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Medium 9781609949273

22. Building immunity

John de Graaf Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Building immunity

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure, or so the old saying goes. Many of us take that suggestion seriously each fall when we line up dutifully for flu shots. When we feel a virus coming on, we pop some vitamin C tablets into our mouths, hoping Linus Pauling knew what he was talking about (turns out, he didn’t). Of course, there are no real shots or pills that can prevent or soften the impact of affluenza. (There’s one exception: for the small percentage of Americans who are truly addicted—that is, compulsive shoppers—psychiatrists sometimes prescribe anticompulsion drugs and antidepressants, with promising results.) But in a metaphorical sense, some powerful antiviruses are floating around that can help vaccinate us against affluenza, and so are some equally effective vitamins that can help keep us from harm’s way.

Vancouver, British Columbia, might be called the headquarters of anti-affluenza vaccine research. It’s the home of Kalle Lasn, the author of Culture Jam and publisher of a magazine called Adbusters. The magazine became popular with its clever “uncommercials,” anti-ads that often mock real ads. For example, a parody of Calvin Klein’s Obsession perfume ads shows men staring into their underwear, while another mocking Absolut Vodka shows a partially melted plastic vodka bottle, with the caption “Absolute Impotence” and a warning in small print that “drink increases the desire but lessens the performance.”

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Medium 9781609947897

5 The Warmth of a Mother’s Touch: Maternal and Child Health

Eric Bing Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Sadiki lay in pain, exhausted, on the floor of her home in Malindi, a rural village in Kenya. She had been in labor for more than twenty hours. She wondered why this birth was so much more difficult than her previous one. Maybe it was because her husband had been by her side back then. But after a roadside accident made her a widow at twenty-four with a set of twins at home and a baby on the way, all of life seemed different.

After her husbands death, Sadiki received aid from the Caris Family Foundation, an international NGO focused on helping single mothers develop health and business skills. Entrepreneurial by nature and now even more motivated, she began mastering skills and dreamed of opening a small daycare center after the baby was born.

But for now, her only desire was to end the pain.

This baby seemed way too big. So much bigger, she thought, than her twinscombined. Maybe she shouldnt have listened to the community health workers suggestion to get prenatal care. Maybe the supplements theyd given her and the healthier food she was eating had made the baby too big for her small body to handle.

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Medium 9780253001924

11 Looking Backward to and Forward from the 2006 Voting Rights Act Reauthorization

Daniel McCool Indiana University Press ePub

In the America promised by our founders, every citizen is somebody, and every generation has a responsibility to add its own chapter to the unfolding story of freedom. In the four decades since the Voting Rights Act was first passed, we’ve made progress toward equality, yet the work for a more perfect union is never ending.

PRESIDENT GEORGE BUSH, WHITE HOUSE STATEMENT
AT THE VOTING RIGHTS ACT REAUTHORIZATION
SIGNING CEREMONY
, JULY 27, 2006

We shouldn’t forget that better is not good enough.

SENATOR BARACK OBAMA, 42ND COMMEMORATION OF
BLOODY SUNDAY, SELMA, ALABAMA, MARCH 4, 2007

How much progress is enough?1 Is voting discrimination tolerable in our democracy, and, when it occurs, how is it best remedied? As the chapters in this book make clear, these were the core questions that animated the 2006 reauthorization of key provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (“VRA”) and that persist in its wake.2 They are not small questions. The VRA is recognized not only as one of the most important civil rights laws ever passed, but also as one of the most important laws of any kind in the history of the United States. It is a rare statute, which merges our nation’s past, present, and future; it bridges the cross-currents of the ugliest chapters of yesterday, today’s challenges, and our aspirations for tomorrow. A survey of the history of the right to vote in America reveals just how difficult it has been to reach this stage in our progress. There was a period in which the Supreme Court severely undermined, if not essentially foreclosed, the possibility of voting equality.3 For a long period Congress failed to confront flagrant and violent voting discrimination,4 followed by belated responses that proved inadequate to meet the scale of the problem. Supported by a well-documented history of voting discrimination and enacted as a result of courageous resistance to entrenched discrimination, the Voting Rights Act drastically altered the pattern of exclusion. Although the act’s special enforcement provisions have been extended four times, these provisions, which are central aspects of the VRA, continue to generate substantial debate, as the chapters in this book make clear.

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Medium 9780253013866

11. Ritual Bundle in Colonial Annapolis

Akinwumi Ogundiran Indiana University Press ePub

Mark P. Leone, Jocelyn E. Knauf,
and Amanda Tang

The 2008 archaeological discovery of an eighteenth-century ritual bundle in Annapolis, Maryland, was widely reported in the press (Johnson 2008; Wilford 2008). The reports rightfully acknowledge the bundle as a product of African-descended culture, rituals, and beliefs. The likely African cultural provenience of the bundle has also been highlighted in those reports. We revisit this ritual bundle in this chapter as the basis for understanding the spiritual and otherworldly beliefs in Annapolis before the Age of Revolution and its status as a new capital of the colony of Maryland. We argue that the Annapolis of the Enlightenment, well known for lawyers, printers, and patriots, began as a town characterized by paranormal beliefs and eclectic ritual practices, especially at the time when the official Maryland government first moved there in 1695. These beliefs and practices—both European and African—were important parts of everyday lives in Annapolis until the 1750s, the dawn of the local Enlightenment and its political offshoot, the American Revolution. We not only want to show an Annapolis most historians neglect but also an Annapolis with some evidence of African or African American ritual practices.

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Medium 9780253017437

13 Constructing Moral Personhood: The Moral Test in Tuareg Sociability as a Commentary on Honor and Dishonor

William C Olsen Indiana University Press ePub

SUSAN J. RASMUSSEN

Evil often induces human suffering; it may, for example, result in illness. In many African societies, it is often synonymous with witchcraft, possession, and other malevolent practices elaborated in ritual (Comaroff and Comaroff 1993; Ferme 2001; Rasmussen 1998, 2001; West 2005, 2007), and it is often combated through formal religious and political means. I contend that, in addition to these manifestations, evil may also be addressed more informally, in moral testing during deceptively trivial ordinary everyday sociability, not solely in public formal ritual or large-scale political contexts. Preoccupations in such tests include combating literal physical harm, tangible material theft, and/or psychosocial suffering.

I focus here on local cosmologies and concepts of evil as expressed in incidents and cases of testing of persons to construct or deconstruct, reflect upon, and critique moral personhood. The goal is to reveal subjective cultural experiences of evil and danger through exploration of their representations in small incidents and cases involving tests of character and judgments and commentaries on honor and dishonor, with examples from other social interactions and verbal art. I show how, for many Tamajaq-speaking, Muslim, socially stratified, and seminomadic Tuareg in Saharan regions of Mali and Niger, moral testing offers opportunities to weigh “lesser” and “greater” evils and to judge moral character in shifting terrains of uncertainty.1 Here I draw on data I collected in rural and urban communities of Mali and Niger, with special emphasis on Tamajaq-speakers in a multiethnic town in northern Mali, where many self-identify as Tuareg in cultural and linguistic affiliation and maintain ties with rural nomadic communities. Key in defining and resisting evil are widely held values of respect, honor, and dignity, expressed in not solely offering, but also accepting, generosity and hospitality. Ideally, all parties to interaction—offenders and perpetrators, as well as “victimized” or vulnerable persons in cases of mischief—should approach each other on moral common ground. Honor (achak) is important here, but not in the sense of “not giving in.” Evil, also “bad” and “dangerous” (glossed as wa labasen, a verbal construction used as an adjective) subsumes superhuman, as well as human and social, powers and manipulations that subvert, even invert these key values. Sin (abakat) is a more religious-derived concept, used more narrowly to describe the breaking of specific ritual taboos and often Quranic injunctions, for example, sexual restrictions (Rasmussen 2000, 2006). Sometimes, seemingly ordinary everyday incidents—both in life and in verbal art performance illustrate local assessments of moral personhood. Why are these incidents and practices so important to many Tuareg, what wider processes do they reveal in moral cosmologies of evil, and how are they so analytically valuable to anthropologists?

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Medium 9780253014993

10. Yes Wii Can or Can Wii? Theorizing the Possibilities of Video Games as Health Disparity Intervention

Thomas P Oates Indiana University Press ePub

David J. Leonard, Sarah Ullrich-French, and Thomas G. Power

THE DEBATE ABOUT EXERGAMING OFTEN APPEARS IN headlines such as “Can Wii Games Replace Regular Exercise?” and “Is the Wii Fit Better than Regular Exercise?”1 In this regard, virtual gaming has been reduced to a binary, a mathematical formula that treats participants as universal subjects and analyzes how well the games transport those bodies into virtual space. It reflects on whether these games have real-life impact on the universal game subject and how these virtual activities compare to their real-life brethren. Take one study from the American Council on Exercise, which after testing sixteen participants on six of Wii’s most challenging games – Free Run, Island Run, Free Step, Advanced Step, Super Hula Hoop, and Rhythm Boxing – concluded that virtual reality was distinctively different from the real world, in that twice as many calories were burned with the real “thing.” Emblematic of much of the discourse, the adherence to the virtual-real binary and its conceptualization of all participants as having equal access and opportunity demonstrate the shortcomings of the discourse surrounding virtual exercise.2 Furthering the establishment of this dualistic framework, the discourse focuses on the caloric impact–energy expenditure rates of virtual exercise games; it works to understand if exergaming is a substitute for real-world exercise. Yet there has been little effort to measure the impact of games on the physical body (core strength, balance) and, more important, the impact of games on identity, knowledge about fitness, health, and nutrition. In the end, these studies, more than the games themselves, disembody people and fail to look at how games change people in a myriad of ways, from the physical to the mental, from identity to self-worth.

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Medium 9781574412024

Part 3a. A Tribute to Paul Patterson

Edited by Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781574412383

“Eating Up Route 66: Foodways of Motorists Crossing the Texas Panhandle”

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF

EATING UP ROUTE 66: FOODWAYS

OF MOTORISTS CROSSING

THE TEXAS PANHANDLE by T. Lindsay Baker

From the mid-1920s to the mid-1960s, U.S. Highway 66 served as a major thoroughfare for motorists traveling between the Midwest and the Pacific coast. In the mid-1920s, the U.S. Bureau of

Roads began designating highways in the forty-eight states with identifying numbers. In 1926, the agency gave number 66 to a combination of roads that started at Chicago and passed through

St. Louis, Oklahoma City, Amarillo, and Albuquerque to reach Los

Angeles, over 2,400 miles away. In Texas the roads that became

Route 66 were dirt tracks parallel to the Rock Island Railroad across the Panhandle.

Few highways in America gave travelers such geographical and cultural diversity as Route 66. From the cornfields of Illinois, drivers went through the Ozarks in Missouri before entering the oil fields and red hills of Oklahoma. They then crossed the treeless plains in the Texas Panhandle before driving through the deserts and Indian country of New Mexico and Arizona. In their unairconditioned cars they proceeded through the Mojave Desert, passed by orange groves in southern California, and reached the

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Medium 9780253348739

9 Shock, Renewal, Crisis: Catholic Reflections on the Shoah

Kevin P Spicer Indiana University Press ePub

ELIAS H. FÜLLENBACH

In February 1937, the Austrian magazine Die Erfüllung published a Memorandum (Denkschrift) entitled Christ’s Church and the Jewish Question, signed by several renowned Catholic theologians and politicians from cities throughout Europe, including Rome, Prague, Paris, and Vienna, and called for outspoken protest against the antisemitic actions of the National Socialists.1 In the introduction, it stated: “In view of the confusion caused even among Christians . . . over several decades, and particularly in recent years, by a consciously or unconsciously anti-Christian antisemitism with respect to the Jewish question, we consider it to be our obligation as Christians to point out the teachings of Christ’s Church regarding these questions, and, from that point of view, respond to the attempts at a solution made and propagated at present—especially in the German-speaking regions.”2

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Medium 9781607320944

CHAPTER THIRTEEN. Sacred Landscapes as Environmental Histories in Lowland South America

Alf Hornborg University Press of Colorado ePub

Jonathan D. Hill

In this chapter I will focus on ritual practices as active components in the ways that indigenous peoples of lowland South America have historically constructed power relations and the material, ecological landscapes that these different ritual practices have produced. The term “landscape” is used here to refer to a “historical construct, the visible imprint of past human agency” (Neves and Petersen 2006:279), or reflections of interactive processes that are at once organic, inorganic, and semiotic. Ritual practices and associated mythic narratives play a central role in the way material and organic phenomena are signified (i.e., named, classified, consumed, handled, or otherwise transformed) or imbued with culturally specific patterns of meaning, intentionality, and emotion.1 Significant features of the landscape are in turn recursively introduced as signifiers into the processes of reproducing human social relations.2 In this chapter, special attention is given to indigenous verbal artistry, including chanted, sung, and other musically performed ways of speaking in ritual settings as well as narrative discourses that explain the origins of such ritually powerful ways of speaking.

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Medium 9780253018557

“Spellbound and Sacrosanct”

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

ON THE EVENING of March 1, 2014 at Manhattan’s 92nd Street Y, jazz pianist and composer Vijay Iyer was on stage with the Brentano String Quartet. It was the New York City premiere of his program Time, Place, Action, which he dedicated to the African American writer-activist Amiri Baraka—one of Iyer’s most important mentors. Alternating between improvisation and notated form, straddling genres, piano and string partnered to captivate the audience.

Three days later, Iyer’s album Mutations, scored for string quartet, piano, and electronics, was released to critical acclaim. According to the liner notes, genetic change—generated through the complex interplay between species and the ever-shifting environment, without a clear teleological thrust toward “betterment”—is a model for the pattern of structure and real-time composition that characterizes the album. The piano solo “Spellbound and Sacrosanct, Cowrie Shells and the Shimmering Sea” serves as prelude to the central ten-part suite “Mutations I-X,” courting the listener. “Spellbound and Sacrosanct” first appeared on his 1995 debut album Memoraphilia, to which members of both Asian Improv Arts and the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians, an African American organization, contributed. This early composition resounds not only with Iyer’s distinctive rhythmic and ecstatic qualities, but also with visions of worlds meeting that have continued to characterize his music. Indeed, as the alliances behind Memoraphilia and the works which follow demonstrate, the exchange and intersection of histories remain central to his career.

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Medium 9781626560321

Seven The Power of Small Business and Entrepreneurship

John Hope Bryant Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

CHAPTER SEVEN

Beginning in 2011, Gallup and Operation HOPE partnered on the first national poll of young people’s behavioral economics, examining the interests of thirty million young people in fifth through twelfth grades. Among other things, the poll found that 77 percent of youth want to be their own boss, 45 percent want to own their own business, and 42 percent believe they will create something that changes the world. Ninety-one percent said they are not afraid to take risks and 91 percent said their minds never stopped. But only 5 percent of young people in the largest economy in the world are engaged in a business internship, and only about one-third of respondents had a parent or guardian who had ever started a business.1

In addition to economic literacy and access to credit and banking, America needs good jobs to foster a stable economic system, and we need to get on about the business of creating those. But these jobs are not going to come from traditional sources. Instead, we need a massive nationwide focus on entrepreneurship and small business creation, and a focus on the active development of what I call self-employment projects. Even when this focus does not in fact create entrepreneurs, it might succeed in creating something even more valuable in poor communities: an entrepreneurial, can-do, glass-is-half-full, let’s-figure-out-what-we-are-for mind-set. Such a focus on empowerment rather than entitlement would be transformational in and of itself.

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Medium 9780874217506

Chapter 8 - Public Folklore in Cyberspace

Trevor J. Blank Utah State University Press ePub

GREGORY HANSEN

In 1985 I was working with the Kentucky Center for the Arts in Louisville as a fieldworker for the Kentucky Folk Project. The project was funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts, and it consisted of a twelve-county survey of folk arts in north-central Kentucky. Four months of fieldwork resulted in presentations at the center’s festival, the Kentucky Folklife Celebration. Additional activities included a traveling exhibit entitled “Patterns between the Rivers: Tradition in North-Central Kentucky.” During the course of the project, fieldworkers documented a range of Kentucky folk arts, including blues music, quilt-making, old-time fiddling, johnboat building, tobacco twisting, weaving, woodcarving, beekeeping, and dozens of other forms of expressive culture. The project provided me with many firsts: the opportunity to work as a public folklorist, assist with a folklife festival, and see photographs that I had taken featured in an exhibit (Feintuch 1988, 1). It also was my first exposure to the use of computers in public programming. I open with this example to illustrate several of the activities of public folklorists, as well as to foreground some of the salient issues involved in using computers in public presentations of folklife.

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Medium 9781574416411

Chapter 5: La Familia

Richard J. Gonzales (author) UNT Press PDF

Chapter 5

La Familia

The blue-eyed Latina yearned to find the Mexican heritage that her parents had hidden from her. She told me after a speech to her professional library association that her parents decided that a total dip in the melting pot was the American baptism needed for success in this country.

They didn't want any of that second-class, hyphenated American status— they sought the full loaf of white-bread respectability, not half.

Yessirree, they wanted her to become a Yankee Doodle Dandy, too, but their wishes didn't stick. Now, as an adult with children, she longed to form soft vowels and roll r's.

She had a wistful desire to walk in the forbidden Latin Quarter; she wanted to live the Mexican American life and savor its history and culture.

She sought to reattach the hyphen and cross over as an Americana to become a Mexicana. She wanted to mambo to the cultural rhythms that were denied her but that she felt intuitively. With the growing Chicano presence in the country and state, she'll find plenty of opportunity to fulfill this cultural attraction.

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Medium 9781574412772

BOOKS OF THE TFS

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF

BOOKS OF THE TFS by Len Ainsworth

Books drew me to the Texas Folklore Society. I began to read TFS books in high school without paying attention to the publisher, being drawn to them by the editor and frequent contributor, J.

Frank Dobie. A ranch-oriented small-town boy in the 1940s, books such as Pitching Horses and Panthers just suited me. The illustrations by Will James, another favorite, were icing on the cake. Reading Mustangs and Cow Horses was akin to a religious experience and the subject of much discussion with a best friend.

We had grown up with horses, and recognized Dobie, Boatright, and Ransom as the gurus (although we wouldn’t have understood the word) or founts of greater knowledge about a Texas still much alive in our thoughts. We even expanded our taste to beyond

Dobie offerings, insofar as our school library provided them.

Someone in the school must have developed a fair collection of the earlier TFS publications for them to be available at least a dozen years later. We read some of the Mexican tales (Puro Mexicano,

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