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The Analogy of Faith: Unity in the Science of Faith

Pro Ecclesia Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

The Analogy of Faith: Unity in the Science of Faith

Gottlieb Söhngen (translated by Kenneth Oakes)

Karl Barth’s account of the analogia fidei, which we defined earlier as a likeness or similarity to God that comes from faith, is similar to Luther’s: it functions as a protest against the Catholic analogia entis, or a likeness to God that comes from nature.1 Here we can see how Reformation theology truly is Protestant theology. We now want to consider whether the adjective “Catholic” can only modify the analogy of being and not the analogy of faith. Could there really be a Catholic analogy of faith, with the adjective “Catholic” meaning “understood from the perspective of Catholicism”? In what follows we will explore such a Catholic analogy of faith, one which stands and speaks for itself without any regard for Catholic protests against the Reformation.

The Catholic Analogy of Faith as the Unity in the Orders of Faith’s Knowledge

It is important to note that the Catholic account of the analogy of faith, taken in its technical and strict sense, has no direct relationship to the analogy of being. The analogy of faith is mentioned three times in Denzinger’s Enchridion Symbolorum: (1) from the 1893 encyclical Providentissimus Deus concerning the study of Scripture:

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Pro Ecclesia Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

A Book Symposium on Francis Watson, Pauland the Hermeneutics of Faith (London: T&T Clark, 2004)

Richard B. Hays

Francis Watson’s recent book Paul and the Hermeneutics of Faith (henceforth PHF) is a masterful piece of scholarship that materially advances our understanding of Paul as a reader of Scripture.1 Watson’s study challenges some of my readings of Paul,2 and I shall therefore need to engage some points of difference between his readings and mine. First, however, I want to set my questions about Watson’s work within the framework of the substantial agreement between us.

A. Substantive Theses and Claims

I begin by identifying five substantive contributions of Watson’s study (five being an auspicious number for a study whose chief concern is how to read the Pentateuch):

With regard to the third, fourth, and fifth points, Watson’s book moves beyond what I claimed or attempted in Echoes. I am less certain than he is that Paul has a single comprehensive reading of the Pentateuch, and I believe, contrary to Watson, that Paul finally seeks an integrative reading of Scripture that resolves the antithesis between law and promise. (At least sometimes he seeks to do that.) With regard to the fifth point about a single intertextual field, however, Watson’s comparative studies are brilliantly executed. Indeed, the book offers us an exemplary model of how to read ancient texts.

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Treatments for Attention-Maintained Problem Behavior: Empirical Support and Clinical Recommendations

Journal of Evidence-Based Practices for Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Laura L. Grow
James E. Carr
Linda A. LeBlanc

ABSTRACT: Designing treatments to address the function of problem behavior is currently considered best practice. One of the most common behavioral functions is that of contingent social attention. The present article describes several function-based treatments for attention-maintained problem behavior, and it discusses the unique challenges associated with this behavioral function in school settings. Clinical recommendations are provided for selecting and modifying treatments based on individual student needs.

Functional behavioral assessment (FBA) is the process of identifying environmental events associated with problem behavior, which allows school psychologists to generate hypotheses about behavioral function (Asmus, Vollmer, & Borerro, 2002; Gresham, Watson, & Skinner, 2001). This information can be used to design treatments that alter important environmental antecedents or consequences to produce positive behavior change. Before the development of FBA, treatments often consisted of selecting arbitrary reinforcers or punishers to overpower preexisting reinforcers for problem behavior (Pelios, Morren, Tesch, & Axelrod, 1999). Treating problem behavior based on its operant function has several advantages. First, research suggests that treatments based on FBA outcomes are more effective in reducing problem behavior and increasing appropriate behavior than are treatments selected without knowledge of behavioral function (e.g., Iwata, Pace, Cowdery, & Miltenberger, 1994). Second, knowledge of behavior function allows the clinician to avoid irrelevant or contraindicated treatments that might otherwise be reasonable treatment options. For example, guided compliance is a commonly recommended treatment for escape-maintained noncompliance. If noncompliance is maintained by attention, however, guided compliance may be contraindicated because the copious attention provided contingent on problem behavior might actually further reinforce the behavior.

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Medium 9781475816099


International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub


Edith Cowan University, Pearson St., Churchlands, WA 6018, Australia


Curtin University of Technology, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6001, Australia


The historian Simon Schama tells a story about China’s premier Zhou En-lai. Asked what he thought was the significance of the French Revolution, Zhou En-lai is reported to have answered, “It’s too soon to tell” (Schama, 1989, xiii). In many ways, Australia’s grand experiment with school restructuring is a bit like that. Even before it was over, officials from the unions, employers, and governments which sponsored the National Schools Project were looking for proof that it had succeeded in reforming work organisation in Australian schools. Our view is that it is too soon to tell about the impact of Australia’s National Schools Project. Schools are among society’s most stable institutions. Consequently, attempts to restructure schools ought to proceed on the understanding that the significance of a school reform strategy is unlikely to be known within a single budget cycle.

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Medium 9781442267619

Artifact, Archive, or Both?

Collections Altamira Press ePub

This edition of Collections deals specifically with archival collections.The compilation of essays discuss the importance of archives in museums in particular (their role and importance) and in society in general. In many cases, as shown by the authors, archival collections can provide the backbone to the overall museum or institutional collection. The essays also address concerns and issues within archival collections, primarily how archives are classified, processed, and how the information archives contain can be disseminated to researchers and the general public. Finally the essays address the uniqueness of archives in both museums and society and the importance archives play in both realms.

Most museums have some sort of archives as a part of their larger holdings. While museum collections are comprised predominately of three dimensional objects and in many cases there is a higher emphasis placed on the preservation of three dimensional artifacts, archives are no less important as a part of a museum’s collection. In fact, without historic archival documentation, the three dimensional artifact collection is potentially not as strong.

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