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chapter_14: The Great Captains

Chuck Parsons University of North Texas Press PDF


The Great Captains

“Texas Ranger. [T]here is a sort of magic about the word. There is something about it that marks the man so titled as an element apart from the general term officer; something that marks him in the public mind as a super-law enforcer. And there is something more than men behind it all; there is a tradition, and each man—like Captain John Hughes—contributes some part to that tradition.”

— C. L. Douglas, The Gentlemen in White Hats, 1934

n the history of the Texas Rangers there were many captains; the names of Jack Hays, Samuel Walker, Ben McCulloch, Rip Ford,

Sul Ross, John B. Jones, and L. H. McNelly deserve the title of great as much perhaps as Brooks, Hughes, McDonald, and Rogers.1

Of those featured in chapters in the 1996 Rangers of Texas, all were deceased prior to the “great captains” beginning their careers. They were Rangers during the heyday of the horseback Ranger while the careers of the four “great captains” transitioned from the horseback days into the beginning years of the automobile. All were instrumental in creating the mystique of the Texas Ranger, the recognition of which exists perhaps more so today.

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Medium 9781574414684

Part 3: The New Mexico Pueblos

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF



n this section, Bourke recounts a trip to the various pueblos between Santa Fe and Taos, then those to the south along the Rio

Grande. Besides his ethnographical observations, he frequently mentions the Taos Revolt against the United States in 1847, and the

Pueblo Revolt of 1680, which expelled Spaniards from New Mexico for twelve years. Although both these uprisings are generally known, a brief explanation is in order, particularly considering the complex issues of the 1680 revolt.1

When Juan de Oñate and his colonists asserted Castilian sovereignty over New Mexico in 1598, the task was all the more easily accomplished because the vast majority of native peoples already lived in permanent settlements. It was unnecessary for conquistadores to hunt them down, or for missionaries to round them up and congregate them. The Europeans had the added advantage of being an unknown, exotic, and somewhat intimidating quantity.

Aside from the Coronado expedition some forty years earlier few, if any, of the local Indians had ever seen a white man. The trauma of an alien people with superior weaponry and, above all, greater mobility (the horse) negated any serious thoughts of violent resistance. The early missionaries, with their long experience in the

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Medium 9781574411584

Chapter Fourteen: “We aren’t the future, we’re the present”

Gloria Feldt with Carol Trickett Jennings University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Fourteen

“We aren’t the future, we’re the present”

I once made the mistake of calling young people “the future” of the family planning movement. The teens in the audience answered in no uncertain terms: “We aren’t the future, we’re the present.” But what does the present mean to them? What meaning will they give to reproductive rights?

From generation to generation

One thing we know: sex isn’t a disease that gets cured once and for all. Each new generation has its own timetable for maturity and its own definition of relationships. Each generation defines family planning and reproductive self-determination in its own ways and asks different things of this movement.

This is how meaning has evolved over the last three generations. A couple of years ago I visited Lincoln, Nebraska, to speak at an event. I met a ninety-five-year-old woman who came because she wanted to tell me personally that she got a diaphragm from Margaret Sanger’s clinic when she was a young wife. It was during the Depression, and she simply couldn’t afford more children. For her, reproductive rights

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Medium 9780253010308

11 The Years of Going Backward

Wendy Read Wertz Indiana University Press ePub

EVEN BEFORE REAGAN TOOK OFFICE IN JANUARY 1981 FOLLOWing his landslide victory over Carter, it had become obvious that he did not share his predecessor’s environmental concerns. Instead, during his campaign he had reiterated that, if elected, he would act to restore the flagging economy by weakening or removing those regulations – environmental or otherwise – perceived by Republicans as antithetical to rapid business growth. Reagan also announced his intention to cut costs by shrinking the size of the federal government and transferring agency functions such as environmental oversight to state and local governments, thereby handing over to western states in particular the ability to repeal statutory barriers to renewed fast-track development of public lands. To this end, it quickly became clear that the agency staffs responsible for monitoring and administering environmental programs would become primary targets for downsizing or outright elimination.

In the first step of what Samuel Hays has called “a massive assault on two decades of environmental programs” and what Richard Andrews has described as “an aggressive three-pronged policy for reducing the role of the federal government in environmental protection: deregulation, defunding, and devolution,” a special task force headed by Vice President George H. W. Bush soon assembled for review and possible rescinding some 110 environmental regulations to which industry and business objected as being particularly burdensome.1 This list included rules and standards concerned with air and water quality, chemicals production, sewage and hazardous waste disposal, pesticides use and registration, and mining activities. In the next step, the budgets of regulatory agencies, including the EPA, suffered severe cuts, which, as might be expected, soon “wreaked considerable damage upon EPA’s personnel resources and its key operating and research programs.”2 The third part of the process involved the nomination of antienvironment personnel to head those agencies most concerned with the care and protection of the nation’s natural assets. Among these appointments, James Watt, the prodevelopment president of the conservative Mountain States Legal Foundation, became the new secretary of the interior. The equally pro-use lawyer Ann Gorsuch took over the Environmental Protection Agency despite having almost no previous environmental management experience, while the Bureau of Land Management went to Robert Burford, a rancher and mining engineer. Gorsuch and Burford (who later married) soon became key players in efforts then being made by several western states to claim title to large areas of public lands lying within their borders. Proponents of the so-called Sagebrush Rebellion bills reasoned that, once privatized, these lands, no longer subject to federal environmental laws and regulation, could be opened up to virtually unrestricted logging, mining, grazing, construction, and other forms of economic development.3

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Medium 9781574414769

Chapter 13: Finis of the Ketchum Gang

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press ePub


Finis of the Ketchum Gang

About early May 1899, during the time Kid Curry was preparing for his strike at the Union Pacific near Wilcox, Elzy Lay gave notice to manager William French of his intention to quit his horse-breaking job at the WS Ranch near Alma, New Mexico.1 He was going to join Sam Ketchum and Will Carver in Cimarron for their strike at the Colorado and Southern Railway near Folsom. The latter two had recently broken with Tom Ketchum owing to his brutal and erratic behavior, and were setting up camp at their Turkey Creek Canyon hideout.2

Some authors have stated that Kid Curry participated in the robbery, or at least was onsite for the later gun battle at the hideout instead of Carver. This is easily refuted in that the Pinkertons followed Curry’s trail (Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado) for weeks after the Wilcox robbery, well into the month of July. In addition, Bob Lee stated in a deposition to authorities after his arrest, that Curry went to visit his sister Allie in Kansas City, Missouri, shortly after the Fourth of July (just before the Folsom robbery).3 The visit probably would have occurred later in the month since Siringo and Sayles were most assuredly still chasing Curry and Sundance at this time. Thus, he could not have been present at either action in New Mexico.4

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Medium 9781574415056

12. Troubles in Florida

Chuck Parsons and Norman Wayne Brown University of North Texas Press ePub



“[W]hiskey is the cause of many troubles in this life. . . . may the God of mercies have mercy on us all [and] Remember the advice of your dear departed Father.”

Robert E. Hardin to John Wesley Hardin, May 9, 1877

Why Hardin, traveling under the name of Walker, chose to visit Cedar Keys, Florida, is unknown. Incorporated in 1869 as the “Town of Cedar Keys”1 the population by the time of its first census was 400. It scarcely increased through the years, not even doubling by the year 2000. The Keys had been a base for Seminoles, then the Spanish and later for such pirates as Jean Lafitte and Captain Kidd. This was the initial land stop for Mr. and Mrs. Walker and child. Apparently the family’s stay there was very brief. Leaving Cedar Keys they then went to Gainesville, county seat of Alachua County, some forty-five miles inland.

Gainesville in 1874 was in some ways similar to the wild cow town of Abilene of 1871 and conceivably because Hardin was aware of this he chose this community for the next stage of his Florida escape. It was a rough and wild town; whites as well as blacks went armed outside of their homes, and the sound of gunfire was not uncommon. Naturally much of the violence was caused by racial animosities. There was a Young Men’s Democratic Club which was in reality a cover for the Ku Klux Klan. Strangely there was but one police officer, and it was impossible for him to have much influence over anything. There was no fire department in an era of common wooden buildings.

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Medium 9780253019783

Chapter 2

George Huppert Indiana University Press ePub

IT WOULD HAVE BEEN DIFFICULT, IN 1913, TO IGNORE THE charges leveled against Jews. Such charges had become so common, so frequently repeated, so ubiquitous, that they were achieving a respectability of sorts. The liberal imagination, meanwhile, was dazzled by the progress of legislation and hopeful about the eventual disappearance of irrational behavior in politics. The liberal scenario was especially dear to the empire’s Jewish population. There is no denying that liberal legislation had produced fundamental changes. The second half of the nineteenth century was a time of unprecedented freedom and security for Austrian Jews. For someone born in a real ghetto, where the gates were closed at night and thousands of pale and sickly people crowded into a one-street slum, the reforms were tangible and of a heroic quality.

The revolution of 1848 had been greeted with heartfelt optimism by Jewish editorialists: “Words are free at last, ideas are free! Even we need no longer suffer quietly all the injuries that have oppressed and humiliated us for so many years. We can look forward, in Austria, to a finer, to a better future.” This is the tone of the editorial on March 24, 1848, in the pages of the Österreichisches Zentral Organ für Glaubensfreiheit.

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Medium 9781857543971


Ford, Ford Madox Carcanet Press Ltd. ePub


The coming of Conrad into my life forced my nose hard down again on the grindstone of writing. At Bonnington and the Pent I had dug and hedged and thatched. When my oncle de l’Amerique had performed as American uncles should I added golf to my occupations. I became in a small way very proficient in that game which was then little played in England. My cousin, George Wilkes of Hythe had just started a links there. The Pent was five miles from that Cinque Port. I played there a good deal with Dr Macnamara the Liberal Minister for Education and with Charles Masterman with whom I was afterwards very intimate.

I made a great many notes for a life of Henry VIII which I never published and for my history of the Cinque Ports which I did publish in 1903. I wrote also some verse. I suppose I became tired of a life of leisure and golf and went to Limpsfield to be reformed by Mr Edward Garnett and his friends. Limpsfield however disgusted me with the life of the Intelligentsia as lived in the London suburbs. So back I went to the Pent. I daresay I should have become finally a country-gentleman-historian. But a curious coincidence prevented that. I had got together all my material for the life of Henry VIII and had made a synopsis of the chapters and even a list of the illustrations. And I had chosen my publishers. The book was to be heavily illustrated with reproductions of Holbein and the like. There was only one publisher in London then for finely illustrated books. That was the house of Virtue. I went up to London with my synopsis and specimen reproductions. I saw one of the partners of the firm and laid my plan before him. He said:

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Medium 9780874217148


Fanny Stenhouse Utah State University Press ePub

An Interesting Courtship—Brigham Young seeks another Wife—Martha Brotherton tells her Story of the Wooing—Abstract of her History—“Tricks that are Vain”—“Are you ready to take Counsel?”—Joseph Smith’s little Room—“Positively No Admittance”—Joseph comes in—He assists Brigham’s Courtship—The Prophet a Proxy Lover—“A few Questions”—“Lawful and Right”—The best Man in the World, but me!—“I will have a kiss, anyhow!”—“Don’t you believe in me?”—“If you accept Brigham, you shall be blessed”—“If he turns you off, I will take you on”—“Not exactly, sir.”

As I have written so much of the troubles of the sisters, perhaps it will be as well to give the reader an idea of the trials and difficulties which the brethren had to contend with when they first attempted the introduction of Polygamy. To do this, I shall give the correspondence of Miss Martha Brotherton,1 relating a very interesting courtship between herself and Brigham Young. I would have the reader remark that this correspondence distinctly proves that Polygamy was taught by the heads of the Church before the Prophet received the professed revelation.

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Medium 9781576753323

2. A Lamb and the Lion of Life

Dee Hock Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The striking of a match is every bit as wonderful as the working of a
brain; the union of two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen in a
molecule of water is every bit as wonderful as the growth of a child.
Nature does not class her works in order of merit; everything is just
as easy to her as everything else: she puts her whole mind into all that
she does ... [she] lives through all life, extends through all extent,
spreads undivided, operates unspent.

—Stephen Paget

It is 1934, and I am five years old, wild with excitement, trotting back and forth, peering around overall-clad legs bulging with muscle as neighbors with crowbars strain alongside my father to move the frame cottage a quarter mile down the cement highway, on rollers made of old telephone poles, to an acre of land purchased from a neighboring farmer. With the cottage on site and a man on either end of a ten-foot crosscut saw, the poles are soon bucked into short sections. They are buried on end under the jacked-up house, which is slowly lowered, creaking as it comes to rest a foot above the ground on the wooden foundation.

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Medium 9781574412000

Chapter Three: The Quakers

John R. Erickson University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Three: The Quakers


ohn Graves has observed that “most of West Texas accords ill with the

Saxon nostalgia for cool, green, dew-wet landscapes” (John Graves

1960: 5), and any journey that begins in Austin and ends in Seminole or

Lubbock provokes the question, “Why did people ever come here?” Why did they pass through the softer, greener counties in central Texas and keep following the sun until, two hundred miles west of Fort Worth, they climbed the caprock escarpment and looked out on that vast expanse of featureless prairie known as the Llano Estacado, or Staked Plains?

Even the Comanches didn’t spend much time on the Llano, but used it as a temporary refuge from the U.S. military. When the soldiers followed them out into the dry wastes of the Llano, it usually turned out badly for the boys in blue. The Comanches survived because they knew the location of every spring and hole of water. In dry years, they cut small slits into the jugular veins of their horses and drank the blood.

The soldiers—those who didn’t perish from thirst—wandered their way back to civilization, having gained a hard education about the Llano

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Medium 9781574413298


Robert Earl Hardy University of North Texas Press PDF


A Deeper Blue: The Life and Music of Townes Van Zandt


TOWNES VAN Zandt tribute show was held a few weeks after his death, at the Cactus Café in

Austin on two nights when Townes had been booked to play his “home club.” Friends and fans gathered to hear Jimmie

Dale Gilmore, Joe Ely, Kimmie Rhodes, J.T. Van Zandt (who attended a number of tribute shows and has become an accomplished performer) and others play Townes’ music and remember his life. More all-star tributes followed quickly, including a notable show at the Bottom Line in New York and gatherings in

Nashville, Houston, Seattle, and Los Angeles. Guy and Susanna

Clark hosted a “Celebration of Townes Van Zandt” on Austin

City Limits with Willie Nelson, Emmylou Harris, Lyle Lovett,

Steve Earle, Nanci Griffith, Jack Clement, and others (including J.T.), which became one of the series’ most popular shows.

The Clarks were also prominently involved in an album project that was released in 2001 on Willie Nelson’s Pedernales Records called Poet: A Tribute to Townes Van Zandt, which featured Guy,

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Medium 9781574414707

Chapter 1

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press PDF


Family Matters


arvey Alexander Logan was born to William Henry Neville and

Eliza Jane (Johnson) Logan in Richland Township, Tama County,

Iowa (not Rowan County, Kentucky, as written by some) in 1867, according to 1870 U.S. census records.1 The Logan ancestors have been traced back to Harvey’s great-grandparents James and Caroline Elizabeth Logan. James Logan was born in 1767 in Lewis County, Kentucky, and died in the same county in 1838.2 Logan descendents had been living in Fleming County, Kentucky, as early as 1795, and that is where

Harvey’s grandparents, William Logan and Elizabeth Ray Powers, were married on August 24, 1815. Elizabeth was born to Jacob Powers and

Ann (Shelton) Crosthwait on May 7, 1798.3 The Fleming County census record of 1850 shows William to have been born in 1792 in Pennsylvania. Harvey’s father and mother were both born and raised in Fleming

County, Kentucky, in the vicinity of Morehead. William Henry Neville

Logan was born in 1834 and Eliza Jane Johnson in 1838. They were married on October 5, 1856, being twenty-two and eighteen years of age respectively. Eliza Jane was the daughter of Zachariah R. Johnson and

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Medium 9780253015174

9 Dragooned

John A. Adams Indiana University Press ePub

Winston churchill said that the americans dragooned him into the landings in southern France, hence the selection of that code name. Jacob Devers certainly had not been. British Field Marshal Henry “Jumbo” Wilson had set things up with the notion that Devers would command the invasion of southern France in August 1944. On 1 July, Wilson cabled George Marshall, “We will need AG [army group] and I want Devers to be commander.” Marshall floated the idea of Devers’s becoming the third ETO army group commander among the players – Bernard Montgomery commanded the 21st Army Group in the north; Omar Bradley led the 12th Army Group in the center. Dwight Eisenhower, however, was unpleasantly surprised when he learned that Marshall was considering Devers.1 According to historian Forrest Pogue, Eisenhower recognized that Marshall wanted Devers. He had heard from General Carl Spaatz, commander of American strategic air forces in Europe, that Marshall was intent on placing Devers at the head of the 6th Army Group.2

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Medium 9780253016980

14. 2013 Was Golden

Bob Hammel Indiana University Press ePub


Bill Cook’s offi ce, intact. Building visitors call it “the highlight of the tour.”

“A lot of people say it’s comfortable to see the office still there, to see the light on. Tour groups tell us that’s the highlight of the tour.”

—Carl Cook

It was Dotter Institute director Fred Keller who said at the June 1, 2011, Celebration of Life for Bill Cook that he knew from con-versations, “He was proud to pass Carl the baton.” Normalcy wasn’t part of the deal—at least not for a while. “The whole month of June was busy,” Carl Cook said, once he’d had time to reflect. “We had a vacation with Marcy’s family, and we had a trip to Germany. I remember being so relieved when we got back from Germany—I didn’t have to go anywhere and I didn’t have anything hanging over my head. I felt, ‘I’m just not going to do anything for a while.’”

But a profound change of life was coming, had arrived, really. Carl allowed himself that brief catch-your-breath break, then, like the company itself, he moved along. Comfortably.

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