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Medium 9781574414769

Chapter 17: The Tipton Train Robbery

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press ePub


The Tipton Train Robbery

In August 1900, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid were sighted in the region of Baggs and Dixon, Wyoming.1 They and other Wild Bunch members had many friends among the residents in the Little Snake River Valley area of southern Wyoming and northern Colorado. These included Mike Dunbar, John P. “Jack” Ryan, Jim Hanson, Bert Charter, Jim Ferguson, Chippy Reid, Sam Green, Charles F. Tucker, and Robert McIntosh. Consequently, they were all under surveillance from agents of the Pinkerton Detective Agency.2 Ferguson and Ryan both played important parts in helping the gang prepare for the strike on the Union Pacific near the small railroad town of Tipton, Wyoming. Jack Ryan owned a saloon in Rawlins, while Jim Ferguson had a ranch on the Little Snake River near Dixon.3 Bert Charter tended bar for Ryan, and was a good friend of “Harry Alonzo,” the Sundance Kid. They had both ridden for Ora Haley’s Two Bar and A. R. Reader, and Charter said that “Harry was an extra good cowboy with a wonderful personality.” Charter was probably introduced to Cassidy through Sundance.4

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Chapter 12. The Post-War Era

Mitchel P. Roth and Tom Kennedy University of North Texas Press ePub



America has long grappled with juvenile gangs of one sort or another. This has been true throughout a good part of Houston’s history. Gang names seemed less sinister in the 1940s when monikers included the Long Hairs, the Black Shirts and the Alley Gang. Most American cities have also endured so-called “juvenile delinquency” problems. Like today, the media often exaggerated the incidence of youth crimes.1

During the 1940s, local newspapers filled columns chronicling the large number of crimes by minors and with pleas for curfews to curb juvenile delinquency. The Houston Post heralded the use of curfews in 500 American cities as a way of “solving the perplexing problems of teenage life.” The newspaper cited a Parade magazine article that claimed “curfew is, in part, America’s answer to the problem of youth in a country at war.” In reality, several city officials noted, there were few figures to support either a decrease or increase in youth crime, explaining that any infraction of a city ordinance was listed as a criminal offense. Hence, children who rode their bikes on sidewalks were committing offenses, as were children who “trespassed” on private property to retrieve a ball that landed there, or shot an air gun on their own lawn but the pellet landed in the next yard. Minors caught smoking cigarettes on the streets were even included in the statistics of law violations.2

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3: Beyond Belief: Party Identification and the “Bright Future”

Nanci Adler Indiana University Press ePub



Beyond Belief
Party Identification and the “Bright Future”

Mikhail Aleksandrovich Tanin had been a Party member since 1918, and by 1935 he had progressed through the Party hierarchy to become Khrushchev's assistant. However, in 1937, while serving in the Moscow Party Committee, Tanin was arrested, sentenced to (the notoriously euphemistic) “ten years without the right of correspondence,” and executed. Meanwhile, Tamara, who had been his childhood sweetheart and later his wife, was advised to leave Moscow because the wives of “enemies of the people” were being picked up. She did not heed this advice, because she accepted the official explanation that if these women were arrested they must have been guilty. At the very least, they were probably complicit in their husbands’ offenses. Tamara later cursed the “blessed simplicity” that had misled her. In her memoir she reflects, “Later, through my own experience, I understood the ‘guilt’ of the overwhelming majority of arrestees in those years. The real enemies, well masked, wishing to weaken the Party and undermine its authority, snatched its best members and simply physically destroyed them.”1

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Chapter 21

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press PDF


Caught in the Act


id Curry didn’t waste any time getting to Mena, Arkansas, to meet his girlfriend Annie Rogers. The short time they were there, they rented a frame house using the names Mr. and Mrs. Bob Nevilles.1

On September 18 they left for Shreveport, Louisiana, registering for a week’s stay at the Serwich Hotel.2 Their hurried departure from Mena may have had something to do with the imminent arrival of a Pinkerton operative. He may have picked up Curry’s trail in San Antonio, or had possibly been alerted to the appearance of Montana bills that the couple was spending. Nevertheless, within a few days the agent was in Mena, canvassing the neighborhood for any leads. One neighbor recognized a photo of Curry as the man he knew to be Bob Nevilles.3

During their stay in Shreveport, the couple played cards and drank in various saloons. Curry was generous with his worthless money, and gave

Annie a number of ten-dollar bills to spend. Tiring of Shreveport, they traveled to Jackson, Mississippi, and found lodging for a few days near the state capitol. They generally had a good time making the rounds of the saloons.4 Next, they took the train to Memphis, Tennessee, arriving in late September or early October, according to a Miss Corrine Lewis. She was the proprietress of a red light district “resort” that the couple stayed at for nearly two weeks.5 They registered as R. T. Moore and wife of St.

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Medium 9781574411829

6. Home Confinement with Electronic Monitoring

Gail Caputo University of North Texas Press PDF


Home Confinement with

Electronic Monitoring

Jon’a F. Meyer


Spiderman had possibly met his match; the poor super hero had no idea what his nemesis, the Jackal, had in store for him. Like a number of villains in the popular Spiderman comic series, the Jackal was a professor and an evil one at that. In a fit of sheer brilliance, the Jackal had developed a tracking device and fitted a sedated Spiderman with it (Lee,

1974). Spidey awoke to find his lower forearm encased in the fiendish bracelet. If removed, the device would explode and render Spiderman’s arm useless for life. If left in place, however, it allowed the Jackal to know Spidey’s whereabouts. Spiderman finally defeated the nefarious device and many scholars now attribute the birth of electronic monitoring of criminal offenders to the January 1974 issue of the comic in which Spidey and the Jackal engaged in their technologically enhanced battle.

Albuquerque-based judge Jack Love read the comic in 1977 and became convinced that the premise behind the Jackal’s tracking device could work in the corrections field, enabling better monitoring of those ordered into home detention. Satisfied that the idea merited consideration, he sent a memo, a copy of the comic, and a news article about devices used to track cargo and animals to the New Mexico

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