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Part II: Abraham's Role and Uniqueness in Psychoanalytic Theory

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Part III: Evolution of Abraham's Thought Regarding the History of Libidinal Development (1907–1925)

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The Scientific Environment of Karl Abraham

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Adler, Alfred (1870–1937)

Born in Vienna. He held left-wing views and was knowledgeable in history, psychology and German philosophy. He had been a sickly child. He was the first of Freud's students to separate from the master; his ideas (for example, viewing the oedipus as symbolic) began to diverge in 1910. In spite of this, he was appointed as president of the Viennese Psychoanalytic Society in the same year to calm tensions caused by the naming of Jung as the president of the International Association. He resigned in the following year together with nine of the thirty-five members of the society and founded the Society for Free Psychoanalytic Study which later became the Individual Psychology Society, (willpower as an engine of character formation, expressed fundamentally in the form of masculine protest), which held its first meeting in 1911. With Stekel (Rodrigué (1996) established certain biographical similarities between the two) he founded the Zentralblatt für Psychoanalyse.

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Part I: Abraham, Psychoanalysis, and his Time

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Chronology

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CHRONOLOGY

1856

Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg.

1861

The study of aphasias began after Broca's discovery of the disturbing effects caused by injury to the frontal lobe of the brain.

1867

Equal rights for Jews in the Austro-Hungarian Empire granted by Emperor Franz Joseph.

1873

Black Wednesday.

1876

Brücke published the Conferences on Physiology.

1877

Abraham was born in Bremen on 3 May.

1883

Theodor Aschenbrandt found that administering cocaine to soldiers enhanced their endurance on manoeuvres.Freud discovered the gold method.

1887

First meeting between Wilhelm Fliess and Sigmund Freud in Vienna.

1894

A year of abstinence for Freud after discovering cardiac problems.

1895

December: Freud, Manuscript K.

1896

Abraham began his degree in medicine, which he studied mainly in Wurtzburg and Freiberg.

1897

The World Zionist Organisation was created.

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