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Medium 9781442229044

COMMENTARY

Pro Ecclesia Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Mihail Neamtu



A recent series of public lectures on Eastern Christianity, generously hosted by the Metropolitan University of Manchester, was presented to the public under the heading of “multicultural studies.”

Instinctively, many Orthodox Christians will bristle on hearing of this characterization. Perhaps unintentionally, it suggests a sort of patronizing relativism that views the Eastern Church as an interesting and noteworthy piece of exotica, but not as the bearer of universal value or truth. Indeed the word “multiculturalism” can sometimes refer to a relativist philosophy that rejects any possibility of universal truths or moral precepts. Partly for that reason, many Orthodox Christians might react by saying that any public presentation of their faith should focus on its theological message, rather than its cultural packaging. First and foremost, some would say, such presentations ought to deal with the spiritual contents of Orthodoxy, or its claim to be the “right faith,” or literally the right way to glorify God among the various Christian confessions.

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Medium 9781475816518

Development of Parent–School Partnerships in Times of Educational Reform in Hong Kong

International Journal of Educational Ref Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Shun Wing Ng

Having been encouraged by research findings in the West that effective home–school relationships can help contribute to the enhancement of school effectiveness (e.g., Bastiani, 1993; Deslandes & Bertrand, 2005; Epstein, 2001; Hornby, 1995; Munn, 1993), the government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has initiated since 1994 a series of proposals regarding parental involvement in school. Parents, then, gradually recognize their significant role in education (Ng, 2001b, 2003; Pang, 2004). The Education Commission (2000) writes, “Parents and the community attach great importance to the education for our young people” (p. 3). In the annual report of the government policy, the secretary of education and manpower specifies that home–school cooperation features in the present movement of school-based management (Law, 2001).

In fact, to promote and strengthen parent–school partnership relationships, the Education Department established the Home–School Cooperation Committee in 1993. The committee encourages schools to set up Parent–Teacher Associations (PTAs) to increase contacts between parents and teachers. The policy that parents are to be involved in managing schools has become mandatory in the Education Commission Report No. 7 (Education Commission, 1997). The Advisory Committee on School-Based Management (2000) had consulted the public for the number of parent representatives to be included in the school board. Parental involvement in school management is then introduced to schools as an educational innovation.

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Medium 9781475819144

The Critical Thinking Disposition of Alternative Certification Students

Teacher Education and Practice R&L Education ePub

TIMOTHY B. JONES

ABSTRACT: This article examines the disposition toward critical thinking of postbaccalaureate initial certification students at a Texas institution of higher education using the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory. The inventory characterizes seven subscales of critical thinking disposition and an eighth combined score for overall critical thinking disposition. The study also demographically characterizes the participants of this program. Analysis of the data documents a low level of critical thinking disposition by the PBIC students. Only 5.55% of the study participants demonstrated an overall strength in critical thinking disposition, while 22.22% indicated an overall weakness in critical thinking disposition.

Beginning teachers, according to Yopp and Young (1999), are considered “at-risk” as demonstrated by the high attrition rate among new teachers. Several conditions have been suggested to account for this phenomenon, including “major flaws in teacher preparation” (Hancock, 1999, p. 166). The 1990s saw a continued and deepening teacher shortage that began in the middle of the 1980s. This growing shortage impacted schools and the related academic disciplines at both the elementary and secondary levels. In response to the shortage, school districts employed teachers participating in or having completed certification obtained through alternative means in addition to those teachers who were certified through traditional teacher preparation programs.

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Medium 9781442229044

LANGUAGE SERVING UNITY? LINGUISTIC-HERMENEUTICAL CONSIDERATIONS OF A BASIC ECUMENICAL PROBLEM

Pro Ecclesia Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Annemarie C. Mayer


“Unity has to do with communicational success.”1 However trivial this idea may sound, it is rooted in the very aim of ecumenical hermeneutics, that is, to promote the unity of the church(es) through communication as well as mutual interpretation. But despite persistent communication and an ever-increasing number of interdenominational convergence and consensus documents, it would seem that the so-called consensus ecumenism has become stagnate. What causes communication to fail? Why is there so much verbiage and so little success? Are we dealing here with an actual crisis, with a language crisis, or with both? If, however, the actual crisis and the language crisis are intertwined, one should “distinguish between the linguistic expression and the actual problem, without readily separating them in the process.”2 For in such cases, we must assume that ecumenism is also a matter of language and style. To what extent this may be true we can gather from the currently ordinary means we employ to reach inter-denominational understanding, namely, the differentiated consensus.

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Medium 9781576336816

"C" Words: Praxis I Advanced Vocabulary

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781576336267

"D" Words: COOP-HSPT Vocabulary

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781475824155

An Investigation of District Leaders’ Perceptions of Forces That Complicate Efforts to Succeed

Relations, Journal of School Public Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

GEORGE J. PETERSEN
VICTORIA L. KELLY
CATHERINE N. REIMER
DANIEL MOSUNICH
DEBRA THOMPSON

ABSTRACT: This study explored the perspectives of 350 California superintendents from various-sized school districts in relation to their ability to support student learning while addressing the numerous and complex personnel, social, and economic challenges faced by schools. Specifically, this study investigated the attitudes and opinions of district leaders regarding the numerous professional challenges with which they are confronted—declining enrollment, increases in English-learner populations, collective bargaining, reduced revenues, school board activism, high expectations of accountability and academic achievement—and the resulting influence of these factors on the professional work, attention, and leadership of district leaders. Results suggest that district leaders attribute state and federal mandates and budgetary instability as the most serious challenges to their efforts of focusing adequate attention and resources on student achievement and the professional development of faculty and administrators. Interpersonal relations were revealed as the prominent factor in the superintendent’s ability to effectively address his or her role and duties as district leader. Participants recognized the importance of interpersonal behavior and its effect on organizational development and systemic thinking.

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Medium 9781574411546

2 Myths about Baby Birds

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Two

for almost an hour and she hasn’t moved!”

The bird’s baby had just died. The woman called the wildlife hotline to see what she should do.

The death came about after a long series of mistakes on this woman’s part. The mother bird had built a nest right above the woman’s doorway, but she was afraid all the commotion would be too dangerous for the mother and her baby. She was afraid that opening and shutting the door could cause the nest to fall.

In an effort to make sure the baby bird wouldn’t be injured, she took the nest and baby inside her home and called the wildlife hotline.

She didn’t know what to do and she needed advice.

The first problem was, however, that she waited about two hours before calling the hotline. Parent birds feed their babies as often as every 15 minutes from dusk until dawn. After two hours, the little bird was becoming weak from no food.

The woman was told to put the nest and the bird back outside immediately so that the parent bird could continue to care for the baby. She was told that her human scent wouldn’t cause the bird to abandon the little one. That’s a common myth.

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Medium 9781475811414

Policy, Structural, and School Board Influences on Superintendent Supply and Demand

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

MARILYN TALLERICO

ABSTRACT: This article provides an overview of the macrolevel structures, policies, and institutionalized practices that influence mismatches between educational administrator supply and demand. It also explores the micropolitics of local school board search and selection practices that can affect the access of women and people of color to the superintendency. Consideration of both these macro-and microlevel dynamics provides an alternative perspective on what have been reported as shortages of qualified candidates for current and anticipated superintendent vacancies.

This article explores the current context of policy, institutionalized structures, and school board practices relevant to perceived shortages of educational administrators, in general, and superintendents, in particular. This overview is grounded on the premise that what happens in entry- and mid-level leadership roles is directly related to superintendent supply and demand. Another premise is that this broader policy and governance environment is important to situating the findings of the studies included in this special issue.

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Medium 9780892727889

Southern Coast and Lowlands

Steve Pinkham Down East Books ePub

Colcord Pond from Devil’s Den Mountain

The southern coast of Maine, from the border of New Hampshire to the Kennebec River, can be divided in two—the beaches that stretch from Kittery to Portland and a coastline from Portland to Bath that’s rocky. This part of the coast has only a few small “mountains” located anywhere near the coast, most notably Mount Agamenticus in the southwestern section. Like the hills of Mount Desert Island, several small hills and knobs along this stretch of coast were given the title of “mountain” to aggrandize their size and importance, with such names as Mount Ararat, in Topsham, Morse Mountain, and Bradbury Mountain. However, these small hills did serve a very important function by being lookouts for ships returning home and for enemy ships during wartime.

The southern coast also includes the lowlands, which stretch inland as much as fifty to seventy miles. It includes the mountains in the counties of York, Cumberland, Sagadahoc, and Androscoggin, and the land lying west of the Kennebec River in Kennebec County. Bordered on the north and west by the Oxford Hills, it is bordered further east by the foothills of the upper Kennebec Region. In this coastal area, the hills and mountains are pretty well isolated; nowhere do they form distinct ranges, with the possible exception of the mountain clusters around the Belgrade Region.

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Medium 9781475823943

Community Service Programs: A Model for At-Risk Long-Term-Suspended Students

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

BRENDA S. HALL

TOVA RUBIN

ABSTRACT: Each year in the United States, millions of students experience suspension from public schools (Mendez & Knoff, 2003). Community service programs provide one means to address the school suspension problem. These initiatives are characterized by volunteer service placements within community nonprofit organizations for skill and personal development. During 2003–2005, a pilot community service program was implemented in nine school districts throughout the state of North Carolina. This article provides a comprehensive review of that project. Promising results from this initiative emphasize the significance of community service and public school collaborations in assisting youth to stay in school and become productive citizens.

Out-of-school suspension has been nationally identified as a common and widely used method of discipline with problem students (Dupper, 1994). According to Mendez and Knoff (2003), millions of students in the United States experience a suspension in any given year. Excluding students from attending school is a frequently mandated consequence based on zero-tolerance policies and associated with a variety of negative behaviors. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (2003), school administrators use suspension and expulsion in an effort to prevent violence and criminal acts on school grounds, as well as deal with the less dangerous and more common acts, such as truancy. Long-term suspension is a widespread form of disciplinary action, often implemented with any behaviors deemed unacceptable or potentially problematic. Unfortunately, this means that in states with large numbers of students considered “at risk,” exhibiting behavioral problems such as disobedience and disrespect frequently results in suspensions. Note that African American males are suspended at a statistically disproportionate rate and that southern states tend to have high rates of suspension, in comparison to the rest of the country (Fuentes, 2003). Suspension data from North Carolina provide an example of a disturbing and growing concern regarding suspension. For the 2001–2002 academic year, there were 3,459 statewide long-term suspensions consisting of 11 or more days. These involved 3,318 students with a total of 236,527 instructional days lost from school (North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2003). During 2002–2003, long-term suspensions increased by 15%.

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Medium 9781576336434

Word Roots: S-T: GED Word Roots

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub
Medium 9781475817317

Connected Knowing: A Leadership Seminar for Women

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

LINDA L.LYMAN1

ABSTRACT: The paper describes an innovative graduate seminar on Women and Leadership. The course was designed primarily to encourage the development of voice. The paper presents the theoretical assumptions on which the course was based, includes an overview of seminar activities and illustrates four meanings of developing voice: understanding voice as a leadership concept, becoming more assertively articulate, valuing personal knowledge and expressing personal truth in speech and actions. The paper incorporates the voices of the seminar students through the use of quotations from their writings. Students reported that the development of voice enhanced their leadership effectiveness and raised their educational and professional aspirations.

Educational administration remains a field dominated numerically by men. Courses and workshops focused on helping women overcome various barriers to their full inclusion in the field of educational administration have been reported (Shakeshaft, 1989, p. 212). However, a survey of the literature on educational experiences specifically designed for developing the leadership capabilities of future women administrators revealed only three recent reports of such programs at the graduate level (Connel and Kimmel, 1982; Diener and Owens, 1984; Pigford and Tonnsen, 1990). If educational administration programs continue to attract increasing numbers of women students, program faculties might consider offering elective courses designed to help women understand the issues associated with seeking and holding leadership positions.

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Medium 9780892727889

Acadia: Mount Desert Island and Isle au Haut

Steve Pinkham Down East Books ePub

Mount Desert is the largest of Maine’s many islands. Its tallest mountain, Cadillac, is the highest point of land on the Atlantic seaboard until one reaches Mount Sugarloaf, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Wabanakis, who came here each summer to feast on clams and fish, called it Pemetic Island.

On September 5, 1604, Samuel Champlain sailed by this beautiful island and wrote of it in his journal: “The same day we passed also near an Island about four or five leagues long…. It is very high, notched in places, so as to appear from the sea like a range of seven or eight mountains close together. The summits of most of them are bare of trees for they are nothing but rock…. I named it the Island of the Desert Mountains.” The name, which has remained for almost four hundred years, did not refer to the island as a barren desert, but rather to its being “deserted,” or uninhabited. Today there are three towns on the island, and it is home to beautiful Acadia National Park.

Beginning in the 1850s, artists and explorers, “rusticators” as they came to be called, discovered the island and began summering here. Many fascinating trails were built over the rocky terrain and around the ponds. In addition, magnificent summer “cottages” were built on the eastern portion of the island, making Bar Harbor a rival to Newport, Rhode Island.

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Medium 9781576336076

Word Roots: F-G: ACT Word Roots

Ace Academics Ace Academics ePub

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