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Medium 9781855209657

Chapter 6 Front Suspension

Greg Hudock Brooklands Books ePub

The front suspension consists of an upper and a lower wishbone, torsion bars and a stabiliser bar. Hydraulic shock absorbers are used to dampen the movement of the front suspension. All parts of the front suspension can be removed individually.

The front suspension assembly is fitted as a complete unit to a strong sub-frame. In the case of larger repair work, it is possible to remove the complete sub-frame which can then be dismantled. The removal of the sub-frame is only described briefly near the end of this section, as it will be rarely necessary.

Fig. 6.1. – The attachment of the front shock absorber. Note that the collar of washer (2) must face downwards.

Fig. 6.1 shows the attachment of a shock absorber at the upper and lower ends. A single nut secures the shock absorber at the lower end, whereas a special mounting bracket is used at the upper end. Remove a shock absorber as follows:

Faulty shock absorbers make a rumbling noise, even when the vehicle is driven over a fairly level road. If this is the case, there is no need to check the shock absorber. Replace it immediately.

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Medium 9780253018663

5 The Plot Thickens

Howard H. Lewis Indiana University Press ePub


The Plot Thickens

With conveyance now past, everything changed. No longer charged with the obligations of providing rail service, both freight and passenger, the company became an entirely different entity. Instead of some two thousand employees, there were three people—Bill Hesse as president, Lock Fogg as secretary and general counsel, and John Brennan as chief financial officer—plus a very small support staff. In addition, there were the two trustees, Drew Lewis and Joe Castle, who were part-time, and me as outside lawyer with my staff, by which I mean Jim. Instead of occupying a large Edwardian pseudo-Moorish building at Twelfth and Market Streets in Philadelphia, the company had a small suite of offices at Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania. Instead of operating a railroad, the company devoted its entire energies to getting value for its remaining assets, above all its claim for compensation for the taking of its rail property into Conrail.

The assets, other than its claim, were principally a small, profitable trucking company, which it sold, some miscellaneous pieces of real estate, and the Reading Terminal Market and adjoining property, whose fate had to await the removal of the commuter service from the terminal. This was to follow the completion of a commuter tunnel linking the Reading and Penn Central passenger service, now, postconveyance, the sole responsibility of SEPTA. Still, unlike the Penn Central, these nonrail assets of Reading were of minor importance, so our claim against the government dominated everything else.

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Medium 9781855209718

Chapter 7 - Steering

PR Pub PR Pub Brooklands Books ePub
Medium 9781934009628

Appendix D: Reproducibles for Lesson on Three-Dimensional Figures

r4Educated Solutions Solution Tree Press ePub

Appendix D

Reproducibles for Lesson on Three-Dimensional Figures

Who Am I?

Making Math Accessible to ELLs (K–2) © 2010 r4 Educated Solutions • solution-tree.com Visit go.solution-tree.com/ELL to download this page.

Cooperative Grouping Guide Cards

Making Math Accessible to ELLs (K–2) © 2010 r4 Educated Solutions • solution-tree.com Visit go.solution-tree.com/ELL to download this page.

Vocabulary Organizer

Making Math Accessible to ELLs (K–2) © 2010 r4 Educated Solutions • solution-tree.com Visit go.solution-tree.com/ELL to download this page.

Three-Dimensional Geometric Figures Cards

Making Math Accessible to ELLs (K–2) © 2010 r4 Educated Solutions • solution-tree.com Visit go.solution-tree.com/ELL to download this page.

Three-Dimensional Geometric Figures

Making Math Accessible to ELLs (K–2) © 2010 r4 Educated Solutions • solution-tree.com Visit go.solution-tree.com/ELL to download this page.

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Medium 9781855209510

Chapter 1 - Why An Elan

Gordon Lund Brooklands Books ePub

“Lots Of Trouble Usually Serious” – Myth or Legend. The Lotus virgin, an often-quoted term in Lotus Club circles, refers to people who have taken the plunge into the unknown, “Well it’s only a car isn’t it?” The mystique of the marque has all the hallmarks of prestige, uniqueness, charisma and most of all ELAN. The French definition of Elan is panache, speed, effervescence, style, liveliness, etc.

Most Lotus owners will give you a different reason for buying the particular model they drive. The legacy of Formula 1, the performance per pound (sterling), the road-holding potential and ride. You name it, the reason will be there. It is in fact all of these things and more.

Many buyers of old Lotus, whatever the model, will have come from motoring backgrounds where the very basics of automotive reliability are expected in the most decrepit of old bangers, given a little bit of on-going maintenance here and there. Not so with the Lotus. What you have to understand is that the Lotus, when bought new, was a rich man’s toy. When passed on to second and third owners, after the guarantee had expired, the unfortunate owner then found he was on his own. In the mid-seventies, the cars began to suffer from neglect. Parts were expensive, if you could find them. Dealers were rare and scattered to the four winds. Unreliability became the password and the mud stuck. In the hands of unwary unfortunates who attempted to run these vehicles on a limited resource and experience, disaster was the only outcome.

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Medium 9781855209626

Chapter 2: E28

Andrew Everett Brooklands Books ePub
Medium 9781934009628

Chapter 2: Providing Affective Supports for English Language Learners

r4Educated Solutions Solution Tree Press ePub


Providing Affective Supports for English Language Learners

There are hundreds of languages in the world, but a smile speaks them all.


Reflection 2.1

Imagine you are going to be an exchange student in a country where you do not know the language. What positive classroom aspects could motivate you to learn the language relatively quickly? Compare your answers to those on page 133.

The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2000) has articulated the importance of a positive classroom climate in learning mathematics. The classroom environment communicates subtle messages about what is valued in learning and doing mathematics and encourages students to participate in the learning and doing of mathematics. The English language learner’s first impression of the classroom and the teacher sets the tone for learning and success. Putting yourself in the place of the student and envisioning what would make you feel welcome will put you on the right path toward creating a positive classroom climate that meets the needs of English language learners in learning mathematics.

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Medium 9781855206786

Chapter 11: Electrical System

Andrew Everett Brooklands Books ePub

Ratings in amperes, items of equipment supplied, relays

Adjusting the alternator belt on an M40 engined car is shown

This photos shows why the M20 starter is such a nightmare to replace

In the centre of this picture is the earthing point (10mm bolt). If it comes loose you will have weird electrical problems - find them behind the glove box

All cars use the press-in fuse. They can corrode with age and cause a myriad of electrical problems. A good idea is to buy a new set, clean up the fuse connectors in the fuse box (disconnect the battery first though!) and fit them. Spraying a contact preservative is also a good idea.

Fuses that blow are caused by a short circuit somewhere. A problematic central locking system can blow its fuse and fuse 10 can be blown randomly with no immediate cause. However, it’s known now that the wire that passes though the gearlever rubber boot going to the reverse light switch can rub through and short out, blowing the fuse.

All BMWs have an alternator that is mounted with rubber bushes to damp out vibrations and improve engine refinement. This is a great idea but, after a decade or two, the bushes wear out and the alternator begins to sit at a strange angle. Rather than putting up with it, it is very easy to fit new bushes. You just take off the alternator, remove the circlips holding in the centre guide pins and remove them followed by the old bushes. Refitting new ones is equally easy and the whole job should not take more than an hour. A toothed nut that runs on a toothed bracket takes up the alternator adjustment. Over the years they rust and the teeth wear out but new ones are surprisingly cheap.

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Medium 9781574412383

“Walter Henry Burton’s Ride—Bell County to Juarez, Mexico in 1888”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF


COUNTY TO JUAREZ, MEXICO IN 1888 by James Burton Kelly

Walter Henry Burton was the first of seven sons born to John

Henry Martin Burton Jr. and Cynthia Priscilla Pass Burton. He was my maternal grandfather. He stood about 5′ 7″ tall and probably weighed 150 pounds—boots, hat, longjohns and all. But to me, he was a giant of a man, from my first recollection of him until the day he was buried in the Cleburne cemetery following a fatal automobile accident at age 76.

I could and hopefully will write a lot more about his life and the stories he told me when I was a young boy and spent all of my summers and holidays on the family farm and ranch six miles southwest of Cleburne in Johnson County, Texas. This story is about his two trips horseback from Bell County, Texas, to Juarez,

Mexico, to visit and work for his maternal grandfather Lafayette

Pass in 1888.

Walter Burton’s children called him “Dad” and his grandchildren called him Daddy Burton. When I was very young, Daddy

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Medium 9781855209701

Chapter 12: Interior Restoration

Greg Hudock Brooklands Books ePub
Medium 9780253005922

6 A Tumultuous Decade

J. Parker Lamb Indiana University Press ePub

Early operations of the Rebel streamliner (see Plate 1) proved to be the economic miracle hoped for by GM&N’S management. In 1935 its total cost was 44.4 cents per mile (including a direct operating cost of 31.8 cents), while it produced a surprising income of 59 cents. The excess of 14.6 cents per mile provided needed funds for general operations. But, more fundamentally, this surprising experience began to convince the road’s management that using diesel-electric locomotives for freight could also produce similar savings. It was a lesson they would not forget in the coming years.

An important event in 1936 was the road’s decision to create an independent highway subsidiary, Gulf Transport Co., thus consolidating and formalizing its earlier forays into supplementary highway transportation. The road’s management emphasized that this company would not seek new business but would be a low-cost supporting element of its rail-based operations. Consequently, the bus company was never a large moneymaker, but neither did it produce a drag on net income. However, it did go a long way in convincing shippers in its service area that GM&N valued their business (Oliver).

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Medium 9780253356963

5 - Ferryboats: Crossing the Rivers and Bays

John H.Jr. White Indiana University Press ePub

Crossing the Rivers and Bays

EVERY LARGE CITY OR TOWN ON A RIVER, LAKE, OR BAY WOULD likely have had a ferry at some time in its history. We discuss only some of these conveyances that helped travelers cross over the waters of America. The methods of propulsion – oars, poles, horses, river currents, and steam – illustrate the inventiveness of our ancestors. The type of boats and the nature of their operation will constitute the third general area of our discussion.

5.1. An elementary scow ferryboat of about 1800 by Thomas Bewick, a British engraver.

The ferry has been described as a floating section of highway. It has been useful but hardly ever beautiful. It has lacked the majesty of a great liner, the grace of a square rigger, and even the briskness of a tugboat. It has no knife-edge prow to cut through the ocean waves and almost no beauty of line or symmetry of proportion. The ferryboat emerged as a meek and lowly vessel, squat, humble, and often rather dingy in appearance. Its oval shape and rounded roof made it resemble a giant turtle. Even so, the humble ferryboat had its admirers. America's great poet Walt Whitman found the Brooklyn ferry a source of inspiration. He rode it daily to and from Manhattan in the 1850s and 1860s. In 1882 he recalled, “I have always had a passion for ferries; to me they afford inimitable streaming, never failing, living poems.” He would ride in the pilothouse, having made friends with the men at the wheel. In this elevated station he could view the fine harbor and its enormous maritime traffic. He would revel in the great tide of humanity in motion. The sights of the sloops, skiffs, and ocean steamers and the majestic sounds of the boats offered him a refreshment of spirit not found elsewhere. And all of this for a 2-cent fare. Other commuters on these “people's yachts” shared Whitman's appreciation for the ferry as a cruise ship and an opportunity to be out in the sun and fresh salt air. The view of the skyline, seagulls, and the wonderful variety of watercraft made this part of the commute pleasurable. Even the passage of a garbage scow reinforced an appreciation of the great cities’ complexity and many services. The ferry's steady motion offered a little quiet time to reflect and daydream.

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Medium 9781574414646

6. Traquero Culture

Jeffrey Marcos Garcilazo University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 6

Traquero Culture


his chapter examines cultural relationships among

Mexican railroad workers and their families both at home and on the job. Furthermore, it shows how a Mexican working-class culture evolved to become a distinct railroad-worker culture inextricably tied to work on the railroad, especially track work.1

While the experiences and behaviors of Mexican railroad workers and their families were not uniform, certain cultural aspects such as adaptability and resiliency characterized Mexican working-class culture. Indeed, cultural continuity and change were mutually inclusive processes. Hispanos and Mexican immigrants adjusted themselves to the new conditions of industrial life. Moreover, their contact with Euro-American institutions—especially schools—slowly transformed Hispanos and Mexicans into what I argue was Mexican railroad-worker culture or traquero culture. Traqueros themselves gave shape and meaning to their lives on a daily basis. With picks, shovels, frying pans, and diapers, traqueros (both men and women) built their lives. Along with the thousands of miles of track that they laid and repaired, they also constructed their own world and made it their own. Cultural change came about largely because the Hispano and Mexican immigrants did not control the formal institutions

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Medium 9780253005922

10 Another Renaissance

J. Parker Lamb Indiana University Press ePub

Congressional passage of the Staggers Rail Act of October 1980 was the most extensive overhaul of the nation’s railroads in over half a century. At once it redefined the rules by which railroad commerce was carried out by erasing many of the restrictions that remained from the early twentieth-century era of railroad dominance in interstate transport, a period characterized by the involvement of the Interstate Commerce Commission in virtually every strategic move by a railroad company. In the wake of this deregulation, rigid ICC control was replaced by the less restrictive policies of the Surface Transportation Board. The Staggers Act also allowed more aggressive marketing by railroads and redefined the playing field with respect to consolidations. One of its overall benefits was to transform rail investment into a more attractive market.

An anticipated effect of this loosened federal control was an acceleration of mergers by the nation’s largest companies, themselves formed from an earlier round of mergers during the 1970s. The first of these mega-mergers was the 1980 formation of CSX, which combined lines of the Chessie and Seaboard systems. The former was composed of Chesapeake & Ohio, Baltimore & Ohio, and Western Maryland, while the latter included the Seaboard Coast Line and affiliated lines such as L&N, Clinchfield, and the West Point route.

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Medium 9780253007902

5   A Look Back

Lawrence A. Brough Indiana University Press ePub

While the Niles Car & Manufacturing Company was a good civic booster and even fielded a works baseball team each year, it was not very generous in reporting to the public, or to the industry for that matter, about its financial affairs. Except for advertisements in industry trade journals and announcements of cars orders, very little was published about the company. The Niles Daily News carried articles about annual meetings and occasional car shipments but little else. No company records survived, so what is known about the company has been gleaned from newspapers, trade journals, and published traction line histories to create this account.

There was a plethora of car builders operating at the beginning of the twentieth century, a great many having evolved from the construction of carriages and horse cars, which were generally small and lightweight. But the excitement in the electric railway industry at that time was in building interurbans for long distance, high-speed service that demanded cars more like railroad coaches. There were fewer builders of cars of this type and Ohio was in the middle of all this activity. And like the railroad-building boom of half a century earlier, there was plenty of business to share among suppliers to this frenzy (as in the gold rush of the previous decade, it wasn’t the miners who became wealthy but rather the merchants who sold them the picks and shovels). While Cleveland was already a railroad center, Niles seemed an unlikely place to establish a railroad-car-building concern of any type. But it was in the heart of industrial America at the time and skilled labor was easily available.

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