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CHAPTER VII The Drive for Preservation

James J. Cozine Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF


The Drive for Preservation


n 1831, Stephen F. Austin proclaimed that his sole ambition was “The redemption of Texas from the wilderness.”1 In less than one hundred years, Austin’s dream for the Lone Star State had been nearly fulfilled.

During the last half of the nineteenth century and the first two decades of the twentieth century, hundreds of thousands of people poured into Texas.

Railroads and highways crisscrossed the state. Bonanza timber operators, oil explorers, farmers, and cattlemen had whittled away sizable portions of the wilderness. By 1920, the Big Thicket was being depleted as were other wild regions of the state.

Some residents of the Big Thicket began to react against the wanton destruction. In 1927, R. E. Jackson, a railroad conductor whose route carried him through a portion of the Big Thicket, organized the East Texas

Big Thicket Association at his home in Silsbee, Texas. The Association’s motive was not the redemption of Texas, but rather the salvation of the wilderness. Their goal was simple. They merely wished to preserve for posterity a sizable portion of the Big Thicket in its natural state.2 Jackson, a man of strong conviction, personally attempted to preserve a portion of the Thicket by leasing 18,000 acres of land in the southeast corner of Polk

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APPENDIX A Checklist of Maine Birds

Pierson, Elizabeth Down East Books ePub

By Peter D. Vickery, Jody Despres, and Jan Erik Pierson

This checklist portrays our understanding of the status, distribution, and seasonal abundance of Maine’s birds. A total of 419 species of birds and one additional form, “Thayer’s” Gull, have been recorded in Maine as of October 1995, excluding the extinct Labrador Duck, Great Auk, and Passenger Pigeon. No fewer than 27 species and that one form (listed below) have been added to the state list since 1978. Of these, four had occurred in Maine before but were not then recognized as full species (marked with an asterisk below). A specimen of Eurasian Siskin, collected at Kittery in 1962, had previously gone unlisted as a possible escape from captivity. Eurasian Siskins are now considered vagrants from Eurasia. In addition, two reports of Sprague’s Pipit, although not thought to have been American Pipit, are now treated as Pipit sp., due to possible confusion with other species.

Additions to the Maine state list since 1978 include the following:

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11. Beaches of Mexico and Cuba

Richard A. Davis Texas A&M University Press ePub

Beaches of Mexico and Cuba

OVERALL, the Gulf Coast of Mexico is relatively unpopulated and therefore rather pristine. Areas around population centers of Veracruz and Tampico are exceptions. This chapter considers some of the major places where people will visit. The discussion of the Mexican coast of the Gulf terminates in the Cancún vicinity.

The Cuban shoreline is not well known and is frequented only by non-US citizens at this time. The northern coast just east of Havana is the most popular place to visit and has excellent beaches. There are two styles to the shoreline zone in Cuba, and each is discussed.


The beaches are much the same in northern Mexico as they are in South Texas. The back-barrier lagoon here is also called Laguna Madre. Overall, the beaches of Mexico are fine sand and are terrigenous except for the area of Campeche Bay and the Yucatán Peninsula, where carbonate skeletal debris dominates beach sediment. This material is coarser than that on the terrigenous beaches. In the area between the two distinct sediment types the beaches are dominated by a mixture of quartz and carbonate debris, giving the sediment a bimodal texture.

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Medium 9781574416077

Chapter 6: Bromancing the Gar

Mark Spitzer University of North Texas Press ePub

In Pursuit of Trinity River Seven-Footers

When I lit off for Texas in October, I had no idea what the story was supposed to be. To get the research travel grant from my university, I explained that my investigation on “the changing gar-scape on the Trinity River” would examine the effects of the new state laws for alligator gar. Meaning I intended to evaluate the management plans on this fishery now that commercial fishing and bowhunting had been reduced. But as I told my pal Minnow Bucket—who was just as psyched to catch a big gator gar—my real goal was a seven-footer.

We were in my 1999 Jeep Laredo towing my bat-finned runabout. Everything that could've gone wrong already had. That's why we were winding through a rutted farm road in the middle of roadkill-nowhere, detoured by construction and poorly marked roads. The sun was going down, we still needed to buy fishing licenses and groceries, but worst of all, we were in a dry county.

At least I had sponsorship, though. My friend the wildlife writer Catfish Sutton had set me up with Penn Rod and Reels, who had sent two brand new heavy-duty combos: a mongo 330GT bait-caster on a seven-foot Ugly Stik, and a golden 750SSm spinfisher on an equally tough Slammer pole designed for hauling deep-sea dino-fish up from the depths of hell. Both of these were equipped with 100-pound woven test. I also had support from Daiichi Hooks and Tackle, who had sent hundreds of bucks’ worth of gear, mostly gynormous circle hooks.

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Kevin Holdsworth University Press of Colorado ePub

The first movie western, The Great Train Robbery, was filmed in New Jersey, or upstate New York, depending on whom you believe. The Homer of western writers, Owen Wister, was a Philadelphia lawyer. Zane Grey, the king of the formula western, was a dentist from Ohio. Louis L’Amour, inheritor of the Grey legacy, wrote about the wild wild west from the City of Angels and had such powerful concentration that he boasted he could compose on a median in the middle of the Santa Monica Freeway. Mary Austin, who wrote so beguilingly of the great dry lands experience, spent much of her creative life in New York City, as did other “western” writers, Willa Cather and May Swenson. Jackson Pollock, the celebrated urbanite drip, fling, splash, and swirl painter, was born in Cody, Wyoming.

These facts might seem discordant if not downright contradictory. They may be, but the ability to keep two opposites in mind helps us to negotiate this arid vale of tears. It’s not enough to circle it as yin and yang or simply pin it on a star sign. It is instead what keeps us wrangling—to acknowledge both sides of Prudence. It may also have something to do with the way past and present coexist in our minds. It may be the way sound shifts in passing. Where we are is also where we have been. We have to escape in order to return.

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Medium 9781603447621

12. With Strauss and On My Own

George Lambert Bristol Texas A&M University Press ePub


With Strauss and On My Own

I would need every bit of recharging because August 1972 through the election in November was a blinding blur of activity. Even with the best lists and Rolodexes it took time to organize this national campaign, because we had to plan and execute trips involving multiple senators and representatives. The good news was that the Democratic Congressional leadership cracked the whip. Most members knew the majority Senate could be at risk, so for the most part they did what they were asked to do, as did governors and others.

It wasn’t that all or some of them were against McGovern. He was a fine man, a World War II hero and a patriot. But his team was amateurish and suspicious. At the convention he delivered his acceptance speech to practically no one, given the late hour. He selected Senator Tom Eagleton (whom I admired a great deal) as the vice presidential candidate, only to ask him to resign when it was discovered that Eagleton had had electroshock therapy for depression. McGovern was tagged as the candidate of “amnesty, abortion, and acid.” It was quickly going straight downhill.

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Medium 9781603449519

Appendix 1. Common and Scientific Names of Selected Animals and Plants

Timothy E. Fulbright Texas A&M University Press ePub
Medium 9780892727834


Duchesne, Bob Down East Books ePub

The North Maine Woods provides a unique birding experience. The region west of Baxter State Park and north of Moosehead Lake is comprised of 3,500,000 acres, owned or managed by 25 different entities, including several private family ownerships, institutional investors, private conservation organizations, and some protected by the State of Maine as Public Reserved Lands. North Maine Woods, Inc. (NMW) is a non-profit association of these owners and managers formed in 1972 to oversee recreational use of these properties. Birders who venture into this region are participating in a centuries old tradition of public access on private lands and must recognize that this is an industrial forest, and respect its rules. The association charges small fees for day and overnight use to fund recreation management and campsite maintenance.

Trip planning: www.northmainewoods.org or 207-435-6213

The pleasures awaiting adventurous birders in the North Maine Woods are innumerable. Lakes, ponds, and rivers are undeveloped. Moose, coyotes, and bears roam at will. Populations of the rare Canada Lynx have increased. Forestry practices have defined the habitat for some bird populations. This is an area that has been logged repeatedly over 200 years and the species that reside here are those that have adapted to it. All of Maine

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9. Climate Change Vulnerability and Impacts on Human Health

Sara C Pryor Indiana University Press ePub


Climate change impacts on human health occur through direct and indirect exposure pathways. The most severe and long-lasting health impacts are those that result from direct exposure(s) to climate variability and changing-weather patterns, such as heat waves, winds, storms, floods, fires, and drought (see chapter 2 of this volume). Other detrimental, but somewhat more difficult to measure, impacts are those that result from indirect exposure(s), such as changes in air, water, and food quality; ecosystem disruption and the redistribution of disease vectors; economic impacts from changes in agriculture and industry; and settlement/resettlement patterns (IPCC 2007). The IPCC (2007) reports with high confidence, “climate change contributes to the global burden of disease and premature death.” Other specific findings from this report include (see chapter 1 for a discussion of the IPCC protocols for assigning “confidence” to assertions):

• “Climate change has altered the seasonal distribution of some allergenic pollen species (high confidence); increased heat-wave-related deaths (medium confidence); and altered the distribution of some infectious disease vectors (medium confidence).”

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4. Population: The Fundamental Issue

Paul Walden Hansen Texas A&M University Press ePub



The Fundamental Issue

The Earth’s population could double in the next 40 years, creating immense hunger, unemployment, civil unrest and environmental destruction.

—Charlton Heston, actor, spokesman for
the National Rifle Association

Growth for its own sake is the ideology of the cancer cell.

—Edward Abbey, author and environmentalist

A MAN HAD A HOME BY THE RIVER, and one day a flood came. As the water reached his porch, a rescue boat came by. “Get in,” the boatman yelled. “No,” said the homeowner, “I believe that God will protect me.” Hours later, the water was up to the second floor and the boat came back. The homeowner again refused a ride. “I have faith in the Lord,” he said. Finally, standing on his chimney, he faithfully waved off an attempt by a helicopter to save him. Then he drowned. When he came before God in heaven the homeowner asked, “How could this happen? I believed in you and you let me die.” God replied, “I don’t know what you are talking about; I sent out two boats and a helicopter.”

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CHAPTER TWO Some Background on the Yellowstone Geysers

T. Scott Bryan University Press of Colorado ePub

Geysers are beautiful and rare. Wherever they are found, they have attracted attention for the duration of their known history. Outside of Yellowstone some geysers have been watched for hundreds, even thousands of years. Within the Park they have been observed for far longer than recorded history. The Indians certainly saw them and wondered about them.

But just what the Indians thought about the geysers is uncertain. Few tales have come down to us, and most were probably embellished by the trappers who passed them on to us. We do know that some Shoshoni Indians called the geyser basins “Water-That-Keeps-On-Coming-Out.” It was “Many Smokes” to the Blackfeet and “Burning Mountain” to others. But despite popular notions about Native religions, the Indians were obviously not afraid of the geysers in any way. Remains of their campsites have been found in every hot spring area of the Park. In some of these places obsidian chips left over from tool making litter the ground, suggesting that the areas were virtual factories for the production of arrow and spear points.

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Pierson, Elizabeth Down East Books ePub

The narrow coastal corridor bounded on the west by Penobscot Bay and on the east by Frenchman Bay is one of Maine’s smallest yet most distinctive natural areas: the Mount Desert region. Even in a state that has long been famous for its beautiful and varied landscapes, this area is exceptional. Here you will find a unique mix of mountains, sea, and domed granitic islands—a combination that occurs nowhere else along the Maine coast. The islands are larger and more numerous than farther south, the bays are broader, and the water is colder (which means you will encounter more fog). Almost everywhere you look is evidence of glacial scouring, from kettle-hole ponds to U-shaped valleys and huge erratic boulders. The topography—unusually hilly for the Maine coast—includes Cadillac Mountain, at 1,530 feet the highest point on the eastern United States seaboard.

Not surprisingly, the birding in this region is also remarkably varied. Of the nearly 420 species of birds that have been recorded in Maine, at least 320 have been seen just on Mount Desert Island. Highlights include boreal landbirds and an excellent variety of waterbirds year-round, nesting Peregrine Falcons and at least 21 species of nesting warblers, good numbers of migrant landbirds in spring and fall, the highest concentration of wintering Harlequin Ducks in eastern North America, and the opportunity to do some true pelagic birding (primarily between mid-June and late September). The region is also of interest as a contact zone for many northern and southern bird species.

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Medium 9781574412161

Gentle “ Bear”

Lynn Marie Cuny University of North Texas Press PDF

Gentle “Bear”

As we celebrate each anniversary of helping animals, it is natural to look back, to remember animals both human and non-human, to reflect on why some things happened, to mourn, to be thankful, and to plan ahead.

Wildlife Rescue is evolving into the very organization that I had always dreamed it would. I remember well those difficult days in the late 1970s when all WRR could do was manage to exist day to day, but always present was the very real dream of a beautiful 200–acre sanctuary. Now we are literally living and building that dream. But, as with so many things in life, along with dreams and plans there are often aspects of sadness. Growth and change are funny things. We usually look forward to them, fear them, get excited about them, welcome them, and dread them all at the same time. But one thing is certain: with life comes change and with change, if we are wise, comes growth.

The most important component of Wildlife Rescue is that we save the lives of animals who otherwise would most likely perish. Many of the animals we care for are brought to us by people who found them in dire need of help, hit by a car, poisoned, or trapped. Some are found motherless, lying on the ground waiting to die; then there are those who are left at our gate, tied there with a note, hoping that we will help. This was how Macy the Dog came our way.

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5 Stranded

Bruce L. Smith Utah State University Press ePub

Long cobalt silhouettes linked the sparse junipers that slipped beneath as we chased the helicopter’s shadow across dissected sagelands. An immature golden eagle wearing white-banded tail feathers, the decorative plumes prized by Plains Indians, streaked past the left door where I was seated. The dense, still air made for ideal flying conditions. It was a great day to be alive, soaring with the eagle.

Our pilot John guided the Hiller 12E around the east flank of Black Mountain, so named, I assumed, for its cloak of lodgepole and limber pines that shaded to pyramidal firs and spruce above 9,000 feet. This 10,177-foot hulk dominated the skyline. Behind Black Mountain lay Crow Creek basin, where a pretty willow-lined stream nestled between the 11,000- to 12,000-foot-high crests of Black Ridge on the west and Trail Ridge on the east. These ridges joined at the north, forming an elongated horseshoe that fed Crow Creek’s waters over 2,000 feet below.

Our mission on this subzero morning in January 1980 was to survey elk, mule deer, and bighorn sheep in the Owl Creek Mountains. Helping me was Rawlin Friday. Rawley was Arapaho and a tribal game warden. About my height but stockier, he could handle himself. I liked flying with Rawley. He was devoted to the reservation’s wildlife, made a jovial companion on surveys, and owned an iron stomach, something others I had flown with didn’t possess.

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Medium 9781603448147

8. October—Elk of Buffalo River

Gary W. Vequist Texas A&M University Press ePub

8. October

Elk of Buffalo River

In terms of photographic appeal there may be no animal in North America more sought after and more impressive than the North American elk in autumn. The adult males, known as bulls, carry their massive antlers proudly and regally. They use the enormous antlers to thrash small trees and to send clods of earth flying, all in an effort to demonstrate their fitness. Then they tilt the antlers back, extend their head forward, and emit a loud buglelike call that carries for miles, as their breath turns to vapor in the crisp autumn air. And when two evenly matched bulls meet, an epic battle may ensue. For the photographer and wildlife observer it gets no better than elk in the fall. When most people think of elk they think of the Rocky Mountains, but surprisingly, there are many national parks outside of the Rocky Mountains where elk can be viewed. One of the better places to see these majestic animals in their fall glory is at Buffalo National River in the Ozarks of north-central Arkansas.

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