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Medium 9781782204756

Chapter Four - Attachment Theory and Shamanic Psychology

England, David Karnac Books ePub

Introduction and scope

This chapter provides a digest of Colin Murray Parkes’ (2006) book Love and Loss on the subject of attachment theory. The book includes an account of Parkes’ review of existing research into infants’ attachment to their mothers or “mother-figures”, followed by an account of his own meticulous research into the way childhood attachment carries over into adult life. His overall conclusion was of a close correlation between a child's attachment pattern and the attachment pattern that they subsequently exhibit at adults. (Note: This chapter is concerned with Parkes’ conclusions. Details of Parkes’ research procedures and statistical analyses are outside its scope.)

One of the foundations upon which Soulfulness is based is an understanding of how an infant's experience of an unempathic maternal environment distorts his or her developing psyche, to form a restricted “survival personality” that he or she retains into adulthood. Thus, Parkes’ review and research are directly relevant to the subject of this chapter, namely to offer an insight into the different patterns of attachment that children form with their mothers, the nature of attachment patterns and behaviours, the way these attachment patterns carry over into adult life, and how the problems that cause adults to seek psychotherapeutic help often make manifest the particular pattern of attachment they made to their mothers in childhood.

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Medium 9781782203933

Zoolander

Grose, Anouchka Karnac Books ePub

One of the great ongoing challenges for any working psychoanalyst is deciding when, or how, to answer direct questions. Of course, the general rule of thumb is to bounce them straight back: “Well, what do you think?”, “Does it matter to you whether I have children?”, or “What do you imagine my answer to that question might be?” This is all very well but, if practised too assiduously, it can leave you feeling like an inhuman therapy-bot.

Perhaps the commonest form of question concerns whether or not you have read a particular book, or seen a particular film. While the pretext for asking may be to check whether you already know the premise or plot before wasting five minutes of the session outlining it, the subtext may be to find out what kinds of things you enjoy. Do you get off on watching The Human Centipede? Do you read everything on the Booker long list? What kind of sick/super-cultured person are you? Still, while you might not want to get into a big discussion about the cunning politics of the latest Cohen Brothers’ movie, you may sometimes choose to let slip that you know who Scarlett Johansson is. Or then again you might not.

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Medium 9781782204640

16 What can I do to Increase my Personal Safety when Working Alone?

Rye, James Karnac Books ePub

A male counsellor had a first session with a new female client. He was alone and working from home in the evening. He went to the front door to greet her and guided her through the hallway to the counselling room. Before sitting down, she held out her hand to him and offered him something. He was surprised, but assumed she was keen to pay and was offering the session fee they had agreed over the telephone. In fact, what she was handing the man was his house keys which she had picked up on the way through the hallway. She looked at him rather sternly and said: “If you are going to invite strangers into your house, don't leave any keys on the sideboard by the front door!” He discovered during that session that she worked as a professional escort and had a lot of knowledge about, and experience of, how to keep safe when working with strangers at home.

It may be helpful to think of personal safety under three broad headings: initial screening, avoiding misunderstanding, and further practical steps to enhance safety.

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Medium 9781910444054

CAPÍTULO 1 - El diálogo psicoanalítico

Ogden, Thomas Ediciones Karnac ePub (DRM)

Perecemos con los que agonizan:

Mira cómo se van y partimos con ellos.

Nacemos con los muertos:

Mira cómo vuelven y nos traen con ellos.

—“Cuatro Cuartetos”, T. S. Elliot

Este libro se presenta como un acto de interpretación. Las diferentes perspectivas psicoanalíticas tienen un gran parecido con los diferentes idiomas. A pesar de la extensa superposición de contenido semántico en los textos escritos en diferentes idiomas, cada lengua crea un sentido que no puede ser generado por las otras lenguas que se hablan en la actualidad o que se conservan por escrito. El intérprete no es simplemente un portador pasivo de información de una persona a otra, sino que es el conservador activo y el creador de sentido, y también el recuperador de lo alienado. Como tal, el intérprete salvaguarda la plenitud del discurso humano.

El psicoanálisis, bien como proceso terapéutico, o como conjunto de ideas, se desarrolla como un discurso entre sujetos, en el que cada uno interpreta sus propias producciones y las del otro. Si, por el momento, hablamos del psicoanálisis como teoría (o, más exactamente, como conjunto de teorías), cada contribución importante proporciona un grado de resolución ante un problema teórico o clínico, y al hacerlo de este modo, se crea un nuevo dilema epistemológico. Una contribución posterior ya no aborda la misma cuestión que una contribución anterior, pues ese problema ya no existe, sino que se ha visto alterado para siempre. Cuanto más significativa sea la contribución, más radical (e interesante) habrá sido la transformación del problema epistemológico.

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Medium 9781780491059

Chapter Two - “A Soul in Bondage”: The Treatment of an Abused Latency-Age Boy

Karnac Books ePub

CHAPTER TWO

“A soul in bondage”: the treatment of an abused latency-age boy

Nick Midgley

Introduction

Recent work in the field of neuroscience, when linked to psychoanalytic and developmental research, has helped us to develop a better understanding of the impact of trauma upon both the mind and the brain of the developing child. In the previous chapter, Trowell has described some of the effects that traumatic experiences in childhood can have upon development, but in this chapter, I want to focus not so much on the impact of trauma per se, but more specifically on the ways in which a child's traumatic experience enters the consulting room, often in a state “far beyond words” (Lanyado, 2009).

At least since Freud's Beyond the Pleasure Principle, psychoanalysts have understood the powerful link between trauma and the “compulsion to repeat”, and the way in which victims of trauma attempt to master the overwhelming experience by actively re-playing the experience, whether in the form of dreams, flashbacks—or re-enactments in the analytic setting. In the consulting room, post-traumatic states of hyper-arousal or dissociation—both of which may be highly adaptive to an environment that is chaotic, unpredictable, and dangerous—can quickly be triggered by apparently minor stressors, leading the patient to respond in a way that appears quite out of proportion to the current situation. As Parsons and Dermen (1999) have pointed out, for such traumatised children in psychoanalytic treatment, “all manner of objectively harmless or even friendly overtures are [experienced as] deadly provocations” (p. 329).

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Medium 9781782200352

PART FIVE DISSOLUTION

Greer, John Michael Karnac Books PDF

PART FIVE

DISSOLUTION

TWENTY-FIVE

16 September 2026: Austin, Texas

Governor Terry McCracken leaned forward and blinked.

The headline on the computer screen didn’t change: New

Convention Proposal Would Dissolve Union. The article below named the two delegates who’d introduced Resolution 58, gave the text, and then dismissed the whole thing as an edgy joke. A couple of sentences from some New York pundit, hoping out loud that the prank might bring the convention to its senses, finished it up. McCracken read the article a second time, shook his head, and reached for the phone to call the head of the Texas delegation. Some of them might be dumb enough to vote for it, after all.

Before his hand reached the phone, he stopped, and then drew the hand back, propped his elbows on his desk and rested his chin on his hands, looking at nothing in particular.

He sat up after a few minutes, reached for the phone again and punched the number. “Jack? Yeah, this is Terry. Just got the news about Resolution 58.” A pause. “Yeah.” Another. “Yeah.

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Medium 9781855759824

CHAPTER 3. Consciousness and the Unconscious

Solms, Mark Karnac Books ePub

The next few chapters each address different aspects of mental life that have received substantial neurosclentlfic attention In recent years. We begin with the most general of them—consciousness—and thereby continue where we left off at the end of the previous chapter.

Freud was one of the first to claim (over a hundred years ago) that most of our mental life operates unconsciously and that consciousness Is merely a property of one part of the mind. To hold this opinion in medical science at that time was highly controversial. Much else that Freud proposed all those years ago Is still hotly contested. However, the notion that most mental functioning operates unconsciously is very widely accepted in cognitive neuroscience today. One of Freud’s most fundamental Innovations has thus entered the mainstream of contemporary science. This does not mean that modern neurosclentists accept everything that Freud said about the unconscious In the psychoanalytic sense. But that is another matter, which we address later. To begin with, we shall limit our consideration of the brain mechanisms of consciousness and unconscious mental activity to the purely descriptive meanings of those terms.

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Medium 9781782201786

Chapter Three - “Magical Myths”: The Passion for Sport

Marcus, Paul Karnac Books ePub

“In our sundown perambulations of late through the outer parts of Brooklyn, we have observed several parties of youngsters playing ‘base,’ a certain game of ball…The game of ball is glorious…I see great things in baseball. It is our game, the American game.”

Walt Whitman (Sexton, with Oliphant &
Schwartz, 2013, p. 215)

“But those of us who were lucky enough to see [Pelé] play received alms of extraordinary beauty: moments so worthy of immortality that they make us believe immortality exists.”

Eduardo Galeano, 2009, p. 1521

Baseball”, wrote syndicated columnist and baseball rhapsodist George F. Will, “is heaven's gift to struggling mortals” (Will, 1998, p. 64). Indeed, baseball, to some extent like other sports, is “a way of looking at life”, one that teaches a subtle form of exquisite pleasure (Giamatti, 1998a, p. 82). Exactly what constitutes baseball's pleasure-giving qualities to its players and spectators, qualities that point to the possibility of glimpsing immortality, is what this chapter is mainly about.2 Baseball, similarly to religion, has a “systematic coherence, spiritual luminosity, and transcendent character” (ibid., p. 43), which has a strong interpretive grip on millions of people, not only in the United States, but also in many other parts of the world. One Gallup poll from 2006 indicated that nearly half of Americans are baseball fans (Jones, n.d.), while it is one of the most popular sports in Japan and parts of Central and South America.3

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Medium 9781855755215

CHAPTER TWELVE: Apprehensive heroes

Groen, Martine; Van Lawick, Justine Karnac Books ePub

Martine Groen

The emphasis in this book is particularly placed on border-crossing behaviour within families and the consequences for children who grow up in violent, quarrelling families. The scale and size of this behaviour demand reflection. What is going on? In this chapter, different views are discussed surrounding the authority crisis within the primary living system and its consequences on the regulation of aggression of our youth, the future generation. This process of undermining was been set in motion immediately after the Second World War, and it has consequences for the manner in which we relate to the aggression we encounter every day on the streets, in public transport, and in the therapy room.

The manner in which aggression is regulated between people differs through time and history and is linked to the then ruling values, norms, and developed systems of punishment (Berlin, 1990). Nowadays, there is a growing “zero-tolerance” towards violent behaviour. The debate on norms and values has found its way into the political agenda once again. One has become aware that boundaries are crossed at all levels, and that no one has an answer at the ready.

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Medium 9781782204862

Chapter One - Regression and new beginnings: Michael, Alice, and Enid Balint, and the circulation of Ideas

Jonathan Sklar Karnac Books ePub

Who is crazy, we or the patients? (the children or the adults?)

—Sándor Ferenczi, The Clinical Diary (1932, p. 92)

Michael Balint was born Bergmann Mihály in Hungary on 3 December 1896 to a general-practitioner father. In 1920, he changed his name to Michael Balint, against his father's will, and converted to the Unitarian Religion, thus avoiding some sanctions imposed on Jews. Whilst studying medicine during the First World War he was called up for army service, during which he received a severe injury to his thumb that led to a claw-like deformity. In 1917 he was given Freud's Totem and Taboo by a young colleague, Alice Szekely-Kovacs, who had been a university classmate, together with Margaret Mahler (all would later become analytic colleagues). In 1918, Ferenczi was appointed to the first Chair of Psychoanalysis, and the young Balint attended the inaugural lecture series in 1919, just before the overthrow of Bela Kuhn's Communist Republic. Michael and Alice, now married a year later in 1920, fled the counter-revolution to Berlin, where Michael worked in the biochemical laboratory of Otto Warburg. By 1922 the couple had both started analytic training with Hanns Sachs in Berlin. Balint regarded Sachs as too didactic an analyst—one who would nevertheless interrupt sessions by answering the phone (Stewart, 1996, p. 2). Two years later they then returned to Budapest, both commencing an analysis with Ferenczi, remaining with him for a further two years until he left Hungary for an eight-month lecture tour of the US. It was in Ferenczi's waiting room that Balint first came into contact with Melanie Klein. From 1925 he began publishing papers on psychoanalysis and assumed a leading role within the Hungarian psychoanalytic movement. By 1935, two years after Ferenczi's death, Balint became director of the Budapest Psychoanalytic Institute. Following the Anschluss of Austria in 1938, he and Alice made arrangements to flee to Britain with their son. They were aided by Ernest Jones, who in 1939 helped them to settle, not in London as desired, but in Manchester. Within a few months of their arrival, however, Alice suddenly died of a ruptured aneurysm—a condition under whose shadow they had lived for several years. In 1945, Balint's parents, who had remained in Hungary, committed suicide to avoid being arrested by the Nazis. That year, Balint made the decision to move to London, where he obtained a Master of Science in psychology with a thesis entitled “Individual Differences in Early Infancy”. If we consider this brief early history from a Ferenczian perspective, one is able to trace elements of Balint's traumatic landscape: a hand deformed by war, forsaking his father's name, twice escaping from home and country, and the sudden death of his wife and both parents within a few short years. Such traumata involving the self, the other, and the environment would become profound topics of debate in his subsequent writings, which were developed amidst the growing influence of notions of early object relationships.

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Medium 9781855753846

CHAPTER FOUR. Filling in the model

Campbell, David; Groenbaek, Marianne Karnac Books ePub

In our work with Semantic Polarities and Positioning in organizations, we have found that the simplicity of the ideas underpinning the model can be misleading when we are putting them into practice. Our own development as consultants has been advanced by exploring some of the related issues that are connected to the model. This fuller understanding enables us to apply the model more confidently to a wider range of problems thrown our way and this chapter is a chance for us to share our current thinking about these issues, bearing in mind that we are continually having new thoughts.

We feel that organizational work will not be effective unless a consultant has some appreciation of the exercise of power within the organization. Organizations, as the name implies, have to organize themselves with particular structures to carry out particular tasks, and this means certain decisions are preferred over others. Organizations have to pull together disparate individuals and take exclusive and limiting decisions. All of this shapes the environment, takes effort, moves people around, and requires power.

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Medium 9781782200079

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX Unintegrated states and the process of integration: a new formulation

Karnac Books PDF

CHAPTER TWENTY-SIX

Unintegrated states and the process of integration: a new formulation*

Christopher Reeves

Introduction

In his novel The Go-Between, the author L. P. Hartley (1953) says that the past is a foreign country and that they do things differently there. This paper is based on work spanning more than a decade to define and direct the therapeutic task of a residential unit for severely disturbed children between the ages of five and twelve. The treatment approach and concepts were greatly influenced by the ideas of Winnicott, particularly by the concepts of unintegration, integration, and disintegration, and their bearing on the understanding of the developing child. However, the context of this work is different from Winnicott’s own. He derived his ideas primarily from observation of infants, toddlers, and the analytic treatment of adult psychotics. The world of the

Mulberry Bush School, on the other hand, is peopled by post-toddlers who still display many of the characteristics of feeling, thought, expectation, and reaction, that Winnicott identified as indicators that integration had not been reliably achieved in the infant. In this context, his original concepts took on a new and developed perspective. The struggle of disadvantaged nine- to twelve-year-olds to attain a secure sense of self, to distinguish inward pain from outward projections, and to acquire belief over time in the expectable return of figures out of sight, helped in the reappraisal of the time-scale of the integration process. This is because it occurs in the child with a favourable environment to support it.

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Medium 9781855756717

CHAPTER FIFTEEN: Introducing Principles 9-12: Your Process

Sarah Corrie Karnac Books ePub

‘Action may not always bring happiness, but there is no happiness without action’

(Benjamin Disraeli)

Designing your process: essential tools for creating your action plan

If your Mission is concerned with the‘why’ of your life, and your Attitude examines what you bring to your journey, the Process is how you get there: the steps you need to take to get from where you are now to where you want to be.

Of all the stages of MAP, the Process stage is the most practical. It involves establishing a clear and achievable action plan, setting specific and realistic goals, and making sure you stay on task. It is about the nuts and bolts of rolling up your sleeves and getting on with it because, without a clear Process, your Mission will always remain a day-dream. More than any other aspect of MAP, Process involves doing rather than being and requires a commitment to putting your plans into action time and time again until you get the results you seek.

For example, if the core area you selected in your Inspiration Inventory (Chapter one) was to change your career to a field more in tune with your Mission, you will need to design a concrete plan of action for achieving this. Your Process, like most good action plans, will probably involve several steps, such as conducting an audit of your current skills and experiences so you know what youhave to offer, constructing a new CV that highlights your areas of expertise, researching new career areas, networking with people who know about your chosen area, and so on. Each small step builds on the last until, through consistent, committed action, you are where you want to be.

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Medium 9781855759602

24. Biosexuality

Andre Green Karnac Books ePub

Psychoanalysts are often accused of being ignorant of biology. Perhaps this is true, but those who make the accusation hardly ever ask themselves this question: what could psychoanalysis learn from biology about its proper domain—psycho-sexuality? It is not the results of animal experimentation that will be useful in any way whatsoever here. Even if we often hear positions taken in support of a continuity between animals and humans in many fields of psychology, the same cannot be said regarding sexuality. In the past, I have emphasised the remarkable homogeneity shown by studies on sexuality, from the genetics of individuals to those of whole populations (Green 1992a). But when the investigation turns to exploring the field of anthropology, a decisive rupture occurs. If there was something to be said on the subject of biology, perhaps one should have turned to biologists to have them underline how they reduce sexuality to a minimum in the study of phenomena that are not directly sexual. I recall here a remark about the fact that neurobiologists do not accord enough importance to the impregnation of cerebral structures by sexual steroids, any more than they gauge the consequences of the permanence of the sexual force (or drive) in humans, in comparison with its periodicity, regulated hormon-ally, in animals. First Freud, then Maurice Godelier, will see in this a phenomenon with paramount implications. In man, there is no longer a sexual instinct at work, but an activity of drives which functions permanently. Indeed, according to popular wisdom man thinks of nothing else… Does ‘man’ include men and women? An open question…

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Medium 9781855754324

Aggression

Abram, Jan Karnac Books ePub

1   The concept of aggression in psychoanalysis

2   Primary aggression

3   The baby's ruthlessness

4   The analyst's aroused hatred

5   The evolution of aggression in the developing child

6   The task of fusion

7   The need for opposition and the reality of the external object

8   Ruthless love

9   Tolerance of destructiveness leading to concern

10   Survival: from object-relating to object-usage

11   The death instinct and the father

A ggression in the individual begins, for Winnicott, in the womb and is synonymous with activity and motility. Early on in his work, Winnicott refers to “primary aggression” and states that instinctual aggressiveness is originally part of appetite.

Aggression changes its quality as the infant grows. This change absolutely depends on the kind of environment in which the infant finds himself. With good-enough mothering and a facilitating environment, aggression in the growing child becomes integrated. If the environment is not good enough, aggression manifests itself in a destructive, antisocial way.

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