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10: Certification of Forest Management and Timber Origin

Bruenig, E.F. CABI PDF

10

Certification of Forest Management and Timber Origin

10.1  Roots: Forest Resource Rape;

Offshoots: Boycott of Tropical

Forestry and Timber

The Epic of Gilgamesh, and the second Book of Chronicles in the Old Testament, tell us of illegal timber logging and the murder of forest guards who tried to intervene. Millennia later, Plato (427–347 bc) lamented the less than platonic love of the social elite for wealth, prestige and power, and blamed that as the cause of the deforestation and denuding of hills in Attica. Much later, in the 18th century, the British Crown hammer-­marked large and suitably curve-shaped oak and hickory trees and declared them protected crown property. The navy kept a ledger of all hammer-marked trees and their shapes and locations, to enable collection when the navy shipyards needed them. The British settlers in the New England colonies did not like this – one reason for the War of Independence. In the 19th and 20th centuries, foresters in Germany were still murdered by poachers and timber thieves (Busdorf, 1928–1929). In the tropics, sixty years later, I had twice to take cover and retreat quietly on the advice of local foresters when we stumbled on illegal logging in Borneo and Papua New Guinea.

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22. Empty Saddles and Lonely Graves

Jeffrey Burton University of North Texas Press PDF

+ 22 ∂

EMPTY SADDLES AND

LONELY GRAVES

It was far more a sign of social and economic transition than an argument for the deterrent effect of capital punishment that there was no really serious outbreak of outlawry in New Mexico after the execution of Tom Ketchum. An unforeseen result of the Territory’s anti-train robbery legislation was that its enforcement acted as a deterrent against its future use. Public unease at the harshness of the statute was magnified into disgust by the Clayton carnival of blood and bungle.

“Such acts perpetrated in the name of justice are sad commentaries upon Twentieth

Century Civilization,” lamented the Raton Range. “The more we observe the ways of men and dogs, the more respect we have for dogs.”

Whatever else he had done at other times, Ketchum was sent to the gibbet merely—to quote some of his own words—for “stopping an engine.” He had behaved recklessly and viciously in doing it, but decapitation was a grossly disproportionate penalty. The case, and the attendant publicity, was of no service to New Mexico’s campaign for Statehood.

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19. Affluholics anonymous

de Graaf, John Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Affluholics anonymous

Think, for a moment, back to your childhood. You were sick in bed with the flu and Mom came in with a little TLC. Words of comfort and maybe some medicine—aspirin for your fever, lozenges for your cough. And a bowl of hot chicken soup just to make you feel better. But the most important thing was having Mom there with her sympathy, so you wouldn’t have to suffer alone.

The same goes for affluenza. To conquer it, most of us need to know we’re not all by ourselves in the battle. Like alcoholics trying to stay on the wagon, we need support from others who are fighting the disease. Every addiction nowadays seems to have support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous for its victims, and conquering affluenza, the addictive virus, may require them even more, because there isn’t any social pressure to stop consuming—just the opposite. But there is, you might say, an AA for affluenza.

I may be losing the rat race, but at least I’m still a rat.

Cecile Andrews, a former teacher who now lives in Santa Cruz, California, has a childlike sense of awe and wonder—and an ability to make people laugh that any stand-up comedian would envy. She was promoting adult education classes as a community college administrator in Seattle in 1989, when she read a book called Voluntary Simplicity, by Duane Elgin. “I was really excited about it,” she says, “but no one else was talking about it.” She decided to offer a course on the subject. “But only four people signed up, so we had to cancel,” she says with a laugh. “Then we tried it again three years later for a variety of reasons, and that time we got 175.”

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8 Charles M. Tung · “Modernist Heterochrony, Evolutionary Biology, and the Chimera of Time”

JONATHAN PAUL EBURNE Indiana University Press ePub

8.1. Haeckel Anthropogenie 1874. Lithograph by J. G. Bach of Leipzig after drawings by Ernst Haeckel in Anthropogenie, oder, Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen (Leipzig: Engelmann, 1874). Nick Hopwood, “Pictures of Evolution and Charges of Fraud: Ernst Haeckel’s Embryological Illustrations,” Isis 97 (2006): 260–301, PDF. Licensed under public domain via Wikimedia Commons, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Haeckel_Anthropogenie_1874.jpg#mediaviewer/File:Haeckel_Anthropogenie_1874.jpg.

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MODERNIST HETEROCHRONY, EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, AND THE CHIMERA OF TIME

Charles M. Tung

Spencer Wells, in his PBS documentary Journey of Man, claims that there is “a time machine hidden in our genes.”1 This Wells, unrelated to the literary figure H. G. Wells (at least in the short term), is the genetic anthropologist in charge of the Genographic Project, an international study funded by National Geographic and IBM that traces individual Y-chromosomes from all corners of the earth back to a recognizably “modern” human leaving Africa around sixty thousand years ago. The time travel central to Wells’s research is guided by two-hundred-dollar self-testing kits, tracking devices sold in large part to ancestry-obsessed Americans, and, more controversially, by the institutionalized DNA collection from indigenous populations around the world, whose clustering of genetic markers helps to sketch a roadmap of major ancestral migrations. For Wells, deep in every modern human’s body is not only a vehicle that returns us to a “Y-chromosomal Adam” (and a much earlier “mitochondrial Eve” living 150,000–200,000 years ago) but also, according to his mixing of metaphors, “the greatest history book ever written,” an archival record of our Paleolithic wanderings.2

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10. Wild, wild women

Joyce Gibson Roach University of North Texas Press PDF

10

Wild, Wild Women

........... he desperadoes are gaining fast.

"Leave me, Ted, "she cried. "They will kill you if they get you, and you can escape on Sultan, which can outrun any of their horses."

Ted looked at her and laughed.

"I guess not," he called back. "Keep it up, we'll win yet. "1

Naturally Ted does not leave her, and the couple get out oftheir predicament. This happy conclusion, however, is brought about by Stella, the "girl pard" of Ted Strong, not by the bumbling hero. Stella knows a solution when she sees one and

Ted is sitting on it-Sultan, the stallion. When Ted is shot out of the saddle and left hanging thereon by the skin of his chaps,

Stella approaches the "superb Sultan" who has never worked up a head of steam, catches him by the bridle and suggests to him that he ought to whoa. Sultan, like most dime novel stallions, understands Stella's every word, and allows the heroine to leap from her own mount after which, "as Ted reeled and was about to fall, she sprang into his saddle, caught him, and dashed away to safety." This 1906 adventure from Rough Rider Weekly entitled "King of the Wild West's Nerve; or, Stella in the

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