787 Chapters
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Medium 9781574411546

11 Wildlife First Aid and Rescue

Andrea Dawn Lopez University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter Eleven

wing. This was confirmed when the man tried to approach the bird and he couldn’t fly away. With birds, not being able to fly is a major indication that something is wrong.

As I pulled into the driveway of the small ranch house, the owner ran toward me, yelling that the bird had just managed to crouch down and crawl under his house. There was an opening about a foot and a half high. The bird went in there.

I got out of my car and pulled out a small blanket from the back seat. I also put on a pair of leather gloves. These two tools would be for my protection as I tried to capture the bird. From the man’s description of him, it sounded like he was a great blue heron.

Great blue herons stand about four feet tall. Their pointed beaks are six to eight inches long, powerful tools that they use to impale their prey. Herons eat things like fish, amphibians, and small rodents.

But they also use their beaks to impale their enemies when they’re threatened! I would have to be very protective of my eyes, as well as the rest of my body, when I approached this cornered bird.

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Medium 9781623490140

8. Natural Allies: Environmentalists, Hunters and Anglers, and Rural Residents

Paul Walden Hansen Texas A&M University Press ePub


Natural Allies

Environmentalists, Hunters and Anglers, and Rural Residents

There are some who can live without wild things, and some who cannot.

—Aldo Leopold, A Sand County Almanac

The best decisions come from a diversity of opinion.

—Benjamin Franklin

SUPPORT FOR CONSERVATION is widespread. For years, public opinion polls have shown that an overwhelming percentage of Americans favor sound conservation of natural resources and the environment. A 2012 national survey of voters conducted by the bipartisan research team of Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin, Metz & Associates (D) and Public Opinion Strategies (R) found overwhelming majorities of Americans of all political persuasions believe that “conserving the country’s natural resources—land, air and water—is patriotic. From Tea Party Republicans to liberal Democrats, four out of five Americans agreed with this statement. They also believe we can protect land and water and have a strong economy at the same time, while only 16 percent believe that those concerns are even “sometimes” in conflict. Other nations have found similar results. This includes strong majorities across all major demographic categories: ethnic, religious, racial, age, gender and political party affiliation.

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Medium 9781603447652

14. Global Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico: Considerations for Integrated Coastal Management

John W Day Texas A&M University Press ePub

Considerations for Integrated Coastal Management

John W. Day, Alejandro Yáñez-Arancibia, James H. Cowan, Richard H. Day, Robert R. Twilley, and John R. Rybczyk

Global climate change is important in considerations of integrated coastal management in the Gulf of Mexico. This is true for a number of reasons. Climate in the Gulf spans the range from tropical to the lower part of the temperate zone. Thus, as climate warms, the tropical–temperate interface, which is currently mostly offshore in the Gulf of Mexico, will increasingly move over the coastal zone of the northern and eastern parts of the Gulf. Currently, this interface is located in South Florida and around the US–Mexico border in the Texas–Tamaulipas region (Figs. 14.1 and 14.2) (Yáñez-Arancibia and Day 2004).

Within this general temperature gradient, rainfall is important (Day et al. 1989). The climate around the Gulf ranges from arid to super humid (Fig. 14.1). In parts of the southern Gulf, especially in the drainage basin of the Grijalva and Usumacinta rivers that discharge to Campeche Sound, rainfall is >3000 mm/yr. Rainfall averages between 1500 and 2000 mm/yr in the north-central Gulf from Pensacola, Florida, to the Louisiana deltaic plain, and in the southwestern Gulf in the state of Veracruz. In most of the Florida and Yucatan peninsulas and in the northwestern Gulf, rainfall is between 1000 and 1500 mm/yr. Arid areas with less than 1000 mm occur in the northwestern coast of the Yucatan Peninsula near Progreso and in the western Gulf coast between Tampico, Tamaulipas, and Corpus Christi, Texas. At this broad geographic scale, temperature and rainfall are two of the principal determinants of coastal wetland distribution (Day et al. 1989; Yáñez-Arancibia and Day 2004).

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Medium 9780253006820

12. Vulnerability of the Electricity and Water Sectors to Climate Change in the Midwest

Sara C Pryor Indiana University Press ePub


The water and energy sectors exhibit high exposure to climate change and variability, and as discussed in chapters 2 and 17 of this volume, water and energy are also highly interlinked. Water systems use large volumes of energy, and equally, the energy sector is a major consumer of water (see chapter 2). According to some estimates, water supply and treatment consumes 4 percent of the national power supply in the United States, and electricity accounts for a substantial fraction of the cost of municipal water processing and transport (National Assessment Synthesis Team 2000). As described herein, water is essential to electricity production from fossil fuels, and a key tendency that may substantially increase water demand within the Midwest is expansion of ethanol production (see chapter 2 of this volume). Conversion of corn grain and stover to ethanol requires nearly five times as much water to generate fuel to travel one kilometer than is used in conversion of crude oil to gasoline (Scown et al. 2011). In this chapter we introduce some of the primary ways in which climate change may cause changes in the risks realized in the energy and water sectors, the interlinkages between water and energy, and possible methods to reduce vulnerabilities in both sectors.

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Medium 9780253353139

Big Trees, Still Water, Tall Grass

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

for Barry Lopez

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Medium 9781603440868

Chapter 1 The Gulf of Mexico Region as a Transnational Community 1Terry L. McCoy

James C Cato Texas A&M University Press PDF


The Gulf of Mexico Region as a Transnational Community

Terry L. McCoy


A4903.indb 1

This chapter assesses the prospects for the Gulf of Mexico region to evolve into an integrated transnational community. The underlying question is whether the

Gulf functions as a barrier separating or a bridge uniting the coastal regions of the three countries that share it. Answering that question involves addressing a number of related ideas: Are trade and investment flows, transportation networks, demographic movements, intergovernmental collaboration, and civil society interaction knitting the Gulf territories of the United States and Mexico together across the Gulf? Do officials and residents of the region think of themselves as belonging to a Gulf community? Is there a growing sense of community identification accompanied by transnational institution building? And where does Cuba, the third Gulf nation, fit?

The original impetus for this research, which began in the mid-1990s, was the launch of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which promised a new era in United States–Mexico relations (see McCoy, 1996, for early work). A decade later it is appropriate to assess the extent to which the predicted changes have in fact occurred.

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Medium 9781574416077

Chapter 6: Bromancing the Gar

Mark Spitzer University of North Texas Press ePub

In Pursuit of Trinity River Seven-Footers

When I lit off for Texas in October, I had no idea what the story was supposed to be. To get the research travel grant from my university, I explained that my investigation on “the changing gar-scape on the Trinity River” would examine the effects of the new state laws for alligator gar. Meaning I intended to evaluate the management plans on this fishery now that commercial fishing and bowhunting had been reduced. But as I told my pal Minnow Bucket—who was just as psyched to catch a big gator gar—my real goal was a seven-footer.

We were in my 1999 Jeep Laredo towing my bat-finned runabout. Everything that could've gone wrong already had. That's why we were winding through a rutted farm road in the middle of roadkill-nowhere, detoured by construction and poorly marked roads. The sun was going down, we still needed to buy fishing licenses and groceries, but worst of all, we were in a dry county.

At least I had sponsorship, though. My friend the wildlife writer Catfish Sutton had set me up with Penn Rod and Reels, who had sent two brand new heavy-duty combos: a mongo 330GT bait-caster on a seven-foot Ugly Stik, and a golden 750SSm spinfisher on an equally tough Slammer pole designed for hauling deep-sea dino-fish up from the depths of hell. Both of these were equipped with 100-pound woven test. I also had support from Daiichi Hooks and Tackle, who had sent hundreds of bucks’ worth of gear, mostly gynormous circle hooks.

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Medium 9780253007896

Spring in Duneland

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

The first green sprouts.

Tom Dogan

May apples emerge from beneath leaf clutter. Ron Trigg

Spring greenery. (below) Ron Trigg

Chellberg Farm yard in early spring. Jim Rettker

Charlotte and Herb Read on an April walk through the Cowles Bog area. (above) Jon L. Hendricks for The Times of Northwest Indiana

The two-story Bailly log cabin. (facing) Michael Kobe

In the longer days of March and April, with most weeks a bit warmer than the ones before, Duneland awakes from its winter sleep, and bits of green can be found along the forest floor.

At first unrecognizable, the plants soon develop leaves that aid in their identification, and the color of the woods and wetlands begins to change from brown to green.

Soon the grass is green, but the trees are still bare …

… then the treetops begin to show a hint of green

Chellberg Spring. Pete Doherty, Doherty Images

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Medium 9781574412161

The Egrets’ New Home

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

The Egrets’ New Home

The rains began late on a Saturday night. Here at Wildlife Rescue, we were initially grateful because finally it seemed that this parched, dry earth was going to feel some relief. For weeks we had been rescuing wild animals who were suffering because of the drought conditions in the area. By early Monday morning it was clear that this was to be something other than simply relief from a long dry spell. Heavy rains can be devastating to infant wildlife and floods are certain to take a tremendous toll on helpless babies of all species. The Wildlife

Rescue telephones began ringing early Monday morning. The majority of calls were concerning baby birds who had fallen from the trees, often nest and all. In most cases, mother and father birds were nearby doing their best to care for their young in the midst of the pouring rain. By midday, the calls were also concerning white-tailed fawns; some were trapped by the swollen creeks, others were soaked and cold, crying for a mother who had been washed downriver. The news had to keep reporting on the now dozens of people in danger from the

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Medium 9781603447621

14. Lowell Lebermann—In Praise of Friendship

George Lambert Bristol Texas A&M University Press ePub


Lowell Lebermann—In Praise of Friendship

Lowell Lebermann and I should have met in late 1976 or 1977, discussed the fact that both of us were considering running for state treasurer of Texas, then walked away. But there was chemistry between us that immediately transcended our differences. We decided without conversation that we wanted to be friends. Somehow the treasurer’s race would take care of itself.

It was not actually the first time that Lowell and I had met. We had known each other casually at the University of Texas. We had certainly visited during his tenure on the Austin city council and at political events. As Democrats, Lowell and I ran in the same circles. But it was that meeting about the treasurer’s race that sealed the deal. As I remember it, we struck a Faustian bargain. Once we decided who would run, assuming both of us did not decide to run, the other would serve as campaign chair or finance chair, or both.

Shortly after this conversation Lowell called and asked if I would go to Victoria, Texas, with him to see Mr. Tom O’Connor. Lowell had been married to his daughter Louise, but the two had recently divorced. Lowell seemed to think that the O’Connors, who are some of the wealthiest people in Texas, would still be supportive of his politics. So off we flew.

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Medium 9781780646947

5: Plant Diversity of the Drylands in Southeastern Anatolia-Turkey: Role in Human Health and Food Security

Ansari, A.; Gill, S.S.; Abbas, Z.K. CABI PDF


Plant Diversity of the Drylands in

Southeastern Anatolia-Turkey: Role in Human Health and Food Security

Munir Ozturk1*, Volkan Altay2, Salih Gucel3 and Ernaz



Botany Department, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey; 2Biology Department, Mustafa

Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey; 3Institute of Environmental Sciences, Near East

University, Lefkos¸a,Northern Cyprus; 4Biology Department, Düzce University

Düzce, Turkey


Two of the gene centres, the Mediterranean and the Near East, meet in Turkey, which comprises the Irano-Turanian,

Mediterranean and Euro-Siberian phytogeographical divisions. The country is situated on the crossroads of important migratory routes and has been home to several civilizations, therefore increasing its significance for plant diversity. It is accepted as the centre of origin for several plants like pea, wheat, flax, lentil, chickpea, beet, tuberous species, herbaceous species like clover, medics, oats, together with woody species like pistachios, pear, vines, apple, plum and pomegranate.

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Medium 9781603442015

Falling in Love With Bottomlands Waters and Forests of East Texas

Ken W Kramer Texas A&M University Press ePub

Janice Bezanson

I FELL in love with East Texas bottomland forests while trying to protect them. for most people it’s the other way around: they love them first, so they want to keep them from being cut down, paved over, turned into pasture, or flooded by reservoirs. But I got involved in conservation issues as an activist first. The late Ned fritz, legendary for recruiting people to do things they didn’t know they wanted to do, coaxed my husband and me into representing Texas Conservation Alliance, then called the Texas Committee on Natural Resources, in permit hearings against a proposed reservoir on Little Cypress Creek in the Cypress Creek Basin in northeast Texas. This boondoggle project wasn’t needed for water supply and would have flooded 14,000 acres of wonderful forest wildlife habitat.

A glance at history suggests that I’m not the only one who loves bottomlands. People have always lived close to rivers, seeking the basics of life—water, food, transportation, and shelter—from the river and the fertile land it nurtures. Rivers are the essence of the southeastern United States—land formed by the ebb and flow of ancient beaches and shaped by abundant rainfall, rivers, and the passage of time. Small ephemeral streams bubbling up from drift sands become creeks that converge and gather in ever-increasing volume. They become winding rivers that spill across wide floodplains and spawn diverse bottomland forests. These rivers and their “bottoms” capture the imagination of poets and musicians and the hearts of settlers who revel in their beauty and mystery and abundant life.

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Medium 9781780643373

23: Tree and Forest Pests and Diseases: Learning from the Past to Prepare for the Future

Kirby, K.J.; Watkins, C. CABI PDF


Tree and Forest Pests and Diseases:

Learning from the Past to

Prepare for the Future

Clive Potter*

Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, UK

23.1  Introduction

Invasive pests and diseases, many of them unknown to science a decade or two ago, pose a significant threat to Europe’s woods and forests. The spread of Chalara fraxinea

(ash dieback, now properly identified and renamed as Hymenoscyphus fraxineus) throughout north-western Europe, and its arrival in the UK in 2012, is just the latest in a series of pest and disease outbreaks that have swept through

Europe’s forests over the last 10 years (Boyd et al., 2013). Well-documented epidemics include those caused by the oak processionary moth (Thaumetopoea processionea), an insect pest now widespread throughout Belgium, the

Netherlands and Germany, chestnut blight

(Cryphonectria parasitica), a fungal pathogen that was first recorded in Italy in 1938 but which has been spreading steadily since that date, and the pine tree lappet moth (Dendrolimus pini), a native of continental Europe, Russia and

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Medium 9781574414615

Druids, Celts, and Blacksmiths

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

Druids, Celts, and

I’ve been a student and professor of Celtic culture and Welsh language and literature, even longer than I’ve been a horseshoer, and have always been interested in the status of the farrier/blacksmith in druidical societies in medieval times. Back then, one person did all the jobs we now associate with blacksmiths, farriers, and horseshoers. Today, a blacksmith primarily works with metal, and a farrier primarily works with horses’ feet. Horseshoer is just another more common name for farrier, although about half the time I tell someone I’m a horseshoer, they think I make my living playing horseshoes. “Farrier,” from the Latin ferrum for “iron,” isn’t much better, since few people have any idea what the word means. It does raise a few eyebrows, however. In this section, I use the terms blacksmith, farrier, and horseshoer to mean the same person.

According to the sources I’ve studied, the blacksmith’s position in the ancient tribes was equal to that of the doctor, just below that of the Druid, who was a rung below but occasionally equal to the king. The talents of the blacksmith in ancient Welsh and Irish societies were used to forge the weapons, armor, and general armaments for defending a kingdom or attacking other kingdoms; additionally, the blacksmith was responsible for the horses and war chariots. But beyond these fundamentals, there remained a mystique about the blacksmith, the man who could manipulate and persuade the strongest of all materials, iron, into the service of the people.

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Medium 9780253355089

1. Sauropod Biology and the Evolution of Gigantism: What do we Know?

Nicole Klein Indiana University Press ePub


Life scientists are concerned with the description of the life forms that exist and how they work—an inventory of what is. Additionally, life scientists want to understand why life forms are what they are—from both a historical and functional perspective. Evolutionary theory offers a link between both perspectives via the sequence of organisms that have evolved and are constantly adapting to their environment by natural selection. But, still unsatisfied, life scientists want to discover why selection acts in a certain way. We want to understand what is within the framework of what is possible, by distilling universal rules from our inventories to understand the limitations of what could be. Only if we understand what is possible will we be ready to accept historical reasons for the absence of a life form. ‘‘It just didn’t happen’’ will only sound plausible and satisfying if we know whether it could have.

With this approach, any expansion of the inventory of what is will automatically lead to a reevaluation of those theories that explain what is possible. Every discovery of a new species or a new ecosystem will make such a reevaluation necessary; the more the new discovery deviates from what has been recorded so far, the more necessary the reevaluation. In this respect, dinosaurs are invaluable to us. They expand the inventory of life forms that have developed at some stage during the existence of our planet and evidently must have been subjected to a similar set of constraints that we assume for extant life forms. Yet because they are different enough, they are a challenge to our concepts—an outgroup against which our biological understanding must be tested. Therefore, as Dodson (1990) put it, advancing our understanding of dinosaurs also means understanding the world we live in.

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