18002 Chapters
Medium 9781855753044

CHAPTER EIGHT: Techniques

Penny Rawson Karnac Books ePub

The following techniques call upon different skills and demand activity either on the part of both client or therapist or on the part of the client.

Working with body tension

One way of working with body tension has been shown earlier, both within the text in case examples and in the quick reference notes as an outline of a body memory exercise. Tension in the body is often present because of some stress or another. Often it is not clear as to what is causing the tension. There are other ways to work with this symptom of stress. One of these ways is as follows.

I ask the client, ‘Would you like to try a fantasy exercise to see if we can do anything with the tension?’ Assuming a yes answer, I would then say, ‘Feel free to stop at any time or to ask questions.’

‘Close your eyes to cut out the distractions in the room.

‘Now become very conscious of the tension in your body …

‘Tell me about it/more about it … Has it got a colour? … What shape is it? … What texture?’ …

It is then up to the therapist to help the client work creatively with this. Examples of directions you might give are:

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Medium 9781780491738

Chapter Eight: TV Times at the Freud Museum

Karnac Books ePub

Ivan Ward

The Freud Museum has had a long engagement with television in one form or another—production companies wishing to film at the museum, TV screens and video installations used in contemporary art exhibitions, and, in 2010, the museum itself becoming the subject of a BBC documentary Behind the Scenes at the Museum (2010).

There were even occasions when I had the temerity to approach TV myself. I once wrote to Lewis Bronze who had recently taken over from the legendary Biddy Baxter as producer of the BBC's flagship children's television programme, Blue Peter (1958-present), proposing a biography of Sigmund Freud. Intelligent biographies of famous historical characters were a regular feature on the programme, and it seemed to me that Freud was a suitable choice. What sort of story would it be? Obviously a story of “growing up”; being clever at school, falling in love, making a great discovery, being driven from his home, and dying here in England. The biography would be a tale of courage and achievement, hard work and triumph over adversity, from childhood poverty to international fame. There were the years of “splendid isolation” and rejection, the tragedy of his sisters’ deaths in concentration camps, the final triumph of his legacy helping thousands of people suffering from “mental problems”. My intention was to present an inspiring story of Freud's life while trying to educate in a child-friendly way about some of Freud's ideas. Needless to say, the pitch was not successful, but the rejection letter did not give a reason. The production team were off on their summer break but I could rest assured that, if a suitable opportunity arose, they would get back in touch. You can probably guess that I am still waiting for the phone call. I like to think that the reason for the rejection was more obvious. You can't get round the “sex” thing, or as Freud put it in his BBC recording of 1938, his “unsavoury ideas”. Most people did not believe that Freud was a proper subject for children's TV.

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Medium 9781855751118

CHAPTER ONE. Countertransference Issues In psychoanalytic psychotherapy with children and adolescents: a brief review

Karnac Books ePub

Dimitris Anastasopoulos & John Tsiantis

The development of the concept of countertransference

The aim of this chapter is to present a selected review of the concept of countertransference and to follow its historical development, giving an overview of counter-transference phenomena as it applies to psychotherapy with children and adolescents.

The first reference to countertransference comes in 1910, in a short essay by Freud entitled “The Future Prospects of Psycho-Analytic Therapy” (1910d). Freud returns to the subject in the 1915 publication “Observations on Transference-Love” (1915a) In which he refers specifically only to erotic countertransference reactions. In both articles, Freud describes countertransference as an obstacle to psychoanalytic treatment and a “result of the patient’s influence on his [the therapist’s] unconscious feelings” (1910d, p. 144). It has been suggested (Brandell, 1992) that it was his work with hysterics and the Dora case (Freud, 1905e) (which included powerful erotic transference components) that led him to Identify erotic countertransference as a significant hindrance to the psychoanalytic process. Unfortunately, Freud never published an article specifically on countertransference.

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Medium 9781855759466

CHAPTER ONE. Introduction and overview

Holm-Hadulla, Rainer Matthias Karnac Books ePub

Personal, social, or vocational problems may be serious enough to prompt some people to seek professional advice. Some may start having doubts about their personal development and sign up for seminars. Others consult therapists because they are aware of their own inhibitions, anxieties, or depressive moods. Alongside the help they need to deal with the more or less clearly defined problems or symptoms they have, they are all seeking three things: competent guidance in connection with their personal development, expert assistance in coping productively with professional and social challenges, and dependable support in making a success of their lives.

This book is, on the one hand, about preventing and coping with psychic problems. But it is also about how to discover one’s personal abilities and creative potential. It sets out to show how counselling and psychotherapy can release the creativity most people have, and how they can improve the quality of their personal and social lives.

The central issue involved in personal and social development is creative authenticity Being creative and authentic means assuming authorship of one’s own life. This is why the objective rules of counselling and psychotherapy have to be supplemented by a practical, subjective component that can guide counsel-seekers, clients, and patients in their endeavour to achieve personal authorship.

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Medium 9781855759732

CHAPTER THREE. Racism as a borderline issue: the avoidance and marginalization of race in psychotherapy

Bernardine Bishop Karnac Books ePub

Frank Lowe

“Nations and peoples are largely the stories they feed themselves. If they tell themselves stories that are lies, they will suffer the future consequences of those lies. If they tell themselves stories that face their own truths, they will free their histories for future flowerings.”

Ben Okri, Birds of Heaven (1996)

This chapter highlights the failure of psychoanalysis to face its own truths about issues of race and white racism in the selection and training of psychotherapists and in the delivery of psychotherapy. It explores possible reasons for this failure and calls for action to make psychotherapy less racially exclusive and more responsive to the needs of a multiracial and multicultural society.

Much has been written about psychotherapy as a predominantly white middle-class activity. In Britain this concern has led to the development of intercultural therapy as a way of addressing psy-chotherapy’s inaccessibility to people from black and ethnic minority communities. The work of Jaffar Kareem, Lennox Thomas and Fahad Dalal has stimulated numerous seminars and conferences on psychotherapy, race and culture. However, despite increased awareness, the evidence suggests that these issues are generally avoided or marginalized by the profession.

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