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10 There’s a Snake Asleep in Our Jeep

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

There’s a Snake Asleep in Our Jeep

go to work because there was a snake under the hood of her car, curled up right next to her engine. She had no idea what to do.

We told the woman to put a line of flour or baby powder around her car so that we could keep track of the snake. If he was to leave without anyone seeing, the woman would still think he was in her car. By placing a line of powder around the car, we would be able to tell if the snake had slithered off at any point because he would leave a track.

The next step was to try and get the snake to leave her car. Snakes generally crawl up under the hood of cars because they like the warmth from the engine. Snakes are cold-blooded, meaning their body temperatures are the same as their surroundings. The warmer the environment, the more active they are. Underneath a hood is also a quiet, dark hiding place. Often, the midday sun is too hot for a snake. They like to keep warm, but they don’t like to bake in the sun during the hottest time of the day. Engines can be ideal resting places.

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4. Human Impact on Gulf Beaches

Richard A. Davis Texas A&M University Press ePub

Human Impact on Gulf Beaches

MOST of the world population lives within an hour’s drive of a beach. The influence of humans on the coast has been extensive and intensive, and it will continue in the future. The entire coastal system has been impacted by various human activities: the dunes, estuaries, tidal inlets, and most certainly, the beaches. This discussion includes the spectrum of human influence on the beaches going back to some of the early efforts to protect and/or control coastal change. Since the 1960s we have made changes in how we manage the coast, including the beaches. These changes have been aimed at being less intrusive into coastal dynamics and have provided more aesthetic methods for beach management.

Human efforts to control some of the changes that beaches experience focus on coastal erosion and inlet management. There have been numerous approaches to these efforts, some that work pretty well and others that definitely do not. The US Army Corps of Engineers has led the way in the effort to eliminate or moderate beach erosion problems. They have taken considerable criticism over the years because of their approaches to coastal management. Most recently the Corps, as it is commonly known, has moderated its approach and the public has been appreciative of their efforts. Now all Gulf Coast states also have agencies that are responsible for coastal management and for regulating various activities there, especially construction. Typically it is necessary to obtain permits for any type of coastal modification from both the federal (Corps) and state government agencies. The current system is not perfect, but it works much better than in the past, and the coast has benefited greatly from this cooperation.

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3: Asteraceae of India: its Diversity and Phytogeographical Affinity

Ansari, A. CABI PDF


Asteraceae of India: its Diversity and

Phytogeographical Affinity

Sunit Mitra and Sobhan Kumar Mukherjee*

Department of Botany, Ranaghat College, Nadia, West Bengal, India


Asteraceae (nom. alt. Compositae), with its approximately 1600–1700 genera and more than 24,000 species, is the largest family of flowering plants (Funk et al., 2009). The members of this group are found to occur in all the regions of the globe except Antarctica (Anderberg et al., 2007). India, with an area of 3,287,263 km2, is the seventh-largest country of the world and occupies about 2.46% of the land area. Biogeographically, the Indian subcontinent can be divided into several regions or provinces primarily based on climatic conditions, soil types and the floristic composition. Present studies reveal that

Asteraceae, with its 1314 taxa under 204 genera distributed in to 20 tribes, is the most diversified Angiospemic plant family in Indian flora, followed by the Poaceae (1291), Orchidaceae (1229), and Fabaceae (1192). Asteraceae is a predominant temperate family, and most of the members of this family are distributed in the temperate regions of the globe. In India, most of the taxa (955) of Asteraceae, which is about 72.67% of the total Asteraceae in India, are found to be located in the temperate regions of Himalaya and the north-east part of India. The chief centre of diversity of the Indian Asteraceae is the

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The Tools of the Trade

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

The Tools of the Trade

Horseshoeing tools haven’t changed much since horses first started wearing shoes. If a Roman or Celtic horseshoer of old were to find himself in this century, he would have no problem shoeing a horse with the tools of today. I’ll describe them.

The “shoeing box” holds most of the tools. It’s usually made of wood, and has various sections for nails and tools of different sizes. The problem with a wooden box is that it breaks apart when it inevitably gets stepped on by the horse. Usually you can repair the box, but after my box had been stepped on and repaired four times, my seventh-grade son got disgusted and made me a new one in shop class. He added a clever invention: a three-foot cord attached to the box that would allow me to pull the box toward me if I got separated from it by the movement of the horse. I was really pleased with that addition, but it does have its drawbacks. For one, to a nervous horse, the cord looks just like a snake. A second problem can appear when you pull the box to you. Watching a box apparently moving by itself is unsettling to a lot of horses, especially if the box is moving toward them. I’ve learned to be cautious whenever I pull the box by the cord, but I’m quite pleased with my son’s invention.

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3 • The White Pelican

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

The White Pelican • 13

thing other than a flat-bottom boat from traveling any distance on the water's surface. It is fortunate that here at the

Sanctuary we do have an old flat-bottom boat. It is full of dents, but it will float. What we do not have are oars, however, so staff member Tim Ajax used his imagination and located two eight-foot-Iong wooden poles.

With the boat, the "oars," medications, blankets and nets in hand, Tim and volunteers Trevor Smith and Dana Mitzel struck out to rescue one white pelican. Upon arriving at the lake, Tim and Trevor eased off the shore near the injured bird, using the makeshift oars to slowly push the boat towards the pelican. At one point Tim tried to get out and walk to the stranded animal, but he was almost immediately up to his waist in sludge. The pelican, watching their every move, began to thrash about. He tried to swim away from his rescuers, but every time he moved, his dark yellow pouch was yanked down into the water. His entire beak was suddenly submerged beneath the surface, deep into the polder mud. If this went on for too long, the bird would drown.

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