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Medium 9781574411560

James Addison Moye

Edited by Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller University of North Texas Press PDF

Introducing James Addison Moye

Addie Moye does not tell a story; he relates incidents, and nearly all of them are humorous. He is not a person with a collection of stories he tells from time to time, but, during our long conversations, he recalled events that he had not thought of, it seemed, in three quarters of a century. He remembered them vividly, however, and was occasionally overcome with laughter as he told them. One gets the feeling that Addie missed very little of the fun and mischiefthat young men engaged in.

He worked hard most of his life in logging camps and sawmills. He is about five feet ten inches and probably never weighed over 160 pounds. "Hard work won't hurt a man," he says,

"unless he gets too much on his back." At present, he lives with his daughter and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Allen Stockholm.

Addie likes music and had just returned from an all-day singing fifty miles away when we first met him. He was ninety-five years old but had made the hundred-mile trip alone, driving his own car. He is active and alert

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Medium 9780874259803

The Impact of Change

Jonamay Lambert HRD Press PDF

26

The Impact of Change

Introduction

The one constant in today’s business world is change. Change is often an overwhelming process because there are many stages people must go through to adjust. Everyone responds to change in different ways. Some responses lead to stress, while others bring about opportunity, challenge and growth. People who learn to handle change well have the advantage.

Because of the rapidly occurring changes in the workplace, it is important for each person to understand how he/she responds when changes do occur. This self-awareness can often help people prepare themselves to understand and deal with the impact of these changes.

Purpose

The purpose of this activity is to help participants understand the differing responses to change. By using a case study, they will have the opportunity to explore the issues involved and potential responses.

Time

40-60 minutes

Materials

• Flipchart and marker

• Handout 26.1 for each participant

• Exercise 26.1 for each participant

Procedure

1. Introduce the topic by asking participants to define “change.” Record responses on the flipchart. Compare with the dictionary definition that you have previously recorded on the flipchart. Webster’s New

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Medium 9780253014429

3 Changing Health Problems and Health Systems: Challenges for Philanthropy in China

Jennifer Ryan Indiana University Press ePub

Vivian Lin and Bronwyn Carter

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as not merely the absence of disease, but also physical and mental well-being (WHO 1948). It also recognizes the importance of social and economic factors in shaping population health status (WHO 2008). Definitions of public health further recognize that the protection and improvement of health requires an organized effort by society (Lin et al. 2007). Thus, the health of a country or a community reveals not only the array of factors that determine the pattern of health and illness, but also the nature of the collective societal effort at improving the health of the population.

Between the 1940s and the late 1990s, life expectancy in China more than doubled, from 35 to 73 (Lin et al. 2010). The major burden of disease has also shifted from infectious to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The positive results reflect in part a more equitable path of social and economic development, and in part a shift from a highly chaotic health system to one with a strong degree of organization. In the past three decades, however, market-based economic reforms have led to the collapse of universal health care coverage, rising health inequities, and, ultimately, new comprehensive health system reforms announced in 2009. During this period of tremendous social and economic change, challenges and opportunities have emerged for the development of China’s health system. The sector’s actors, including health professionals, government policymakers, and development partners, are vital to the successful development of the system. Those concerned with health in civil society—both from within and outside China—also have critical roles to play in service provision and shaping the direction of change.

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Medium 9781607320944

CHAPTER SIX. An Attempt to Understand Panoan Ethnogenesis in Relation to Long-Term Patterns and Transformations of Regional Interaction in Western Amazonia

Alf Hornborg University Press of Colorado ePub

Alf Hornborg and Love Eriksen

This chapter will explore the regional context and reproduction of the Panoan ethnolinguistic family in western Amazonia. The argument is a specific case within a more general project1 aiming to build a database for correlating the geography, linguistics, material culture (e.g., ceramic styles, rock-art styles, horticultural systems, etc.), trade routes, and political projects of indigenous Amazonia over time (Eriksen 2011). We believe that correlations thus established can be used to test or at least illuminate various hypotheses on the emergence and history of specific ethnolinguistic groups. The Panoan language family provides an appropriate illustration of this more general perspective. In the area occupied by these groups, archaeological, linguistic, historical, and ethnological data jointly suggest that the sharp ethnic contrast between highland Quechua speakers and lowland Panoans for a very long time has been mediated by Arawakan groups occupying the Andean foothills and western margins of Amazonia. These sub-Andean Arawak speakers, we argue, represent the western reaches of a pan-Amazonian network of long-distance trade that once used a proto-Arawakan language as a lingua franca.2

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Medium 9780253012586

27. Listening to My Grandfather

Anand Pandian Indiana University Press ePub

Some time ago, I had a dream about my grandfather. What happened was very simple. In the dream, I’m in Madurai again. I’m telling some people that I have just a little more work to do. Ayya is also listening. “I need to go to just two more villages,” I say. And then Ayya says, excitedly, “I’ve also been to those places!”

In the dream, he tells me a story about those villages, a story that I can’t remember now. He also says that he’s already spoken with the same people I’m hoping to meet there.

I remember waking from this dream, in Baltimore, with a feeling of fullness. It seemed that his life and mine had somehow come together in a larger circle of experience.

The dream came at a time when I was deeply immersed in the events of Ayya’s life. Expressed there, no doubt, was the hope that he approved of what I was doing with his stories. There was also the sense of following a path that he had already traced, of somehow inheriting his way through the world. In the dream, I was proposing to go places that my grandfather had literally already been himself. So once again there was the idea that he might be pleased with this devotion to his legacy: a proper heir, the eldest son of his eldest son.

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Medium 9781576753958

7 Hijacking Iraq’s Oil Reserves: Economic Hit Men at Work

Steven W Hiatt Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

7 It’s all about the oil. Production sharing agreements being forced on Iraq
will cost the Iraqi people hundreds of billions of dollars. Greg Muttitt
takes a look at the men behind the hit.

A year before he became vice president, Dick Cheney, CEO of Halliburton, outlined the U.S. strategic landscape in an era of constrained oil supplies: “By 2010 we will need on the order of an additional fifty million barrels a day. So where is the oil going to come from? … While many regions of the world offer great oil opportunities, the Middle East, with two-thirds of the world’s oil and the lowest cost, is still where the prize ultimately lies.”1

Cheney’s problem was that the prize has been beyond the reach of Western oil majors since the 1970s, when most Middle Eastern countries nationalized their oil industries. Saudi Arabia remains out of bounds to foreign oil company investment. Iran’s constitution forbids foreign control of the country’s oil. The Kuwaiti government has been trying to bring foreign companies into its northern oil fields but has consistently been blocked by its parliament. Iraq, with 10 percent of the world’s reserves, seemed to be the easiest to turn around. And if Iraq could be reopened to multinationals, perhaps its neighbors could be pressured to follow suit.

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Medium 9780253012586

2. In Some Village, Somewhere

Anand Pandian Indiana University Press ePub

Each morning here in Madurai, I walk for an hour. And as I walk, I count. Say you were as old as me. Stumble over the bumps and dips in the road, and you’d probably fall to the ground like I would. So I hold on to my walking stick as I go. And as that stick keeps beating against the road, I count those beats to myself.

A hundred and ten beats from the house to the end of the road . . . from there to the rice mill, another forty . . . Dr. Bhaskar’s house is three hundred beats away, and from there, until the end of the road, another three hundred beats . . .

This isn’t something I do just to pass the time. There’s a good reason that I count like this: I don’t want to suddenly remember something else, somewhere else, in the life that I’ve lived. Count like this when you walk, and your thoughts won’t drift to anything else.

Pay attention. Don’t trip over a rock. Just keep counting as you walk. And those numbers, those steps—one, two, three—are all that you will see.

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Medium 9780253349781

5. Otherworldly Conversations, Terran Topics, Local Terms

Stacy Alaimo Indiana University Press ePub

Donna J. Haraway

Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life.

—Genesis 3:23–24

Nothing is ultimately contextual; all is constitutive, which is another way of saying that all relationships are dialectical.

—Robert Young, Darwin’s Metaphor

Animals are not lesser humans; they are other worlds.

—Barbara Noske, Humans and Other Animals

Although, of course, I longed in the normal human way for exploration, I found my first world oddly disconcerting. . . . It is only in circumstances like these that we realise how much we ourselves are constructed bilaterally on either-or principles. Fish rather than echinoderms. . . . It was quite a problem to get through to those radial entities.

—Naomi Mitchison, Memoirs of a Spacewoman

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Medium 9780253348920

6. Warrior Theatre and the Ritualized Body

Sidney Littlefield Kasfir Indiana University Press ePub

6

WARRIOR THEATRE AND THE RITUALIZED BODY

The body of a warrior is both an aesthetic locus and a site of signification, bridging what often appears to be a conceptual discontinuity by blurring the structurally imposed boundary between nature (the body experienced as an anatomical fact) and culture (the body as aesthetic object and signifier). Moving from artisan back to warrior again, this chapter explores the issue of how not only certain objects (masks, spears) but also the decorated, mutilated, or sexually androgynous body as an artifact of culture acquires meaning in relationship to the institution of warriorhood. Both Idoma and Samburu warriors were deeply enmeshed in their own ritual systems and their respective systems of objects that structured cultural practice at the beginning of the twentieth century. These two systems were linked through a series of performative practices that included dancing and masquerading for the Idoma, dances and lmugit ceremonies for the Samburu, and of course warfare itself, also a type of performance. The most ritually marked objects were (at least so far in this reading) Samburu spears and Idoma enemy heads and mimetic carved representations of such heads.

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Medium 9781574412383

“High Flyin’ Times”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF

HIGH FLYIN’ TIMES: ADVENTURES

IN A PIPER CUB PA-12 SUPERCRUISER

AND A PIPER TRI-PACER by Barbara Pybas

Our High Flyin’ times were good years, the late 1950s and early

’60s, a healthy, optimistic, happy era. Even with the Cuban Crisis and Kennedy’s death, this ten-year folklore period seemed less complicated and stressful than the ensuing decades of the Vietnam

War and national turmoil. Perhaps, to the young, obstacles are undaunting and overcome readily. This account is neither about barnstorming nor acrobatics, but for the pure enjoyment of flying and a good excuse to use it in a farming-ranching operation. DFW

Airport was non-existent and the rigid FAA rules not in place; even a radio was not a requirement. VFR (visual flight rules) was sufficient for little planes.

Jay Pybas was bit by the flying bug in his mid-thirties. After returning from World War II Marine Corps service, completing a stint with GI Bill college time and marrying an Oklahoma A&M co-ed, he found his way back to Texas. For ten years he struggled to revive a Red River bottomland farm released by the U.S. Government. This Cooke County area had been used as the infantry and artillery training area for Camp Howze during the war. It had grown to a jungle with disuse but, nevertheless, was fertile and promising. By hard work, stamina and extreme fortitude, in ten years the valley became beautifully productive.

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Medium 9780253021274

6 The Woman, Her Character, Habits, Knowledge, and Behavior toward the People around Her

Vladimir Nalivkin Indiana University Press ePub

IN GENERAL, THE NATIVE woman’s character should be described as lively and extremely merry; naturally, she experiences grief and melancholy from time to time, but she never indulges in them for too long. Even in extremely rough material and moral situations, she is never averse to chatting, laughing, singing a song. Especially when she is young, she sings or hums almost constantly. It is true that occasionally she lets herself get teary eyes, but this tearfulness is always false, insincere, and she uses it as a tool to achieve her goals.

All her movements are quick, sometimes jerky but almost never awkward. From a very early age a girl controls her movements, trying to make them similar to the local standard of propriety. That is the reason why not only most of a woman’s movements but most of her mannerisms are far from being simple or natural. For instance, she loves to walk fast, but respectability based on religion bans her from moving her legs too fast while walking, waving her arms, etc. (Koran, chapter 24, verse 31). That is why her gait has acquired a very special character. She moves her feet very quickly, making tiny steps, while not only her hands but her head and shoulders remain almost motionless or move very little. There is a similar imprint of moderation in her moral “I” as well. Not only the woman but even a ten- or twelve-year-old girl who receives a present that she loves extremely does not express this admiration; often she does not even express gratitude for it. She expresses gratitude only if the present is given as alms or financial assistance. If this is a dress, shoes, or an ornament, the highest degree of her gratitude would be to put it on right away, which would mean that she loved it. (The same is customary among men.) If the present cannot be put on, she shows it to the people around, accompanying it with gestures and a smile so sweet that one of our most experienced coquettes would envy it. We would like to note that many Sart women and girls have reached perfection in expressing their feelings with lips and eyebrows. When she wants to ask a question, she silently raises her brows slightly upward and does it so adroitly that any other question from her becomes unnecessary, because her whole face becomes a perfect expression of a question mark.

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Medium 9781607320692

SIX Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901–1972): General Systems Theory

Debora Hammond University Press of Colorado ePub

Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901–1972):
General Systems Theory

The humanistic concern of general system theory as I understand it makes a difference to mechanistically oriented system theorists speaking solely in terms of mathematics, feedback and technology, and so giving rise to the fear that system theory is indeed the ultimate step towards mechanization and devaluation of man and towards technocratic society.

—Ludwig von Bertalanffy, General System Theory1

Ludwig von Bertalanffy is probably one of the more misunderstood figures in the history of science. His conception of general system theory (GST)—note that Bertalanffy used system in the singular, while today it is commonly referred to in the plural—was rooted in his concern with the development of a broader and more holistic theoretical framework in biology, although his association with the technologically oriented development of systems ideas often contributes to the misinterpretation of his work, particularly in terms of its implications for understanding social systems. Bertalanffy himself contributes to the confusion, because he often identifies GST with the broad development of systems approaches, including cybernetics, information theory, game theory, systems analysis, etc. At the same time, he distinguishes the humanistic focus of his own approach from the more mechanistic and technocratic orientation of other contemporary systems approaches. Ironically, Ido Hoos cites a similar passage in her critique of systems analysis, arguing that Bertalanffy provided the theoretical basis for systems analysis, which he saw as “serving and hastening” such mechanization and devaluation, as if this were what he was hoping to promote. Not only does she fail to acknowledge the critical element in Bertalanffy’s view, but the evolution of systems analysis also has quite different roots.2

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Medium 9781782201922

Chapter Two - “A Profound Sense of Loss”

Sue Lieberman Karnac Books ePub

From a Jewish perspective, loss is inseparable from any discussion of the Holocaust. Invited, as we so often are these days through memorials, museums, and archive film, to contemplate the faces of those packed into ghettoes, deported, or simply shot; the carefully-displayed remnants of artefacts once produced by living communities; or the laboriously inscribed names of thousands of murdered Jews, as on the walls of the Pinkasova Synagogue in Prague; there is simply no escaping an equation of Nazi rule with loss—the loss of individuals, of whole families, communities, institutions, of virtually everything that formed the substance of Jewish life in much of Europe prior to 1939. From her particular experience of working intensively with Holocaust survivors, Diana observed that “it would be really weird if we didn't start crying”; and hers is simply one of many voices in which “ordinary” Jews speak of the oblique feelings of loss which thoughts of the Holocaust summon up:

In many respects, loss is not only an unavoidable material fact of the Holocaust, but a central component of our psychological relationship to it. Almost for this very reason, it is enormously complicated to explore, not least because the sense of loss and the losses themselves go in so many different directions. People become “lost for words” in trying to grapple with their confusion and sheer incomprehension as to “how it happened”. Those who know or have known survivors to any degree pick up on the almost inexpressible grief at lost families, lost friends, lost homes, lost pasts innocent of Holocaust experience, which those individuals carry throughout their lives. A Jewish colleague whose mother successfully escaped to Britain from Germany in the 1930s refers to her mother's unspoken anguish at the loss of her “German-ness”. Yiddish writer Kadya Molodowsky, whose 1946 book of poetry Der meylekh Dovid aleyn is geblibn was produced in the immediate knowledge of what had happened in Europe, thought of her book as “a tombstone for a life […] vanished”, a theme of painful finality echoed by many subsequent writers close in family connection or personal history to the geographies of the Holocaust (quoted in Valencia, 2006, p. 13).

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Medium 9781607320166

4 Defending Land

Ethelia Ruiz Medrano University Press of Colorado ePub

As we have seen repeatedly, the primacy of land for the Indian pueblos and its interweaving with ancient documents, primordial titles, and local history form part of a complex process of negotiation the pueblos undertook in the face of state power as a way of defending their lands. Such negotiation implies that the Indians understood the official legal landscape, enabling them to interpret from their own cultural vantage point documents, programmatic statements, and agrarian legislation emanating from the state. In this process, moreover, the legalization of land claims, the stamp of official certification, and the primordial titles themselves constitute a kind of contemporary mythology elaborated by the pueblos.1 The Indians’ ability to incorporate—sometimes successfully—elements of their native culture into the most adverse legal contexts stems from their capacity for negotiation, which, in turn, is a function of their ideological flexibility.

The case of Ixcamilpa, a pueblo located in the state of Puebla, is instructive in this regard. In 1912, members of the pueblo went before the revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata to request the restitution of their lands, which they asserted had been wrested from them long ago by local hacendados. In support of their claim, they produced the pueblo’s colonial-era primordial titles. On this basis and within the framework of the Plan of Ayala, they achieved their objective. On April 30, 1912, Zapata granted the pueblo its lands through a specific decree of restitution. Nonetheless, six decades later many of the pueblo’s campesinos still found themselves without land. Around 1976 they decided to band together and litigate their case in Mexico City, citing the lands affected by the “restitution” and—as documentary evidence—using the decree Zapata had issued in their favor in 1912. The Indians also directly confronted and fought against the local landlords, who reacted with force by having them jailed, using the judicial police and army to pursue and capture them. Undeterred, the Indian campesinos—in keeping with the substance of the 1912 decision—persevered and began to achieve the distribution of the lands that had been controlled by the hacendados, or “the rich,” as the Indians liked to call them.2

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Medium 9781605099262

Contents

C. Otto Scharmer Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

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