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Medium 9781576754467

CHAPTER 1: Break the Fast

Daley-Harris, Shannon Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

“When you wake up in the morning, Pooh,” said Piglet at last, “what’s the first thing you say to yourself?”

“What’s for breakfast?” said Pooh. “What do you say, Piglet?”

“I say, I wonder what’s going to happen exciting today?” said Piglet.

Pooh nodded thoughtfully. “It’s the same thing,” he said.

— A. A. MILNE, WINNIE THE POOH

Mornings find most of us stumbling around, starting a pot of coffee, pouring the cereal, or keeping the toast from burning. Some of us are getting the morning news, mentally running through appointments and to-do lists, or just trying to get the kids off to school or ourselves out the door. We’re usually too groggy to make the connection between breakfast and something exciting happening that day.

But here’s an eye-opener: breakfast literally means “breaking the fast”—ending a period without food. Although most of us feel hopeless when we see images of famine—children with matchstick arms and skeletal parents—it is now possible to break the fast of starvation and ease the most severe hunger in our world. New early-warning systems (of coming drought, for example) are giving the world a heads-up that we can use to avert starvation that is unprecedented. The United Nations now has a Central Emergency Response Fund to respond more quickly and effectively to emergencies.

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Medium 9780253008787

1. Anti-Zionism, Antisemitism, and the Rhetorical Manipulation of Reality \ Bernard Harrison

Alvin H Rosenfeld Indiana University Press ePub

Bernard Harrison

Mal nommer les choses, volontairement ou pas, c’est ajouter au malheur du monde.

—ALBERT CAMUS

Over the past decade or so, in the Western world, it has become customary, on university campuses, in certain sections of the media, and among a diverse collection of “public intellectuals,” to argue, in the name of something called “anti-Zionism,” that Israel is an “illegitimate” state: a state that should never have been allowed to come into existence in the first place and whose continued existence is to be condemned as morally and politically intolerable.

It has become equally commonplace for those holding such views to be accused of propounding a “New” antisemitism, or at the very least of creating a climate of opinion favorable to the marked rise in antisemitic attacks in Western countries since the end of the 1990s.

Those charges have provoked a number of standard rebuttals, which characteristically include one or more of the following:

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Medium 9780253006691

5 From mirage to image: Contest(ed)ing Space in Diasporic Films (1955–2011)

Dominic Thomas Indiana University Press ePub

And then there was no more Empire all of a sudden Its victories were air, its dominions dirt . . . The map that had seeped its stain on a schoolboy’s shirt Like red ink on a blotter, battles, long sieges.

Derek Walcott1

The symbiotic ties linking Africa and France are incontrovertible facts of history. The French presence in Africa has received extensive scrutiny, yet more recently attention has shifted toward those populations of African descent (usually former colonial subjects), immigrants or ethnic minorities (either naturalized subjects or citizens), residing in the French hexagon.2 Findings have underscored the complexity and multidimensionality of this phenomenon and pointed to a broad range of discourses organized around such diverse cultural, political, and social questions as assimilation, incorporation, Islam, globalization, and secularism. On the one hand, European metropolitan centers have continued to exercise a magnetic effect in attracting labor from the global south, yet on the other we have witnessed a disquieting increase in anti-immigrant sentiment and intolerance toward migrant subjects. This has generated revisions to government policy and in some cases blurred the gap between domestic and foreign policy.

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Medium 9780253011343

Introduction: Writing, Travel, and the Global History of Central Asia

Edited by Nile Green Indiana University Press ePub

Nile Green

From the medieval Divisament dou monde of Marco Polo to the modernist prose of Robert Byron’s The Road to Oxiana, Central Asia has been made known to the wider world through the medium of travel writing.1 At a time when Central Asia is increasingly drawn into global political affairs, such travel writings allow us to map the cultural dimensions of an earlier geopolitics that ranges from Qing Chinese empire builders to Russian missionaries and Japanese archaeologists. By reading the polyglottal prose written at the crossroads of Asia, the following chapters trace distinct stages of global connectivity by joining the early modern age of camel caravans and horsemen with the modern age of railroads and motorcars. Focusing on little-known travel writings of literary and ethnographic no less than historical interest, the chapters explore the different meanings given to Central Asia in the far corners of the world during the region’s most intensive periods of globalization between the sixteenth and twentieth centuries. By framing Central Asia as a cultural contact zone between different peoples and polities as much as a transit zone for material commodities such as silk, cotton, and oil, this book aims to connect Central Asia to the larger field of global history. The aim here is to add new layers to our understanding of both Central Asia and globalization, giving due recognition to the shifting politics and fluctuating trade patterns of the region but asking how these “hard” developments were inseparable from the cultural productions of the travelers who were globalization in human terms—and vice versa, for as we will see in the following chapters, neither the commerce nor politics of Central Asia can be fully understood in isolation from the travel accounts that so often formed the basis of mercantile and military action.

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Medium 9780253013873

12 Zombie Arts and Letters

Edward P Comentale Indiana University Press ePub

Then the idea hit him. Moses ran into his apartment and removed a leaf from the Book Isis had given him. He returned to the balcony where below the crowds had taken trees and were now using them to pound on the Palace gate. Moses uttered The Work aloud. 1st there was silence. Then the people turned toward the Nile and they saw a huge mushroom cloud arise.

A few minutes later, screaming of the most terrible kind came from that direction. The crowd dispersed, trampling 1 another as they rushed for the shelter of their homes. This was a turning point in the Book’s history.

Ishmael Reed, Mumbo Jumbo

Genre fiction is project-based art. Whether cowboy Western or inter-galactic sci-fi, genre writing entails a double inventiveness according to the set of directives imposed upon each story in advance. On the one hand, by definition such writing exercises a creative function following explicit conditions of constraint, whether formal, aesthetic, historical, moral, or economic. From the pulps to the remainder bin, genre fiction necessarily knows its limits; this is part of its “project.” On the other hand, it also recognizes and formalizes these limits as constraints in the first place, a gesture as constitutive of a genre’s artistic project as any subsequent improvisation or “genre bending” that arises in tension with these constraints. “Write a detective novel,” someone might say, and we already know what this means. It’s no different with zombie stories. The zombie genre, which began to take shape in the 1930s, reaching a kind of market saturation during the past decade, resembles virtually all other popular modes of genre fiction in the necessary restriction of its imaginative conditions. Every genre story, after all, must at once name and confront the exhaustion—or at least the exhausting familiarity—of its conventions. And keep on pursuing the project.

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Medium 9781576754467

CHAPTER 21: Save the Lives of Mothers and Newborns

Daley-Harris, Shannon Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

If you want to know the end, look at the beginning.

— AFRICAN PROVERB

Pregnancy and childbirth are, for most, an awe-filled beginning of new life, deeper love, and abundant hope. Of course, there are also those new stretch marks, complete exhaustion, and countless diaper changes! But the last thing we expect is that pregnancy and childbirth will mark an ending—of a mother’s life or health, a baby’s life, a family’s cohesion, or older children’s safety and security. Yet each year what should be a wonderful beginning is, indeed, an end. Pregnancy is an end for the more than half a million women who die from pregnancy and childbirth complications, the 20 million who suffer from related illness and injury, the 4 million newborns who die in the first four weeks of life, and the countless millions of their friends and family members.

We can do better—for babies in Burundi, mothers in Malawi, siblings in Sierra Leone, and families in Afghanistan. All pregnant women need access to prenatal care; a skilled attendant; a clean delivery; a timely referral and access to 170responsive, high-quality emergency care when needed; as well as followup care for themselves and their babies. Three million babies’ lives could be saved every year by existing, low-tech, low-cost measures such as breastfeeding, being kept warm, and two $0.20 tetanus vaccines for their mothers when pregnant.

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Medium 9781574416282

Stories and Recipes from the Post Oak Savannah

Frances B. Vick (Editor) University of North Texas Press PDF

Stories and

Recipes from the Post Oak

Savannah*

The secondary forest area, also called the Post Oak Belt, covers some 7 million acres. It is immediately west of the primary forest region, with less annual rainfall and a little higher elevation. Principal trees are post oak, blackjack oak, and elm. Pecans, walnuts, and other kinds of water-demanding trees grow along streams. The southwestern extension of this belt is often poorly defined, with large areas of prairie. The upland soils are sandy and sandy loam, while the bottomlands are sandy loams and clays.

The original vegetation consisted mainly of little bluestem, big bluestem, indiangrass, switchgrass, purpletop, silver bluestem,

Texas wintergrass, woodoats, narrowleaf, post oak, and blackjack oak. The area is still largely native or improved grasslands, with small farms located throughout. Intensive grazing has contributed to dense stands of a woody understory of yaupon, greenbriar, and oak brush.

*Stephan L. Hatch, Texas Almanac, 2014–2015, Elizabeth Cruce Alvarez, editor (Austin: Texas State Historical Association), 115. Used with permission of Texas State Historical Association.

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Medium 9781574413083

Chapter 4 • Courts and Sentencing

R. Scott Harnsberger University of North Texas Press PDF

Adult Felony System

183 Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties [Bulletin]. Washington,

D.C.: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice [biennial, 1988–date].

Reports representative sample data gathered through the State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) program, which focuses on the processing of felony defendants in the state courts of the seventy-five most populated counties in the United States (including Dallas, El Paso, Harris, and Tarrant). These counties account for approximately one-half of the felony crimes committed nationwide. The Appendix Tables provide SCPS jurisdiction-level data as follows: population, sampling weights, and number of cases; most serious arrest charge of felony defendants; sex and age of felony defendants; race and Hispanic/Latino origin; felony defendants released before or detained until case disposition; failure-to-appear and re-arrest rates of defendants released prior to case disposition; adjudication outcome for felony defendants; and most severe type of sentence received by defendants convicted of a felony.

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Medium 9780253011404

8. The Time of the Border: Contingency, Conflict, and Popular Statism at the Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan Boundary

MADELEINE REEVES Indiana University Press ePub

The river falls steeply in the upper Sokh valley, where Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan meet: a thin strip of grey-blue surrounded on both sides by densely planted garden plots, apricot orchards, and adobe houses nestled amidst sheer rocks.1 Several kilometers downstream, the river irrigates a band of rice, wheat, and barley, stretching down toward Rishton and Qoqon in the fertile Fergana basin. Up here, where the largely unmarked and sporadically policed border between two neighboring states runs along mahalla (neighborhood) streets and water channels, crossing courtyards and through fields, it is the mountains that dominate the landscape, dividing villages into upper and lower halves, sunny and shady sides. “Our spirits are magnanimous here,” Temirbek-agai, a retired farmer from the village of Sogment, would tell me, comparing the mountain-dwellers to the cotton-growers in the valley floor below, “because our heads are closer to the sky.”2

It is in this bucolic setting that a conflict occurred in the spring of 2005 that briefly flashed into national news headlines, in Kyrgyzstan at least. (In Uzbekistan, where societal conflict is a muted theme in state media, the incident went unreported for over a year.)3 Over the course of several days in early May a tense and sustained local stand-off occurred between men from the villages of Sogment and Charbak, located on the southern, Kyrgyzstan side of the border, and the larger village of Hushiar, spatially contiguous with its Kyrgyz neighbors but administratively part of Uzbekistan.

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Medium 9781574412567

"Larger Than Life, Even in Death”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF

LARGER THAN LIFE, EVEN IN DEATH by Robert J. (Jack) Duncan

In one respect, death is a lot like a Hollywood film: at the end, everything presumably fades to black just before the credits roll.

Throughout history, many Texans have been larger than life, even in death. Occasionally, one finds an unusual inscription on a tombstone, runs across a newspaper article about a fatal “freak” accident, or while waiting in the barbershop for a haircut, hears someone discussing a person who “cheated” death, or an odd event or final request having to do with death or burial. This article examines several such diverse vignettes.

Many people have firm ideas about what is to be done to their bodies after death. In Texas, My Texas, James Ward Lee mentions the death, in 1923, of an old man named Isham Summers in Red

River County. Summers had been a prosperous bottomland farmer.

He wanted the preparations for his burial to be carried out by friends and family, as was the custom in the South in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He had appended this note to his handwritten will: “I have at all times a suit, shirt, and underclothes nice enough to be buried in. Do not buy anything. I do not want an undertaker at any time. I want a coffin made of heart lumber and I want the carpenter well paid for making it. Take my body to the cemetery in a spring hack.”1

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Medium 9780253357076

7 Rice Cakes and Candied Oranges: Culinary Symbolism in the Big Vietnamese Festivals

Nir Avieli Indiana University Press ePub

7    Rice Cakes and Candied Oranges

CULINARY SYMBOLISM IN THE BIG VIETNAMESE FESTIVALS

This chapter analyzes the special dishes prepared for the three most prominent festivals in Hoi An: Tet Nguyen Dan (Vietnamese New Year, henceforth, Tet), Tet Doan Ngo (Summer Festival), and Tet Trung Thu (Mid-Autumn Festival).1 The difference between the festive dishes examined so far and the ones I present below lies in the fact that the latter are consumed simultaneously by huge numbers of people—sometimes by most of the nearly one hundred million people in the country and beyond who consider themselves Vietnamese. Thus, the meanings of these festive dishes concern not only the Hoianese but, in some instances, the entire Vietnamese nation, within and beyond the country’s borders. These iconic dishes are Vietnamese “key symbols” (Ortner 1973) that are “the most important means by which the members of a group represent themselves to themselves …” (Solomon 1993: 117).

The dishes discussed in this chapter are key symbols also because they appear in multiple cultural contexts: their origins are the stuff of legends; they are prepared for domestic and commercial consumption; they are presented as offerings as well as eaten at various food events; and last but not least, they are often mentioned by the Hoianese. Following Solomon’s analysis of key symbols (1993: 120), these iconic dishes are not mere representations of the main features of being Hoianese/Vietnamese. They also offer nuanced insights into the meanings that the Hoianese/Vietnamese attribute to themselves, and delineate differentiation as much as solidarity. Indeed, these iconic culinary artifacts express localized and contemporary ideas that go well beyond their explicit depiction of the Grand National Narrative.

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Medium 9781457109614

2 Patrias and Nationalities of Latin America

Fernando Armstrong-Fumero University Press of Colorado ePub

With few exceptions, one does not find the characteristics that are inherent in a defined and integrated nationality in most Latin American countries. In these countries, there is neither a generalized idea nor a unanimous feeling of what a Patria is. Instead, there are small patrias and local nationalisms.

This state of affairs is evident at the occasional congresses that bring together the representatives of these countries. The Second Pan-American Scientific Conference and the XIX Congress of Americanists, held in Washington, D.C., last December and January, provided an interesting and ample field in which to observe this point. As a whole, the delegations attending both congresses represented the race, language, and culture of no more than 25 percent of the populations of their respective countries. They represented the Spanish and Portuguese languages and the race and civilization of European origin. The remaining 75 percent of those populations, composed of men of indigenous race, indigenous language, and indigenous civilization, was not represented. A few researchers at the conference mentioned this indigenous population, but only in ethnological terms, as the object of scholarly speculation. In a sense, the existence of these 75 million Americans goes unnoticed by all of the so-called civilized world. The languages that they speak are unknown; we are ignorant of their physical nature and of their ethical and religious ideas. Their habits and customs are unknown to us.

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Medium 9781574416510

6. Black Women and Supreme Court Decisions during the Civil War Era

Edited by Deborah M. Liles and Angela Boswell University of North Texas Press ePub
Medium 9781574414707

Chapter 20

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press PDF

CHAPTER 20

Winters’ End

K

id Curry and his cohorts most likely hid out in the badlands between the Little Rockies and the Missouri River until the majority of manhunters left the area after mid-July 1901.1 This would have been the most opportune time for Curry to leave his hideaway for a visit to his friend Jim Thornhill and Jim’s common-law wife, Lucy Tressler.

She was most likely the “old lady” Curry had in mind as the recipient of the bolt of green silk he lifted from the Wagner robbery. He would have been greeted at the door by three curious children, one his four-yearold namesake, Harvey D. Thornhill, nicknamed “Man.” When Jim later moved to Arizona, Man became a top roper and won several rodeo competitions. The others were three-year-old Sarah, and Jim’s son George, born December 27, 1899.2

Some histories state that Curry even took time out to visit his friend

Sid Willis in Great Falls. He first took a room in the Minot block, not bothering to hide his identity. He then supposedly asked the Mint Saloon owner to act as a go-between in finding someone who would forge signatures on the unsigned Bank of Montana money. Whether Willis refused or just couldn’t find anyone willing to sign the bills, Curry nevertheless left Great Falls without the desired forgeries.3

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Medium 9781607320883

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

Mark Hudson University Press of Colorado ePub

Humans have a tortured relationship with fire. We are, in the terminology of relationship pathologies, “control freaks.” We love fire if we feel we are in charge of it. Appropriately placed within the confines of the hearth, fire provides warmth and a sense of comfort, a shield both material and psychological against the encroachment of darkness. Fire in the right place and of the right scale is considered an indicator of progress, a seed of human civilization. When a small pile of sticks is set ablaze outdoors within the confines of a ring of stones, most of us are drawn to it, and not simply for the warmth it provides. We are, when fire is behaving in a socially appropriate way, deeply pyrophillic. But if fire gets uppity, the love turns to terror. Depending on our proximity, this fear is utterly rational. Having once caught my own hands on fire, I can attest that overly close encounters with uncontrolled flames are not to be encouraged. The many fatalities among wildland firefighters over the years provide much more profound and tragic testimony to the same point. However, over the past 50 to 100 years, humans’ need for control has increased, in part because human populations continue to spread into what used to be considered “wilderness” and as part of a larger attempt at managing nature to suit our historically specific needs and wants. Even if we face no personal risk, we would much prefer to see fire bounded, enclosed, and managed. Fire that does not suit our needs has no place. Fire out of its cage is infernal. It is the tool of the mob, the invader, and the rioting masses. It is to be extinguished.

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