258 Chapters
Medium 9780253005915

8 Railway People

William D. Middleton Indiana University Press ePub

Enginemen. Locomotive engineman on Suwon narrow gauge, South Korea, April 1972.



A vendor makes a sale as passengers board a Chiese State Railway train.

Enginemen. Engine crew of Yugoslavian 2-6-2 Prairie type No. 01-101 ready to depart with train 2118 from Belgrade for Vel. Plana in August 1960.

Trainmen. Trainman on Korea’s Yeosu-Seoul train 62 on Chokka line, South Korea, October 1972.

Train Staff. Train hostesses celebrate the opening of Korean National Railway electrification, Cheongryangri, South Korea, June 30, 1972.

Dining car staff on Shinkansen buffet car, Japan, August 1972.

Train Staff. Cooks take a break on diner 169 on Chengdu-Xian train, China, November 1981.

Waitress at work on diner 169 on Chengdu-Xian train, China, November 1981.

Train Staff. Postman at work at Anyang, China, on Chengdu-Xian train 169, November 1981.

Train attendant waits by his car during a stop on train 114 at Xian, China, en route to Guangzhou, April 1983.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253356963

8 - Lake Steamers: On the Inland Sea

John H.Jr. White Indiana University Press ePub

On the Inland Sea

NATURE KINDLY DUG FIVE LARGE LAKES ALONG THE NORTHERN border of the United States about twelve thousand years ago. Humans have used these convenient waterways as a means to get around the region since the ice age finally released its frigid grip on North America. The Great Lakes are the largest reservoir of fresh water in the world. They measure from east to west about 1,500 miles long (fig. 8.1). They rank in size, starting with the largest, from Lake Superior to Huron, Michigan, Erie, and Ontario. Superior has places that are 1,000 feet deep; Ontario's mean depth is 400 feet, while Erie's mean depth is only 90 feet. Erie's shallow waters are more easily disturbed by winds, making it stormier than its sisters. She is considered treacherous and dangerous to navigate and so is disliked by sailors. The other lakes can swell up in a grand fury, though they are somewhat more pacific than the Erie. All of the lakes are graveyards of sunken ships and lost seamen.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253347572

3 A Cabal at the Greenbrier

RushJr. Loving Indiana University Press ePub

Jim McClellan was about to participate in his first merger. It was now 1966, and he had been a student back at Wharton when the marriage talks had begun in September 1957. James M. Symes (pronounced “Sims”), president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, had met with Robert R. Young, chairman of the New York Central, at his Waldorf apartment, proposing a merger.

Besides dominating the New York–Washington Corridor, the Pennsylvania ran from Philadelphia west through Pittsburgh to Chicago and St. Louis, crisscrossing the Northeast and Midwest and dominating some of the region’s most important freight markets. The Central stretched from Montreal, New York City, and Boston to Chicago and St. Louis. They were the country’s two biggest railroads, and in Symes’s view their combined strengths and the savings from cutting duplicate jobs, shops, and terminals would liberate them from their problems. Added to that, they would have access to the seemingly endless flow of cash from a Pennsylvania-controlled line that served the rich Pocahontas coal fields, the Norfolk and Western Railway.

See All Chapters
Medium 9780253355485

9 The Second Front

Jr., Herbert H. Harwood Indiana University Press ePub

The South Penn was surely the most dramatic and expensive element in William Vanderbilt’s war with the Pennsylvania. But as the South Penn’s contractors were blasting through the mountains, he, Franklin Gowen, and General George J. Magee of the Fall Brook Coal Company were also invading Pennsylvania Railroad territory in the even wilder northern part of the state.

The project started off as a joint venture between Vanderbilt and the coal operators in Tioga County, Pennsylvania, particularly General Magee’s huge Fall Brook company and its associated railroads that he had inherited from his family and greatly expanded on his own. (The “General” title came not from any genuine military service but from a political appointment in 1869 as paymaster general for New York State.) Vanderbilt’s railroad was concerned about a reliable steam locomotive fuel supply, and the mine owners needed a cheaper outlet.

The northern Pennsylvania incursion is its own complex story with mostly its own cast of characters, not the least of which was General Magee, who became a close Vanderbilt ally and a South Penn investor. It had almost nothing in common with the South Penn except that it formed the second prong of a two-front Vanderbilt attack into PRR territory in the state and another collaboration with Gowen to help the Reading break out of its eastern Pennsylvania box. Although its full history is a sidestep from the South Penn story, some essentials must be told.

See All Chapters
Medium 9781574412383

“The Galloping Gourmet; or, The Chuck Wagon Cook and His Craft”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF



The trail drive of the American cowboy is well known to the reading and viewing public of the entire world, thanks to the influence of television and movies and their enormous capacity for education. As is also well known, unfortunately Hollywood is not always careful with its facts—indeed, a new folklore might well be said to have developed because of the public media’s part in the passing on of information and mis-information. Such is the nature of oral transmission itself; one might recall: one old cowpoke remembers singing to the cattle to keep them calm; another points out that the average cowboy’s voice was far from soothing, and his songs might well have precipitated (rather than averted) a stampede. Of course, with the dulcet tones of Gene Autry and the Sons of the Pioneers as evidence, the popular view is of the romantic persuasion, as is much of the lore of the American cowboy.

Usually overlooked are the factual matters of the cowboy cook and his rolling kitchen. Of course, “everybody” knows that chuck wagon cooks are genially irascible—“as techy as a wagon cook” goes the old saying.1 George “Gabby” Hayes of the Western movies of the ’40s is an excellent model; and all Western movie buffs know that a chuck wagon looks pretty much like an ordinary covered wagon with a pregnant tailgate. But that’s about as much as most folks know. The day-to-day routine of the cook gets him up hours before breakfast to rustle grub for a bunch of unruly, and often unappreciative, cowpokes. Then there is the day-long battle to keep ahead of the herd, arriving at pre-designated meal-stops with enough time to spare to put together a meal that would stick to the ribs. But all that is a largely unsung epic!

See All Chapters

See All Chapters