Results for: “Biography & Autobiography”
|Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III||University of North Texas Press|
Persons Mentioned in the Diary
Due to the large number of sources for the biographical sketches in this section, footnotes or endnotes would have been impractical. Consequently, I have placed the sources in parentheses at the end of each entry. In cases where the author has only one publication in the bibliography, I have used only the author’s last name.
In case of multiple publications by the same author, I have placed the date of publication of the edition cited.
When discussing the careers of cavalrymen, the designation of units overlapping the Civil War tends to be confusing. In mid1861, the Regular Army had six mounted regiments, viz. First and
Second Dragoons, Mounted Riflemen, and First, Second and Third
Cavalry. On August 3, 1861, congress reorganized these regiments, designating them all “cavalry,” and renumbering them as follows:
First Dragoons to First Cavalry
Second Dragoons to Second Cavalry
Mounted Riflemen to Third Cavalry
First Cavalry to Fourth Cavalry
Second Cavalry to Fifth CavalrySee All Chapters
|Ford, Ford Madox||Carcanet Press Ltd.|
THE OUTER WORLD
Between my first visit to Henry James and my period of intimacy with him my meetings with Conrad and Crane had taken place. I was then living at Limpsfield, in a region of commons and public woods just across the Kent border in Surrey. A mistaken search after high thinking took me to Limpsfield; all the while I was there I was humiliated at being in Surrey and not in Kent. Kent is a man’s county, with hops, orchards, chalk downs, Men of Kent. You can see France from Kent; from Surrey you can only see the loom of
London lights on the sky. It is in a county of commuters and
Limpsfield was a queer place as outer fringes of suburbs are apt to be. Their inner regions are conventional, crowded and wealthyish: their outer rings are sparsely settled and given over to odd people.
Limpsfield was the extra-urban headquarters of the Fabian
Society. Its permanent secretary dwelt there and there meetings sanctioning the marriages of members – in the case of the
Committee usually with wealthy American women – were held.See All Chapters
|Galina Kopytova||Indiana University Press||ePub|
NO ONE COULD HAVE PREDICTED just how the political and social unrest would develop during 1917. Military successes during the previous year had created a sense of optimism; the hardships of the first two years of the war were not felt as sharply in the expanses of the Russian Empire as they were in other warring European countries. The autumn 1916 draft ofthirteen million farmers, factory workers, and transportation workers, however, left the economy in total ruin. The Tsar, taking upon himself the responsibilities of commander-in-chief, was overburdened with wartime affairs. Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, meanwhile, mourned the death on December 16 (OS)of the controversial Russian Orthodox mystic, Grigory Rasputin. He had served as her confidant and had been successfully treating the bleeding episodes of her son, who was afflicted with hemophilia, a condition the boy inherited from his mother. Highsociety, monarchist conspirators, afraid of Rasputin’s growing influence on the royal family, murdered Rasputin, thus depriving the Empress of her last hope in the fight with her son’s illness.See All Chapters
|Abraham Aamidor||Indiana University Press||ePub|
The Great Depression spelled doom for some, opportunity for others. For Chuck Taylor, it was the time of his life. Marquis Converse had lost his company in 1928 after it went into receivership. The company’s failure was linked to an ill-fated effort to market an automobile tire, the “Converse Cord,” which had high production costs, a high failure rate, and many returns from local dealers.
Mitchell B. Kaufman, president and owner of the Hodgman Rubber Co. in Framingham, Massachusetts, bought the firm in 1929, but he sold it to the Stone family—Joseph, Harry K., and Dewey D. Stone—in 1933. The Stone family ran the business for the next thirty-nine years, but in spirit, and in the public’s mind, it was to be Chuck Taylor’s company from then on.
Chuck’s secret was in sales and promotion. Years of touring with the Converse All-Stars basketball squad, making “special appearances” on local hoops teams and glad-handing customers in small-town sporting goods stores, plus his growing number of basketball clinics, were making Chuck a celebrity, albeit a faux celebrity. Converse revamped everything beginning in 1932 to revolve around their new star. The annual Converse Basketball Yearbook, begun in 1922 and enlarged and expanded in 1929, soon began promoting Chuck’s clinics, complete with endorsements from top coaches of the day. Beginning in 1932, Chuck’s name was added to the ankle patch of the All Star shoe for the first time. His well-regarded College All-American picks began that year as well, next to a smiling mug shot that was to become a signature piece over the years. As if to an increasing drumbeat, Chuck was exclusively touted as a veteran of the great pre–modern era basketball teams, as well as an authority who personally knew the top coaches and best players across the country.See All Chapters
|Gerald Sorin||Indiana University Press||ePub|
In his very last column for the Daily Worker, on June 12, 1956, several days after the full text of Khrushchev’s speech had been published in English, Fast was still saying he was not an enemy of the Soviet Union. He did finally admit, however, that while “I have written . . . bluntly and consistently of the injustice that exists” in America, “I failed miserably . . . in not exercising the same judgment toward the Soviet Union.” He had learned as early as 1949 “that Jewish culture had been wiped out in Russia.” This, he confessed, “I did not challenge.” He had also known “that artists . . . writers and scientists were intimidated, but [had] accepted this as a necessity of Socialism.”1
Fast’s mea culpa was significantly compromised, however, by his continuing to argue that unlike what the Soviets did, “no similar . . . injustices carried out by capitalist governments . . . have been publicly admitted and corrected.”2 Moreover, he contended that any evils committed in the USSR were to be blamed not on the inherent nature of Marxist-Leninism, Communism, or totalitarianism, but on the “madness and weakness of a handful of Soviet leaders,” including Khrushchev, who to Fast’s great dismay and disgust continued Stalin’s brutal policy of executing his political enemies.See All Chapters
|Jane Blaffer Owen||Indiana University Press||ePub|
And did the Countenance Divine
—William Blake, “Jerusalem”
The verse from the prophet Micah that had captured my imagination would be inscribed under my father’s name on the cornerstone of the Roofless Church, as it exemplified Lee Blaffer’s belief in the fulfillment of dreams if the dreamer worked hard enough and with constant integrity. Back in 1822, Father Rapp had chosen for the pediment over the entrance door of his brick cruciform church “Unto thee shall come the golden rose,” from chapter 4, verse 8 of Micah.
My own King James Bible reads “first dominion” instead of “golden rose”:
And thou, a tower of the flock,
The stronghold of the daughter of Zion
Unto thee shall it come the first dominion.
Neither is there any mention of the golden rose in other translations of the Bible that I had consulted, from Roman Catholic to contemporary Lutheran. I was puzzled for many years, and no one I knew could provide a clue.See All Chapters
|Rush, Jr. Loving||Indiana University Press||ePub|
As McClellan—now at the Central—watched the merger’s inevitable approach, he and the other junior officers of the two railroads grew increasingly apprehensive. Although they could not imagine its impact, they were about to be caught in the middle of the biggest debacle the transportation industry had ever experienced. For McClellan it would be a watershed that would determine everything he was to experience or do for the rest of his life.
If the Central had joined with the C&O–B&O and the Pennsy with the N&W, it would have created two competitive lines. Instead, they were being amalgamated out of fear, not from some grand dream of creating a better transport system. “I didn’t think it was a particularly good merger, but we were trapped into some kind of merger,” Perlman said later. They had too many tracks, too many yards, too much railroad, and they needed to cut back by consolidating. It did not seem normal for two such fierce competitors to join up. “Those of us inside the New York Central or Pennsy said, ‘This is an unnatural act! Not the way to go. This is crazy. It’s going to be a monopoly,’” said McClellan. In his view, railroads got lazy and unimaginative when they held monopolies.See All Chapters
|John R. Erickson||University of North Texas Press|
Chapter Twenty-one: Roy, Burt, and Olive
oger, Forrest, and Mable were the oldest of the Sherman children and came through the ordeal of Joe Sherman’s death in good shape.
Roger found his calling in the ministry and raised a family in New
Mexico. Mable had her home and family in Seminole, and Uncle Forrest spent his later years managing the Turkey Track ranch near Roswell, New
Mexico, and had little contact with the Texas Shermans. Roy and Olive were not so lucky. They were still living at home when their father died, and, as Mother described it, “they got trapped.” Something happened to
Grandmother Sherman when she faced the prospect of being a widow instead of a wife. Always brave and self-reliant, she became fearful and possessive, perhaps terriﬁed by the prospect of spending the rest of her days alone on the ranch.
Mother said that Olive was an attractive young woman. She taught herself to play the piano, enjoyed dancing, and caught the eye of several good marriage prospects, but every time a young man showed an interest in her, Grandmother found ways of running him down, using ridicule and guilt as weapons. “Aunt Olive taught Sunday school and she was very good. I can remember how happy she seemed to be when she was teaching. She always wanted to be a missionary, but that wasn’t her fate.”See All Chapters
|Sylvia D. Hoffert||Indiana University Press||ePub|
3 A Sex Battle
During her days as Avanderbilt, Alva engaged in the conventional sorts of philanthropy: founding a home for ill and convalescent children and supervising the building of an Episcopalian church near her home on Long Island. But she never expressed any interest in social reform or political activism.1 When she returned from Europe in 1909 after the death of her husband, however, she found her circumstances much altered. Besides the fact that two of her sisters had died, her divorce, widowhood, and self-imposed exile to Europe left her estranged from many of her old associates.2 She had long nurtured a deep resentment of male power and privilege. She possessed an intellect open to new ideas, an enormous amount of energy, considerable administrative ability, and a great deal of money. And not only had her daughter, Consuelo, taken up the cause of woman’s rights in England but one of her best friends, Kitty (Katherine) Duer Mackay, the wife of Clarence Mackay, the founder of International Telephone and Telegraph, had also become a suffragist.3See All Chapters
|Paul Lee Johnson||University of North Texas Press|
Buchanan County, Iowa
From the upheaval of the previous few years in Belle Plaine, it would seem that a move of 60 miles or so was a bid for Robert McClaury and his family to start anew. What was the effect of the tumultuous Belle Plaine years on the younger McLaurys? For approximately three years, instead of farming, their father worked from an office, often in court and constantly in and out of debt. The escapade with the Wickhams might be interpreted as a determined effort to assist a friend, or to prevent a perceived injustice. It might have been an aberrant acting out of stressful times. Or it might have been a window into
Robert’s wild side. Some years later, Robert would be described as a man of
“indomitable will.” Willfulness, obstinacy, stubbornness—call it what you will—his children were also known by this family trait. At all events, those times would have made a strong impression on them all.1
Robert McClaury had purchased land in Buchanan County when he first arrived in Iowa in 1855. If he had been leasing the land, the missing piece of information may be that his tenants abandoned their farms. If, on the other hand, he had taken a mortgage with the men whose names were also on the deed, he was ready to take possession of the land outright. At the purchase price of 16¢ per acre, his 800 acres had cost $128. It was to those three lots in the unincorporated township of “Buffalo,” sometimes called “Buffalo Grove,” that the family moved. 2See All Chapters
|John T. Shaw||Indiana University Press||ePub|
On March 18, 2009, near the end of a series of Senate votes on a controversial public lands management bill, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell stopped the Senate’s proceedings to pay tribute to Richard Lugar, “the senator from Indiana.” Lugar had just cast his 12,000th vote as a U.S. senator. Only 12 other senators in American history had cast more votes. The mere act of showing up to vote is, of course, not necessarily a great accomplishment. But Reid and McConnell used the occasion to honor Lugar and review the highlights of his career.
“It is a special pleasure to recognize someone who has always been so reluctant to speak about himself. Few Americans have more to brag about than Senator Richard Lugar. Yet I know of no one who is less likely to do so,” McConnell began. He briefly discussed Lugar’s achievements, describing his days as a high school valedictorian and Eagle Scout and his later successes as a Rhodes Scholar, big city mayor, and United States senator. “He has been a counselor to presidents and one of the most widely respected voices on foreign relations within the Senate for decades. Before he finishes out his current term, he will have served almost twice as long as any Indiana senator before him—a milestone he has approached with characteristic humility,” McConnell said.1See All Chapters
|William Brown||Indiana University Press||ePub|
Menahem Pressler has instructed hundreds of students over his fifty-year teaching career, most of whom have been enrolled in masters or doctoral degree programs at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music. Some have been undergraduates, and some have studied for their Artist Diplomas. In the earliest years of Pressler’s teaching, students were routinely assigned to his studio. As the numbers of interested students increased, students would contact Pressler by phone or letter, indicating their desire to study with him, and Pressler would schedule personal auditions, at which time he would hear students play for ten or fifteen minutes and talk with them about their plans for the future. Students came to consider admission into Pressler’s class as personal triumphs, affirmations of accomplishment, and guarantees of future success.
Pressler comments that what he looks for, first and foremost, in prospective students is their love for music and their desire to dedicate their lives to it “so that, whatever life brings, they will be happy. By that I mean, if they are in a certain place and they teach there, I want them to be happy they found an outlet for all they know, for their love of the works, and that they can transmit that love to others.”See All Chapters
|Chuck Parsons and Norman Wayne Brown||University of North Texas Press|
ne of the fascinating aspects of Hardin’s life is the fact that even though he was a hunted fugitive for much of his adulthood he befriended many lawmen, men whose sworn duty was to arrest him, such as state policemen, deputies, and county sheriffs. He seemed to have no problem in developing a relationship with a man of any profession.
During his late prison years he was able to gain the help of many professionals to obtain his pardon. One of them was William Baker Teagarden, a man who attended school with him as a child and who remained his friend throughout his life.
Teagarden was born March 13, 1854, at Rusk, one of nine children of
Oswin and Mahettible Baker Teagarden. He attended school with Hardin, then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1885. He was extremely successful, representing the Southern Pacific Railway for thirty years.
He married Fannie B. Walton on October 15, 1878, at Mineola, Texas.
She died October 2, 1924; Teagarden died July 16, 1933, in San Antonio.
Teagarden and Gonzales attorney William Seat Fly were instrumental in obtaining a full pardon for Hardin from Governor Hogg.See All Chapters
|Bernhard, Virginia||Texas State Historical Assn Press||ePub|
Presents from the Past
Most people would have considered the creation of a museum like Bayou Bend the achievement of a lifetime, but Ima Hogg’s interest in preserving the past was not confined merely to collecting American decorative arts. During the years she was building the collections at Bayou Bend she was also engaged in the preservation of her parents’ house at Quitman, the excavation of her father’s birthplace at Rusk, and the restoration and reconstruction of several antebellum buildings in the old German community of Winedale, near Round Top, Texas. Between the dedication of the Varner-Hogg Plantation State Park in 1958 and the opening of Bayou Bend in 1966 Ima Hogg decided to restore the house where her parents had lived in Quitman, Texas, in the 1870s. The small frame house where James Stephen and Sallie Hogg had set up housekeeping when they were newlyweds was rebuilt, restored, and refurnished. It is now known as the Honeymoon Cottage and is open to visitors. The town of Quitman, where Jim Hogg had spent some of his early years, had honored his memory in 1951, the centennial year of his birth, with a Jim Hogg Day, and in 1969, Quitman paid homage to the governor’s daughter with an Ima Hogg Day and the opening of the Ima Hogg Museum on the grounds of the Jim Hogg State Park. At the dedication ceremony, held in the Quitman High School stadium, the band played “Oh, You Beautiful Doll” as the convertible carrying Ima Hogg came onto the field. By then Ima, acknowledging cheers from the crowd, was no stranger to awards and honors. In 1953 Governor Allan Shivers had appointed Ima Hogg to the Texas State Historical Survey Committee, and in 1967 that body gave her an award for “meritorious service in historic preservation.” In 1960 she found time to serve on a committee appointed by President Dwight Eisenhower for the planning of the National Cultural Center (later Kennedy Center) in Washington, D.C. In 1962, at the request of Jacqueline Kennedy, Ima Hogg served on an advisory committee to aid in the search for historic furniture to put in the White House. During all this time, she was also working long hours on the conversion of Bayou Bend, her home for more than thirty years, to a museum.See All Chapters
|Mark T. Smokov||University of North Texas Press||ePub|
Death of the Rustler King
Flatnose George Currie did not accompany Sundance and Kid Curry to southern Colorado after the Wilcox train robbery, but it was too risky to remain in the area of Hole-in-the-Wall. By December 1899 he was rustling cattle in the Green River country of Utah, and had thrown in with rustler Tom Dilley. While working for the Webster Cattle Company on Hill Creek above Thompson, Dilley had got into a fight with the manager named Fullerton, and Sam Jenkins, a cowboy. All that winter Dilley and Currie built up a herd by blotching brands, particularly on Webster cattle. In April 1900 Currie was caught in the act by an employee and ordered off the ranch. The man went for the authorities after Currie warned him off with his six-gun.1
Grand County Sheriff Jesse M. Tyler and Uintah County Sheriff William Preece combined posses, and set out to capture the rustler or rustlers. They discovered a deserted camp not far from the McPherson Ranch on the Green River. The posse searched through the hills until, about noon the next day, they came upon Currie on foot, looking for some stray horses. He answered the command to surrender by firing at the posse with his Winchester and retreating toward the Green River. He reached the river by dark, and either swam across or built a crude raft for the purpose. The morning of April 17 found Currie settled among some boulders on a hill near the river, ready for a siege. Sheriff Preece and his men tried to pick off the outlaw from across the river, while Sheriff Tyler’s posse had crossed over and was coming up behind Currie. Some time in the afternoon the answering fire from Currie had ceased. He was found dead with a bullet in the back of his head, leaning against a rock with his cocked rifle across his knees. Another bullet had gone through his cartridge belt and exited his back.2See All Chapters