6 Chapters
Medium 9781574411546

5 Leave Bambi in the Forest

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Five

He was sure the fawn was abandoned. The man was working with a construction crew, clearing undeveloped wildlands to prepare the area for a large office building that was going to be built. One evening as he was leaving work, he noticed a fawn wandering around and looking disoriented. The little guy was at the edge of the field they had just cleared. The man guessed that the bulldozers had disrupted the fawn and scared off the mother. He was probably right.

The man knew already to leave the fawn alone in the area where he found him. He knew that the mother may be nearby, ready to return for the fawn at any time. He left the fawn there overnight. But the next day, the man found the fawn in the same spot, still wandering around and looking disoriented.

The fawn looked weaker than he had the previous evening. The mother was nowhere in sight. The man continued to work throughout the day, all the while keeping an eye on this little guy. When it was time to go home that evening, the man picked up the fawn and brought him home.

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Medium 9780253012111

4. Killing on the Ground and in the Mind: The Spatialities of Genocide in the East

Indiana University Press ePub

Waitman Wade Beorn, with Anne Kelly Knowles

“I would like to once again assure you that I never participated in the shooting of civilians. I merely once had to serve in the cordon as Jews were shot.”

German soldier Georg R. describing his role in the murder of one thousand Jews in the town of Krupki, 1964

“A solution of the Jewish Question during the war seems impossible in this area [Belarus] because of the tremendous number of Jews.”

Commander of Einsatzgruppe B, Arthur Nebe, 1941

IN THE LATE SUMMER AND FALL OF 1941, A HOLOCAUST WAS TAKING place across the Soviet Union.1 This was not the Holocaust of popular memory. There were no gas chambers, no train journeys, no barbed wire. This was a “holocaust by bullets,” an intimate iteration of the Nazi genocidal project in which Jews were murdered at home, by killers who found themselves acting in the closest proximity to the victims.2 If Auschwitz has come to symbolize the industrial, assembly-line face of the Holocaust, the murder of approximately one and a half to two million Jews by the Einsatzgruppen (EG) mobile killing squads more closely resembled the domestic system in which work was performed in countless homes dispersed across the countryside.3 Indeed, the metaphorical comparison between factory and cottage industry functions on a regional scale (central location with transportation to factory versus dispersed locations of work) and a microscale (work within the confines of a single building or setting versus work in various structures set in the countryside). The two statements to the left, by perpetrators at the lowest and highest levels of the killing process, serve as a good introduction to this discussion of EG killing in the context of a locational model that examines killing at both a regional and a personal scale and from both a logistical and a moral perspective.

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Medium 9781603446938

3. The Secret to Successful Event Fundraising in Good Times and Bad

Rudolph A. Rosen Texas A&M University Press ePub

The economy cycles from good to bad and so does fundraising success for organizations that fail to discover the secret to successful event fundraising in good times and bad. One such organization helped pioneer effective auction-event fundraising techniques and, in so doing, built one of the largest nonprofit wildlife habitat conservation organizations in the nation. But when the economy faltered, their fundraising did, too. This organization failed to use more recession-proof techniques in auction-event fundraising discovered by other organizations with similar missions. Top-level staff responsible for event fundraising in this organization aggressively prevented anyone from bringing in ideas from outside their ranks. The only ideas for recovery had to be theirs and theirs alone.

Although their auctions always carried some “recession-proof” items, staff analyzing fundraising success just didn’t seem to understand the difference between fundraising in good times and bad. The organization’s auctions were loaded with items people didn’t really need, and probably didn’t want. These items produced decent revenue during good economic times, and even in the worst of times the items sold. I ascribe that to the dedication of the organization’s supporters and volunteers who, in their desire to shore up the organization, felt they had no option but to bid on items they really didn’t need or want. But there are only so many people willing to do that and for only so long, even in good economic times. So attendance, dollar spent per attendee, and revenue started a long downward slide that accelerated as the economy declined.

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Medium 9781574411638

The Role of Heavy Explosive Ordnance in Strategic Battles

Jack Bell University of North Texas Press PDF

The Role of Heavy Explosive Ordnance in Strategic Battles

The development of heavy explosive ordnance brought awesome destructive power to the battlefield never experienced before. But that power was not fully tested or understood before deployment under actual battle conditions, and could be destructive to the user as awell as to the enemy.

Every major engagement involving heavy explosive ordnance was a learning experience for both sides. However, a few represented historic “firsts” in warfare or turning points in tactics or strategy. Sometimes these “firsts” were accomplished only with great sacrifice. In a number of cases, the tactics and strategies used were wrong, and brought disastrous results. In other cases the “lessons learned” were incorrect and reversed when tested in later battles. Notwithstanding these failures and catastrophes, by the end of the war, the tactical and strategic landscape for the use of heavy explosive ordnance was changed forever.

Described in chronological order are highlights of seven major battles or attacks in which heavy explosive ordnance produced results that led to changes in the strategy or tactics of warfare.

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5. Bringing the Ghetto to the Jew: Spatialities of Ghettoization in Budapest

Indiana University Press ePub

Tim Cole and Alberto Giordano

BUDAPEST WAS ONE OF APPROXIMATELY 150 TOWNS AND cities in Hungary where Jews were restricted to urban ghettos during the Holocaust.1 Elsewhere in occupied Eastern Europe, local officials created ghettos to confine and control Jewish residents or to hold Jews sent from elsewhere.2 While noting that ghettos were not implemented in all occupied cities and towns, the late Raul Hilberg argued in his groundbreaking work The Destruction of the European Jews (1961) that concentration and segregation–the core processes of ghettoization–were central elements of the Holocaust.3 In contrast, Dan Michman–emphasizing the physical place of ghettos contra Hilberg’s process-driven focus on ghettoization–argues that ghettos were limited to a handful of countries in Eastern Europe, that they varied significantly, and were not vital to the destruction process. Michman does see the creation of ghettos in Poland as a “sharp escalation of the Nazis’ anti-Jewish policy,”4 but not the radicalization force in earlier so-called functionalist historiography.5 Whereas Michman seeks to explain ghettoization as a material manifestation of the Nazis’ anti-Semitic perceptions of Ostjuden in Poland, other scholarship more convincingly interprets early Nazi ghetto policy as the urban plank of a broader imperialist project of reshaping and “Germanizing” occupied Poland.6 In contrast to the slim scholarship on the motivations behind ghettoization, a richer historiography of daily life, Jewish institutions, and resistance movements within the ghettos has emerged. Some is comparative,7 but most focuses on individual large ghettos, in particular Warsaw and Łódź.8 Yet very few scholars have examined the material transformation of place-making policies into real places or the geographies of everyday life in the ghetto.9

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