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Medium 9780253018632

Glossary of Haitian Creole and French Terms

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

Ason:

Ritualistic rattle used in vodou ceremonies by the hounfò.

Bois-Nouveau:

The term, “new-wood” in English, is used to designate reanimated zombies.

Boulinò:

Refers to Bouli (Nord) in Burkina Faso.

Défazi:

The cockfight.

Endijèn:

Refers to the black and mulatto population that fought for and won independence from France.

Gallodrome:

The cockpit.

Konpa:

Popular Haitian music.

Lakou:

Literally a courtyard, this can refer both to a family compound in rural Haiti and also to certain important Vodou temples.

Lasirèndyaman:

Lasirèn is the lwa lanmè, or the spirit of the sea.

Malanga:

A brown, hairy potato-like food often boiled in Haitian bouyon (soup), fried, or made into flour

Peristil:

The roofed court of the hounfò, or vodou priest(ess).

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Medium 9780870819643

CHAPTER THREE: BETWEEN TWO EXTREMES

Jonathan H. Rees University Press of Colorado ePub

Between the extreme of individual agreements on the one side, and an agreement involving recognition of unions of national and international character on the other, lies the straight acceptance of the principle of Collective Bargaining between capital and labour immediately concerned in any group of industries, and the construction of machinery which will afford opportunity of easy and constant conference between employers and employed with reference to matters of concern to both, such machinery to be constructed as a means on the one hand of preventing labour from being exploited, and on the other, of ensuring cordial cooperation which is likely to further industrial efficiency.

—MACKENZIE KING TO JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER JR., AUGUST 6, 1914 1

Since the inception of employee representation plans (ERPs) around the beginning of the twentieth century, trade unionists and others sympathetic to workers have denounced ERPs such as the one in use at Colorado Fuel and Iron (CF&I) as “company unions” because of management’s tendency to control the course and result of deliberations. For example, Mother Jones wrote in her autobiography, “I told him [John D. Rockefeller Jr.] that his plan for settling industrial disputes would not work. That it was a sham and a fraud. That behind the representative of the miner was no organization so that the workers were powerless to enforce any just demand; that their demands were granted and grievances redressed still at the will of the company.”2 Arguing in favor of banning such arrangements in 1935 as part of his National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), Senator Robert Wagner claimed they made “a sham of equal bargaining power by restricting employee cooperation to a single employer unit at a time when business men [were] allowed to band together in large groups.”3 Because many firms created ERPs of questionable legitimacy during the 1930s to avoid the requirements of the NLRA, the reputation of such organizations inside and outside the labor movement had grown steadily worse over time.4 But what if a “company union” was not a sham?

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Medium 9780870818844

CHAPTER EIGHT The WFM, Big Bill, and the Wobblies

David R. Berman University Press of Colorado ePub

The WFM, Big Bill, and the Wobblies

WRITING IN 1907, John Curtis Kennedy of the University of Chicago argued that trade unionism and Socialism were essentially the same movement. Trade unionists and Socialists, he argued, “hold to practically the same views and are seeking the same ends . . . it is only a question of time before trade-unionists in America will recognize this fact and lend their support to the Socialist party”—and, indeed, many were already doing so.1 Even the American Federation of Labor (AFL) during this period was not as anti-Socialist and revolutionary as commonly supposed. Its step toward independent political action in 1906 led, in many cases, to closer working relations with Socialist parties. Socialists within the AFL and various trade unions had been working for this result. Still, the AFL had an ample number of critics from the left. Many Mountain westerners, especially the unskilled and semiskilled workers in and around mining areas, were impatient with what they saw as the slow-moving, conservative AFL. For radicals the craft unions, which the AFL prized, stood in the way of worker solidarity.

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Medium 9780253001924

10 After Namudno: The Shape of Future Litigation

Daniel McCool Indiana University Press ePub

The most significant legal challenge in nearly three decades to Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act (VRA), Northwest Austin Municipal Utility District Number One v. Holder, 129 S.Ct. 2504 (2009) (“NAMUDNO”), was decided by the Supreme Court on June 22, 2009. In an 8-1 opinion, the justices overturned a lower court decision that had denied a small Travis County, Texas, suburban jurisdiction from seeking a “bailout” from the “preclearance” provision of the act. But it is what the justices did not do – strike down the act as unconstitutional – that matters most for the critics and defenders of this provision. Some have speculated that it is only a matter of time before the constitutional issue once again presents itself to the High Court, while others believe the issue has been dodged indefinitely. Who is right?

Some background on the case will be useful for understanding the court’s opinion and what is likely to happen next. The 1965 Voting Rights Act was, as the Supreme Court recognized in this opinion, a “historic accomplishment” designed to end the official governmental barriers to voting that blacks faced in the Deep South by eliminating any type of literacy test, providing federal voting registrars, and criminalizing harassment of black voters. These objectives were enforced through two provisions: Section 4(b), which pinpointed the states and jurisdictions where black disenfranchisement was the most pernicious, and Section 5, the “preclearance” requirement, which was to end the never-ending gamesmanship by southern election officials that was used to prevent blacks from registering to vote.

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Medium 9781576750698

67. Work Productively With Co-workers Who Share Your Home Office

Debra Dinnocenzo Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

136

101 Tips for Telecommuters

➤ Assess the activities or projects you’re involved in and consider which ones are appropriate, useful, or enjoyable.

➤ Reevaluate your willingness to continue involvement based on your assessment and determine whether any of them should be cleared off of your plate.

➤ Take steps now to begin uninvolving yourself in anything on the “cut” list.

➤ Promise yourself that in the future you’ll commit to a more rigorous analysis considering pros/cons and have to/want to/need to considerations.

T R A N S F E R

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I T

P R O M P T L Y

T O

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P E R F O R M A N C E

Work Productively With Co-Workers

Who Share Your Home Office

Just when you think you’ve finally got an entire office to yourself now that you’re telecommuting, some huge project or massive backlog of “administrivia” necessitates the addition of another associate—who needs to work hand-in-hand with you in your precious bubble of solitude! The advantages of getting the help you need might not appear to outweigh the disadvantages and potential difficulties of having someone else in your office (and your home). Or perhaps you really miss the interaction with co-workers, and having a real live person right in your office sounds great—until you find yourself unable to concentrate or become so distracted that your work begins to suffer. Having an on-site resource can be a real boost to your time, energy, and focus if you consider the implications and carefully craft a workable plan.

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Medium 9781576757628

4. What’s Fair? Sharing Life’s Bounty

Peter G. Brown Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Love your neighbor as yourself.

—Leviticus 19:18, Mark 12:31


IMAGINE A BUSY CITY emergency room, around rush hour, suddenly overwhelmed by the victims of a mass transit accident. People with partially severed limbs, severe head wounds, out-of-control bleeding, and so forth are being rushed into the hospital admitting area on gurneys, their wounds barely being staunched by paramedics and their cries of pain filling the air. Doctors and nurses stand at the ready and begin the procedure of triage, that is, separating patients according to the urgency of their conditions. But instead of rushing the head wounds or internal injury cases into the emergency room, they first allow an older woman with a slight nosebleed into the case room; once she’s dealt with, they lavish attention on a family whose daughter has a bad flu, followed by a man who may have broken his arm earlier in the day. It goes on like this until the outcry from the severely wounded is so disruptive that a few nurses, reluctantly, go over and began to treat some of the sufferers. Many are already dying.

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Medium 9781855754812

CHAPTER SEVEN: Exploring the effects of Globalization on inter-cultural relationships and relatedness

Lionel F. Stapley Karnac Books ePub

Exploring the effects of Globalization on inter-cultural relationships and relatedness

In this chapter I will provide a concluding analysis that seeks to build on the analyses of Chapters Four and Five by exploring the effect of Globalization on inter-cultural relationships and related-ness. The aim is to provide a deeper explanation of the resulting inter-cultural dynamics that are having such dangerous consequences at this time. In doing so, I do not seek to attach blame to any particular society, culture, group or individual leader. Rather, I take the position that what has happened and what is happening is simply the consequences of the experiences of members of societies throughout the world. What has happened is not seen in a judgemental way and is neither considered as good nor considered as bad. That is not to say that some things might be done in a more beneficial manner in the future. I would suggest that one of the reasons why things have been as they are is because until now members of societies throughout the world have been largely ignorant of the effects of Globalization. The imperceptible nature of change, even the massive change currently taking place, acts to make us blind to the consequences. Exposure of the destructive effects on societal cultures, most noticeably that which results in global Muslim terrorism, will enable us to think about global dynamics in a different way, which is the aim of this chapter.

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Medium 9780253356833

Epilogue. The Fourth Term

David M. Jordan Indiana University Press ePub

The “horses in midstream” campaign, of course, became suddenly meaningless when Franklin Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, on the eighty-third day of his fourth term as president. His new vice president, Harry Truman, whom Roosevelt had not bothered to bring into the mainstream of information or policy making, was thrust into the top job. It was not until after Truman was sworn in as president that Henry Stimson took him aside and told him about the atom bomb. In the ′44 election campaign, Truman was frequently dismissed as a small cog in the Pendergast machine, while receiving little enough recognition as the creator and chairman of a Senate committee that saved the country billions and saw to the furnishing of top-grade war materiel to the fighting men. Those who were familiar with the achievements of the Truman Committee were much less surprised at Harry Truman's successes as president than were those who saw fit to denigrate him for his political background in Kansas City. However, most Americans were pleased that Truman and not Henry Wallace succeeded Roosevelt in the presidency, a view that became ever more pronounced as Wallace's positions on accommodating the Soviet Union came to the fore.

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Medium 9781576750698

47. Schedule Periodic “How Goes It” Meetings

Debra Dinnocenzo Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

96

101 Tips for Telecommuters

When you’re ready to discuss shared office issues, first check to see if it’s a good time to interrupt your office/life partner. Schedule a meeting or a working lunch to discuss ways to more effectively work together. Think of one thing that you can suggest to improve the productivity of each of you.

T R A N S F E R

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P R O M P T L Y

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Schedule Periodic

“How Goes It” Meetings

Your commitment to work well with your family may include a number of focused efforts:

• Set clear expectations with family and friends (Tip 31)

• Reach agreements and resolve conflicts (Tip 42).

• Make necessary arrangements for family care (Tips 35, 39).

• Manage the logistics of your home and office (Tips 13, 33).

• Make time to celebrate milestones together (Tip 32).

In spite of these efforts, there may be just a few bumps in the road you take to telecommuting bliss. Why? Mostly because of two things: all of this involves people and change. Since few things stay constant and people need continual attention and nurturing, be prepared to review, revise, revisit, and renegotiate regularly. I suggest doing this during regularly schedule “how goes it” meetings with your family.

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Medium 9780253012845

2 Age of Consciousness

Lynne Ann Hartnett Indiana University Press ePub

SITTING ALONE IN AN ISOLATED POLICE interrogation room a short carriage drive from her cell in the Peter and Paul Fortress, a thirty-one-year-old Vera Figner thought about her life. As she took pen to paper to explain to gendarmes, government officials, herself, and (she hoped) posterity, how she, a woman born to the Imperial Russian nobility, faced a likely death sentence for a series of violent political crimes, Vera sought continuity. In chronicling her revolutionary activities, she asserts that her illegal radical activity during the previous few years “had its own history,” because it was rooted in “logical links with [her] previous life.”1 Rather than viewing her revolutionary career as an abrupt rupture with a privileged past, she saw it as the understandable consequence of her own personal history and that of her country.

Vera Figner’s path to revolutionary notoriety was not predestined; instead it was dictated by coincidence, circumstance, and choice. In both the confession that she wrote over a period of weeks in 1883 and the autobiographical accounts she penned over more than a decade in the twentieth century, Vera attempts to guide those who want to understand her life and radical career. For Vera, every step she took along the way toward the unforgiving prison cell whose cold, damp walls became the boundaries of her solitary universe for two decades was a conscious one; every choice she made was determined by a moral purpose and strength of will. Yet much of what impelled Vera Figner into the revolutionary underground and the annals of Russian history was timing. Being born in the twilight of the age of serfdom, and reaching the age of consciousness in a period filled with political and social reform, upheaval, and uncertainty, Vera found both exciting opportunities and insurmountable hurdles. How she interpreted and managed each of these at different historical moments invariably influenced her subsequent options and choices and ultimately determined her place in history.

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Medium 9789351380900

Ch_5_F

Sangit Kumar Ragi Laxmi Publications PDF

5

George Elton Mayo

(1880–1949)

Biographical sketch

George Elton Mayo was an Australian, born in 1880 at Adelaide. He was trained in several subjects like Logic, Philosophy, Medicine, and Psychology.

After completing his MA in Philosophy from the University of Adelaide in

1899 he went to Scotland, where he studied medicine and psychopathology, which later on established him as a world-renowned industrial psychologist and a pioneer of a new school of thought in the field of administration and management science. Mayo also taught philosophy at Queensland University for a brief time. However, his real professional career started with coming to

United States of America on a research grant from Rockefeller Foundation.

First, he joined the famous Wharton School of Finance and Commerce at the University of Pennsylvania and later on he was appointed as professor and head of the Department of Industrial Research at Harvard in 1926 where he worked in this capacity till retirement in 1947. After retirement he went to

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Medium 9781608680221

11. How to Help a Bike Shop Help You by Ulrike Rodrigues

New World Library ePub

Ulrike Rodrigues

I’m a lifelong bike rider and sometime bike-shop staffer, and I know the hardest part of getting into biking can be getting into a bike store. Sure, enthusiasts think of the local bike shop as a lively meeting place stocked with cool parts and cool people, but many average folks (and bike forum commentators) say they feel intimidated by bike shops’ unfamiliar gear, jargon, and particular style of customer service.

But according to a Shimano-sponsored study, today’s bike shops are changing. Because they’re surviving on slim profit margins in an extremely competitive industry, they need you to like them. Sure, they want you to buy lots of stuff, but they also want to see you riding your bike. It’s good for them and it’s good for you. But they can’t help you with that if you’re too nervous to walk through the door.

My advice? Remember that — as the customer — you hold the power. Armed with some basic information and a few insider tips, you can help a bike shop help you.

A bike shop is just a retail environment that sells products and services. One tip to finding the right bike shop for your needs is to understand that there are different kinds of bike shops with different products and services.

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Medium 9780253008046

1. Many Multiplicities: Identity in an Age of Movement Paul Spickard, University of California, Santa Barbara

Paul R Spickard Indiana University Press ePub

The face of europe is changing. People who are not supposed to be there are there in abundance. Each nation of Europe has its own story, but each imagines itself as a naturally ethnically homogeneous place. Yet each contains large numbers of people who do not fit that ethnic self-definition. Some are migrants (see Table 1.1), some domestic minorities of long standing. Despite the fond wishes of some members of the dominant ethnic group in each country, the migrants are not going back where they came from. In many cases, they are already two or three generations resident in their European host country. The degree to which they have succeeded in making places for themselves in their host societies – and, conversely, the amount of discrimination they experience – varies widely.

Over the past several years, the peoples of most European nations and their leaders have engaged in sharp debates about migrants, less so about domestic minorities. Such discussions have focused on migrants as social problems, as people with deficits that need to be measured and remediated, and, all too often, as people who ought to go away. The discussions have in most cases missed who the migrants and minorities are, how they live their lives, and what the content of their identities may be. Simply put, policy makers and the educated public in Europe need to know more about migrants and minorities, how they conceive of themselves, and how they actually live their lives.

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Ch_9_F

Sangit Kumar Ragi Laxmi Publications PDF

9

Frederick Herzberg

(1923–2000)

Biographical Sketch

Frederick Herzberg was a clinical psychologist born in Massachusetts, USA, on April 18, 1923. His initial education took place at the City College of New

York. He graduated from here in 1946. Thereafter, he went to the University of

Pittsburgh to undertake a postgraduate course in science and public health. He did his PhD in psychology on the topic ‘Prognostic Variables for Electroshock

Therapy’. He later undertook a teaching job at Case Western Reserve

University as a professor of psychology. Here, he established the Department of Industrial and Mental Health. Thereafter, he joined the University of

Utah in 1972 where he held the position of professor of management in the

College of Business.

Herzberg’s writings deal primarily with employee’s motivation at the work place. His first book The Motivation to Work came out in 1959. This was written with the research assistance coming from his two colleagues, Bernard

Mausner and Barbara Bloch Snyderman. It was in this book that he developed the famous two-factor motivation theory. In his subsequent works, such as,

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24. Take Breaks to Relax, Re-energize, or Recover

Debra Dinnocenzo Berrett-Koehler Publishers PDF

51

Working Well in Your Home Office

consume. Get a water cooler for your office that’s either easily accessible to your desk or provides you a good reason to get out of your chair to stretch and walk across the office (not to mention the exercise you’ll get walking to the bathroom so often!). Reward yourself— select an incentive (food, quick visit with your kids, short phone call to a friend, etc.) you can earn for hitting water intake targets.

Of course you should exercise daily, and only you can make the commitment to creatively fit exercise into your day. Whether it’s an invigorating way to start your day, to provide a midday break, or to make a transition out of your work day, it you don’t plan it, it won’t happen. Additionally, you can integrate exercise into your day by doing isometric exercises at your desk or using quick breaks for stretching. And don’t forget to breathe—take several deep breaths periodically throughout the day. This is good for your body, your mind,

AND your work.

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