1488 Chapters
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Medium 9781609940041

Introduction: A Call to Wise and Compassionate Leadership

Manz, Charles C. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

When you are called upon to lead, in any capacity, are you effective? Is your leadership ethical and just? Are you able to provide positive influence for others that benefits them as well as the end that is being served?

Now let’s go even deeper. Are you able to lead yourself effectively? Do you serve as an ethical, moral, effective example for others? Do you lead with humility? Do you lead with compassion? Have you mastered the arts of forgiveness and service? Can you be like a child when that is required? Do you understand and put into practice the Golden Rule? Do you know the secret of mustard seed power?

There is a powerful and informative literature dating back hundreds of years that addresses historical thinking on wisdom. It is especially centered on the writings and teachings of mostly ancient, and usually religious, leaders. A number of historical leaders and thinkers have achieved a special level of greatness and wisdom. King Solomon, Moses, Confucius, Lao Tzu, Buddha, Gandhi, Muhammad, and many others have struck a chord with multitudes in an unusually powerful way. As our contemporary knowledge continues to expand dramatically, it would be a grave mistake to forget the vast wisdom of such key historical figures.

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Medium 9781574412222

1 “Planting the Institutions of Freedom”

Juan Francisco Martinez University of North Texas Press PDF

“Planting the Institutions of Freedom”

7

Protestant Views on the Mexican-American War

The war with Mexico occurred during a time of growing tension in the United States. Slavery was dividing the country;

Westward migration was moving the center of power from East to West; settlement of the Oregon Territory and the annexation of Texas heightened the possibility of war with Great Britain.

All of these events were occurring in the midst of a broader debate about the identity of the United States.2 Each of these issues colored people’s attitudes toward the Mexican-American

War and, for many, seemed to overshadow it in importance. For many Protestants the relationship of the war to these other issues was as important as the actual hostilities.

Opposition to the Mexican-American War

The strongest Protestant statements opposing the war with

Mexico appear in denominational periodicals and published sermons. These critical and often scathing denunciations reflect a wide range of concerns about the conflict. Nonetheless, few denominations issued official pronouncements against the war.

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Medium 9780890517888

3. Dragons . . . Were They Real?

Ken Ham Master Books ePub

Chapter 3

Dragons . . . Were They Real?

Bodie Hodge

A Dodo of an Introduction

The dodo was a strange bird, and our understanding of its demise and extinction by 1662 is equally strange. The dodo was a flightless bird that lived on the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean. It was easy to catch and provided meat to sailors. There were numerous written accounts, sketches, and descriptions of the bird from the 1500s through the 1600s.

But when the dodo went extinct, no one seemed to notice. And a few years later, scientists began to promote the idea that the dodo was merely a myth. Just look at the evidence:

1. It was a very strange creature.

2. No one could find them.

3. They seemed to exist only in the old descriptions, accounts, and drawings!

Had it not been for specimens popping up in the recesses of museum collections, and finally brought to light, they could have been labeled simply as myth for as long as the earth endures! But in the 19th century, at last, there was vindication that the dodo was real and that it had merely gone extinct. Since then, fossils and other portions of specimens have been identified as dodo.

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Medium 9780253013866

6. Rituals of Iron in the Black Atlantic World

Edited by Akinwumi Ogundiran and Paula S Indiana University Press ePub

Candice Goucher

For the African blacksmith and iron-smelter, technology was not distinct from ritual practice. Handling and hammering hot iron was not only dangerous but also afforded ironworkers access to economic and political power through their critical control of the supply of weapons and tools that ensured the continuity of life itself. Ritual in this context also became the voice of collective memory. Making iron was far more than abstract chemical or physical processes. No furnace was built nor smithy constructed without seeking and acknowledging the assistance of ancestors and spirits through specific ritual acts. Sometimes the ancestral references were as concrete as they were direct. Iron smelting required control over the natural elements of clay, ores, fuels, temperature, and airflow, as well as the metaphysical forces of unseen realms. The ritual embodiment of technological practice not only facilitated African technology transfer to the Americas; it also shaped the meaning and memory of iron in the Black Atlantic.

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Medium 9780253020475

4 Jewish “Crime” by the Numbers, or Putting the “Social” in Jewish Social Science

Edited by Michal KravelTovi and Deborah Indiana University Press ePub

Mitchell B. Hart

In 1911, Rudolf Wassermann, who headed up the Munich branch of the Bureau for Jewish Statistics, published an article in the bureau’s official journal titled “Is the Criminality of the Jews a Racial Criminality?”1 Wassermann practiced law professionally and had received a doctorate from the University of Erlangen for a dissertation on the history of criminal statistics. He was certainly not the only Jewish statistician or social scientist who took an avid interest in the subject of Jews and crime, but he was, as far as I am aware, the only one who could lay claim to being a genuine criminologist.2 Thus, he brought a particularly deep knowledge of criminology and statistics to the subject of Jews and crime, or Jewish criminality.

Wassermann began his article by noting that the subject of the criminality of the Jews had stirred up a great deal of debate over the past few decades, and that “Not one year passes that does not bring forth another new work!” on the topic. “Most of the opinions,” he continued, “revolve around the question whether the criminality of the Jews is predominantly due to occupation or race.”3 In other words, should we explain the criminal behavior of Jews as a product of social forces or heredity?

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Medium 9780871781796

Truthfulness

Various Brethren Press PDF

A DUNKERG U I D E TOTruthfulnessNonswearing of oathsMatthew 5:33-37; James 5:12Linda HustedOB rethren have maintained that one should not place a hand on the Bible in court and swear to tell the truth. ThisBrethren core value of nonswearing of oaths is part of Jesus’ Sermon on theMount found in the Gospel of Matthew, and is echoed by the epistle of James.Matthew 5:33-37 is about oaths and vows. In these verses Jesus addresses living a life of truthfulness and integrity. He touches on the very core of a person’s character, the heart of what it means to live as a child of God.“Again, you have heard that the ancients were told, you shall not make false vows, but shall fulfill your vows to the Lord. But I say to you, make no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God, or by earth, for it is the footstool of his feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. But let your statement be ‘Yes, Yes’ or ‘No, No’; and anything beyond these is of evil” (Matt. 5:33-37, adapted).

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Medium 9780253342935

11 Treblinka: July 23 to August 28, 1942

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

The trains with deportees destined for the death camp at Treblinka stopped at the Treblinka village station, some 4 km from the camp. The train, which was usually composed of close to sixty freight cars, was then divided into three sections, and each section was driven separately into the camp. Like in Belzec and Sobibor, from that point the train was driven by two German railway workers. In Treblinka they were Rudolf Emmerich and Wili Klinzman. The arrival of the first deportation transport from the Warsaw ghetto to Treblinka station was described by a Pole, Franciszek Zabecki:

The first transport of “deportees” left Malkinia on July 23, 1942, in the morning hours. The train announced its approach not merely with a shriek of wheels as it crossed the Bug bridge, but with a volley of rifle and machine-gun fire from the security guards. The train entered the station. It was loaded with Jews from the Warsaw ghetto. . . . Four SS men from the new camp were waiting. They had arrived earlier by car and asked us how far from Treblinka the “special train with deportees” was. They had already received word of the train’s departure from Warsaw. . . . A smaller engine was already at the station, waiting to bring a section of the freight cars into the camp. Everything was planned and prepared in advance. The train was made up of sixty closed cars, crowded with people. These included the young and elderly, men and women, children and babies. The car doors were locked from the outside and the air apertures barred with barbed wire. On the car steps on both sides of the car and on the roof, a dozen or so SS soldiers stood or lay with machine guns at the ready. It was hot, and most of the people in the freight cars were in a faint. . . . As the train approached, an evil spirit seemed to take hold of the SS men who were waiting. They drew their pistols, returned them to their holsters, and whipped them out again, as if they wanted to shoot and kill. They came near the freight cars and tried to calm the noise and weeping; then they started yelling and cursing the Jews, all the while calling to the train workers, “Tempo, fast!” Then they returned to the camp to receive the deportees.1

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Medium 9780929398136

11. Leave Them Alone. They’re Mexicans.

Mary Beth Rogers University of North Texas Press PDF

106 I Leave Them Alone. They're Mexicans

of that. Public money should support public projects-not groups of activists whose independence and integrity could be compromised with high salaries and low accountability. At the

Industrial Areas Foundation, Cortes had come to believe wholeheartedly in Alinsky's Iron Rule-never do for people what they can do for themselves.

Father Rodriguez liked the Iron Rule, as well as the other ideas spewing from Cortes' active, volcanic mind. The talks continued over the weeks. Cortes laid out his proposal. Based on what he had learned as an IAF organizer, Cortes envisioned a new San Antonio organization to be built around poor Mexican parishes, like Father Rodriguez's Our Lady of Guadalupe

Church on the near West Side, not far from the old MissouriPacific Railroad station. This organization would take no federal or local government money, nor would it hustle private foundation grants. Instead, its seed money would come from an ecumenical sponsoring committee, which would closely monitor the project and hold the staff accountable for how money was spent.

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Medium 9781574411836

Reasons for Being a Southern Baptist

Robert Flynn University of North Texas Press PDF

Reasons for Being a Southern Baptist j

You can believe in sole freedom however you feel about soul freedom.

You can have church by yourself, preach at yourself, or anyone else who displeases you.

You can have Communion by yourself; drink real wine if you don’t get caught buying it.

You can suspend or bar from membership anyone who disagrees with you or has skin or money of an inappropriate color.

After baptism, that’s it. No eating fish on Friday or going to confession. No trip to Mecca or praying five times a day. Giving alms is recommended but not required. You can keep the alms in your church if you want.

You can read the Bible for yourself. Written study guides are suspicious if not dangerous and studying the origin of the

Bible is discouraged and should be forbidden.

You can believe the Bible is literally true and that you are born again. That you are dust and will return to dust but that you have a soul. That you are made of clay and that if you cut yourself you will bleed. That God is your shepherd although you didn’t sleep in a pasture last night. That at the Great Judgment the sheep were surprised that they were sheep, the goats that they were goats, and be absolutely certain that you not only have a pass to heaven but also know who has a one-way ticket to hell.

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Medium 9780253013866

9. Charms and Spiritual Practitioners: Negotiating Power Dynamics in an Enslaved African Community in Jamaica

Edited by Akinwumi Ogundiran and Paula S Indiana University Press ePub

Paula Saunders

In recent times, the focus of African Diaspora archaeological research has moved to examine the spiritual-based practices of people of African descent throughout the Diaspora (see, e.g., K. L. Brown 1994, 2001, 2004; Fennell 2007b; Russell 1997; Stine et al. 1996; Wilkie 1997, on spirituality and ritual paraphernalia). The results of these studies often produce more questions than answers, and demonstrate the many complexities involved in examining such places of ritual activity, as well as the impossibility of creating standardized theories and methodologies to deal with such complex sites. As a result, archaeologists are still attempting to find ways to address the use of spirituality as one of the means whereby oppressed women, men, and children in the Diaspora negotiated power, resistance, and discourse inherent within the colonial state, as well as how these practices may be seen in the archaeological record.

This chapter presents some findings from the enslaved village at Orange Vale coffee plantation, located in Portland, Jamaica. This research applies an interdisciplinary approach by combining documentary, archaeological, and oral sources. In addition to information on daily living conditions and settlement patterns within the enslaved African village, additional findings include (1) the recognition of various levels of power negotiation, and (2) clues to the enslaved people’s ritualized spiritual practices through their use of charms. Further, this research underscores the importance of including descendant communities throughout the archaeological process, as well as the need to engage oral traditions in the interpretation of past societies, particularly for marginalized groups excluded from “official”—that is, written—stories of the past.

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Medium 9780253342935

33 The Underground in Treblinka

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

During the early months of 1943, the level of activity in Treblinka underwent a drastic change. A few transports still arrived from Bialystok and Warsaw in January, but by the end of the month and during February and March they ceased almost entirely. The extermination of the Jews in the General Government and Bialystok General District had been completed with the exception of a small number of Jews left in some of the ghettos and in a few labor camps. The huge piles of belongings stacked in Treblinka’s Sorting Square, which had become part of the camp’s routine appearance, now disappeared; the storage barracks emptied out, too. Everything was packed and sent by train to Germany and elsewhere. Without transports, the prisoners’ workload dropped, particularly in the Lower Camp, where they had been involved in handling the deportees and their belongings. The prisoners were aware of the new situation, and harbored suspicions that without transports and work for them, the camp would be eliminated. Rumors of an impending selection made the rounds of the prisoners in the Lower Camp.

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Medium 9780890515372

2. What's the Best "Proof" of Creation?

Ken Ham Master Books ePub
Medium 9780253347695

I. Preconception(s)

Kathryn Allen Rabuzzi Indiana University Press ePub

A definition of childbirth depends heavily on a mixture of the experience, imaginative power, and world view of the definer and his or her culture. Whether childbirth also depends on something “out there” believed independent of definer or participant is an unresolvable philosophical conundrum that current poststructuralist theories disallow. But to a great extent, childbirth depends on the preconceptions that any particular individual brings to bear on it.

Although not automatically construed as part of childbearing, preconceptions are just as important as the actual biological stages. So strongly do our preconceptions—the particular images of childbirth to which members of both sexes have been acculturated—influence us that they often determine a woman’s experience of childbirth, including its physical manifestations, just as they do a man’s expectations of what it is or should be. If a woman (or man) preconceives childbirth as so awe inspiring that “it is difficult to describe without becoming intensely poetic or religious,”1 how different her experience will be from that of a woman who preconceives it, as does noted contemporary obstetrician Frederick Leboyer, as “the torture of an innocent.”2 And equally at odds with both is the common contemporary preconception that birth is merely a mechanical process.3

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Medium 9780253007872

CHAPTER 5: Clothed in the Sun and Standing on the Moon: Meditating Motherhood in the Cult of the Madonna del Parto

Getz, Christine Indiana University Press PDF

Chapter 5

8

Clothed in the Sun and Standing on the Moon

Meditating Motherhood in the Cult of the Madonna del Parto

“A certain Jewish woman, very tired from labor and unable to do anything but cry, and not expecting anything other than to give up the spirit immediately, having given up on the midwife and her pain and anguish nevertheless increasing, saw a great light come from above when between many pains of the soul and body and at the same time heard a voice from this light which said “invoke the name of Mary and you will be saved.”

The woman, all of a faithful heart and full of confidence in the Lord, invoked the name of Mary with a loud voice and immediately gave birth to a baby boy.”1

—Silvano Razzi, pub. 1587

In her seminal study Women of the Renaissance, Margaret L. King asserts that the lives of most Renaissance women were defined by motherhood.2 While women who nourished their own babies gave birth every twenty-four to thirty months, those who sent out their children to nurse conceived and brought children to term at an even faster rate.3 Infant mortality rates were relatively high and the pressure to produce an heir fairly intense. The Milanese tradesman Giambattista

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Medium 9780253356734

6. 1 John 3:20

Kierkegaard, Søren Indiana University Press ePub

[ 6 ]

Great are you, O God; although we only know you as in a mystery and as in a mirror,1 we still adore your greatness in wonder—how much more must we one day extol it when we learn to know it more fully! When I stand under the dome of heaven surrounded by the wonder of creation, then moved and with adoration I praise your greatness, you who easily support the stars eternally and concern yourself in a fatherly manner with the sparrow.2 But when we are gathered here in your holy house, then we are also surrounded on all sides by what in a deeper sense reminds us of your greatness. For great are you, the Creator and Sustainer of the world; but when you, O God, forgave the world’s sin and reconciled yourself with the fallen human race, ah, then you were indeed even greater in your incomprehensible compassion! How could we then not believingly praise and thank and worship you here in your holy house, where everything reminds us of this, especially those who are gathered today to receive the forgiveness of sins and to appropriate anew reconciliation with you in Christ!

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