1112 Chapters
Medium 9780253006844

2 Filling Niches and Pews in Williamsburg and Greenpoint: The Religious Ecology of Gentrification

RICHARD CIMINO Indiana University Press ePub

Richard Cimino

“Oh wow, wait a minute, this is weird,” shouted a twenty-something spectator to a friend on his cell phone as he watched the float of a Marian statue and a procession of priests, pilgrims, and a small brass band pass him on Graham Avenue. “It’s like a parade about our lady of caramel or something.”

This brief encounter between the puzzled hipster and the Roman Catholic participants in the procession of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel in Williamsburg, Brooklyn, during the summer of 2008 illuminates the ongoing cultural disconnect between newcomers and old-time residents in this gentrifying neighborhood. As the procession winded its way through the side streets of what was once called Italian Williamsburg, the pilgrims handed out scapulars (necklaces with cloth images of the Virgin Mary) to neighbors while the priests greeted older parishioners as they stood waving by their doorways. The newer residents kept more of a distance from the spectacle. Sitting on the steps of her building, a thirty-seven-year-old woman who had recently moved to Williamsburg said, “I’m not religious, but it’s good for the neighborhood . . . It keeps it safer.”

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3 The Sahara as Connective Space

Roman Loimeier Indiana University Press PDF


The Sahara as Connective Space

Historical Themes and Patterns

In both North African history and the history of sub-Saharan Africa, the Sahara has been seen as a geographical, political, and economic periphery. As a result, the Sahara and its populations have been presented as forming merely an extension of either the bilād al-maghrib or the bilād al-sūdān. This perspective neglects the fact that the

Sahara has been a major connective space and has been as such an intrinsic part of the economic systems of both the bilād al-maghrib and the bilād al-sūdān. Due to these entanglements, the Sahara cannot be seen as an isolated backwater of world history and economics. The economic importance of the Sahara and its trade routes in fact has been so important for the bilād al-maghrib and the bilād al-sūdān that the rulers in the north and the south have repeatedly tried to gain control over the Sahara and trans-Saharan trade routes. Consequently, knowledge of trade and trade routes, wells, oases, and terrain was of paramount importance and collected eagerly. At the same time, knowledge was withheld as far as possible from possible competitors, especially

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2 “A Drama of Faith and Family”: Custody Disputes in Postwar France

Daniella Doron Indiana University Press ePub

THE FINALY AFFAIR ILLUSTRATES how the campaign of locating orphaned and displaced Jewish children ignited a firestorm in postwar France concerning the memory and meaning of the persecutions. Observers compared the Finaly boys’ kidnapping to Spain and baptism into the Catholic faith—all in the effort to “protect” them from Judaism—to German attempts to erase Jewish life in Europe. As the previous chapter demonstrated, the imperative of redeeming surviving Jewish youth for the Jewish community resonated for postwar Jews as a way to commemorate the dead and work through the past.

But haunting memories of genocide were not the only factor fueling the controversy over postwar youth. In the cities and villages of France, heated custody disputes emerged between French families, the state, Jewish agencies, and Jewish relatives over the guardianship of these orphaned Jewish children. The Finaly Affair and the other custody disputes explored in this chapter were sparked not only by raw memories, but also by competing visions of French national identity and the future of the nation in the shadow of Vichy. Within their own families and on a national stage, Jews and non-Jews widely debated their conceptions of family, Jewish ethnicity, and French nationhood as part of their attempt to reconstitute their vision of France at the Liberation and rehabilitate orphaned children.

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4. Female-Narrated Possibilities of Relationship

Joyce Burkhalter Flueckiger Indiana University Press ePub



When I asked female jatara celebrants to tell me the why the jatara is celebrated, they almost always answered with descriptions of rituals rather than with a narrative. In contrast, men responded most often to the same question with the story of the Palegadu and Gangamma. When I asked women more specifically about the stories of Gangamma, while they often knew the general narrative outline of the Gangamma–Palegadu story, they reported rather than performed it.1 Even the flower sellers at the Tatayyagunta temple, who have an intimate relationship with the Gangamma of that temple and are witness to the broad range of jatara rituals that take place in its courtyard, were not storytellers; when I asked them for Gangamma narratives, they referred me to the Kaikalas and Pambalas. Until my return to Tirupati in the fall of 2005, I was tentatively concluding that men related to the goddess primarily narratively, whereas women related to her primarily ritually—and that men relate to her primarily during the jatara itself, whereas women relate to her throughout the year. While this conclusion may still be relevant, an unexpected, serendipitous meeting with a small group of women in the village of Avilala in 2005 opened up other possibilities.2

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Glossary of key Terms

Martin Heidegger Indiana University Press ePub

Glossary of Key Terms

Ansatz: starting point

Bedeutsamkeit: significance

Bedeutung: meaning

Bekümmerung, bekümmern; curare: concern, to concern oneself; to be concerned

Berufung, Beruf: calling; vocation

Betrachtung: study

Betrachtungen: studies, considerations

Bezugssinn: relational sense

cupiditas: lust, avarice

concupiscentia, Begierlichkeit: desire (lust)

Dasein: existence; Dasein

delectatio: delight

Einstellung; Einstellung-…; einstellungsmäβig: attitude, attitudinal…; attitudinal

Erfahrung; Erlebnis: experience

Erkenntnis; Erkenntnis…, erkenntnismäβig: knowledge; cognitive

Evangelium: gospel; evangelism

frui: enjoyment

Gegenstand: object; thing [if contrasted with Objekt]

Gegenständlichkeit: objecthood

gegenständlich werden: becoming an object

Gegenwärtigung: presentation (to myself)

Geschäftigkeit: bustling activity

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