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The History of Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

The History of

Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation

Founded by Lynn Cuny in 1977, Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation, Inc. (WRR) was incorporated as a not-for-profit organization in 1978. Its purpose is to provide rescue, rehabilitation and release of orphaned, injured and displaced wildlife. In addition, WRRgives permanent care, in large natural habitats, to indigenous wildlife who, due to severe injuries, have been deemed non-releasable. WRR also provides permanent care for non-indigenous wild animals who have been victimized by the exotic pet trade, rescued from roadside zoos, or retired from research facilities. Prior to the founding of the organization, the general public was in the position of being forced to deal with many wild animals, or rely on the services of the police and fire departments. No entity existed that was properly trained to humanely handle many situations involving wild animals. Squirrels who had found their way into houses, raccoons in attics, and bats trapped in commercial buildings are just a few examples of the many types of rescues performed daily by this organization. WRR also responds to calls from the public to rescue orphaned wild animals whose parents have been poisoned, trapped, shot or killed on our highways. With the arrival of a not-for-profit organization specializing in wildlife, new options became available to both the public and the animals. During the first year of operation, WRR rescued over sixty wild animals by responding to calls from the public and police and fire departments. WRR also helped resolve many situations involving wildlife via its twenty-fourhour emergency hotline.

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January

Gary Lantz University of North Texas Press PDF

January

Charon would want his overcoat this morning, or more appropriately, a buffalo robe drawn tightly around his burly shoulders as passengers lined up near his ferryboat for a final, dreaded ride.

Actually the stream is shallow enough during a dry January that

I can cross in high-topped boots. The boatman’s price for passage, a coin on the eye of the dead, would need to be negotiable.

Charon, for those unfamiliar with Greek mythology, is the fierce character who, according to legend, carried the souls of the deceased across the river Styx and into Hades. The artist Michelangelo portrayed him as a rugged old giant with fiery eyes and tangled hair and beard. This massive hermit in his coarse robes was said to beat the reluctant with a stout oar until they submitted and climbed aboard for a rendezvous with the not-so-distant underworld.

None of the above has much to do with a cold morning in a rocky canyon in America’s heartland. But then this gash in seemingly impervious rock is, according to the map, Styx Canyon. The surrounding jumble of boulders, rock slides, and slick canyons is

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13. The Drought Risk Management Paradigm in the Context of Climate Change

Sara C Pryor Indiana University Press ePub

M. HAYES

The 2010 drought and heat wave in Russia’s wheat belt sent rippling impacts that were felt worldwide, including civil disturbances such as food riots in Mozambique (CNN 2010).This event is a recent example of how drought and the interconnectedness of issues such as food security, water availability, climate variability and extremes, and the potential of climate change can challenge societies around the world. It is also an example why discussions about potential drought events and the agriculturally rich Midwest (see chapter 2 of this volume) are especially relevant when thinking about the future because of the impacts these events might have both local and global dimensions.

Drought is a natural hazard that can occur at almost any location, causing considerable economic, environmental, and social impacts. For the United States, a compilation by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC 2011) of weather and climate disasters causing at least $1 billion in losses and damage documents that 14 “billion-dollar” drought/heat wave events have occurred since 1980, totaling more than $180 billion in losses. This total represents 25 percent of all losses from these billion-dollar weather disasters. The average loss per disaster for droughts and hurricanes (about $13 billion per event) is far higher than for any other disaster (NCDC 2011).

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7 Glory Days: The Later Middle Cambrian

John Foster Indiana University Press ePub

7.1. Stratigraphic section of geologic formations exposed in the House Range of western Utah. Solid black pattern = shale; brick pattern = limestone.

WE NOW TRAVEL BACK TO THE EASTERN PART OF THE BASIN AND Range Province in the western United States. In the Burgess Shale we spent time in the Ehmaniella zone of the Middle Cambrian (fig. 4.19), above the numerous Glossopleura zone sites we had seen in chapter 5. We will now move into the upper part of the Ehmaniella zone and the overlying Bolaspidella zone, into rocks just younger than the Burgess Shale. We are nearing the last part of the Middle Cambrian.

Driving down south, back into the arid terrain of the Great Basin, we find ourselves a ways west of the farming town of Delta in western Utah. We turn north off the “Loneliest Road in America” (U.S. Highway 50) and travel about half an hour into the heart of the House Range. This north–south strip of mountains, covered in piñon and juniper trees, is surrounded, as are many ranges in the area, by plains of very sparse brush and at least one nearby dry lake. The House Range has long been known to collectors drawn here for the beautifully preserved, articulated, and abundant trilobite fossils. In fact, most of the formations here were named by Walcott in the early twentieth century. As we’ve seen, there are few areas that Walcott didn’t get to. There are a number of quarries along the eastern flank of the House Range, and many are in three of the most productive formations in the area: the Wheeler, Marjum, and Weeks formations (fig. 7.1), which generally dip east off the range. Relating back to the Marble Mountains in chapters 4 and 5, these three formations in the House Range are approximately equivalent in age to the upper Bonanza King Formation, the uppermost unit in that outcropping in California.

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Chapter 12 Environmental Impacts

Tunnell, John W. Texas A&M University Press ePub

GUILLERMO HORTA-PUGA

The coral reefs in the southern Gulf of Mexico are subject to many natural and anthropogenic environmental stressors (Tunnell 1985, 1992; Chávez 1989; Botello et al. 1992; Chávez and Tunnell 1993; Lang et al. 1998). Natural threats include hurricanes, winter cold fronts, freshwater inflow carrying suspended sediments, bleaching, red tides, and massive die-offs. Coral reefs, especially those of the Campeche Bank, are in the path of hurricanes. The meteorological phenomenon known as norte (winter front) induces strong winds over the whole southern Gulf of Mexico and can be as destructive as hurricanes. The Gulf of Mexico is a semi-enclosed oceanic basin that receives the outflow of many river systems carrying a high load of suspended solids that settle down on the continental shelf. In the flood plumes of riverine systems, seawater turbidity increases and salinity decreases periodically with increased river flow volume.

Human activities, sometimes in concert with natural impacts, are an increasing threat to the natural environment. In general, the consequences of anthropogenic disturbances are decreased biodiversity, changes in community structure, increased concentrations and varieties of chemical pollutants, and landscape (reefscape) modification. The degree of environmental degradation is usually associated with distance from disturbance sources. Thus, the nearer the source, the greater the impact. Fortunately, the reefs of the Campeche Bank lie more than 50 km away from shore, and the primary threats to them are impacts from oil and gas exploration and production and overfishing. The Tuxpan Reef System (TRS), although located near the coast and the city of Tuxpan, is not heavily impacted, and anthropogenic threats are restricted to oil and gas activities on Isla de Lobos, the occasional presence of tourists, and overfishing. The reverse is true at the Veracruz Reef System (VRS) because it is offshore from the largest city in the southern Gulf of Mexico and the largest port in all of Mexico. Additionally, because it is under the influence of the flood plumes of at least two large river systems that drain municipal and industrial sewage waters from various inland cities, as well as from agricultural lands and paper pulp mills, the sources of environmental impact are numerous. Consequently, most impacts are in the vicinity of Veracruz city.

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