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Medium 9781574413786

Chapter 24. “his band of questionable repute”

David Johnson University Of North Texas Press ePub



“his band of questionable repute”

MARCH FOUND VIRGIL’S CONDITION IMPROVING. With Williams’ departure, stage robberies dropped away. Additionally there was a dramatic decrease in reports of the ever-elusive “Cowboy” gang. “There being a lull in cowboy criminality (which we will hope is something more than temporary), and the Indians apparently having left the Dragoons, Tombstone people have been obliged to look to other causes for excitement.”1 Brown ascribed the decrease to the presence of C. P. Dake although it was actually due to Clum’s departure. Leigh Chalmers reported that Dake confessed to having received a $3,000 Wells Fargo loan, “under false and fraudulent representations.” Dake deposited the money in Wyatt Earp’s account. Earp had spent most of that in pursuing “Cowboys” fruitlessly. “Dake spent some $300 of that sum in a drunken celebration with the posse in the sporting houses [brothels] of that notorious community.”2

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Medium 9780253002112

15 Bethlehem, Wadi Fukin, Nahalin, and Husan

Hillel Bardin Indiana University Press ePub

In the initial years of the First Intifada, we had many dialogue groups working in parallel, more than the reader would have patience to follow. In Ramallah, a large and important Palestinian city north of Jerusalem, we organized two dialogue groups. The more politically oriented group had all the potential to take off, with an excellent group of people from each nation, yet it quickly ground to a halt for reasons that we could never comprehend. The second took a more personal shape and was active for many years under the leadership (on the Israeli side) of Professor Yoram Bilu, with the closely knit group meeting alternately in homes in Jerusalem and Ramallah.

The leader of the Jabel Mukabber group, Jamil Salhut, introduced us to the journalist Mohammed Manasra, who wrote for the communist paper, and his wife, Najah, who taught psychiatric nursing. They lived in Bethlehem behind the Civil Administration headquarters. Mohammed organized a number of dialogues, including several for high school students, which met in the neutral location of the Tantur Ecumenical Institute on the border between Bethlehem and Jerusalem. Our Danny Orstav, who felt strongly that the most important contacts were between youths, was very active in these meetings. Mohammed also arranged several meetings with young people in Bethlehem who had been badly wounded by Israeli soldiers, yet who maintained a friendly optimism and welcomed the chance to meet, without rancor, with Israelis.

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Medium 9781574411591

CHAPTER 1 The Guadalupe Homestead

Paul N. Spellman University of North Texas Press PDF


The Guadalupe Homestead

ISAAC SAMUEL ROGERS STOOD STRAIGHT and tall at the center of the small Bolivar Courthouse assembly room. He pulled at his tight starched collar, the twenty-one-year-old Tennessee farmer uncomfortable in suit and tie on this cold March evening. But the occasion of his wedding kept him resolute, somber, uncomplaining. To his left stood his brother William, like Isaac a farmer in the Hatchie River

Valley of Hardeman County, Tennessee. Seated just behind him in the straight-backed hickory chairs were several members of the Elkins family— the elder William, his wife and a cousin or two sat ramrod straight at the edge of their seats. On Isaac’s right stood eighteenyear-old Mahala Elkins, soon to be his bride. Woodson Vader, justice of the peace for the Bolivar area and a neighbor and friend of the

Rogers clan, intoned the civil ceremony then pronounced the couple husband and wife. Isaac was pleased to loosen his collar for the remaining festivities that Tuesday evening. It was March 18, 1834.1

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Medium 9780253223449

Chapter 1

Marianne Boruch Indiana University Press ePub

Chapter 1

No plan that Thursday but a big breakfast—eggs, toast. The classic college boyfriend’s apartment: milling about and underfoot, one or two other boys and their maybe girls. A straggly neighbor born Harold, called Chug, forever turning up to make a point then stopping mid-sentence. Someone’s cousin crashed there for week. Someone’s half-sister from Cincinnati figuring out her life. Not to mention the dog, the cat, and nothing picked up off the floor, no sink or toilet cleaned in how long. Books read and loved and passed on, dope smoked or on a windowsill, nesting in a small plastic bag. Jokes bad and repeated, nice talking to ya, we’d say to end any blowhard’s rant, laughing.

Then my boyfriend Jack, at the stove, frying potatoes, onions for omelets: meet Frances, she’s the one—I told you—hitchhiking west. Day after tomorrow. Early Saturday, right Frances? For a week or so. Then coming back.

She turned to me, this stranger: hey, want to go?

What? Was it a thought before I said it? No, my yes. Which—in the parlance of the day—was a shrug and a sure.

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Medium 9781574415056

3. Mexico or Kansas?

Chuck Parsons and Norman Wayne Brown University of North Texas Press PDF

“As he was only a boy they did not watch him closely, and at night lay down to sleep. Hardin arose in the night and killed every one of them.”

Dallas Herald, August 25, 1877

ith the advent of the Texas State Police many men, some former slaves, applied for a commission. Those who were accepted were sworn in for a period of not less than four years—“unless sooner removed.” Policemen also would earn what some considered an inordinate amount for services: a private would receive $60 per month, each sergeant $75, each lieutenant $100, and each captain would receive

$125. In addition, if a policeman captured a fugitive for whom there was a reward offered, he could claim the reward as well as draw his regular salary.1

Although Hardin had a sizable reputation, his image had not yet appeared on any wanted posters, and his physical description could have fit many young Texans. But the work of the police would make his existence more dangerous. Each police captain was to inspect the criminal dockets of the various counties in their assigned district, and in addition, was to

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Medium 9781574411973


Edited by Peter B. Lane and Ronald E. Marcello University of North Texas Press PDF


Hungnam evacuation, 140

Huntington, Warren, 74

Hurley, Alfred F., vi

Hussein, Saddam, 231, 241, 257

Japanese Naval Academy, Sasebo,

60, 63

Japanese Special Naval Landing

Forces (SNLF), 53

Japanese, military strength and resistance, 1945, 87

JASCO (Joint Assault,

Communications Company),

50; casualties, 63

Jenkins, Harry, 203 jet stream, 69

Jihad against U.S., 244

Johnson, Lady Bird, 173, 179

Johnson, Louis, 131

Johnson, Lyndon, 170, 172,

172n8, 173–75, 177, 188–89,

192n2; assessment of his leadership as war president,

187–89; attitudes toward military, 180–81; Gulf of

Tonkin Resolution, 193n5; management of Vietnam War,

172–73, 179-182, 183–85; orders bombing pause, 200,

200n17; public support for

Vietnam War, 175–76, 178-179; reaction to dissent, 177–78,

184–86; record in World War II,

172n8; self-pity, 174–75

Joint Chiefs of Staff, 88, 182–83; new institution, 131n3;

Chinese intervention, 139

Joint War Plans Committee, 81

Jones, David, 122

Joy, C. Turner, 134


Iassy-Kishinev Offensive, 23

ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles), 113

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Medium 9780253016249

16 Violets Down the Lane

Jane Blaffer Owen Indiana University Press ePub

Laetare! Rejoice!

—The incipit of the introit for the Fourth Sunday of Lent, “Mothering Sunday”


My month with Janie almost over in March 1957, I booked a return flight to Houston. Taking leave of my daughters, particularly of Janie in New York, always tugged at my heart. The French proverb Partir c’est mourir un peu (to leave is to die a bit) spoke to my condition but did little to improve it. Solace, once again, came from Reverend Mother Ruth. Knowing that I faced another separation, she had asked Sister Élise, a teacher at St. Hilda’s and a tutor “on loan” for Janie, to give me a verse from an old English book of carols to read on the plane. It began: “She who goes amothering shall find violets down the lane.” I hummed this comforting line in the taxi to LaGuardia.

My spirits were lifted again on the plane when I recognized a friend seated across the aisle from me: Jean “John” de Menil, an enormously charming and cultivated Franco-American. He and his brilliant, trailblazing wife, Dominique, were both aware that the casting of the Lipchitz statue intended for New Harmony was still landless and homeless. Disregarding the Madonna’s present poverty, Jean foresaw a turn of her fortunes and suggested that Lipchitz’s Lady would one day require an architect and a dwelling worthy of her status.

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Medium 9781574415124

9. The Battle of Poison Spring, Arkansas

Robert W. Lull University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter Nine

The Battle of Poison Spring, Arkansas

Steele soon discovered that the ideal base at Camden was as much a trap as a resource. As his corps flowed into Camden, he received word that the Confederate army in Louisiana defeated General Banks’ large Union command, forcing Banks to withdraw back down the Red River. Steele had to hold tight in Camden to determine what would be the future course of the overall campaign to Shreveport.1

There was nothing available in Camden to sustain Steele’s corps. The departing Confederate soldiers had left behind a welcoming gift of water wells contaminated with the corpses of dead animals.2 The region around Camden for many miles was devoid of forage and rations. Confederate soldiers based in Camden before the Yankee incursion had picked the countryside bare.3 The wagon train of supplies he so urgently ordered from Little Rock a week earlier was not coming to Camden. To his dismay, an untimely riverboat collision would delay the shipment indefinitely.4

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Medium 9781574412697

Expect a Miracle

Dan E. Burns University of North Texas Press PDF

Expect a Miracle

In April of 1995, as Easter approached, I revived my diary. Many of my recollections from this period are based on diary entries.

April 2, 1995. Seven-year-old Ben in tow, I went to a Holy Week healing service with the Reverend Shelley Hamilton, a minister at my church. “Agnes Sanford says, ‘Expect a miracle,’” I reminded her.

“Where is the miracle?”

“The miracle must happen in you,” said Shelley, “and in Ben, and in everyone in your family.” She prayed for me, “God, we challenge you. How long will this man have to stand here at this altar in pain?”

With Easter Sunday just days ahead, I struggled with my faith and with my role in Ben’s recovery. Mom argued that Ben needed to be placed in an institution. “You’ve worked with Ben for a year now,” Mom said, “poured everything you had to give into him.

When others stumbled and fell, you kept going.” I agreed with most of her points: that Ben had not recovered; that he needed a consistent environment; that I could not meet all his needs by myself. Sue couldn’t do it either.

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Medium 9781574412635


Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF



n Volume 3 of this series, Bourke discussed the legal case in

1879, by which the Ponca chief Standing Bear won the right to return to the ancient homeland and live unmolested, a right that the presiding judge, Elmer Dundy, believed should be accorded to any law-abiding resident of the United States, Indian or non-Indian.1

Although Dundy’s ruling settled the immediate status of Standing

Bear, public outcry against the government’s forced relocation policy continued over the next eighteen months. That, together with internal dissension within the tribe, prompted President Hayes to appoint a commission to hold hearings among the Poncas, both in the Indian

Territory and in Dakota. The president, who was interested in full justice to all the Poncas, would use the findings to recommend a proper course of action to Congress.2

The commission consisted of Brig. Gen. George Crook, Brig. Gen.

Nelson Miles, William Stickney, secretary of the Board of Indian

1.  The ruling actually declared that an Indian was a responsible individual with legal standing in court, and therefore had the right to bring suit. By establishing that, however,

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Medium 9781574411966

Appendix 5: Lieutenant W. Philo Clark’s Recapitulation of the Great Sioux War

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix 5

Lieutenant W. Philo Clark’s

Recapitulation of the Great Sioux War

The following account of the Great Sioux War was prepared by

Lieutenant William Philo Clark, Second Cavalry, on orders from

General Crook. It was submitted to Lieutenant General Sheridan, who endorsed it on October 31, 1877. If Crook intended this as a justification for his actions, he was only marginally successful.

Clark refutes Crook’s and Bourke’s continuing insistence that the village attacked by Reynolds on March 17, 1876, was Crazy

Horse’s. Nevertheless, as late as 1891, Bourke persisted in calling it “‘Crazy Horse’s’ village.”1 Clark also hints that Crook was less than successful at the Rosebud.

In discussing Indian combat wounds, Clark remarks that he believes “that of all animals they are the superior in point of tenacity of life, magnificent horsemen and fine shots. . . .” Given Clark’s overall interest in Indian culture, and his generally reasonable dealings with them, it is doubtful that by “animals,” he meant that they were a subhuman species. Most likely it was a figure of speech referring to the animal kingdom—including humans—as a whole.

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Medium 9781574413540

6. Scouting on Pirate Island

Chuck Parsons University of North Texas Press ePub


Scouting on Pirate Island


—George A. Frazer to Gov. C. A. Culberson, February 24, 1895

Adjutant General Mabry as well as Governor Hogg now faced the decision of who would be the best man to replace the dead captain. State Senator John M. Dean telegraphed the governor recommending Hughes, “next in line of promotion please appoint him Captain.”1 El Paso’s mayor, W. H. Austin, even though out of town on a visit to McMinnville, Tennessee, quickly learned of the sad news. He telegraphed the governor that he “earnestly” endorsed Hughes.2 Acting Mayor James P. Badger agreed, stating simply that Hughes “is the man we want.” Trevanion Theodore Teel, attorney, Mexican War hero and veteran of the Confederacy’s failed New Mexico Territory campaign, not only fully endorsed Hughes but telegraphed that he was “the best appointment that could be made” as he was “sober capable honest brave.”3 Robert Cross, an El Paso policeman, also telegraphed the governor, stating: “I know him to be tried and true[.] I have been an officer on the frontier long enough to know.”4 Atkins Jefferson “Jeff” McLemore, member of the House of Representatives from the Corpus Christi district, nearly 700 miles east from Ysleta, telegraphed that the appointment of Hughes “will be gratifying to the people of this section.”5 Attorney Peyton F. Edwards Sr. telegraphed the governor “our people want Hughes.”6 W. W. Turney “heartily” recommended Hughes for the position.7 Sheriff Frank B. Simmons telegraphed both the governor and Adjutant General Mabry indicating he personally preferred Hughes but in addition Hughes was “the choice of the people of this County to Succeed Capt Jones.”8 J. D. Escajeda, District Clerk of El Paso, requested Hughes be appointed, stating he knew him “to be tried and true.”9

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Medium 9781574413151

Chapter 7 “Curling steel tendrils”

Bob Alexander University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 7

“Curling steel tendrils”

Before striking out horseback for Lampasas County under secret orders from AG King, Private Aten had to tend to unfinished business that not even the adjutant general could override. Ira Aten was under subpoena to testify in the Braeutigam murder case in which

Jack Beam was the defendant.1 Par business in court proceedings for lawmen is adjusting to the standby mode—sometimes for hours, sometimes for days. In this instance, The State of Texas vs. Jack Beam,

Gillespie County Criminal Case No. 418, there was not a long and unnecessarily drawn-out trial. As result of a Plea Bargain, defendant Jackson Beam entered a plea of Guilty to Murder in the Second Degree. The District Court Judge prepared legal clarification for the jury. They would, within the legally prescribed parameters, determine defendant Jack Beam’s fate.2 Shortly, the jury foreman, F.

E. Luckenbach, stoically read the panels’ unanimous sentencing verdict: “and assess his punishment at confinement in the penitentiary for nine years.”3

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Medium 9780253014689

9. Humanitarian—and Home (1937–1939)

Dean J. Kotlowski Indiana University Press PDF




The circumsta nces th at brought Paul V. McNutt to, and kept him in, the Philippines wound up saving lives. Between 1937 and 1939, the United

States high commissioner helped approximately 1,300 Jews secure visas to flee

Nazi Germany and resettle in Manila. The story, including McNutt’s part in it, is important, for it revises the argument that the United States government used

“paper walls,” that is, bureaucratic rules, regulations, and various decrees, to prevent Jewish refugees from reaching American shores in the 1930s, and then

“abandoned” European Jewry to Hitler’s Holocaust during World War II.1 It also reveals another dimension of the career of the powerful governor reviled by organized labor as the “Hoosier Hitler.”2

The portrait of McNutt that emerges is one of a practical politician who, for a variety of reasons, became the instrumental force behind making Manila a haven for refugees. McNutt had developed sympathy for the persecuted. He then reacted to the pleas for assistance from Jewish leaders and exploited unique circumstances to open the Philippines to refugees. McNutt, on one level, was idealistic—someone who believed in a tolerant America, where citizens were defined by their patriotic service rather than their national origin, religion, race, or creed. Yet, on another, more realistic level, he was aware of sinister forces that threatened this vision, at home and abroad. McNutt believed in meeting

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Medium 9781574412666

XI. Elastic Plastic Fork and Pitiable Paper Plate

Vince Bell University of North Texas Press PDF


Elastic Plastic Fork and

Pitiable Paper Plate


n those days, one of the places you would always be welcome to play was the place that couldn’t, or wouldn’t, pay you any money. Money so that maybe you and that 28 could do it tomorrow. And there were the occasions where you teed it up for your buddies. The buddies remained the preeminent reason you started talking that talk with a dread on your hip in the first place. Sometimes you got a girlfriend, a place to stay, or something to eat. Bravo.

Cooking for sport, Texas style. In dear old Tejas they call it the

Thanksgiving Rehearsal. It began in the 1970s and has been held every year, over three days, the weekend before the traditional Thursday in November, at a summer cabin on a lake in East Texas. After the rooms inside are spoken for, acres of people camp out on the large wooded property.

It’s lasted as long as any music festival or flea market. It’s attracted as many people from as many places as a political party. And it’s as important to those who are lucky enough to be there as football is to

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