professional investigator. He called in the


The Pinkerton National Detective Agency had been founded in

1850 by Scottish immigrant Allan Pinkerton. For years, Pinkerton men served as ruthless strikebreakers and bodyguards, most notably for President Lincoln. Pinkerton private detectives also pursued some of the most wanted men in the West, among them the James and Younger gangs, the Hole-in-the-Wall gang, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, and the Wild Bunch.1

Thornton contacted the Pinkertons towards the end of February.

It had been worked out ahead of time with James Cree that their investigation would be paid for by the Southeastern New Mexico

Stock Growers’ Association. Cree also sent Thornton the letter he received from Colonel Fountain, dated October 3, 1895, showing

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Medium 9781574414974

9. The Cut

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub


The Cut

“There’s an awful lot of weirdos out there, and you never know when you are going to meet one.”

—Richard Stroup, McLennan County Sheriff’s Deputy


Living her adult life in a culture with an absence of beauty took its toll on Brenda Kay Thompson. She looked much older than her age—thirty-seven. At 5’5” tall and weighing only 115 pounds, she was a small woman. Her drawn and hollow-looking face made her look emaciated, almost skeletal. What were once beautiful brown eyes were instead sunken into bony sockets surrounded by a rough complexion. She looked tired. Her tragic life gave her a “worn” look common among the “older” (both in terms of age and arrests) girls at the Cut. She had several aliases, including Debbie Johnson, and Debbie Ward. A criminal background check reveals a long history of a dozen or so petty crimes ranging from small thefts settled by paying fines to more serious charges of possessions of controlled substances carrying with them five- and six-year sentences. Additionally, she had a history of DWI and moving traffic violations, trespassing charges, and numerous counts of forgery.1

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Medium 9781855758629

CHAPTER THREE: Attachment and juvenile sex offending CHAPTER FOUR: Psychopathy and juvenile sex offending

Timothy Keogh Karnac Books ePub

“Because some of my ideas are alien to the theoretical traditions that have become established, and so have met with strong criticism, I have been at pains to show that most of them are by no means alien to what Freud himself thought and wrote”

(Bowlby, 1969, p. xv)

This chapter examines what is known about the connection between attachment and sex offending, specifically juvenile sex offending. Consistent with contemporary views and research findings in the broader field of enquiry into sexuality and attachment (Diamond, Blatt,&Lichtenberg, 2007), the research linking the two is underpinned by a view that attachment and sexuality are separate but strongly interconnected behavioural systems, such that secure attachment appears to strongly predict psycho-sexual maturity and adjustment.

Many definitions of attachment (Ainsworth, Blehar, Waters,&Wall, 1978; Bartholomew, 1990; Diamond, Blatt,&Lichtenberg, 2007; Fonagy, 2001; Main&Hess, 1990; Zeanah, 1993) have highlighted the fact that attachment involves the subjective perception of another person (initially the mother or primary care-giver) as a source of psychological safety and security (Widlocher, 2001). Attachment is, thus, antithetical to isolation and loneliness and is the vehicle through which human beings achieve the satisfying emotional exchanges necessary for psychological health and well-being.

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Medium 9781782200925

Chapter Eight

John C. Espy Karnac Books ePub

“Let us have joy in our trouble”

As the cops were digging up Bob's yard, Bar Jonah sat in jail writing letters and reading his well-worn Bible. It was the Bible that was with him while he was in Bridgewater. The Bible that had been replaced after another inmate took Bar Jonah's Book of the Lord and shredded it in front of his face, calling him a baby fucker while the other inmates laughed hysterically. But within twenty-four hours and without Bar Jonah asking anyone, a new Bible arrived unexpectedly in the mail. It was yet another miracle, he reminisced. More proof that God never wanted Bar Jonah to be far away from His Word. The guards at the Detention Center were continually surprised at Bar Jonah's contentedness and arrogance in his assuredness that he would be divinely set free. Around his mouth and chin, Bar Jonah seemed, even without many teeth, soft and even disarmingly delicate when he smiled. Much like a child sitting for the first time in front of a traveling department store photographer, wanting to put his best face forward. Perhaps it was Bar Jonah's piercing dimple, which lessened his overwhelming sense of hardness that was produced by his square brow and unflinchingly cold, aloof eyes. Bar Jonah knew that he was prone to do ill-natured things, he would sometimes admit. But nothing too bad. Nothing he couldn't be forgiven for. Nothing that he wasn't doing in the service of the Lord. Nothing that would stop him from being rescued from his enemies.

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Medium 9781574414974

2. The Broomstick Murders

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub


The Broomstick Murders

“It was like taking a bird that was taught to love and respect people out of its cage and blowing its head off.”

—Jack Brand


The summer of 1966 was hideously hot even by Texas standards. It was also a period of great sadness. August began with the largest mass murder in American history—the University of Texas Tower shootings in Austin by Charles Whitman. After murdering his wife and mother during the night and spending the next morning preparing, Whitman began a ninety-minute killing spree in which he fired over 150 rounds at innocent and unsuspecting people, killing fourteen and wounding at least thirty-one. The Texas Tower tragedy came at a time when Texans were just starting to live down the assassination of John Kennedy in 1963. The irony of both crimes was that neither Whitman nor Oswald were native Texans, yet both will forever be associated with Texas.1

Five days after the Tower tragedy, on August 6, 1966, Roy Dale Green and Kenneth Allen McDuff began their day by pouring concrete with J. A. and Lonnie McDuff. They were anxious to go out and have fun when their Saturday workday ended sometime between noon and 1 P.M. Years later, Texas Ranger John Aycock discovered that Roy Dale had been Kenneth’s second choice to go out to Fort Worth. He had asked another friend named Nicholas to go with him. It probably did not matter to Kenneth, at least not for what he had planned. On that night Kenneth wanted to perform before an audience, and he settled for Roy Dale.2

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Medium 9781574411805

Eighteen—“Get ready because we’re going to start killing!”

William T. Harper University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Eighteen

“Get ready because we’re going to start killing!”

—Fred Carrasco, hostage-taker

Henry Escamilla, less than two weeks away from his forty-first birthday, was a San Antonian serving five years on a shoplifting conviction. As a volunteer hostage, he sat almost completely silent throughout the ordeal, off by himself most of the time, wearing large dark glasses. According to Linda Woodman,

“when he did walk around, he never said a word to any of us. I had the feeling that he was more frightened than any of us.”1

To Novella Pollard who remembered him from one of her typing classes, he was an enigma. “He was a very strange person,” she recalled. “He never did talk much at all in class. In fact, for two days (of the siege)

I didn’t see him. I thought he had left. But finally, he came over to our side in the library and just sat and watched us.”2

While serving his shift at the door, Escamilla sat on the pile of book boxes stacked there and watched

Cuevas intently. The captor, who was also on guard duty, appeared to be dozing off. It was time for the inmate hostage to initiate the plan he hatched only

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Medium 9781574411676

4 America

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter four


“He believes that there is something extremely special about him.”

—Dr. Sheldon Zigelbaum

Psychiatrist for the Defense



he tragedy of September 11, 2001, the terrorist attacks upon

New York City and Washington, D.C., focused attention on how visitors of other nations come to the United States. Some of the resulting debate included observations that it was too easy for dangerous people to penetrate American borders. Since that tragedy, pundits and many citizens voiced concern over the failings of intelligence services like the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to preemptively identify visitors, legal and illegal, capable of such a monstrous crime. Included in the discussion were hard, pointed questions about the inability of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) to keep track of those already within our borders.

Yet the United States clings to its heritage of openness. To close our borders is to close off ourselves to international ideas and influences. To close our borders is to reject our heritage. To close our borders is itself anti-American.

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Medium 9781574410297


Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

After Much Thought


During the summer of 1966 mass murder frequented the news. Truman Capote's In Cold Blood ushered in a “new journalism,” where real events were reported with fictional techniques. Capote engaged in a prolonged investigation to detail the mass murder of the Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, by two wanderers on 15 November 1959. Although first serialized in The New Yorker magazine in 1965, In Cold Blood was still the year's most talked about bestseller in 1966.

Mr. Herbert Clutter, an affluent wheat farmer, employed several farm hands. Floyd Wells, a former employee, later served time in the Kansas State Penitentiary where he became friends with a fellow prisoner named Richard E. Hickock, who made repeated efforts to learn as much about the Clutter family as possible. Specifically, Hickock was interested in finding out if the Clutters had a safe in their home. Wells either suggested or Hickock conjured up a nonexistent safe located in a wall behind Herb Clutter's office desk. Eventually, Hickock was paroled. Shortly afterwards he and a friend named Perry E. Smith headed for the Clutter home, where they expected to steal at least ten thousand dollars. They did not know that Herbert Clutter had a well-known reputation for not carrying cash; anyone in Holcomb could have told the pitiful fools that Herb Clutter paid for everything by check.

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Medium 9781782200925


John C. Espy Karnac Books PDF


The Interviews

By late June, the Bar Jonah case was also beginning to cull a lot of curiosity from some of the other officers. The gymnasium area wasn’t secured and there was some question about some of the cops taking souvenirs from the stockpile of evidence.

Cameron thought it would be a good idea to secure the area and wrote a memo to Lieutenant Carpenter:

From: Sgt. Cameron

Date: 6–21–00

I think it would be wise for us to restrict access to the

South Drying Room that is used for evidence storage. It has always been a concern of mine. When we took this case over we put a lock on the door but the key is left in the door for anyone to access. A sign-in sheet on the outside of the door would be good and we could keep track of the access on the clerk’s computer.

Other matters: The lab called at 1700 hours yesterday and identified the radial adolescent bone as human. It matches the other small bone fragments that were collected earlier. It is not Zach. We obviously have more than

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Medium 9781574413533

Chapter 17. I Have Killed A Many Man

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 17

I Have Killed A Many Man

After Longley was sentenced on Tuesday, September 11, 1877, Jim Brown discussed with Judge Turner his concerns about the security of the Lee County jail while Longley was awaiting the outcome of his appeal. Turner agreed that it was “not a safe jail for the confinement” of Longley, and ordered that he be conveyed to the Travis County jail in Austin “for safekeeping during his appeal.”1 Turner initially ordered Longley sent to Galveston, but crossed it out in favor of Austin.

Apparently there was no room for Longley in Austin where John Wesley Hardin was currently being detained. Brown sent a telegram that evening to Sheriff Christian Jordan in Galveston: “I want to imprison Bill Longley with you. Answer instanter. Can you take him?”2 Jordan promptly responded that the county commissioners of Galveston County had prohibited him from receiving prisoners from other counties until the county jail could “be placed in a more secure condition.” On the 13th, Brown again telegraphed him: “By request of many citizens I telegraph you again to take Wm. Longley for safekeeping. He is convicted of murder and is threatened by mob.”3

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Medium 9781574413052

Chapter 11 Bill Was Still Fighting

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF



Bill Was Still Fighting


he Lee County sheriff mounting the search for the Long­ley brothers was James McKeown, the father of Bill’s early criminal companion, Johnson. Sheriff McKeown was elected as Lee County’s first sheriff on June 2, 1874.1 But the posse led by James McKeown never came close to the fleeing brothers, who headed north after leaving Burleson County.

Jim later recalled2 that they initially steered clear of settlements where they might be recognized. Camping out in the open each night,

Jim hunted and killed swamp rabbits to eat with the bacon and bread they had brought with them. They approached the Brazos River, heading toward Bryan, and encountered a black man with three yokes of steers that he was taking to Caldwell. The two outlaws, apparently feeling their oats, made the man “dance,” riding on after rewarding him with a half-quart of whiskey. One can only suspect what happened to the other half-quart.

Riding into Bryan, Bill stopped at a saloon to get more whiskey.

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Medium 9781574410297

5: Oozing with Hostility

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

more infrequent. His bouts of depression were probably more troubling to Kathy; it would have been in her nature to try to keep Charlie happy. During the spring of 1966,- she began to gently guide him towards professional counseling.

Charlie believed he suffered from some physical malady Specifically, he thought something was wrong with his head; and he also feared that he was sterile. 1 Those suspicions seemed to torture his mind, but there exists no evidence of his wanting professional help.

Instead, he chose to wallow in self-doubt and personal dissatisfaction. For all his talk. about the need for others to achieve and get ahead and in spite of his harsh words for his brother Patrick.'s refusal to get help for his problems, Charlie Whitman stalled himself by his own inability to deal with self-inflicted problems. Other sources of stress would result in a complete surrender to his frustrations and anger-and in tragedy

The grades Charlie earned in his courses during the spring and fall of 1965 were significantly improved from his earlier matriculation at the University of Texas. In the spring he made three Cs, one

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Medium 9781574412246

6. Assistance from Fall

Corey Recko University of North Texas Press PDF


Assistance from Fall

On Friday, March 13, Albert Fall called on Pat Garrett in his hotel room. When he stopped by Garrett’s room, Fraser must have been surprised to see Fall there. After Fraser and Fall had exchanged a few pleasantries about the weather, Fraser left so Garrett and Fall could continue their conversation.

Fall told Garrett that he wanted him to have a commission as a deputy sheriff, regardless of the outcome of the sheriff’s contest.

Although an obvious ploy to get on Garrett’s good side, as it seemed he would inevitably become sheriff sooner or later, the increasingly frustrated Garrett was glad for whatever help he could get. Fall promised to go to Santa Fe and throw his support behind Garrett.1

Garrett was to leave for El Paso later that day. He told Fraser before he left that he hoped to be placed in office before he went out again, so that he would have the power to act if he saw fit.

Fraser noted, “This will keep me here until he goes out, for I fail to find anyone who wants to go out with me on this trip alone as driver and guide . . . .”

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