2491 Chapters
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9 - Transforming America’s Relationship with India

John T. Shaw Indiana University Press ePub

The first day of October 2008 was not a typical day in the U.S. Senate. With the global economy melting down and the U.S. presidential race heating up, the attention of most of the country and much of the world was focused on Washington and on Congress’s upper chamber. Senate leaders had scheduled a vote that evening on a controversial $700 billion financial rescue package. An earlier version had failed in the House and a new package had been assembled. Financial markets around the world waited for the Senate vote with jittery anticipation. Senate passage was critical, and both Barack Obama and John McCain left the campaign trail and returned to Washington to vote on the plan. Majority Leader Harry Reid and Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, working closely with the Bush administration, also scheduled a Senate vote that evening on a nuclear agreement between the United States and India.

While Richard Lugar was keenly interested in the fate of the financial rescue legislation, he was not directly involved in developing it. However, the nuclear accord was something he had worked on for more than 3 years and was dear to his heart. The landmark nuclear agreement between the world’s two largest democracies would open U.S. nuclear trade with India after a 30-year freeze and could reshape the country’s often troubled relationship with India into a strategic partnership.

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9 The von Huene Legacy

Geoffrey Burgess Indiana University Press ePub

In the latter part of his career, von Huene’s achievements gained official recognition from numerous institutions and organizations (a full list is given as appendix 3). One of the first to be conferred was an honorary doctorate from his alma mater, Bowdoin College. The presentation speaker referred to von Huene’s pioneering work in the “reproduction and appreciation of historical woodwind instruments,” and commented that, “in honoring you, Bowdoin honors its own concern that the best in the past give shape and sound to the present.”1 When he was granted the title of Living Treasure of New England in 1985, reference was made to Michael Praetorius’s definition from the early seventeenth century of the quintessential instrument builder as a fitting allusion to von Huene’s skill and achievements (reproduced in the preface).2 Von Huene was the first recipient of a distinguished achievement award from the American Recorder Society, presented by his long-standing friend Shelley Gruskin at a ceremony at the 1987 Boston Early Music Festival (BEMF) (see figure 9.1). By 1996 von Huene was considered enough of a “native informant” for Professor Thomas Kelly to invite him to give the initial address to a class of Harvard University students preparing an ethnographic study of early music in Boston.3 At the presentation of the Arion Award in 1992, the flutist Christopher Krueger named von Huene “The Charles Darwin of Early Music.”4 Friedrich also received the Curt Sachs Award from the American Musical Instrument Society in 2003, not only in recognition of his personal achievements, but for the inspiration he provided “to the generations of performers, instrument makers, and researchers who have benefited from his knowledge, friendship, and teaching.”5

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Medium 9781574412000

Chapter Thirteen: The End of the Quaker Dream

John R. Erickson University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Thirteen: The End of the Quaker Dream


here was some good steel in those Quakers. I am sorry that I have never had the pleasure of meeting any of the Singers or Underhills, other than Perlina Sherman. As far as we know, they all left the High

Plains sometime around 1892 when their dream of Eden on the Prairie had faded to dust, both poetically and literally. Bad crop years played a major role in the demise of Estacado, as the harsh reality of life on the Llano crushed Paris Cox’s vision of orchards and vineyards. He had been correct in saying that the soil was deep and rich, but he had underestimated the power of those endless southwest winds to pull the moisture out of every living thing. Coronado and Marcy and the

Comanches could have told him, but Paris Cox’s dreams didn’t allow him to hear it.

Also, the Quakers failed in their attempts to keep the Gentiles at bay.

“Soon the cowboys on the nearby ranches learned of the settlement with its beautiful daughters. They came courting and won some of the hearts of the fair Quaker damsels, which was one of the disheartening factors that caused the Quakers to disintegrate.” (Spikes and Ellis 1952: 259)

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Medium 9781574414615

Horses and Marines

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

Horses and Marines

Another experience I had with horses before I really understood them, was on active duty in the Marine Corps. The Marines don’t usually have a need for horses, but at one base I was the officer in charge of the stables at the Marine Corps mountain survival school, located high in the Sierra mountains of California. I was one of three officers and seven enlisted men who taught at the school. It was great duty. We taught skiing all winter long, often on skis for fifteen hours a day. And we taught rock climbing during the summer months. Our students were Marines from bases all over the world, many of whom had never seen snow, and some of them didn’t know they had a fear of heights until they took our summer course. I was the only officer up to that time who completed a tour of duty at that base and never ended up in the hospital.

I was assigned to be in charge of the horses before I even knew what their purpose was. Some of my friends and I used to race them across the rocky meadows at an insane full gallop, but what the hell, we were Marines, weren’t we? Besides, if we fell and injured ourselves we wouldn’t have to risk our necks climbing around on those 1000-foot cliffs where we held our classes.

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Medium 9781574413540

7. Spectators on the Rio Grande

Chuck Parsons University of North Texas Press ePub


Spectators on the Rio Grande


—John R. Hughes, November 8, 1895

In the nineteenth century, bare-knuckle fighting was among the most popular “sports” in the country, although in most states it was illegal. To those who favored the contests, boxing was the prime example of American manliness; to those who opposed boxing, it was no different from Emperor Nero throwing early Christians to the lions, a simple act of barbarity. The bare-knuckle contests ended with the implementation of the Marquis of Queensberry rules, requiring fighters to wear gloves and giving them to the count of ten to recover if knocked down. Sporting man Dan Stuart, a Vermont-born gambler and entrepreneur, arrived in Texas in 1872 at the young age of twenty-six intending to find success on his own terms within the sporting world. One historian described him as a “portly, genial, prosperous-looking man with a fashionable full mustache and dark hair parted straight down the middle.” He had integrity as well as a vision: he planned to erect a “monument to sport” in the form of a 52,500-seat coliseum in Dallas. This structure would feature, at its grand opening, a contest between two recognized champions of the ring: James J. Corbett and Robert P. Fitzsimmons, the latter recently declared the heavyweight champion of the world by the prestigious New Orleans Olympic Club.1

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Medium 9781574415872

1 - Born a Drummer

Chris Smith, John Mosca and John Riley University of North Texas Press ePub

Mel Lewis loved to sit in his living room at 325 West End Avenue #2C and listen to music. He sat in that room and listened for hundreds of hours, usually in the company of a young musician who intently absorbed his entertaining stories of the music business, life on the road, and the wide range of musicians he had worked with. When relaxing in his favorite lounge chair it was typically the music that encouraged Mel's stories of the past, and more importantly, sparked his excitement for the future. At only fifty-eight-years old Mel was a living jazz legend, one who still played drums every Monday night with his band at the Village Vanguard. He loved to talk about future musical projects, his band's next album, politics, or the New York Giants' upcoming season. However, by 1989 his four-year battle with cancer often forced him to silently reflect on the decades of music that defined his career. Mel cared about his legacy and hoped that his musical accomplishments would not be forgotten. “I'd like to leave a mark. I'd like fifty years from now for people to say that Mel Lewis was a pioneer in a way. I'd like to have had my share of doing something important for music,” he said.1 The desire to preserve his story led him to begin writing a memoir, which he aptly titled “The View from the Back of the Band.” Mel was only able to complete several pages before passing away in February of 1990; however, the pages that he did complete offer remarkable insight into his thoughts and memories. There could be no more fitting way to begin this book than printing Mel's unfinished personal memoir for the very first time:

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Medium 9781574413496

Chapter 8. Special Officer John D. Nichols, Jr. (December 22, 1906)

Richard F. Selcer and Kevin S. Foster University of North Texas Press Denton, Texas ePub



December 22, 1906

“A good man in every respect”

Not every officer who died in the line of duty was a regular officer. Special police and special deputies were also duly commissioned lawmen who laid their lives on the line to defend law and order. John Nichols was the first “special officer” in Fort Worth history to die in the line of duty.

John Dee Nichols came from a distinguished Fort Worth family. His father, John Nichols, Sr., had made his fortune in the California gold fields before settling in Fort Worth in 1872. The rest of his life followed that same successful arc. In 1876 he was one of the founders of the city’s first utility, the Fort Worth Gas Company; later he became vice-president of City National Bank, an alderman on the city council, and the City Secretary. He was also the first fire chief of the combined Panther Engine Company and M. T. Johnson Hook and Ladder Company. Junior never felt any urge to follow his father’s path into either business or politics.1

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Luan, Nguyen Công Indiana University Press ePub

In my early childhood, “war” was one among the first abstract words I learned before I could have the least perception of its meaning. It was when World War II began. When I was a little older, I saw how war brought death and destruction when American bombers attacked some Japanese installations near my hometown. But it was the wars in my country after 1945 that resulted in the greatest disasters to my people.

Particularly, the 1955–75 Việt Nam War has been the most destructive in Việt Nam history and the most controversial in the United States as well as in many countries in the world. The debate seems endless, the arguments contradicting.

Before and since April 1975, there have been conferences, teach-ins, books, reports, and movies about the Việt Nam Wars after 1945. I realized that many of them contained incorrect and insufficient information, one-sided and superficial arguments, and erroneous figures. There have been conferences held outside Việt Nam about the war, but among many hundreds of participants, there was not a single Vietnamese from either side.

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Medium 9781574415124

14. Campaigning: Fort Whipple, Arizona Territory

Robert W. Lull University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter Fourteen

Campaigning: Fort Whipple, Arizona Territory

In 1867, General Gregg established Eighth Cavalry regimental headquarters at Camp Whipple, Arizona Territory. Camp Whipple was outside the small community of Prescott, then the territorial capital. He went into Arizona to replace Colonel John Mason, commander of the District of Arizona. Arizona had been under jurisdiction of California’s Union volunteers, filling the void left when Confederates pulled out in 1862, ending their brief occupation of the Confederate Territory of Arizona.1

The United States Congress established Arizona Territory, in its current configuration, in 1863. Union troops from California built Camp Whipple late in 1863 as a response to increased Indian activity in central Arizona. A month later, the new territorial governor of Arizona, John N. Goodwin, directed the establishment of a territorial capital near Camp Whipple. In May of 1864, the post—now designated Fort Whipple—relocated twenty miles southwest to more favorable terrain. Without missing a beat, Governor Goodwin moved the capital to a site near the new fort, planting a seed that grew into present-day Prescott.2

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Medium 9780253356611

4 Immortalizing the Lady in Affecting Prose

Sylvia D. Hoffert Indiana University Press ePub

4 Immortalizing the Lady in Affecting Prose

While Alice Paul and her militant compatriots were picketing the White House, going to jail, and refusing to eat during the summer of 1917, Alva could be found sitting within earshot of the Atlantic Ocean, drinking lemonade in her Chinese pagoda in the sweltering heat of the Newport summer, and dictating her memoir to a young, socialist, anti-war activist named Sara Bard Field. They spent almost two months together producing a manuscript chronicling Alva’s life and accomplishments. Day after day, Alva talked, and Field took notes. Then, while Alva entertained guests, Field spent her evenings trying to make sense of what she had written.

Since Alva left no papers, we can only speculate about why she decided to engage in this private exercise in self-discovery and public disclosure. In some ways, it is predictable that she should think it worth her time to write a memoir. Alva was not by nature introspective, but she had always craved the attention of others. And her ability to attract that attention encouraged her to develop an exaggerated sense of her own importance. So writing a memoir was in some ways just another manifestation of her self-absorption. As literary critic Paul John Eakin has put it, she was, like many autobiographers, an “opportunist with an itch for notoriety.”1

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Medium 9781574414424

10 Special Officer Webster C. “Jack” Gentry (April 25, 1922)

Richard F. Selcer and Kevin S. Foster University of North Texas Press ePub


Special Officer Webster C. “Jack” Gentry

(APRIL 25, 1922)

“A Texan in heart as well as name”

Webster Gentry was an officer who just happened to be working in the private sector at the time of his death. He lost his life performing one of the countless duties that are all in a day’s work for the average lawman. The fact that he was only a provisional, or “special,” officer pressed into service during a natural disaster does not make him any less a policeman-hero. In death he earned the right to be placed on the honor roll of the Fort Worth Police Department’s fallen officers.

Webster C. Gentry in happier days in his doughboy’s uniform, ca. 1917–1919, probably taken while he was in training at Camp Bowie before going off to France. He came home physically and mentally much the worse for his service. (Courtesy of Richard Opseth, Gentry family descendant)

Nature killed Officer Gentry. It all started on Monday, April 24, 1922, when the skies over Fort Worth opened and a torrent of biblical proportions poured down. Nine inches of rain fell in the next twenty-four hours, causing the Trinity River to rise 36.7 feet, topping the record of the previous biggest flood—the 1908 deluge—by a foot. The Clear Fork, which looped around the downtown area from east to west before heading south, was transformed into a millrace, sweeping everything before it. The city’s levees strained to contain the “avalanche of water” pressing against them. Late Monday night, after most citizens were asleep, the floodwaters began inching up toward the top of the levees. People awoke Tuesday morning to find their electricity out and water lapping at their homes. For many, it was too late to evacuate; all they could do was climb up on their roofs and wait for rescue. Hardest hit were the city’s poor, many of whom lived down in the river bottoms, out of sight and out of mind.1

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Medium 9781574412734

Chapter 9 • New York: Getz, Coleman, and Evans 1960

Helene LaFaro-Fernandez University of North Texas Press PDF


Chapter 9  •

New York:

Getz, Coleman, and Evans


Charlie Haden tells the story that when Scott went over to Thelonious Monk’s place to audition for him, Monk just stared out the window for a long time before asking him to play something. Scotty did and Monk stared out the window again, then asked him to play something else. This was repeated four or five times and the last time Monk turned to Scotty and said, “Nice talking to you.” Nevertheless, Scotty did play with Thelonious

Monk for the Town Hall concert in November of 1959 and again the second week of January at Storyville in Boston. Scotty said that he learned a lot more about rhythm when he played with Monk and that it was a great experience, telling Martin Williams in an interview published in the August 3, 1960 Jazz Review: “With

Monk, rhythmically, it’s just there, always.” Paul Motian, who was also on that one-week gig, mentioned to me that he learned to listen with Monk, and he recalled that they got paid $200.

The Bill Evans Trio played two concerts, 8:00 p.m. and 11:00 p.m. in New York on Saturday, January 30 at Town Hall, and Scotty spoke of his experiences with Bill extensively in the interview

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Medium 9781574411980

20. The Eagle Stretches His Wings

Ralph H. Nutter University of North Texas Press PDF

20: The Eagle Stretches His Wings


hen LeMay received Norstad's memo ordering him to fly to Guam, he was not told the meeting's purpose. For more than two months, LeMay had been telling Arnold and

Norstad that B-29 operations from China were a waste of resources.

The logistical situation in China was impossible. The bases in the

Chengtu area were too far from Japan. Kyushu, Japan's most southerly island, was the only home-island target within range of the

B-29s. Norstad did not tell LeMay he was replacing Hansell, only that his 58th Wing would be transferred to the Marianas during the winter of 1945. The meeting was a planning session for that move.

Norstad arrived without notice at Hansell's new Guam headquarters on 6 January. As was usual among old friends, Hansell gave him a warm welcome. It was an awkward and embarrassing situation.

He and Hansell were close personal friends and for a year had been the most important planners on Arnold's staff. He had reco~­ mended that Norstad succeed him as chief of staff of the Twentieth

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Medium 9781574412413

Chapter 4: Tricycle Gear Test Pilot

Sarah Byrn Rickman University of North Texas Press PDF


Tricycle Gear Test Pilot

ancy Harkness Love knew and flew with many of the men who made aviation their life in the 1930s—men like

Crocker Snow, Henry Wilder, Clyde Pangborn, Jack Ray, his friend Johnny Miller, and of course Bob Love. Aviation was a small close-knit community. By 1935, she was on first-name basis with Eugene Vidal and John Wynne. Men liked and respected

Nancy and Nancy liked and respected men. She preferred men who shared her adventurous spirit and love of flying.

Bob Love, descended from two solid midwestern families, had a purposeful ruggedness about him that set him apart from the eligible males of the Eastern social set. Spirit of adventure aside, from the beginning he was a businessman and a good one.

“Laugh crinkles set off his glacial blue eyes,” says Hannah.

“Mum called him homely-handsome,” says Marky. “He was very attractive to women.”

Bob was completely at home with himself. He was as open and outgoing as Nancy was guarded and in control. He was like no one Nancy had ever known. Likewise, she was completely unlike any woman he had ever met. After that first shaky encounter in his office, things obviously smoothed out, but the

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Medium 9780253011022

4 Sansei

Neil Nakadate Indiana University Press ePub

If we are always arriving and departing, it is also true that we are eternally anchored. One’s destination is never a place but rather a new way of looking at things.

HENRY MILLER, Big Sur and the Oranges of Hieronymus Bosch (1957)

The Sansei were the second Japanese American generation born into citizenship. Some Sansei, including my cousins Michi and Yuri, were born before the war and spent three childhood years behind barbed wire. Some, like my lifelong friend Keith Nakayama, were among the 6,000 born in the camps (or nearby hospitals) and were toddlers there. Many Sansei, like my siblings, were Baby Boomers who grew up after the camps had closed, and some of us, by chance and the luck of geography, had only passing or oblique relationships with the camps because we grew up outside the West Coast exclusion zone. But over time most Sansei were alike in being both enveloped by the euphoria and prosperity of postwar America and nagged at by the censored memories of thousands.

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