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Appendix

Scott D. Taylor Indiana University Press ePub

APPENDIX

Table 1. Exports of Merchandise and Services

*Measured in USD at current prices and current exchange rates.

Source: UN Conference on Trade and Development Statistical Database, http://unctadstat.unctad.org

Table 2. Net Domestic Credit

*Adjusted for exchange rate fluctuations. Data reported in LCU. Average exchange rate per year used for conversion to USD.

Source: World Bank Development Indicators and Global Development Finance, http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do

Table 3. Foreign Direct Investment in Reporting Economy (FDI Inward)

*Measured in USD at current prices and current exchange rates.

Source: World Bank Development Indicators and Global Development Finance, http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do.

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CHAPTER SEVEN Party Progress: The 1904 Election

David R. Berman University Press of Colorado ePub

Party Progress
The 1904 Election

EUGENE DEBS, IN 1904, no doubt contributed to the success anxiety of many Socialist party members—the fear that growth would bring an influx of people who would divert the party from its mission. He did so by picking up 402,000 votes, almost five times as many as he had in 1900 (Appendix, Table 2). Right-wingers who dominated the national Socialist party could not help feeling they were on their way toward building a mass party that could compete with Democrats and Republicans and, on the local level, with the mushrooming number of municipal reform parties. To get things going they had added one immediate demand after another to the party platform. These steps were made over the vocal opposition of revolutionary leftists and prompted some on the left to drop out of active involvement with the party.

The right-left split in the national Socialist party boiled over in 1905 when leftists attempted to remove right-wing leader Victor Berger from the National Executive Committee (NEC). Berger’s sin, as the left saw it, was in urging Socialists in Milwaukee to vote for a Republican judicial candidate in the 1905 election. Wisconsin Socialists had decided not to nominate judicial candidates that year. Berger was accused of violating the national party constitution by supporting a “capitalistic candidate” for judicial office. The left pushed for and received a national referendum on whether Berger should be removed from the NEC. Before members had a chance to vote, however, the NEC itself acted, voting twenty-four to seventeen (with nine members not voting) to remove Berger from the committee. The decision was reversed, however, by the general membership vote (see Appendix, Table 7).

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3. The Case of Robert F. Kennedy

Paul Santa Cruz UNT Press ePub

Chapter Three

There is such a thing as evocation of the great dead, and there is also such a thing as the exploitation of corpses. Senator Kennedy seems appallingly far from recognizing the difference.

—Journalist Murray Kempton, on Senator Robert F. Kennedy’s announcement on his candidacy in the 1968 presidential election.1

It is ironic that the chief source of grief for Robert F. Kennedy during the 1960s also proved to be perhaps his greatest asset when he decided to run for president in March 1968. His brother’s assassination left him in charge of not only the Kennedy family, but also the Kennedy legend: the unfulfilled “promise of greatness” that John Kennedy had left behind.2 Like Lyndon Johnson, RFK tried to capture for himself the benefits of the public’s memory of the late president. As one historian on the two Kennedy brothers has written, “He could convert the adoration of JFK, Robert came quickly to realize, into a power base sufficient to challenge Johnson and ultimately regain what he felt was rightfully his…Kennedy turned to the task of preserving JFK’s memory and fashioning a JFK mystique and legacy.” His central objective was “to see that legacy transmitted into the political culture, embraced by political survivors (beginning with himself) and kept alive for future progeny.”3

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Chapter 3 The Rise of the Corporatocracy

Hartmann, Thom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Walking through a park on a sunny summer day in Portland, Oregon, I stumbled across a stunning example of what has happened to the middle class in the cons’ America.

Thirty or more people were sitting on blankets and lawn chairs under a big oak tree in a semicircle around a middle-aged, suit-wearing woman with a flip chart. Those in the circle wore mostly casual clothes, and the average age seemed to be midforties, although there were a few as young as midtwenties and a few who looked to be in their sixties. Two men in the group—both in their fifties, by appearance—had gone to the trouble of dressing in business suits, although they looked painfully uncomfortable sitting on their lawn chairs in the open park.

As I walked by, I heard the woman extolling the virtues of “cheerfulness" and rhetorically asking her students, “Would you want to hire you?”

Welcome to the world of those who have fallen out of America’s white-collar middle class and are tapping their IRAs, 401(k)s, and overextended credit cards to pay for workshops like this one to figure out how they can get decent-paying jobs to replace the ones they’ve lost.

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Dire Straights in Nigeria

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

Come to Soul Lounge this Thursday night—the night before Valentine’s Day. Bring your wife! Bring your deputy wife! Your assistant wife! Your sins will be forgiven!

NIGERIAS HETEROSEXUALS HAVE it rough. This may sound facetious in light of the ways homosexuals have been targeted since the Nigerian government passed the Same-Sex Marriage Prohibition Act earlier this year. But the challenges facing straight Nigerians are key to making sense of the physical and symbolic violence currently being done to people accused of being queer. The Anti-Gay Law, as it is called, criminalizes membership in gay organizations as well as same-sex marriage. Though condemned by human rights advocates, it enjoys massive popular support. Politicians, clerics, and ordinary citizens defend it as consistent with the nation’s cultural and religious values, and several observers have noted with satisfaction that opposition to homosexuality is one of the few issues that Nigeria’s Muslims and Christians can agree on.

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2 The Two Sides of Love

Kahane, Adam Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

THE MONT FLEUR PROJECT showed me a doorway into a new world. I was drawn to what I could see, through the project, of the way South Africans were bridging their differences and together exercising generative power. I was also drawn to the project coordinator, Dorothy Boesak. In 1993, I walked through this doorway: I resigned from Shell, moved from London to Cape Town, started working full time on multi-stakeholder social change projects, married Dorothy, and became the stepfather of her four teenage children. This new world taught me a lot about love.

I fell in love with Dorothy—but this book is not about romantic love. It is about something else that I experienced in meeting her. I noticed that Dorothy had a way of relating with other people that was different from mine. Compared to me, she was more considerate and generous in her dealings with family, neighbors, even strangers. She was more focused on what was needed of her and less on what she needed. Dorothy was an accomplished and respected professional and community leader, but she was less focused on realizing herself than I was. She seemed to be driven by something else. I sensed there was something here for me to learn.

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22. Ergonomic Evolution: The Advantages of Riding Reclined by Vincent de Tourdonnet

Amy Walker New World Library ePub

Vincent de Tourdonnet

Children laugh out loud when I ride by on my recumbent bike. Teens pause: “Is that person cool, or a total freak?” Adults blink earnestly: “What is that thing, a clown bike?” I try to respond with calm reason: “Recumbents are all about comfort: I would never switch back to an upright bike, and neither would most people who’ve owned a ’bent.” “Oh! That does look… comfortable. But isn’t it… awkward to ride? Are they slow?”

Are they? No. In 1934, recumbents were banned from bicycle racing for providing an unfair advantage. In 2010, Barbara Buatois set the women’s solo record for the Race Across America on a recumbent. Long stigmatized for looking different, are recliners finally rising on the horizon?

The initial attraction of a recumbent bike for the average cyclist is not speed but comfort. Recumbents come in a variety of configurations: what they all have in common is a seat with a full backrest, supporting the rider’s body weight across several square feet rather than concentrating it on the ischial tuberosities (or sit bones) and wrists as on a conventional, diamond-frame upright bike. What this means in practical terms is that on a recumbent there are no pressure points: the hands rest weightlessly on the grips, the head faces naturally forward to take in the view with no neck strain, and the feet are elevated, just as in a reclining chair.

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1 Our Hidden Wealth

Rowe, Jonathan Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

My wife grew up in what Western experts, not without condescension, call a “developing” country. The social life of her village revolved largely around a tree. People gathered there in the evening to visit, tell stories, or just pass the time. Some of my wife’s warmest childhood memories are of playing hide-and-seek late into the evening while adults chatted under the tree.

The tree was more than a quaint meeting place; it was an economic asset in the root sense of that word. It produced a bonding of neighbors, an information network, an activity center for kids, and a bridge between generations. Older people could be part of the flow of daily life, and children got to experience something scarce in the United States today—an unstructured and noncompetitive setting in which their parents were close at hand.

In the United States we spend hundreds of billions of dollars on everything from community centers to kiddie videos to try to achieve those results, with great inefficiency and often much less positive effect. Yet most Western economists would regard the tree as a pathetic state of underdevelopment. They would urge “modernization,” by which they would mean cutting down the tree and making people pay money for what it provided. In their preferred vision, corporate-produced entertainment would displace local culture. Something free and available to all would become commodities sold for a price. The result would be “growth” as economists understand that term.

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chapter three Personal Visions

Stout, Linda Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Shared visions emerge from personal visions. This is how they derive their energy and how they foster commitment.

PETER SENGE

If people have never learned to vision for themselves, it’s hard to create a collective vision that leads to change. In some cases, you will sense that the group you are working with is not ready for collective visioning because individuals feel so hopeless in their own lives. I have found this to be true often among urban teenagers and young adults, especially low-income youth and youth of color, who face extreme challenges around lack of education and job opportunities. Such youth are condemned by statistics. They are repeatedly told that a high percentage of them are not likely to graduate from high school or that they will end up in jail or dead by age twenty-five. Recently, I heard an amazing eighteen-year-old speaker, Mathew Davis, say,

I remember numerous “inspirational speakers” coming to my local community centers to speak to me and groups of other young black males and giving speeches about how to “make it out.” They would come in and spout off a bunch of facts and stats about how black males aren’t supposed to make it to eighteen and at best twenty-five, or the correlation between high school graduation rates and prison rates and how we better straighten up (which means pursue white middle-class interest) and if not, we weren’t going to make it out the hood and would end up dead or in jail. Looking back, what I find funniest about these speeches is that they were supposed to inspire me!1

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10 The Responsibility to Protect

Thomas G. Weiss Indiana University Press ePub

• Antecedents: Roots and Origins of the R2P Idea

• The 1990s: A Gathering Perfect Storm

• Actors: Norm Entrepreneurs, Champions, and Brokers

• From ICISS to the World Summit: Filling the Policy Gap

• R2P as Normative Advancement

• International Criminal Pursuit and Justice: Filling the Institutional Gap

• Tasks Ahead: Helping to Fill the Compliance Gap

• Conclusion: A Model for Enhancing Global Governance?

The most basic human right is to life itself—indeed, what could be more fundamental to a working system of global governance, however defined and however rudimentary? As Pope Benedict XVI put it in his address to the General Assembly in April 2008, “Recognition of the unity of the human family, and attention to the innate dignity of every man and woman, today find renewed emphasis in the principle of the responsibility to protect. . . . This principle has to invoke the idea of the person as image of the Creator.”1 Other religious and secular leaders would agree, but establishing a universal standard to protect life under the most extreme threats represents an enormous challenge for the international system. Outsiders who want to protect or assist affected populations confront the harsh reality of the UN’s most sacrosanct principle of nonintervention, as enshrined in Article 2 (7) of the Charter.

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ch07fn1

Hartmann, Thom Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub
Medium 9781855759428

CHAPTER TEN: Fundamentalism and idolatry

Jean Arundale Karnac Books ePub

Ronald Britton

In this paper I am using religious terms for psychoanalytic purposes because I think we try to deal in psychological terms with, what had been before the “Enlightenment” the subject matter of theology; just as the writers of the Romantic movement did in philosophical or poetic terms.

As M. H. Abrams wrote in Natural Supernaturalism

much of what distinguishes writers I call Romantic derives from the fact that they undertook whatever their religious creed or lack of creed to save traditional concepts, schemes and values which had been based on the relation of the Creator to his creature and creation, but to reformulate them within the prevailing two-term system of subject and object, ego and non-ego, the human mind … and its transactions with nature.

Freud had a good deal to say about religion. Mythology was a favourite study of his and produced traffic in both directions. The implication was that study of one should provide material for the other. He wrote:

I believe that a great part of the mythological view of the world, which reaches far into most modern religions is nothing other than psychological processes projected into the outer world. The obscure apprehending of the psychical factors and relationships of the unconscious is mirrored … in the construction of a supersensible reality, which science has to re-translate into the psychology of the unconscious. One could venture in this manner to resolve the myths of Paradise, the Fall of Man, of God, of Good and Evil, of Immortality, and so on thus transforming Meta-physics into Metapsychology. [Freud, 1904]

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CHAPTER 10: A NEW, OLD ROAD MAP FOR CHANGE

Derber, Charles Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

We need regime change at home quickly, but it won’t happen until we know where we want to go. This requires big thinking by social movements, the Democratic Party, and especially readers like you. A new regime, as I’m sure you’ve concluded, cannot just be token reform of the corporate order. It has to be driven by a truly bold vision based on America’s own core values.

All corporate regimes transfer sovereignty away from the people. Our third corporate regime has been extreme, with transnational corporations unashamedly hijacking our government for their own ends. This has been accompanied by a disastrous loss of citizen empowerment and social security. The next regime must return sovereignty to the people in a democracy tailored for the new century, what I call “New Democracy.”216

I’ll bet you’re already skeptical, and I can understand why. It’s hard to take seriously the very idea of democracy—old or new—in a globalized era of transnational companies, corporate-dominated campaign financing, corporate-owned media, two corporate political parties, a military-industrial complex, and curtailed civil liberties. New Democracy can work only if it is inspiring enough to turn a population of exhausted workers and cynical couch potatoes into active citizens who believe they can make a better world.

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CHAPTER 7

Boyd, John Kirk Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Al Gore has explained that “it is important to change light bulbs, but it’s more important to change the law”

Freedom for the environment is life, not just our own lives, but the life of the planet Earth. As human rights are intertwined and interdependent, so too our lives are intertwined and interdependent with our environment. As former Vice President Al Gore has said, “The relationship we have to the natural world is not a relationship between ‘us’ and ‘it’. It is us and we are of it.”60 Given that three new species become extinct every hour, 61 largely from global warming and other environmental degradation caused by humans, it is necessary to think of fundamental rights in a more holistic way. It’s time for a fifth freedom: freedom for the environment.

The core of freedom for the environment is the preservation of what we have. By including the environment in our list of rights, it is possible to protect the environment when it is being despoiled and wildlife is being decimated. It means a better chance for science, rather than politics, to guide the outcome of major decisions impacting the environment. This is a huge accomplishment with a direct impact on people and other living creatures.

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1. The Zionist Colonization of Palestine in the Context of Comparative Settler Colonialism

NoContributor Indiana University Press ePub

 

GABRIEL PITERBERG

To deeply understand Zionism and the state of Israel, one must engage with the field of comparative settler colonialism. The expansion and conquest by Europe that began in 1500 produced two kinds of related but clearly distinguishable forms of colonialism. One was metropole colonialism, in which Europeans conquered and ruled vast territories but administered and exploited them without seeking to make them their home; British India is a good example. The other type was settler colonialism, in which the conquest by European states brought with it substantial waves of settlers who with the passage of time sought to make the colonies their national patrimony. This process entailed a relationship with the indigenous people that ranged from dispossession to elimination, or from slavery to cheap labor, depending on the land and labor formations of a given settler society. Settler colonialism can be said to have begun in earnest with the English—and later Scottish-Presbyterian—settlers in Ireland in the second half of the sixteenth century, and continued with the settler colonies in what would become Virginia and New England in the seventeenth century. It is within the burgeoning field of comparative settler colonialism that I seek to place the Zionist colonization of Palestine and the state of Israel.1

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