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CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE Mindfulness for young people

Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER TWENTY-FIVE

Mindfulness for young people

Liz Hall

M

indfulness is no longer widely viewed as the preserve of hippies and monks. In recent years, it has gone mainstream, extending into secular settings including employment, mental health, parenting, and education.

Mindfulness has roots in Buddhism although there is a tradition of contemplation within most religions, including Christianity.

Its secularisation and growth in popularity is due in part to the work of people including Jon Kabat-Zinn, founder of the Center for

Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. His Mindfulness-Based Stress

Reduction (MBSR) programme has been implemented worldwide, along with many variations in all sorts of settings.

We are living in times of unprecedented complexity, choice and change and our young people, of course, are not immune to what goes on around them. We are seeing rises in depression and anxiety, including among young people, and the growing evidence base for mindfulness indicates it has much to offer here. Mindfulness-based therapy is now recommended by the UK government body the National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence, as the go-to therapy for recurrent depression.

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CHAPTER ELEVEN. Psychoanalysis and the child

Linda Clifton Karnac Books ePub

Tine Norregaard Arroyo and Michael Plastow

The psychoanalysis of children was, from the outset, a domain of female analysts, being designated as such by Freud himself. Such women, moreover, were generally non-medical analysts, for no less a reason than by virtue of the fact that women were barred from studying medicine at the time. These women also took up the place of educators of children, both in the sense of raising children, but also literally as teachers. Such was the case of the woman whom we can situate as the first psychoanalyst of children, Hermine Hug-Hellmuth. These beginnings open up a question regarding the place of the analyst in regard to a child, the maternal relationship tending to be conflated, in the first instance, with the transference.

In addition, as is well known, many of the early analysts analysed their own children. Most prominent amongst this trend was Anna Freud’s analysis by her father Sigmund Freud. Melanie Klein also situated herself as analyst of her own children. The analysis of little Hans by his father, who was a member of Freud’s circle, is also a case in point. Freud explicitly articulates this position in relation to the case of little Hans, but puts it forwards as necessary:

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9. Results and Conclusions

Arnold Rothstein Karnac Books ePub

When I consider the issue of helping people become analytic collaborators I am impressed by the paramount importance of the factors of the analyst’s attitudes toward analysis and his interest in particular types of patients and problems. This no doubt influences analysts to modify the “standard” technique and their success in being able to begin analyses with subjects many colleagues might consider beyond their scope of collaborative potential. This perspective emphasizes that, particularly at the periphery of “the widening scope,” the match is at least as important as the assessment of the patient’s functioning and diagnosis. I believe this is what Stone (1954) had in mind when he stated “a therapist must be able to love a psychotic or a delinquent and be at least warmly interested in the ‘borderline’ patient” (p. 592), and “the therapist’s personal tendencies may profoundly influence the indications and prognosis” (p. 593).

I believe that there is heuristic value in addressing the discrepancy between what candidate analysts are taught (or wish to believe) and what experienced graduate analysts actually do in their practices. This discrepancy derives, in part, from an exclusive emphasis on interpretation and insight in conceptions of analytic process and mode of therapeutic action as well as a corollary aversion for considering what else, in addition to interpretation, takes place in well-conducted analyses.

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CHAPTER EIGHT. A complex integration: rethinking Jung’s complex doctrine

Theo A. Cope Karnac Books ePub

“An emotion is not a private mental state, nor a set of static qualities abstracted from such a state, nor a hypothalamic response with intense autonomic discharge, nor a pattern of behavior viewed in purely objective terms, nor a particular stimulus-situation.

“… different investigators or theorists or practitioners with special vested interests will be disposed to select and emphasize different components in this total referent. An intro-spectionist may talk mostly of sensations, images, and feelings; a psychoanalyst will stress the role of unconscious processes … a physiologist … will probably be trying to locate neural ‘centers’ … behaviorists are inclined to ignore on methodological grounds, all of these several kinds of ‘intervening variables’; whereas, finally specialists in interpersonal dynamics, with their flied theories, tend to think of emotion as a ‘social category.’ …

“Now some combination of these points of view is probably what is required for an adequate over-all theory of emotion”

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THREE The foundational destruction

Wendy Hoffman Karnac Books PDF

THREE

The foundational destruction

I

am in a small plane flying from Baltimore to Toronto. The plane flies over streams of cars moving south and north on a highway, perhaps Route I-95. So that’s what we look like all lined up in a row.

I hover above my life and look down. Pieces of it fly together.

I spread a golden carpet. “Come to me,” I tell my many inside parts, personalities, what clinicians in the field call “alters” but what is really my splintered brain cut and spilled like a diamond. “Come to me and speak, at last.”

The clouds hide the earth. Barricades keep me from all my memories, from people inside me. I sharpen myself. I must pierce through. The clouds make a gentle clearing. I would have given my life to save the sacrificed children, but they are dead and I am alive. I must do what I can.

In awareness resides responsibility.

To divide a mind so that it doesn’t know itself or its parts, programmers have to start young, at birth or before, in the womb.

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