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Medium 9781574414615

The Bad Job?

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

The Bad Job?

I thought I had done a bad job on one particular horse I shod in Northern California. A quite pleasant lady had called to set up an appointment to shoe her mare. She said she would meet me at the pasture because she was the only one who could catch the mare. She told me the horse was easy to shoe, just hard to catch.

I showed up on the appointed date and was pleased to see that the horse was, in fact, easy to shoe. I enjoyed talking with the lady, and I enjoyed shoeing her horse. I figured I had done a good job. I gave my usual suggestion to the owner that the shoeing should be done every eight weeks. With my regular customers I always pull out my appointment book and schedule the next visit, but with new customers I hesitate to do that in case they decide they don’t like my work and don’t want me back in eight weeks. I’ll wait for them to call me. I told her she should call me, or some other shoer, around that time to pull off the shoes and either trim and put new shoes on, or just trim the feet. If you leave the shoes on past eight weeks, the feet will just keep growing and the horse might go lame. She said she would call me.

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Medium 9780870818820


David M. Armstrong University Press of Colorado ePub

This is a handbook of mammals of Rocky Mountain National Park and adjacent areas. Its purpose is to help visitors increase their understanding and appreciation of the mammals of the area by describing their diversity, their habits, and their complex relationships with the natural environment.

The more we know about our surroundings, the more we can enjoy them. The more we enjoy any resource, the more tenacious we are in protecting it for our own continuing enjoyment and that of generations to come—generations of people and generations of pine squirrels! I hope that this handbook will not only serve visitors but will also serve our native fauna and its precarious habitat.

The fauna of any area is a dynamic assemblage. Some species undergo seasonal migrations. Others disappear to enter hibernation or dormancy. Geographical ranges change on time scales of years or millennia, as climatic change leads to changes in the resource base. Superimposed on these natural patterns are changes in response to human involvement—deliberate or not—in native ecosystems.

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Medium 9780253000804

6: The Arctic during the Cretaceous

Roland A. Gangloff Indiana University Press ePub

North America and the western Arctic as experienced by dinosaurs and their kin were much different places than today. Today we find the planet dominated by large continents with interiors that are relatively far removed from the ocean margins. The oceans are now at what is called a low stand, because significant amounts of water are locked up as ice caps at both poles. Oceans act as great moderators of temperature and moisture. They are conveyors of heat energy, transferring energy to the colder land masses during winters and acting as coolers when the continents heat up during the summer.1 The oceans act as reservoirs of moisture by recycling water to the continental surfaces as precipitation. The pattern of precipitation is directly linked to the flow of heat energy and to the patterns of high and low pressure. Temperature and precipitation directly control the distribution and types of vegetation that are available to terrestrial animals such as dinosaurs.

Alaska and the Western Interior Seaway

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Medium 9781605094649

1 The Problem of Overconsumption

Ibrahim Abdul-Matin Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Following a Green Deen and choosing to practice the religion of Islam while affirming the connection between faith and the environment begins, of course, through prayer. From there you can reflect on your relationship with God and with the planet and how you live in it.

I know it sounds funny, but let’s begin with thinking about trash, what creates it, and the processes of consumption and overconsumption. Think of your first recollection of waste. When was the first time you became aware of trash? Each time I pose this question to an audience, the responses usually start out slow as people begin to work the idea over in their heads. I once put this question to a group of young Muslims in New York City—see which of their responses resonates for you.

For Chris, it was when he was a child. Chris and his friends would collect aluminum cans and newspapers for money. They got $3 a pound for cans and $1 a pound for newspapers. He remembers learning for the first time that trash had value. Every day people work to move our trash, and governments pay to dump trash.

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Medium 9780870819629

Introduction: An Introduction to Death Valley National Park and Vicinity

Betty Tucker-Bryan University Press of Colorado ePub

In 1957, famous naturalist Dr. Edmund C. Jaeger wrote: “The complete natural history of Death Valley will never be written. . . . [It] is a subject too vast.” That might well be true, for Death Valley National Park encompasses an immense area that is unique in its diversity.

• The park is nearly 150 miles long from north to south, about 60 miles wide from east to west, and covers 3,372,402 acres (or 5,269 square miles). In addition, considerable portions of the adjacent mountains and valleys are culturally and biologically part of Death Valley.

• The park’s elevations range from desiccated salt flats 282 feet below sea level near Badwater, where the average rainfall is less than two inches per year, to pine-clad peaks higher than 11,000 feet above sea level in the Panamint Range, where heavy snow falls in the winter.

• Death Valley’s life zones follow the changes in elevation, ranging from the Lower Sonoran life zone, through the Upper Sonoran and Transition life zones, to the Canadian life zone; the very highest peaks qualify for the Arctic (or Boreal) life zone.

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Medium 9781574412086

8. Marian Haddad, “Wildflower. Stone.”

Edited by David Taylor University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 8

Marian Haddad


Marian Haddad is a native Texan, born and raised in the westernmost part of the state, in El Paso’s desert town nestled between the Franklins. After traveling and living for periods in Boston, Massachusetts; South Bend, Indiana; and in San Diego, California, she couldn’t stay away from Texas. Haddad currently and happily resides in San Antonio and adores the infusion of Mexican culture in this south central Texas city. One of her favorite pastimes is driving through Texas; one of her “most” favorite drives is the drive on I-10 to El

Paso. She shares some of her observations made along this drive, as well as the drive to the Texas coast, in the following essay. Among Haddad’s visiting writerships, workshop instruction, and poetry and creative non-fiction manuscript editing, she, of course, writes: her works-in-progress include a number of children’s books, a collection of essays dealing with her Syrian-immigrant family that resided/resides in El Paso’s bordertown, and two collections of poetry, one which deals with the landscapes and seascapes of Texas and

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Medium 9780874217919

10 Upshot

Bruce L. Smith Utah State University Press ePub

I do not think the measure of a civilization is how tall its buildings of concrete are, but rather how well its people have learned to relate to their environment and fellow man.

—Sun Bear of the Chippewa Tribe

At 9,658 feet above sea level, Togwotee Pass was still snowbound on April 29, 2007, as I drove east from Jackson Hole to Lander. Snowmobiles still careened across two to four feet of settled snow now stained with conifer litter and roadside grime that snowplows spewed from the slushy highway. I cracked the car window to inhale the heady scent of fir and spruce. A pine squirrel dashed frantically across the road, a cone clenched in his teeth. I saw no elk tracks punched into the snow. The migration to the high country from winter ranges farther south had not begun.

I had kept in touch with state, federal, and tribal officials for several years after leaving the Wind River. Their reports and newspaper accounts touted visible gains in populations of several species just two to three years after the game code’s enactment. The interviews I had scheduled over the next two days would provide more insight a quarter century after I had left.

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Medium 9780253007896

1865 Abraham Lincoln’s Duneland Funeral

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

Abraham Lincoln, 1865. Taken two months before his assassination, this photograph of the president shows the weariness and strain caused by four years of civil war. Alexander Gardner

Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in Washington, D.C., on April 14, 1865. When Mrs. Lincoln decided that she wanted him buried at Springfield, Illinois, his body was taken by train from Washington to Springfield—but not in a direct route. Instead, the funeral train took an indirect route that went through 180 cities. The coffin was taken off of the train and funeral services held in nine of these cities, including New York, Indianapolis, and Chicago.

At midnight on the morning of May 1, the train left downtown Indianapolis. Bonfires and torches lit the route as it headed north. Arriving at Lafayette at 3:35 AM, the train moved through the city at five miles an hour to the tolling of church bells and a funeral dirge played by a band. As elsewhere along the route, men removed their hats, and all stood in respectful silence for Indiana’s favorite son. (He had, after all, grown up in Indiana.) Many wept.

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Medium 9780253007896

1822 The Bailly Homestead

Kenneth J. Schoon Quarry Books ePub

Joseph Bailly was a French Canadian born in Quebec in 1774. His wife, Marie, was of French and Ottawa Indian parentage. In 1822 they and their children moved to Potawatomi country in Duneland. They established their home and trading post on the north bank of the Little Calumet River near where the north branch of the Sauk Trail crossed both the river and the Calumet Beach Trail (now the Dunes Highway). In this strategic location, their home could be reached by canoe and by foot. After the home was badly damaged by floodwaters, they moved to higher ground but remained close to the river.

Bailly had a successful business with the Indians. He received furs from them, which he traded for items from Mackinac and Detroit. Marie, who always dressed in Indian clothing, was as familiar with Indian ways as she was with the French. This undoubtedly helped them in their dealings with the Potawatomi. Within ten years, Bailly had six to eight cabins for his French employees. For those years, the Baillys were the only settlers in the Calumet Area. Their home was the center of culture and civilization in the Calumet Area wilderness. The Baillys welcomed all travelers, missionaries, and Indians.

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Medium 9781574414615

Crime in a Small Town

Ron Tatum University of North Texas Press ePub

Crime in a Small Town

I live in the rural Northwest, where, contrary to popular belief, a small town can have problems with crime. I’m going to tell about some of them.

Before I get into the actual crimes we have to deal with here, I need to mention one curious thing. We don’t seem to have many problems with kids or teenagers. It’s an odd experience to walk up to a 17-year-old kid whose hair is sticking straight up in multi-colored spikes, his body covered with tattoos, his head filled with metal piercings, and ask him how to get to the nearest Starbucks, and he responds pleasantly and eagerly, even calling you “sir.” This usually happens. And the kid isn’t playing you for a fool; it’s the way the kids act around here. I never got that kind of response in California. Another thing that may have something to do with kids is that there never seems to be any graffiti anywhere, even on bathroom walls in gas stations. This is pretty much true throughout the area. The biggest graffiti I’ve seen is on the walls of a tunnel where the culprits use a wet towel to write their messages in the grime on the tunnel walls. The messages will say something like, “I love you Sarah,” “Support the Queen of the Netherlands,” or “US out of Oregon.” The messages last only a few days, however, because the cleanup crews wash down the walls frequently.

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Medium 9781780647296

4 Plant Responses to Chilling Temperatures

Shabala, S. CABI PDF


Plant Responses to Chilling


Eric Ruelland*

Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences of Paris,

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France


Plants are submitted to a chilling stress when exposed to low, non-freezing temperatures. Some are able to cope with this stress and acquire chilling tolerance; in some species, the exposure to this stress will even trigger developmental responses. Other (chilling-sensitive) species will not be able to cope properly with the low temperature and will develop chilling symptoms that can lead to plant death. The acquisition of chilling tolerance is associated with huge changes in metabolite contents, such as the accumulation of soluble sugars, dehydrins, RNA chaperones and an increase in detoxification activities against reactive oxygen species (ROS). These changes in cellular components are mostly due to a transcriptome rearrangement. They mean that chilling has been perceived and transduced to the nucleus. Chilling is not perceived by a single mechanism in plants but at different sensory levels that are the very biological processes disturbed by the temperature downshift. Once perceived, chilling stress is transduced. An increase in cytosolic calcium is the major transducing event that will then regulate the activity of many signalling components, including phospholipases and protein kinases. This will end in changes in gene expression. The best-documented pathway leading to gene induction in response to cold is the C-repeat binding factor (CBF) pathway. However, other factors have recently been identified as participating in the low-temperature regulatory network.

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Medium 9781607320074

3. Grassroots

Ellen Wohl University Press of Colorado ePub

A child said “What is the grass?” fetching it to me with full hands, How could I answer the child? I do not know what it is any more than he.


At the base of the Colorado Front Range lies a tiny patch of undulating grassland that occupies the boundary between two of the continent’s enormous physiographic regions: the wide-spreading interior plains to the east and the broad band of the Rockies to the west. Geology, topography, climate, and ecological communities differ dramatically east and west of this point on Earth. Eastward there is no boundary but the distant meeting of land and sky. Westward the first row of the foothills forms a solid dark line on the western horizon each evening. This line marks the western limits of the grassland. The land rises steeply into rocky slopes on which tough mountain mahogany bushes and gnarled ponderosa pine trees start to displace the grasses. Further west, beyond the first row of foothills, lodgepole pines and spruce and fir replace the ponderosas and eventually give way to alpine meadows thousands of feet higher in elevation than the prairie.

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Medium 9781623490140

12. Echoes from Dinosaur: The Perils of Compromise

Paul Walden Hansen Texas A&M University Press ePub


Echoes from Dinosaur

The Perils of Compromise

In a democracy, it is not the impeccable correctness of one’s original position that counts most in the end. What counts most, in the end, is the quality and clarity of the ultimate compromise.

—Bruce Babbit, former secretary of the Interior

Success is never final, failure is never fatal. Courage is the only thing.

—Winston Churchill

DOWN AMONG THE RED ROCKS and greenery of the deep river canyon, the air was as clear and the colors as intense as I had ever seen. We had made it through the most challenging of the trip’s whitewater safely, and we were setting up in a beautiful riverside camp at least twenty-five miles from the nearest road. After huge and noisy winds the first night, the weather was perfect.

I was the most experienced rafter in this group of eighteen friends and family, so I usually “showed the line” by rowing first through the rapids. Now, cold beer in hand, I could relax and enjoy the three days remaining in the trip without worrying about the others bouncing through the rocks and waves in the rapids behind me.

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Medium 9781771870801


Forrie, Allan Thistledown Press ePub
“Che Among the Cotoneasters” is a call to arms to bring landscape architecture to the masses. Though Don Gayton muses that “building a garden is a bit like building your own house while you live in it,” he encourages the reader to recognize the delicate balance struck between biology, geology, climate, and culture that is found in gardening.
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Medium 9781623490386

5. Common Animals and Plants of the Gulf Beaches and Surf Zone

Davis, Richard A. Texas A&M University Press ePub

Common Animals and Plants of the Gulf Beaches and Surf Zone

ALTHOUGH the beach and surf zone are very dynamic, they do have a community of organisms that is pretty similar throughout the Gulf Coast. Both the plants and animals must be adapted to fairly rigorous conditions: tidal fluctuations, wave attack, wind, little available freshwater, and predators. These conditions limit the diversity of organisms. This discussion does not consider the extremely mobile animals such as birds or fish. The emphasis is on the few common benthic organisms of the beach and surf zone, both mobile and sessile (permanently attached). Others not mentioned here are described in the many books on beach fauna and flora.

Nearshore / Surf Zone

The shallow nearshore zone where waves break and currents can be strong presents a difficult set of conditions for bottom-dwelling organisms. The occasional bivalve or snail may find a place to burrow here to be protected from the typical waves. Epifaunal organisms, which live on the sand surface, are not common due to the wave energy and the mobile substrate. It is important for the wader to be careful of burrowing snails such as Turritella and Oliva, both of which can put a hole in your heel if you step on them. The other creature that can cause injury is the sting ray (figure 5.1). This animal has a stinging barb that can penetrate the foot or heel. The so-called sting ray shuffle is the way to avoid the problem. When walking through the surf zone, it is best to shuffle your feet, thus warning the ray of your approach and sending it on its way.

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