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Chapter 14: Modifying the E30

Andrew Everett Brooklands Books ePub

It is now twenty-two years since the E30 3 Series went into production, and ten years since the last Tourings and Convertibles were built. Yet, despite their age, the E30s still capture the imagination like no 3 series cars built since. Put simply, the E30 was the last of the hooligan “sideways special” BMWs and they had a sporty character the later E36 did not quite have. Whether you want to pep up your 316, or build a 200bhp 325i, here is how.

Starting with the old M10, we have got the 316 and the 318i. Now, the only 318i’s to use the M10 (i.e. 2002 type) engine are the chrome bumper cars made up until the end of 1987, whilst the 316 carried on using the M10 until the end of 1988 when the M40 engined 316i appeared. The M10 is a great little engine but because the 318i uses Bosch LE Jetronic with an analogue and not a digital ECU, you cannot re-chip them to give more power. However, a decent exhaust, a free-flow air filter in the original BMW air box and possibly an up-rated fuel pressure regulator will give you anything up to 10bhp. A camshaft change also works well, but you will need that up-rated fuel pressure to make it work. An old bodge used to be putting the standard pressure regulator between two sockets in a vice and giving it a 2 or 3mm squeeze but it’s not a very elegant solution it puts the spring inside the unit under more tension. As for the 316, the best way to get a bit more power is to sell it and buy something else! Seriously though, you can give a 316 some extra life for very little money. What you need is the Solex 32/32 DIDTA twin choke carburettor from an E21 320 four-cylinder or the 2002 carburettor not an easy thing to find now in good condition but they are out there. Combine this with the 320 inlet manifold and a free-flow air filter in the 320 air cleaner box and you will be up from 90bhp to about 98 to 100bhp and a lot of extra sparkle.

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18: Chemical Control

van Emden, H.F. CABI PDF

18

Chemical Control

Alan M. Dewar1 and Ian Denholm2*

1

Dewar Crop Protection Ltd, Bury St Edmunds, UK; 2University of

­Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK

Introduction

As serious crop pests, aphids are major targets for insecticides and help drive a continuing quest for new compounds with novel modes of action and favourable environmental profiles. The first edition of this chapter (Dewar, 2007) noted a progressive change from a market dominated by organophosphates (OPs) and carbamates (Schepers, 1989; Jeschke et al., 2002) towards increasing reliance on pyrethroids and, latterly, neonicotinoids. Over the past

10  years, these changes have continued apace. In many countries, most OPs and carbamates have become obsolete or are being phased out as a consequence of their toxicological profile. Neonicotinoids, as a result of their exceptional efficacy and versatility, have continued to increase in popularity and have been joined by a suite of new molecules with distinct properties and/or modes of action. The carbamoyltriazole, triazamate, an excellent aphicide due to its systemicity and downward translocation in plants (Dewar et al., 1994), had a brief period of use prior to its withdrawal due to environmental concerns.

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9. Ideology, It’s in the Game: Selective Simulation in EA Sports’ NCAA Football

Thomas P Oates Indiana University Press ePub

Meredith M. Bagley and Ian Summers

ON JULY 9, 2013, THE LEADING SPORTS STORY IN TUSCALOOSA, Alabama, a college town obsessed with its university’s football team, was not predictions for a third straight national championship, not news of yet another five-star recruit, nor updates on injuries and summer training sessions. Instead, inch-high headlines announced “GAME ON: EA Sports Releases NCAA Football 14.”1 Above the text, a color screen shot from the game featured an offensive player in the familiar crimson-and-white jersey breaking tackles on the way to a presumed touchdown. The would-be tacklers happened to be in white and maroon, the colors of Texas A&M, the only team to hand Alabama a loss in its 2012 national championship season. Though completely digital, fabricated, and based on advanced computational formulas, the video game redemption offered by the photo perfectly illustrates the power of simulation-based digital games such as EA Sports’ NCAA Football.

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4 Light Interception and Canopy Sensing for Tree Fruit Canopy Management

Zhang, Q. CABI PDF

4

Light Interception and Canopy

Sensing for Tree Fruit Canopy

Management

Francisco Rojo1*, Jingjin Zhang2, Shrinivasa

Upadhyaya3 and Qin Zhang4

Escuela de Agronomía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso,

Casilla 4-D, Quillota, Chile; 2Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China;

3

University of California Davis, Davis, California, USA; 4Washington State

University, Prosser, Washington, USA

1

4.1 Introduction

Plants need light to perform photosynthesis, a process by which they transform solar energy into chemical energy that is stored in different organs as a carbohydrate. This important substance can then be used by the plants to maintain all the physiological processes that are required for its survival or its reproduction. It is for this reason that solar radiation is a key factor to consider when we want to evaluate plant productivity (i.e. plant biomass or yield, depending on the particular goal that people have in mind). The effect that light has in a crop’s productivity has been long exploited in agriculture; trellis systems have been analyzed in terms of their capacity to intercept light, or yield predictions have been used to target the management of crops to achieve potential yield at each location within a field or orchard.

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4: Value Chain: On-Farm Production Interventions

Rao, B.D. CABI PDF

4

Value Chain: On-Farm Production

Interventions

The National Agricultural Innovation Project

(NAIP), orchestrated by the Indian Institute of

Millet Research (IIMR) (the then Directorate of

Sorghum Research, DSR) with a public–private partnership consortium, implemented interventions across the value chain for pre- and post-harvest sectors of millet. These interventions included developing specific-trait and high-yielding varieties and popularizing them among farmers, adoption of specific improved technologies, assured buy-back and linkages with processors, development of novel ready-toeat (RTE) convenience foods and various millet recipes. The components of the value chain at the on-farm production stage are detailed in this chapter.

4.1  Identification of Genotypes for

Specific End Products

Sorghum for food in India is grown in the rabi

(dry season), which produces white grain, free of blemishes. This grain is highly prized for processing. Sorghum grown in the kharif (rainy season) has staining and moulding of its grains that reduces the quality of food. In this context, IIMR screened a total of 420 genotypes

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