1112 Chapters
Medium 9780253018168

14. Political Theology of the German Revolutions

Marius Timmann Mjaaland Indiana University Press ePub

The rise of the Peasants’ War in Germany 1524–1526 is intimately connected with the events of the Reformation.1 It was not the only uproar of peasants in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Europe but definitely the most important one, and the only upheaval deserving the name of a revolution—in the modern, political sense of the term. It also produced one of the earliest charters in favor of more general freedom rights in Europe, the so-called Twelve Articles of Memmingen (1525). There were other manifestos before and after this one, but none of them had a similar influence on political events. Its principal tenor may be traced directly back to the palpable influence from Luther’s On the Freedom of a Christian (1520), the letter accompanying his written defense against the papal bull. The Twelve Articles open with an assertion of the right of each parish to install and depose a pastor according to their conviction. According to the first article, the pastor is obliged to preach the Gospel clearly and without any human additions, since the Word teaches “that we solely through the true faith can come to God.”2

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8. Temporal Discontinuity, Narrative Interest, and the Emergence of Meaning

Meir Sternberg Indiana University Press ePub

He has revelled in the creation of alarm and suspense and surprise and relief, in all the arts that practise, with a scruple for nothing but a lapse of application, on the credulous soul of the candid or, immeasurably better, on the seasoned spirit of the cunning reader.

Henry James, Preface to “The Altar of the Dead”

In art as in life, suspense derives from incomplete knowledge about a conflict (or some other contingency) looming in the future. Located at some point in the present, we know enough to expect a struggle but not to predict its course, and above all its outcome, with certitude. Hence a discontinuity that extends from the moment of prospection on the unknown to the moment of enactment and release. Hence also the state of mind that characterizes the intermediate phase: expectant restlessness, awareness of gaps, gap-filling inference along alternative lines, with the attention thrown forward to the point in time that will resolve it all and establish closure by supplying the desired information. Often, moreover, we have a stake (ethical, emotional, practical, doctrinal) in the event that hangs in the balance. The play of expectations then escalates into a clash of hope and fear, which engenders the sharpest form of suspense, because these rival hypotheses about the outcome are both loaded (hope with a positive charge, fear with a negative) and mutually exclusive. “Human life,” says Lucian, “is ruled by a pair of tyrants called Hope and Fear. …The one thing people want, the one thing they must have, when they’re oppressed by either Hope or Fear, is information about the future.”1 But if in human life Lucian’s crooked diviner makes money out of these tyrants, then the narrative of human life employs them to make interest and sense.

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9: Pilgrimage Walking as Green Prescription Self-therapy?

McIntosh, I.S.; Harman, L.D. CABI PDF

9 

Pilgrimage Walking as Green

Prescription Self-therapy?

Nanna Natalia Karpinska Dam Jørgensen*

Volda University College, Volda, Norway

Introduction

Pilgrimage walking has potential as therapy on

‘green prescription’ – meaning rehabilitation with salutary outdoor activities – to relieve minor mental and physical ailments. It may also reduce reliance on expensive therapies and medications that often have unpleasant side effects. In this chapter I argue how pilgrimage walking – if prescribed as an outdoor therapy alongside/

­ instead of medicines – could reduce Norway’s hospitalizations, medication use, health queues and spending, and also help people obtain relief by using their own personal health assets. To support this view, the chapter shows how present-day pilgrimages, like walking the Camino de Santiago de Compostela1 can be used as a self-therapeutic tool. According to cross-cultural pilgrim reports, people walk the Camino for religious, spiritual, personal and relational reasons. They seek exis­ tential meaning, silence or company, to process and restore themselves after various life ordeals.

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Medium 9780253018021

15. A Spirited Encounter: The Promise of Ecstasis and the Constraints of Supranaturalism

Edited by Nimi Wariboko and Amos Yong Indiana University Press ePub

The winds of the Spirit have, as always, been blowing and will continue to blow throughout the whole of creation, but theology’s response to the same has been less than spirited until the final decades of the twentieth century and now the early part of the twenty-first. A variety of factors have played a role in this overdue course correction, but thoughtful observers would do well to list the rise of the pentecostal movement and, to a lesser extent, the contributions of Paul Tillich as important factors in improving Spirit’s theological fortunes. It is, therefore, most felicitous to deepen a conversation between these two theological streams, a conversation that has been well inaugurated in the pioneering work of Amos Yong and Nimi Wariboko. This particular volume heralds a substantial broadening and deepening of this conversation, and I am happy to play a part in nurturing the intellectual ties between scholarly communities that will enable the conversation to flourish.

Readers who are uninitiated in this nascent conversation might be forgiven for wondering whether we do not have here a theological odd couple. What does Tillich’s sober, modernist anti-supranaturalist theology have to do with the ecstatic, counter-modernist supranaturalism of pentecostal theologies? Are they not inhabitants, to use Steven Studebaker’s language, of “incommensurable thought-worlds?”1 Do we not have here, as Tony Richie briefly wonders, a contemporary instance of the longstanding Tertullian rivalry between a rational Athens and a wild and unpredictable Jerusalem, the scene of the Spirit’s polyglossic Pentecost manifestation?2

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Medium 9780253008039

Afterword: “No Home Like a Raft”: Repositioning the Narratives of U.S. Religious History

Michael Pasquier Indiana University Press ePub

REPOSITIONING THE NARRATIVES OF U.S. RELIGIOUS HISTORY

Thomas A. Tweed

 

“I never felt easy till the raft was . . . out in the middle of the Mississippi,” the narrator of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn says as he and the escaped slave traveling with him set out on their aquatic journey. After Jim and Huck hung up their “signal lantern” and let the currents carry them, they felt “powerful glad to get away.” “We said there warn’t no home like a raft, after all. Other places do seem so cramped up and smothery.”1 For those characters in the novel by Mark Twain, who grew up on the river where he later piloted boats, being on the raft was exhilarating because it put distance between them and the immorality, hypocrisy, and suffering on the “sivilized” shore.2

Readers of this collection of historical essays are “powerful glad” for other reasons. The contributors to this book—a rather different mode of transport—also tell their stories from the Mississippi, following the currents from its source in northern Minnesota to its destination in the Gulf of Mexico. This aquatic vantage allows for more expansive vistas. By contrast, the usual historical surveys, which have been set in the woodlands and cityscapes farther east, “do seem so cramped up and smothery.” Yet positioned along the Mississippi River more characters enter the complex plot as the settings shift, moving up and down the major artery dividing the terrain that came to be called the United States. Taken together, in other words, the essays move us toward richer narratives. We might just leave it at that and conclude, as Huck does at the end of his fictional journey, “there ain’t nothing more to write about, and I am rotten glad of it.”3 Postponing our delight, however, it might help to write just a little more—about where these essays have taken us and where we might go next.

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