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Chapter 1 The Gulf of Mexico Region as a Transnational Community 1Terry L. McCoy

James C Cato Texas A&M University Press PDF

1

The Gulf of Mexico Region as a Transnational Community

Terry L. McCoy

Introduction

A4903.indb 1

This chapter assesses the prospects for the Gulf of Mexico region to evolve into an integrated transnational community. The underlying question is whether the

Gulf functions as a barrier separating or a bridge uniting the coastal regions of the three countries that share it. Answering that question involves addressing a number of related ideas: Are trade and investment flows, transportation networks, demographic movements, intergovernmental collaboration, and civil society interaction knitting the Gulf territories of the United States and Mexico together across the Gulf? Do officials and residents of the region think of themselves as belonging to a Gulf community? Is there a growing sense of community identification accompanied by transnational institution building? And where does Cuba, the third Gulf nation, fit?

The original impetus for this research, which began in the mid-1990s, was the launch of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which promised a new era in United States–Mexico relations (see McCoy, 1996, for early work). A decade later it is appropriate to assess the extent to which the predicted changes have in fact occurred.

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8 The Discovery of Sex Hormones

Elof Axel Carlson Indiana University Press ePub

In 1902, William Bayliss (1860–1924) and Ernest Starling (1866–1927) introduced the term “hormone.”1 Hormones are substances produced by one organ, an endocrine gland, that acts at a distance on another organ. The field of science that studies this is called endocrinology. The names of hormones were all coined in the twentieth century, but the idea that there was something like hormones has existed since antiquity. For example, Chinese medicine frequently made use of extracts from human urine that were used to treat disease.

Since human history began and medical treatments were attempted, physical changes associated with endocrine glands have been known. Castrated males, since antiquity known as eunuchs, lose their capacity to grow a beard, may develop enlarged breasts, and become effeminate. Eunuchs have had a long history serving as guards of harems in the Middle East, where plural marriages were common and reflective of wealth and power, and they served as political advisors in the Forbidden City in Beijing during the rule of Chinese emperors. Eunuchs were usually castrated as young men, but a special category of eunuchs were castrated as preadolescent boys. These were called castrati. During the Renaissance and until the eighteenth century, boys in choirs who were aged six to ten and who had a talent for singing and reading music were castrated and groomed to become prized singers because of their “celestial” soprano-like upper voice range. They differed from typical eunuchs, who lost their testes as adults, tending to be taller than average and appearing “etiolated,” with unusually wide hips in an otherwise slender frame.2 Castration was also applied to slaves in Greece about 400 BCE because they were considered to be more docile. In Jewish tradition, eunuchs were excluded from religious ceremonies. Early Christian monks sometimes practiced castration to remove the temptation of sexual attraction.3

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Human Nervous System: CLEP Biology

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781574414486

IV. Ecotourism with a Hand Lens in the Trail of the Miniature Forests of Cape Horn at Omora Park / Ecotourismo Con Lupa en El Sendero De Los Bosques en Miniatura Del Cabo de Hornos en El Parque Omora

Bernard Goffinet and Ricardo Rozzi and Lily Lewis and William Buck and Francisca Massardo University of North Texas Press PDF

9. RECOGNIZING SPECIES AND

PRACTICING ECOTOURISM

WITH A HAND LENS

9. RECONOCIENDO ESPECIES Y

PRACTICANDO ECOTURISMO

CON LUPA

Lily Lewis, Francisca Massardo, Yanet Medina, Kelli Moses, Manuela Méndez,

Bernard Goffinet & Ricardo Rozzi

We invite you to go through the trail of the

Miniature Forests of Cape Horn where you will find metal signs in the shape of magnifying glasses that call your a en on to some of the organisms and microhabitats, and help you discover the beauty, diversity and ecological role of these small plants and lichens.

Lo invitamos a recorrer el sendero de los Bosques en Miniatura del Cabo de Hornos, donde encontrará señales metálicas en forma de lupas que centran su atención en algunas especies de esta pequeña flora y sus microhábitats, y que le ayudarán a descubrir la belleza, la diversidad y el papel ecológico de las briofitas y líquenes.

For the Yahgans, the original inhabitants of the sub-Antarc c ecoregion of South America,

Omora is a hummingbird that embodies a small hero who protects the water supply for all the inhabitants of the Cape Horn region and maintains, both, ecological and social order. This eco-social order is the basis for sustainability and is central for conserva on of the diversity of animals and plants. In this visit to the Omora Ethnobotanical Park you will become familiar with an essen al component of the flora of the sub-Antarc c forests: the bryophytes (mosses and liverworts) and lichens. This flora plays an essen al role regula ng the nutrient cycles, the flow and quality of water, and achieves a level of diversity so high that the Magellanic sub-Antarc c forest ecoregion is a world hotspot of non-vascular flora!

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2.2. Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering

Becerra, Dr José Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

2.2.  Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering

Regenerative Medicine in the Context of Cell Biology: Technical and Practical Approaches

José A. Andrades1 and María J. Gómez-Lechón2,3

1.  Department of Cell Biology, Genetic and Physiology, Faculty of Sciences, Networking Biomedical Research Center in Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), University of Málaga, 29071-Málaga, Spain.

2.  Unidad de Hepatología Experimental. IIS Hospital La Fe, Avda. Campanar 21, 46009-Valencia, Spain.

3.  CIBEREHD, Fondo de Investigaciones Sanitarias, Barcelona, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain.

Cells for Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicine helps natural healing processes to work faster and better. These technologies and techniques create an environment in which missing or damaged tissue that would not ordinarily regrow in fact regenerates fully. Within just a few years, the possibility that the human body contains cells that can repair and regenerate damaged and diseased tissue has gone from an unlikely proposition to a virtual certainty. Some of the most impressive demonstrations of regenerative medicine since the turn of the century have used varying forms of stem cells-embryonic, adult, and most recently induced pluripotent stem cells-to trigger healing in the patient. Regenerative medicine promises to extend healthy life spans and improve the quality of life by supporting and activating the body’s natural healing.

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