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4 The Young Officer, 1870–1877: A Taste of War

Patrick J. Kelly Indiana University Press ePub

Consolidation of the North German Confederation, which by 1867 included all the German states north of the River Main, had important maritime consequences. With the addition of Hamburg and other Hanseatic cities, the Confederation possessed the world’s third-largest merchant marine. Greater only were those of Britain and the United States.1 In Berlin the team of Roon as Naval (and Army) Minister, Prinz Adalbert as Commanding Admiral, and Jachmann as Operational Commander in October 1867 got the new Reichstag to approve a ten-year program for sixteen armored ships, twenty unarmored corvettes, and eight avisos (dispatch boats), all steam-powered. The navy’s proposed goals were encouragement and protection of worldwide trade, defense of the North Sea and Baltic coasts, and, most ambitious, the development of a modest capacity to threaten enemy trade, fleets, and harbors.2 The navy’s expansion meant a shift from long-term volunteer sailors to three-year conscripts. Their sheer numbers would greatly increase the navy’s training burden.3

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Medium 9780253001931

10 - Sisyphus on the High Seas

John T. Shaw Indiana University Press ePub

Richard Lugar’s long advocacy of the Law of the Sea Treaty has not earned him many headlines in Indiana, or any other place in the United States for that matter. But he has fought hard for the treaty because he believes it’s in the nation’s security, economic, and political interests. As a former naval officer knowledgeable about maritime issues, Lugar is convinced the treaty is an important instrument for the United States to project its power on the high seas and to demonstrate its commitment to global leadership.

But Lugar’s fight for the Law of the Sea Treaty has been a complicated and difficult struggle as the senator has tried to build support for an arcane treaty whose provisions seem far removed from the daily concerns of most Americans. Partly through his patient construction of a detailed public record, much of the American foreign policy community and most military, business, and environmental groups back the treaty. But a small group of passionate Republicans continues to block the Senate’s consideration of the treaty. This group has threatened a filibuster if the treaty is ever brought to the Senate floor, and these threats have dissuaded Senate leaders from presenting the treaty to the full Senate for its consideration. It’s been a classic story of the power of a small, passionate, and vocal minority prevailing over the preferences of a broad bipartisan majority.

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Medium 9780253001931

11 - Arms Control in the Twenty-First Century

John T. Shaw Indiana University Press ePub

Richard Lugar has made a career of measuring his words carefully, of expressing even frustration and anger with restraint and understatement. But in November 2010, Lugar decided he had had enough and that it was time to speak out forcefully to his fellow Republicans. He had been consulting closely for almost a year with the Obama administration regarding the New START treaty. For more than 6 months, from March through September, he had been the only Republican senator to publicly declare his support for the arms control treaty with Russia.

Even though he is the acknowledged arms control expert in the Senate, Lugar’s role within the Senate Republican caucus on the arms control treaty had been eclipsed by Senator Jon Kyl of Arizona, a hardedged conservative with a history of disliking most arms control treaties. Kyl, the second ranking Senate Republican with close ties to Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell and the party’s conservative base, was designated by McConnell as the Senate GOP’s lead negotiator with the White House on the treaty. But Lugar, given his senior position on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and experience on arms control issues, remained very involved in helping the Obama administration devise a strategy to win approval of the treaty in the Senate.

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Medium 9781626560956

6 Knock Down the Wall

Seth Adam Smith Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

One can choose to go back toward
safety or forward toward growth.
Growth must be chosen again and again;
fear must be overcome again and again.


After the Giant had shown the children that he was no longer a selfish Giant, he turned to them and declared, “It is your garden now, little children.” He then took his great ax and knocked down the wall.

Each of us has built walls of one form or another. They may be fiercely defensive walls built out of anger and hatred, or they may simply be precautionary walls built out of fear and pain.

Some walls may be justifiable defenses, built to keep you from hurting yourself or being hurt by another. But often, these walls keep out more life than originally intended.

I was made aware of this fact when I was contacted by a Russian girl named Galena, a native of Nakhodka whom I had known while living there.

Galena had moved to the United States to study English and pursue her education. Perpetually peaceful, warm, and serene, Galena is like a living embodiment of the harbor in which she was raised. Friendly as she was, Galena contacted me a number of times, wanting to know how I was doing and maybe hang out. Still embittered by my past experiences, I did my best to wall Galena out of my life. I just didn’t want anything to do with Russia.

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Medium 9780253223449

Chapter 75

Marianne Boruch Indiana University Press ePub

Chapter 75

They had this cool old truck on that commune, circa 1958 or so. A Ford, with those wide ripped up seats, duct tape holding them together, and a spider-like stick shift, wobbly, straight up from the floor. We walked out and climbed in, the three of us. Keith and Frances and me.

I have to warn you, Keith said. Like I told you, Frances, Ned had been here for a few days, talking non-stop through his brilliant craziness. We didn’t quite know what to do with him after a while, how to help him figure it all. To tell you the truth, he was scaring us, even the hardcore trippers here who know that shit, inside out.

The truck was grinding and coughing. Keith had to keep shifting down, then up again, hammering the clutch. He was practically shouting over it.

Just in time I remembered what Ned always liked best, he was saying. It turns out we had these old buckets of paint in one of the outbuildings. Almost a hundred, I think. Who knows what colors—they came with the place, and dated from when? the early ’60s? the ’50s? Before that even. The ones that haven’t dried out to the bone, just stir those suckers, I told him. Just get a stick in and see what colors they turn into. Whatever you want to do, man. You’re the boss.

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Medium 9781574413786

Chapter 14. “and a stray cat”

David Johnson University Of North Texas Press ePub



“and a stray cat”

RINGO WAS ALREADY FACING a charge of assault with intent to commit murder. The shooting in November was inexcusable. A March 11 entry in the docket books notes, “On motion of Hugh Farley, Esq., Dist. Atty. It was ordered that as Deft. Had failed to appear during this session of the Grand Jury that his Bond be, and this same is herby declared forfeited, and that a Bench Warrant be issued for the arrest of said Deft.”1

Ringo did have good cause for not appearing, however, and made a serious attempt to prevent the bond’s forfeiture. On March 3, 1880, he wrote to Sheriff Charles Shibbel from the San Simon Valley, New Mexico:

Dear Sir, being under Bond for my appearance before the Grand jury of Pima Co., I write to let you know why I can not appear—I got shot through the foot and it is impossible for me to travel for awhile[.] [I]f you get any papers for me, and will let me know, I will attend to them at once as I wish to live here. I do not wish to put you to any unnecessary trouble, nor do I wish to bring extra trouble on myself. Please let the Dist-Atty know why I do not appear, for I am very anxious that there is know [sic] forfeiture taken on the Bond.2

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Medium 9780253015174

16 The Colmar Pocket Finally Collapses

John A. Adams Indiana University Press ePub

In a series of communications to george marshall and his senior commanders from 10 to 20 January 1945, Dwight Eisenhower summarized the recent German attacks and laid out his specific plans for the final phases of the war in Europe.1 He broke the final operation into three phases: destroying German forces west of the Rhine, crossing the Rhine with a concentration in the North, and a final offensive to the East through central Germany. Above all, the German armed forces had to be crippled so that the Nazi monster, regardless of its will, would be unable to resist the Allies as they brought about the end of Hitler’s rule. Eisenhower intended to do this by assembling “the greatest possible eventual concentration in the north.”2 Bernard Montgomery would command the main effort north of the Ruhr with Omar Bradley prosecuting a secondary effort south of the Ruhr but north of the Ardennes. With the elimination of the Bulge at the beginning of February, Eisenhower had formed a general reserve of about twenty divisions with which to finish the Wehrmacht. In order to achieve these concentrations, he wanted a defendable line right up against the Rhine everywhere to the south.

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Medium 9781574411386

Chapter 8. Initiation

Fred L. Edwards, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 8



My boss, who works at the MACV I compound when in Saigon, comes to confer with me at the MACV III compound. He leads me from my seat at the row of desks into the private office in the front of the room.

"Fred, I've been informed that everybody here works long hours and lives with danger and hardships for a year. As a morale-booster, the policy is that each person who completes a satisfactory tour of duty at MACV should know that he will go home with more than a campaign medal."

Commander Fielding doesn't surprise me, because I have attended a number of medal presentations for departing officers and enlisted men. The medals range from Legions of Merit for the more senior officers, to Bronze Stars for junior officers and senior NCOs; and Joint Service, or individual

Service Commendation Medals for lower-ranking enlisted men. Often, a staff officer who has ridden in an AC-47 Dragon ship the required number of hours and times will also be presented an Air Medal.

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Medium 9780253016249

Historical Note

Jane Blaffer Owen Indiana University Press ePub

Connie A. Weinzapfel

JANE BLAFFER OWEN’s memoir begins with her 1941 entry into New Harmony, Indiana, a town with a substantial and significant history. A brief overview of its history and development will provide a helpful orientation to her many references to its past.

New Harmony is the site of two of America’s important early communal experiments. The first utopians—the Harmonie Society of Iptingen, Germany, from within the area of Württemberg—were led by Georg Johann Rapp (1757–1847) from their first settlement to the Northwest Territory in 1814. (Members of the Harmonie Society have been referred to as Rappites or Harmonists.) “Father Rapp,” the title given him by his Pietist flock, and his adopted son Frederick hired engineers from Vincennes, Indiana, to design their new town, Harmonie. Streets were laid out in a perfect grid and were named for their utilitarian purposes—Church, Granary, Steammill, and Brewery, as well as East, West, North, and South streets (see the town map). The Harmonists efficiently constructed their single-family houses in a process we would today call prefabrication, as pieces were cut and numbered off-site at their mill and assembled on each town lot. Gardens for vegetables, herbs, and flowers were incorporated into the plan, and two thousand acres immediately surrounding the town were used for the Harmonists’ agricultural endeavors and formed the basis for their substantial commercial success. In keeping with their providential path as God’s chosen people, the Harmonie Society placed New Harmony for sale in 1824 in order to relocate to western Pennsylvania. Considering New Harmony’s remote location on the frontier, the Harmonists’ dwellings and public buildings were quite remarkable. The American Planning Association recognized their exemplary community design in 1998 when it designated New Harmony as a National Planning Landmark.

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Medium 9780253347572

14 A School Band on the Railroad Tracks

Rush, Jr. Loving Indiana University Press ePub

While McClellan and the others had been creating Amtrak, Judge John P. Fullam, who was presiding over the Penn Central bankruptcy, had named four trustees, three to serve part-time as the equivalent of directors. The fourth was Jervis Langdon Jr., who became the chief trustee and served full-time. A former president of the Baltimore and Ohio, Langdon, 65, had flown the Hump with the Flying Tigers during World War II and continued to pilot his own airplane. He was a tall man with a rocklike face that was softening with age. His looks and demeanor seemed soft, but that was misleading, for his cold, alert eyes told the real story about Langdon, who was well versed in the subtleties of corporate politics.

Langdon was a great-nephew of Mark Twain, who wrote Tom Sawyer in an outbuilding at the family farm—where Langdon himself still lived—outside Elmira, New York. Langdon was the ideal choice because—although no operating man—he knew how to scrutinize operations, and he understood the art of diplomacy and compromise. The latter skills would be mandatory, since working with Washington and the labor unions would be key to Penn Central’s survival. He knew the railroad business from the viewpoint of a strategist.

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Medium 9781574412635

10: The Indian Territory

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 10

The Indian Territory


hristmas 1880. I have been much disappointed in not being able to pay a brief visit to mother and sister, a pleasure which our present official trip to the Indian Territory will cause me to defer until the middle of next month. Left Washington at 8 a.m., the snow-fringed branches of the trees looking like exquisite patterns of thread lace, as we drove through the streets to the Dépôt.

At Altoona, Pennia, broke part of the running gear of our Pullman and had to change to a chair car to Pittsburgh. The yard-master, an underling of overbearing demeanor, made himself very offensive to the occupants of our car. Major Roberts “tackled” him and the situation became ludicrous, but the “bully” had to “take water”.

December 26th. Snowing heavily in Indiana and Illinois; left Chicago in the fine hotel car of the Chicago and North-Western Railway, reached Omaha, Neb., on morning of

December 27th, (a very cold day,) and at once drove out to Hd.Qrs.

In the mail accumulated during my absence, I found a letter from

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Medium 9780253355935

12 Sow the Wind, 1906–1908

Patrick J. Kelly Indiana University Press ePub

The RMA’s diverse workload and Tirpitz’s success as a bureaucratic warrior employed sixty mostly senior sea officers, by far the largest levy in the navy except for the fleet itself.1 Many of them were long-term RMA officers, whereas the Admiralstab had thirty-six officers, most of them quite junior, who rotated frequently in and out of the fleet. The RMA employed fifty-seven senior civil servants (none in the Admiralstab), plus clerks, scribes, and so on. The Admiralstab had only one admiral (Büchsel), whereas the RMA had six rear admirals or officers of even higher rank.

The RMA still had a leavening of Tirpitz’s Torpedo Gang, who, by 1906, were of high rank. These included Tirpitz’s close personal friends: Vice Admiral Hunold von Ahlefeld, Rear Admiral August von Heeringen, and Captain Raimond Winkler. Other torpedo men included Captain Reinhard Scheer and Captain Harald Dähnhardt. The latter two reported to Rear Admiral Eduard Capelle, Director of the Administrative Department (V).

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Medium 9781574412635

5: A Trip East

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 5

A Trip East


ept. 5th 1880. Left Omaha, viâ “Burlington” road1 for Chicago and the East. At dépôt, met my friend, Mr. William Carter, son of Judge Carter of Fort Bridger, Wyo., and also met exSenator [John Milton] Thayer of Nebraska. In Chicago dined at the

Palmer House and then took the Balt[imore]. and Ohio Express for


Sept. 6th 1880. Major [Azor H.] Nickerson met me in the R.R. dépôt, upon my arrival. (9.20 P.M.) and took me to his neat little home on Rhode-Island Avenue (near 18th [Street]). During my stay at the

Capital, Nickerson exerted himself in every way possible to make my visit pleasurable. I did not visit many public buildings, my time being too brief, but I saw many delightful people, some of whom I had previously known personally and others through communications. Nickerson’s office was in the War Department, (in the old Navy building.) There I met numbers of officers—Generals [Samuel?]

Breck, [Emory] Upton, [William B.] Hazen, [Richard Coulter] Drum,

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1 The Selfish Giant

Seth Adam Smith Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

In one degree or another we all struggle with
selfishness. Since it is so common, why worry
about selfishness anyway? Because selfishness
is really self-destruction in slow motion.


I was born with a frighteningly large head.

Seriously. It scared the nurse.

Not long after my grand entrance, she measured my head and whispered, “No, that can’t be right.”

She measured it again. “It’s not possible.”

She measured it a third time and then looked up at the doctor. “Do you realize that this boy has the biggest head I have ever measured?”3

It was a symbol of things to come. From ill-conceived notions in my six-year-old brain about my ability to create and control a bonfire behind my house to fanciful ideas that made me think I could befriend particularly aggressive wildlife,4 my big, egotistical head was always getting me into disastrous trouble.

Yes, my giant head was always getting me into trouble. But luckily, my family was always there to bail me out.

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Medium 9781574415872

20 - The Musical Mentor

Chris Smith, John Mosca and John Riley University of North Texas Press ePub

In January of 1982, Mel recorded a small group album under the leadership of Brookmeyer titled Bob Brookmeyer: Through a Looking Glass (Finesse). The recording consisted of a small group of players from the big band; in addition to Mel and Brookmeyer, it included Tom Harrell on trumpet, Dick Oatts on soprano saxophone, Jim McNeely on piano, and Marc Johnson on bass. The recording showcased many of Brookmeyer's newest compositions including “The Magic Shop,” “Daisy,” and “April March.”1

On February 21, 1982, Mel Lewis and The Jazz Orchestra performed a concert in Washington D.C. at the Smithsonian Institute's Baird Auditorium. Several years earlier Mel had played a concert at the Smithsonian with his small group, and that performance was so popular that it resulted in an invitation for the big band.2 The big band performance was video recorded and released as Mel Lewis and The Jazz Orchestra (Shanachie).3 Bob Mintzer's arrangements of “One Finger Snap” and “Dolphin Dance” were featured along with Brookmeyer's composition “Make Me Smile.” The program featured inspired playing by the band, but the highlight was the exciting musical interaction between Mel and Lovano on “Eye of the Hurricane.” Mel masterfully supported and energized the big band through a challenging shout section, then continued to intensify the music by playing modern phrases behind Lovano's rousing solo. “Eye of the Hurricane” presented Mel completely in his element, at home in his band and fueling its musical fire.

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