396 Slices
Medium 9781742207407

Yekaterinburg to Krasnoyarsk

Lonely Planet Lonely Planet ePub

This leg of the journey isn’t the most visually exciting, with little more to see than endless miles of semitaiga and farmland. Perhaps the best way to make the journey, then, is on a series of night trains – you won’t miss much in the way of scenery and you’ll save on hotels. If you do take day trains, there is admittedly a certain pleasure to be gained from the unchanging countryside and the opportunity it provides to reflect on Russia, life or whatever takes your fancy. After the historically important city of Yekaterinburg, your journey takes you into Siberia and eventually on to its buzzing capital, Novosibirsk. But the main attractions on this leg both require detours off the Trans-Siberian route. From oil-rich Tyumen, consider a trip to picturesque Tobolsk. Further on, branch lines will take you to the friendly student town of Tomsk.

AMay & Jun Grand WWII Victory Day celebrations take place in Novosibirsk.

AJul–Sep Travel across Siberia in glorious sunshine (just bring mosquito repellant).

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Medium 9780253019066

1 Preliminaries

Cordery, Simon Indiana University Press ePub

The topography of Illinois is particularly conducive to railroading. Trains move best over flat land, and the state has few hills of any size and nothing that could be mistaken for a mountain. Its 56,400 square miles vary from a low of 279 feet above sea level to the 1,235 feet of Charles Mound on the Wisconsin border near Galena. The glaciated north boasted extensive prairies dotted with stands of timber, while in the heavily wooded south, coal deposits lay concealed beneath the surface. The hilliest section of the state is in the northwest. Here the lead-mining region of Galena escaped the graze of the glaciers, as did Calhoun County in the south. The south offered numerous engineering trials, especially around Cairo, strategically placed at the confluence of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers but swampy and subject to frequent flooding, while much of far-southern Illinois was viewed as “a hilly extension of the Ozark highland.”1 The state’s rivers provided obstacles to emigrants and challenges to bridge builders, while bluffs at Peoria and Alton restricted railroad development at those two important towns. Generally, however, the gentle prairies presented few insurmountable or even challenging hindrances except distance: Illinois is larger than England, birthplace of the railroad industry.

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Medium 9780253353832

10 A Diverse Inventor

William D. Middleton Indiana University Press ePub

As an inventor, Frank Sprague presents us with a complex character of sometimes seemingly contradictory traits. On the one hand, he provides a textbook example of the “inventor’s shop” model of focused, directed research on a specific set of design problems—working with his colleagues and employees methodically testing and revising designs in a disciplined shop environment. On the other hand, he also displayed characteristics more in accordance with the “lone inventor” stereotype—jotting down ideas and plans as they occurred to him, on nearly any design problem that presented itself during his daily business. Throughout his career, Sprague relied on both spontaneous creativity in recognizing and meeting design challenges, and disciplined, methodical work in refining his ideas. He combined both of these traits with an indomitable sense of purpose and tireless zeal for pursuing and promoting his ideas, as well as asserting his priority to specific inventions or design elements, particularly when he believed himself to be in the right. He must at times have seemed to his “opponents,” and probably to some of his colleagues as well, as something of a gadfly. He did not accept failure easily, and at times persevered against the odds to his cost. We will return to this aspect of Sprague the inventor below.

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Medium 9780253007902

3   The Cars Roll Out

Lawrence A. Brough Indiana University Press ePub

No company records have survived the more than one hundred years since the Niles Car & Manufacturing Company began producing railway cars, so newspapers, trade journals, and traction line histories have been relied upon to determine what cars were built, and when. Often orders would be placed and reported in the trade journals but a few months later the order would be reduced or even canceled. And the date the cars were delivered was frequently not the same year in which they were ordered or built. Nevertheless the information reported here will give the reader a fairly good idea of the activity at the plant.

Niles was best known for its big interurban cars, and those were what the company preferred to concentrate on. However, the company was not about to turn down orders for smaller city cars that would keep the plant busy, and the Niles catalog included illustrations of several small single-truck car designs for city use. It was decided not to embark on the construction of motors or trucks (Baldwin trucks were preferred), but Niles would supply those components with the car bodies to give the buyer a ready-to-run product, if so desired. But in the interest of economy, traction lines frequently purchased only car bodies, to which they added trucks, motors, and other finishing materials in their own shops to complete the car, saving the markup (usually 10 percent above cost) that Niles would have applied to those components.

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Medium 9781457186431

6. All About Wheels

John Baichtal Maker Media, Inc ePub

Wheels are arguably the most important part of a bike, and some of them are pretty crazy, like the Kevlar ones shown in Figure 6-1.

Rather than go the crazy route, however, this chapter explores such practical topics as the different types of wheels you’re likely to encounter on the street. You’ll also have an opportunity to master a number of critical maintenance tasks involving wheels: fixing a flat, properly inflating a tire, replacing a spoke, and removing wheels from the bike frame.

What’s the difference between a tire and a wheel? The two terms are often conflated. The wheel usually refers to the entire assembly, while a tire is one of the (usually rubber, usually inflatable) components that go into it. Let’s learn the parts of the typical bike wheel, following along with Figure 6-2:

Tube (not visible because it’s inside the tire!)

Tire

Valve

Rim

Nipple

Reflector

Spokes

Hub

Hub shell

Cassette

Quick release

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