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Chapter 19 Hanging is My Favorite Way of Dying

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter

19

Hanging is My Favorite

Way of Dying

A

s Bill Long­ley faced his transfer to Giddings and coming one step closer to the gallows, his father was apparently not faring very well. Bell County Judge Erastus Walker submitted a petition to the state government on behalf of Campbell Long­ley requesting a petition for financial assistance stemming from his service in the Texas army in 1836. Walker described the sixty-two-year-old Campbell as

“too old to labour for a support, that he has several in family to provide for and has no one to assist him to make a support for himself and family—that his health is not good—that he is poor and needy, in fact in indigent circumstances and that he was in said condition on the

1st of July, 1876.”1 In May, 1874, Campbell had filed a pension claim, which was approved for $250.2

Whether or not Bill Long­ley was aware of this is unknown. His uncle Alexander Preston Long­ley, known as “Pres,” sent a letter in

August on behalf of his condemned nephew to President Rutherford

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Medium 9781574413533

Chapter 14. Plenty of Ammunition

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 14

Plenty of Ammunition

After killing the Reverend Lay, Bill Longley left Delta County, but there is only his fanciful account of where he was for the next year, as provided in Fuller’s heavily edited Adventures of Bill Longley.

According to Longley, on June 13, 1876, he rode north from Delta County and camped near the Red River as it grew dark. He hid off the main road, ate a cold meal that he had gotten at Mr. Lane’s place, then slept on his saddle blanket. The next morning he took a ferry across the river and said that the ferryman told him of several parties who had crossed the night before into the Indian Territory looking for a man who had killed a preacher. Longley said that the ferryman looked at him with suspicion as Longley asked him questions, but Longley said that he learned that most members of the posse believed that the fugitive was still in Texas and that they planned to set up on roads leading into the Indian Territory and waylay Longley when he headed north.

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15: TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

15
To Whom It May Concern

I

Charles Whitman began shooting from the deck at 11:48 A.M. Ninety-six minutes transpired before his shooting spree ended, enough time for major news organizations to cover some of the tragedy live. Bulletins interrupted regular programming all over the world. In Lake Worth, Florida, Charles's grandmother Whitman heard a bulletin and summoned Charles's brother Patrick to the television. Twenty years later, Patrick remembered it this way:

I went in to listen to the TV, but the news bulletin didn't come right back, so I called the station, and I asked them to repeat the news bulletin. At first they wouldn't repeat it, so I said, “My name is Patrick Whitman. Would you please repeat it.” Then I broke up and went and got my father. From then on it was turmoil. They had to sedate me.1

It probably went exactly as Charles would have hoped. Much of the world's media began to ask questions, many of them directed at C. A, Whitman of Lake Worth, Florida. The glare of publicity for the Whitman family was only beginning. Still to be discovered were the notes Charles had left at 906 Jewell Street and Penthouse Apartment #505.

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Medium 9781574414974

18. Guns and Condoms

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

18

Guns and Condoms

“How much more degraded can this get?”

—Mike McNamara

I

To this day Mike and Parnell McNamara and Bill Johnston grope for words to express how completely saddened they were by their trip to where Colleen had been killed, and by what they heard Hank Worley say that night. But rage quickly replaced sadness; and their faces of stone returned. Almost every night for the next couple of weeks, they roamed the streets of Belton, Temple, Waco, and the hamlets of the Blackland Prairie. They did not give up until there were no leads and there was absolutely nothing else to do.

“Each night at about midnight the tension got almost unbearable because you could not help but wonder if he was killing someone else at that moment. Where is he right now? What is he doing right now? Who is being tortured right now? Who is choking to death?” remembered Mike. For many nights Mike returned home during early morning hours. Even then he could not sleep. He would sit in a chair in the darkness, sometimes for two hours—thinking.

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7: The Neat Little House and the Swank Apartment

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

The Neat Little House and the Swank Apartment ------~m

In April of 1966 Charlie and Kathy Whitman mov ed to 906 Jewell St reet in sout h

Austin. At the time, the tree in the front ya rd was a st ruggling sapling. Dir ectly behind the tree is the front bedroom used by the Whitmans, where Charles murdered Kathy on I August 1966. Th e garage to the right and behind th e hous e is where Charlie stored "a whol e lot of military stuff. " Gmy Lavergne.

which led to a small dining room and finally to a kitchen facing the back yard. On the east side of the house were two small bedrooms and a bath. The back bedroom served as Charlie' s study, and on its wall Charlie hung a sign: "Strength Has No Quarter." Charlie and

Kathy used the front bedroom. I

The neat little house did not hold many possessions. As

Whitman's father-in-law later recalled, "there wasn't much; they were just kids .'? Resources went to pay for their college educations.

Much like everything else about Kathy Whitman, her home was orderly. The Whitmans universally impressed their neighbors, who considered them a model couple: smart, beautiful , and hardworking.

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Medium 9781574410723

4 Freed to Kill Again

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

4

Freed to Kill Again

“You know, when you’re on parole and you been on death row, it’s hard to find a date.”

—Kenneth Allen McDuff

I

Furman v Georgia was not the only significant development affecting the prison life of Kenneth McDuff in 1972. That year, a disgruntled Texas prison inmate named David Ruiz, who was serving a twenty-five-year sentence for armed robbery, initiated a handwritten lawsuit alleging a variety of violations of his civil rights in the prison system. His complaint alleged overcrowding, poor medical care, and the use of Building Tenders as guards of other inmates. The Building Tenders kept control of their area, and in turn, received preferred treatment by guards and prison officials. Ruiz alleged that Building Tenders beat other prisoners to keep them in line.1 The Ruiz case went before United States District Judge

William Wayne Justice of Tyler. Thus began the longest and most expensive trial in the history of Texas.

Years later, during the early to mid 1980s, Judge Justice, in effect, seized the prison system from the people of Texas. His ruling concluded that the system violated inmate rights through crowding, poor medical care, using inmates as guards, brutality by professional guards, and unconstitutional grievance and discipline procedures. He ordered a complete overhaul of the prison system and set up federal monitors and

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Medium 9781574412048

Appendix I

David Johnson University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix I

The Factions

Literally dozens of men and their families were involved in the Hoo

Doo War as active participants. The following list is a tentative effort to identify the primary participants on either side. The list makes no claim to be definitive, and in the case of the Hoo Doos, who closely disguised their identities, some of the names are based upon strong circumstantial evidence. The list is divided into three sections: BairdCooley faction, the Hoo Doos, the Citizenry who attempted to put the feud down or who, as outlaws, preyed upon both sides. In some cases, such as Caleb Hall, they are included with the faction that they were aligned with. Known outlaws of that time period are indicated with an asterisk (*).

Baird–Cooley Faction

William Scott Cooley

John R. Baird

John Peters Ringo

Moses B. Baird

Joseph Graves Olney

John C. Carson

George Gamel

Thomas W. Gamel

Marshal B. Thomas

A. G. Roberts

William Z. “Bill” Redding

Thomas S. Redding

Champion N. Faris

Robert Elihu Faris

John Tanner Olney

Samuel Young Olney

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781574413533

Chapter 2. These Desperate Scoundrels and Out Laws

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 2

These Desperate Scoundrels and Out Laws

The Civil War ended in 1865, and Texas struggled to restore some equilibrium throughout its many communities. Young Bill Longley reportedly dropped out of his schooling and acquired a six-shooter and a horse, like many other young men in those unsettled times. And thus began the confusing mixture of fact and fiction that complicates a straightforward telling of Longley’s short criminal career.

Some have written that in 1866, fifteen-year-old Longley jumped a train in order to go to Houston, where he could get his hands on a pistol. This seems a little contrived, given the ready availability of firearms. However, as the story goes, in the teeming streets of Houston, he saw firsthand how “the newly-freed Negroes had taken over the new State Police and created clashes with the white man.”

Longley supposedly took up with another young white man, and having nowhere to stay, they decided to bed down in an alley. According to the story, they were confronted by a blue-uniformed black policeman swinging a lead ball on a leather thong, commonly called a mace. The officer demanded to know what they were doing and, instead of searching them, ordered them to undress. Longley’s companion suddenly pulled a knife from under his shirt and stabbed the officer to death. Longley grabbed the officer’s Texas-manufactured “Dance” revolver and the two boys fled. Longley immediately returned to Evergreen, the proud possessor of his first firearm, or at least so the story goes.1 Unfortunately, there is no documented basis for this story and it seems a little far-fetched.

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Medium 9781574412246

6. Assistance from Fall

Corey Recko University of North Texas Press PDF

six

Assistance from Fall

On Friday, March 13, Albert Fall called on Pat Garrett in his hotel room. When he stopped by Garrett’s room, Fraser must have been surprised to see Fall there. After Fraser and Fall had exchanged a few pleasantries about the weather, Fraser left so Garrett and Fall could continue their conversation.

Fall told Garrett that he wanted him to have a commission as a deputy sheriff, regardless of the outcome of the sheriff’s contest.

Although an obvious ploy to get on Garrett’s good side, as it seemed he would inevitably become sheriff sooner or later, the increasingly frustrated Garrett was glad for whatever help he could get. Fall promised to go to Santa Fe and throw his support behind Garrett.1

Garrett was to leave for El Paso later that day. He told Fraser before he left that he hoped to be placed in office before he went out again, so that he would have the power to act if he saw fit.

Fraser noted, “This will keep me here until he goes out, for I fail to find anyone who wants to go out with me on this trip alone as driver and guide . . . .”

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1: Two Very Different Upbringings

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~- Two~ryD~ferentUpbrlnglngs

an accomplished, affluent and admired businessman. It had not always been that way

C. A. Whitman knew his mother, but he spent much of his childhood in the Bethesda Orphanage in Savannah, Georgia. He overcame a lack of formal education by sheer determination and by out-working his competitors. His ruddy, round face and neatly cut slicked-to-the-side hair complimented a stocky, solid body. His appearance suggested he had "paid his dues." Self-made and proud of it, he used his money to buy what he wanted, unapologetically Some acquaintances, however, found his pride to be monumental egotism; he provided very well for his family-and never let them forget it."

Early in his journey to financial security, he met and married

Margaret Hodges. Though she lacked the determination and drive of her husband, she contributed to C. A.'s business success by funning the office and k.eeping the books, For twenty-five years after its founding in 1941 , the Whitman plumbing business grew consistently.

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14: The White Headband

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

Bm--------------

The White Headband

thought would surely get the attention of the sniper. Every "bang" caused McCo~ Crum and Day to grasp their rifles a little tighter and to look a little closer. "God damn! He's making a lot of noise,"

McCoy thought.' Each of them had seen what the sniper was capable of doing. Outside the Tower they had seen bodies shot from incredibly long distances; inside they had seen what Whitman had done at close range: Edna, Mark, Marguerite, Mary, and Mike.

Ramiro Martinez never hesitated. Armed only with a 38 revolver, he walked through the glass-paneled door and out onto the deck.

For the first time in over ninety minutes Charles Whitman had company-company he must have known would arrive eventually.

Although Martinez made a considerable amount of noise getting the glass-paneled door to open, Whitman may have heard nothing.

The return fire on the west side was fierce and Whitman had tuned his radio, with the volume as high as it could go, to Neal Spelce's broadcast on I(TBC. It is even possible that Whitman had lingered on the west side in order to hear some part of the radio broadcast, unknowingly allowing Martinez, Crum, and McCoy time to enter the deck undetected. The news reports Whitman would have heard by that time probably pleased him.

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Chapter 16 The Most Successful Outlaw

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter

16

The Most Successful

Outlaw

W

hile he sat in the Lee County jail awaiting trial, Long­ley continued his letter writing. Ink, pen, and paper were provided by Sheriff Brown, and he was allowed to write to anyone he wished, provided that Brown saw the letters. He wrote his father, Campbell, telling him not to employ any counsel for him, that the state would be bound to appoint one for him because it was a death penalty case.

According to Brown, Long­ley wrote his father that he only wanted a lawyer to postpone his case for six months, and that if he could not escape in that time, he deserved to be hanged.1

Long­ley’s murder trial was initially set for August 24, 1877, and

Samuel R. Kenada was his attorney, perhaps appointed by the court because this was a capital case that could result in the death penalty upon conviction, although Long­ley later claimed that he was hired for fifty dollars. Kenada, born in Alabama around 1839, came to Texas and settled in the Evergreen community where he was both a merchant and a farmer.2 He and his family moved to Burton, about halfway between Giddings and Brenham, where he studied for the law.

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1: TWO VERY DIFFERENT UPBRINGINGS

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press ePub

1
Two Very Different Upbringings

I

During the post-World War II era, middle class workers populated the community of Lake Worth, Florida, a seaside community along the Atlantic Coast. Hard-working entrepreneurs penetrated markets, cultivated clients, and grew rich while economic Darwinism and American free enterprise eliminated the weak. Lake Worth's population doubled from 7,408 in 1940 to 15,315 in 1955.1 Charles Adolphus “C. A.” Whitman flourished in such an environment. He became a successful plumbing contractor as well as an accomplished, affluent and admired businessman. It had not always been that way.

C. A. Whitman knew his mother, but he spent much of his childhood in the Bethesda Orphanage in Savannah, Georgia. He overcame a lack of formal education by sheer determination and by out-working his competitors. His ruddy, round face and neatly cut slicked-to-the-side hair complimented a stocky, solid body. His appearance suggested he had “paid his dues.” Self-made and proud of it, he used his money to buy what he wanted, unapologetically. Some acquaintances, however, found his pride to be monumental egotism; he provided very well for his family—and never let them forget it.2

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11. Indictments

Corey Recko University of North Texas Press PDF

eleven

Indictments

Garrett and Perry began the next month working on Luis Herrera

(a different Herrera than was with the search party) after they received information that he might know where the bodies were, but this led to nothing.1

Not much progress was made in the investigation or the search for the bodies over the next two years. Fall, meanwhile, was able to have the cattle rustling indictments Fountain had brought against

Lee and McNew dropped.2

Pat Garrett had to run in the fall elections of 1896 in order to keep the office of sheriff. Garrett was a loyal, lifelong Democrat, but owed his position to the Republicans. Torn, Garrett decided to run as an

Independent and then registered as a Republican after an easy win.3

In the meantime, life went on in New Mexico. William Llewellyn served as a delegate in the Territorial Republican Convention and was elected to the Territorial House of Representatives, of which he became speaker.4 James Gililland married.5 So did Thomas

Branigan.6 Oliver Lee was a delegate for the Territorial Democratic

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