362 Chapters
Medium 9781855750081

CHAPTER TWO: The analytic situation

Christopher Dare Karnac Books ePub

The clinical concepts used to describe, understand, and explain the psychoanalytic treatment process have arisen at different points in the history of psychoanalysis. Terms that derived their original meaning in the context of one phase have been carried over into later phases, with the sort of repercussions we have alluded to earlier and shall discuss later. In this chapter we shall try to describe the development of the psychoanalytic treatment setting in relation to the different phases of psychoanalysis (see chapter one).

The first phase (which was essentially pre-psychoanalytic) lasted until 1897 and was principally characterized by the application of the hypnotic method to hysterical patients. With the inclusion of patients suffering from other disturbances (e.g. obsessional disorders), Freud saw his methods as being appropriate to the treatment of the ‘neuropsychoses’ (which would now be called the neuroses). The setting in the first phase was the usual one in use at the time for inducing hypnosis in the consulting room. It was conducted in privacy, as opposed to the public demonstrations of such workers as Charcot, and the patient lay on a couch while the therapist, sitting behind him, induced a state of hypnosis. Freud was disappointed with the results obtained by hypnosis (he also confessed that he was not very good at it), and he later tried to encourage the recall of forgotten events by a variety of other methods. One of these was to apply pressure with his hand to the patient’s forehead with the suggestion that this would bring thoughts to mind, as described in the case of Frau P, J. (1950a [1887-1902]). While such techniques were later to be replaced by Tree association’ on the part of the patient, the structure of the treatment situation of the first phase persisted. As Freud put it later (1925d):

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Medium 9780971435223

Epilogue

Jed McKenna Wisefool Press PDF

The town is asleep and we ease through and back out into the rolling countryside.A car appears, its headlights approaching like the headlights that approached Brett in her last seconds. If these lights cross the line then I’m ready and I hope Brett was too........

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Medium 9780253000958

Words Addressed to Our Condition Exactly

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

In the fall of 1971, seeing that I was floundering, a veteran teacher who had I floundered himself when he was twenty-five gave me a book by a writer he knew down in Kentucky. “You might find some guidance here,” he said, handing me The Long-Legged House.

It was a paperback edition, small enough to fit in a coat pocket, printed on cheap paper, unassuming, not the sort of book one would expect to confirm or change the course of a life. The cover illustration showed a cabin perched on a steep riverbank, with a view across the stream toward green ridges fading away into the distance; a curving flight of stone steps led to the uphill side of the cabin, which rested on the ground, while the downhill side rested on poles, evoking the long legs of the title.

The author’s name, Wendell Berry, was unknown to me, but his photograph on the back recalled men I’d known while growing up in rural Tennessee and Ohio. He wore a work shirt unbuttoned at the throat, with a T-shirt underneath and striped coveralls on top; beneath a billed cap, his face lay in shadow, the mouth slightly open and jaw set as if he were catching his breath in the midst of sawing or plowing. In the faint background of the photograph, instead of the usual desk littered with papers or shelves of books, there were blossoms, as of hollyhocks or fruit trees in flower. The biographical note identified him as a teacher and farmer, as well as the author of three collections of poetry, two novels, and the slender book of essays I held in my hand.

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Medium 9780253000958

The Men We Carry in Our Minds

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

This must be a hard time for women,” I say to my friend Anneke. “They have so many paths to choose from, and so many voices calling them.”

“I think it’s a lot harder for men,” she replies.

“How do you figure that?”

“The women I know feel excited, innocent, like crusaders in a just cause. The men I know are eaten up with guilt.”

We are sitting at the kitchen table drinking sassafras tea, our hands wrapped around the mugs because this April morning is cool and drizzly. “Like a Dutch morning,” Anneke told me earlier. She is Dutch herself, a writer and midwife and peacemaker, with the round face and sad eyes of a woman in a Vermeer painting who might be waiting for the rain to stop, for a door to open. She leans over to sniff a sprig of lilac, pale lavender, that rises from a vase of cobalt blue.

“Women feel such pressure to be everything, do everything,” I say. “Career, kids, art, politics. Have their babies and get back to the office a week later. It’s as if they’re trying to overcome a million years’ worth of evolution in one lifetime.”

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Medium 9781608682652

8. Psychotherapy and the “Unio Mystica”: Meister Eckhart Meets Otto Rank

Matthew Fox New World Library ePub

Meister Eckhart Meets Otto Rank

Human nature is at bottom irrational.…The epitome of the irrational [is] the marvel of creation itself.

— OTTO RANK

If anyone were to ask life over a thousand years, “Why are you alive?” the only reply could be: “I live so that I may live.” This happens because life lives from its own foundation and rises out of itself. Therefore it lives without a reason so that it lives for itself.

— MEISTER ECKHART

The individual is not just striving for survival but is reaching for some kind of “beyond.”

— OTTO RANK

In addition to Carl Jung as a primary representative of depth psychology interacting with Meister Eckhart, I also wish to consider Otto Rank. Unfortunately, Rank is only today finally receiving some credit for his important influence on the entire “humanistic school” of psychology, which includes notables such as Abraham Maslow, Rollo May, and Carl Rogers. I discovered Rank, who died young in 1939, when Pulitzer Prize–winning author Ernest Becker, who wrote Denial of Death, said that Rank’s Art and Artist was the most important book he had read in his entire life. Since then, I have studied Rank and taught courses on him for over thirty years, and I have been moved time and time again by his depth, his insight, his humanity, and his courage — in short, by his spirituality.

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