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7 A New Agriculture for One-Acre Farms

Polak, Paul Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

BIG FAT GREEN CUCUMBERS!” SAID KRISHNA BAHADUR THAPA emphatically as he embraced a green armful lovingly.

I had asked him what the key was to his first big bump in income. Then, of course, we had no choice but to follow him respectfully into his field, watch as he snipped far more cucumbers than we would ever be able to eat, and admire each one of them. Then we had to chow down on slice after slice—but not before he garnished each one with a delicate sprinkling of salt.

These lightly salted cucumber slices tasted juicy and slightly bitter to me, but nothing special. They were just fresh cucumbers. But to Nepalis in the middle of the hot, dry winter, there was something magical about them. Their juiciness seemed to belie the parched landscape, and most Nepalis attributed healing and illness-preventing powers to them. In the market at Mugling, cucumbers sold for thirty to forty rupees a kilo (about forty-five cents US) between January and May, three times the normal price of ten rupees per kilo, because Indian farmers couldn’t grow cucumbers in winter and few Nepali farmers had access to irrigation water in the dry season. We saw eight- and ten-year-olds dressed in tatters hawking cucumber slices at bus stops, and along the road to Kathmandu at a spring with cool water where everybody stopped for a drink, a little shop with bamboo walls and a banana-leaf roof sold them at three times the normal price.

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20. INTERCOURSE WITH PROSTITUTES

Alfred C. Kinsey Indiana University Press ePub

By sociological and legal definition a prostitute is an individual who indiscriminately provides sexual relations in return for money payments. The practical interpretation of the term emphasizes the fact that a prostitute accepts a sexual relation with almost anyone, stranger or acquaintance, who offers to pay, and that the payment is in currency rather than in goods or services.

It is impractical to confine the term to those persons who derive their whole living or any particular part of it from prostitution, for a very high number of the females who engage in such activities do so as a minor adjunct to their regular occupations. The person who is specifically paid for a single sexual relation is, for that particular occasion, a prostitute.

The definition requires that payment for a sexual relation be in currency and be made for each particular contact. If the term prostitution were to be applied to all sexual acts for which either participant received some valuable consideration, it would be impossible to draw a line between the most obvious sort of commercialized prostitution and the relationships of every husband and wife. The girl who has to be taken to dinner or to an evening’s entertainment before she will agree to intercourse with her boy friend or fiancé is engaged in a more commercialized relationship than she would like to admit. The gifts that are bestowed by males of all social levels upon girls with whom they keep company may be cloaked with fine sentiments, but they are, to a considerable degree, payment for the intercourse that is expected.

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Appendix A: Family Tree

Eddie Stimpson, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781780641409

11: Forestry in the Tropical Rainforest: The Decisive Roots, Trends and Key Problems

Bruenig, E.F. CABI PDF

11

Forestry in the Tropical Rainforest:

The Decisive Roots, Trends and Key Problems

11.1  Forestry from Gilgamesh and

Greeks to Brandis’s Scientific

Forestry in the Tropics

Foresters had lost their lives since Gilgamesh’s reign defending forest growing stock of timber against illegal loggers. Forest administrations were established since Plato’s time to defend the forest land against conversion. In both cases the forces of forest degrading and deforestation eventually won the upper hand. In the deciduous forests of the tropics, roaming, settled and migrating populations found ways by trial-and-error to use forests and soils sustainably until their number outstripped the carrying capacity of forests and soils. The possible dangers of climate changes caused by deforestation

(Sections 1.2 and 2.9) and the threat to sustainability of timber supplies of plundering the timber resource (Section 11.2) were recognised early in the Indian Raj.

The warning of climatic effect of deforestation was ignored by government, but the warning that timber supplies were threatened brought swift action. A unified forest administration was established and the

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9 Seared with Reality: Phenomenology through Photography, in Nepal

Afterword by Michael Jackson Edited by Indiana University Press ePub

Robert Desjarlais

If I could do it, I’d do no writing at all here. It would be photographs; the rest would be fragments of cloth, bits of cotton, lumps of earth, records of speech, pieces of wood and iron, phials of odors, plates of food, and of excrement.

—James Agee, Let Us Now Praise Famous Men

No matter how artful the photographer, no matter how carefully posed his subject, the beholder feels an irresistible urge to search such a picture for the tiny spark of contingency, of the here and now, with which reality has (so to speak) seared the subject. . . .

—Walter Benjamin, “Little History of Photography”

THIS IS A STORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY, of the ways in which light and color work in the world, of how certain images get about in people’s lives or linger in their memories.

While traveling in the Yolmo region of north central Nepal in the summer of 2011, visiting with families I have known for some time now, I grew fond of a small, blue stool. The family I was staying with kept this bench, a foot and a half or so tall, toward the back of their household, close to a washroom and a work table. The sides and four legs of the stool, cut of wood spliced from fallen trees in the surrounding forests, were painted a rich cyanic blue.1

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