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VIII. The Relation of Action to Other Areas of Inquiry

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub
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Chronological List, 1884–1886

Peirce, Charles S. PDF

Chronological List

1884-1886

Three kinds of materials are included in this list which (save the twentyfive manuscripts at the beginning) covers the middle of 1884 through the end of 1886:

1. All of Peirce's known publications, identified by P followed by a number. For these numbers and for further bibliographical information, see A

Comprehensive Bibliography of the Published Works of Charles Sanders

Peirce, 2nd ed. rev., ed. Kenneth Laine Ketner (Bowling Green, OH: Philosophy Documentation Center, 1986), the letterpress companion volume to the 161-microfiche edition of Peirce's published works.

2. All of Peirce's known manuscripts, typescripts, and annotated offprints, identified by MS followed by a number. These numbers reflect the Peirce

Edition Project rearrangement and chronological ordering of the Peirce

Papers, the originals of which are in the Houghton Library of Harvard

University, and of papers found in other collections. Parentheses after the

MS number give either the name or location of those collections, or they identify the Harvard manuscript number. For the latter, see Richard S.

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9 Semiotization of Matter: A Hybrid Zone between Biosemiotics and Material Ecocriticism

Serenella Iovino Indiana University Press ePub

Timo Maran

A BASIC CLAIM OF the newly developing field of material ecocriticism appears to be that matter has agency and embodied meanings and that it is possible to decipher this matter in the framework of textual criticism. As Serenella Iovino has put it in her ISLE introductory essay on material ecocriticism, “The ‘material turn’ is the search for new conceptual models apt to theorize the connections between matter and agency on the one side, and the intertwining of bodies, natures, and meanings on the other side” (“Stories” 450). Material ecocriticism, she continues, “comes from the idea that it is possible to merge our interpretive practice into . . . material expressions” (451). Such an approach raises broad philosophical questions, such as the following: In which ways is the agency of matter expressed? How do we interact with material processes? What are the relations between meanings embodied in matter and our representational practices?

Quite similar issues have been addressed within biosemiotics, a discipline that studies semiotic and communicational processes in and between organisms. After all, all biological organisms live in a certain physical location and under certain physical conditions of the environment, which they need to perceive, respond to, and adapt for. Biosemiotics describes such relations as being based on signs and sign exchange by employing concepts such as codes and coding, Umwelt (the species-specific attachment to the environment, organized by meanings; see J. Uexküll, “The Theory”), and semiotic niche (Hoffmeyer, Biosemiotics 183), among others.1 At the same time, there is a crucial difference between material ecocriticism and biosemiotics; whereas the former has taken a critical approach to human social and cultural processes, the latter has not. The common ground between material ecocriticism and biosemiotics, rather, appears to be foremost in their attentiveness to the connections between the physical realm and meaning processes. With this understanding, I wish to consider a biosemiotic view on what can be called the “semiotization” of matter, namely, how human actions change the semiotic properties and signification of matter. I believe this is a preliminary step that will increase the potentially fruitful interchanges between biosemiotics and material ecocriticism. This chapter includes three subsequent arguments in three sections: a demonstration that matter has the potential to initiate meanings and participate in semiotic processes, a demonstration of different ways that humans and nonhuman animals can make sense of material objects and environments through the process of modeling, and a conclusion that by applying such models back to the material environment, humans semiotize matter by altering it based on human perceptions and understandings.

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Seven. Lifedeath: Heidegger, Nietzsche, Freud

David Farrell Krell Indiana University Press ePub

Earlier we noted how disconcerting it was for life-philosophers such as Georg Simmel who became convinced that death could no longer be regarded as standing apart from life as its opposite. Studies by biologists on the life-duration of individual members of the various genuses and species suggested that the causes of dissolution and death were immanent in life; if not the τέλοϛ of life’s unfolding, death was certainly not a merely contingent truncation of a vital development that was in principle endless. Neurophysiological research on nerve tissue and germ plasm and psychoanalytic speculations on the types of drives and pulsions at work in living creatures expanded on these medical and biological studies, which, as we have seen, had already (especially through Eugen Korschelt) had their impact on Heidegger’s existential ontology. If Dasein was reborn at each instant of its ecstatic existence, and if it was dying in each such instant as well, then the immanence and imminence of its death had to alter whatever sense its factical “life” might possess.

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"Why Did You Dissolve Your Order of the Sky?"

J Krishnamurti Krishnamurti Foundation America ePub

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