1969 Slices
Medium 9780892727889

Acadia: Mount Desert Island and Isle au Haut

Pinkham, Steve Down East Books ePub

Mount Desert is the largest of Maine’s many islands. Its tallest mountain, Cadillac, is the highest point of land on the Atlantic seaboard until one reaches Mount Sugarloaf, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Wabanakis, who came here each summer to feast on clams and fish, called it Pemetic Island.

On September 5, 1604, Samuel Champlain sailed by this beautiful island and wrote of it in his journal: “The same day we passed also near an Island about four or five leagues long…. It is very high, notched in places, so as to appear from the sea like a range of seven or eight mountains close together. The summits of most of them are bare of trees for they are nothing but rock…. I named it the Island of the Desert Mountains.” The name, which has remained for almost four hundred years, did not refer to the island as a barren desert, but rather to its being “deserted,” or uninhabited. Today there are three towns on the island, and it is home to beautiful Acadia National Park.

Beginning in the 1850s, artists and explorers, “rusticators” as they came to be called, discovered the island and began summering here. Many fascinating trails were built over the rocky terrain and around the ponds. In addition, magnificent summer “cottages” were built on the eastern portion of the island, making Bar Harbor a rival to Newport, Rhode Island.

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Medium 9781442267619

Videodisc to Virtual: The National Air and Space Museum Archives Division Image Database System

Collections AltaMira Press ePub

Melissa A. N. Keiser

Chief Photo Archivist, Archives Division, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, PO Box 37012, National Air and Space Museum Room 3100 MRC 322, Washington, DC 20013–7012. email: keiserm@si.edu.

Abstract The Archives Division of the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) holds one of the largest collections of photography at the Smithsonian Institution, and its holdings are used extensively by both the museum staff and the public. Over the last twenty years, the NASM Archives has slowly but steadily increased its usage of information technology to manage photography. The Archives’ image database has metamor-phosized from a small list of negative numbers into a large relational database system which draws on all aspects of photo archives operations: access, collections management, rights management, and order fulfillment. This period saw the rise and fall of videodisc technology, and the ongoing shift to digital image management. Over time, the NASM Archives’ image operations have had a positive effect on the unit’s relationships with NASM curators and its perceived value within the Museum as a whole.

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Medium 9781475816105

Analyzing New Russian Textbooks: Governmental Programs and Private Initiatives

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

ELENA LISOVSKAYA

Assistant Professor, Department of Education and Professional Development, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008

Introduction

In 1995–1996, new elementary and secondary school textbooks in the humanities and social sciences emerged on the Russian market. They were prepared as part of a private initiative, and published on Western money. The new textbooks are a radically new phenomenon in Russian education, as they coexist with the textbooks developed by the state agencies that have been traditionally doing this job since the times of communism. Consequently, Russian schools have received an opportunity to select between these two kinds of textbooks.

The differences between the two sets of textbooks and their potential to contribute to the education for democracy in Russia are unique and interesting topics for scholarly attention. The innovations in textbook content are necessary, but not sufficient for the development of democratic education, and the cognitive and linguistic style of the texts deserves serious consideration from this point of view. In addition, this is due to powerful organizational and economic impediments to the success of the new textbooks, that the old-style textbooks are likely to dominate the Russian market in the near future.

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Medium 9780253012111

5. Bringing the Ghetto to the Jew: Spatialities of Ghettoization in Budapest

Indiana University Press ePub

Tim Cole and Alberto Giordano

BUDAPEST WAS ONE OF APPROXIMATELY 150 TOWNS AND cities in Hungary where Jews were restricted to urban ghettos during the Holocaust.1 Elsewhere in occupied Eastern Europe, local officials created ghettos to confine and control Jewish residents or to hold Jews sent from elsewhere.2 While noting that ghettos were not implemented in all occupied cities and towns, the late Raul Hilberg argued in his groundbreaking work The Destruction of the European Jews (1961) that concentration and segregation–the core processes of ghettoization–were central elements of the Holocaust.3 In contrast, Dan Michman–emphasizing the physical place of ghettos contra Hilberg’s process-driven focus on ghettoization–argues that ghettos were limited to a handful of countries in Eastern Europe, that they varied significantly, and were not vital to the destruction process. Michman does see the creation of ghettos in Poland as a “sharp escalation of the Nazis’ anti-Jewish policy,”4 but not the radicalization force in earlier so-called functionalist historiography.5 Whereas Michman seeks to explain ghettoization as a material manifestation of the Nazis’ anti-Semitic perceptions of Ostjuden in Poland, other scholarship more convincingly interprets early Nazi ghetto policy as the urban plank of a broader imperialist project of reshaping and “Germanizing” occupied Poland.6 In contrast to the slim scholarship on the motivations behind ghettoization, a richer historiography of daily life, Jewish institutions, and resistance movements within the ghettos has emerged. Some is comparative,7 but most focuses on individual large ghettos, in particular Warsaw and Łódź.8 Yet very few scholars have examined the material transformation of place-making policies into real places or the geographies of everyday life in the ghetto.9

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Medium 9781576336434

Suffixes: H-N: GED Word Roots

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub

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