178 Chapters
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Conclusion: Postcolonial Ontological Politics

Stacey A. Langwick Indiana University Press ePub

If post-colonialism is the time after colonialism, and colonialism is defined in terms of the binary division between the colonizers and the colonized, why is post-colonial time also a time of “difference”? What sort of “difference” is this and what are its implications for the forms of politics and for subject formation in this late-modern moment?

—Stuart Hall, When Was the Postcolonial?

Traditional medicine is a highly politicized and deeply intimate battle over who and what has the right to exist. As a modern category of knowledge and practice—forged through encounters between traditional healers, scientists (from Tanzania, Britain, China and elsewhere), biomedical practitioners, government bureaucrats, and international development organizations among others—it embodies the frictions central to postcoloniality. It grounds arguments for a history that is not bound by colonial categories of knowledge, in the intimate care of loved ones and the bodies of kin. Close attention to struggles for control over the right to determine what objects are central to life and the relations that sustain them reveals a new story of colonization, post-independence socialism, and its collapse in the face of economic liberalization. Postcolonial healing tells this history as a series of struggles over rights to existence and over the particular forms of materiality that support different claims to existence. In other words, postcolonial healing reveals contemporary struggles not only over material and conceptual resources but also over who gets to determine what is material and what is immaterial, or “merely” conceptual.

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14 Toward a Healthier Philanthropy: Reforming China’s Philanthropic Sector

Jennifer Ryan Indiana University Press ePub

Xu Yongguang

When Deng Xiaoping’s Open Door policy reforms first began to be implemented, the Chinese economy was in a precarious state. In 1978 the national GDP amounted to the equivalent of $148 billion in current value. The next three decades witnessed a remarkable transformation as China progressed from economic stagnation to become the world’s second-largest economy, with a GDP of $7.3 trillion by 2011 (World Bank 2013). This spectacular growth has frequently been hailed as “China’s economic miracle,” or “a miracle with Chinese characteristics” (Wu 2004). But it has not come without huge social upheaval, as the transition to a market economy also saw the disintegration of an already-strained state welfare system, most notably in rural areas, which had previously been organized under the Cooperative Medical System. Against a backdrop of limited state welfare provision and rising wealth inequality, the growth of modern Chinese philanthropy has been both heartening and necessary.

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9 Women’s Bodies

Anna Aulette-Root Indiana University Press ePub

Throughout history, ideas about the nature of women’s bodies have played a dramatic role in either challenging or reinforcing power relationships between women and men. As such, we can regard these ideas as political tools and can regard the struggle over these ideas as a political struggle.

Rose Weitz, The Politics of Women’s Bodies

Clashes over what women’s bodies should do and what they should look like continue. Despite strides forward in women’s rights on many fronts, bodies remain a persistent battleground. Some feminists even argue that as the feminist movement has grown, we are moving backward on issues related to women’s bodies, asserting that a backlash has developed that seeks to reinforce ever more policing and regulation, including increasingly restrictive ideas and actions determined to keep women’s bodies and women in “their place” (Faludi, 2006). Today this backlash takes many forms, “including 1) increasing pressure on women to control the shape of their bodies; 2) attempts to define premenstrual and post-menopausal women as ill, and; 3) the rise of the anti-abortion and ‘fetal rights’ movements” (Weitz, 2010, p. 9).

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10 It’s Just Like the Internet: Transnational Healing Practices between Somaliland and the Somali Diaspora

HANSJORG DILGER Indiana University Press ePub

Marja Tiilikainen

At the airport of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in the summer of 2005, I became acquainted with Faadumo. Both of us had traveled the same route all the way from Finland, and we both were on the way to Hargeysa in northern Somalia—Faadumo was going to visit her family and I was going to do my first fieldwork in the area. Faadumo was a young woman with a neat appearance. Her head was uncovered, and she was wearing a long jean skirt. As we approached Hargeysa, she covered herself with a black veil. Faadumo seemed to take interest in my study and told me that her mother knew a lot about traditional healing practices. At that time I did not yet foresee that Faadumo would become one of my key informants. Her multifaceted and even tragic story gradually came to light over several meetings in Somalia and Finland. Faadumo was divorced and had a teenage son who had been raised by Faadumo’s mother in Hargeysa. She was in regular contact with the child by telephone, the internet, and annual visits. In recent years she had tried to bring the child to Finland, but the Finnish authorities did not believe that she was the biological mother. In Finland Faadumo had suffered from various symptoms and illnesses, such as stomach pain and loss of appetite. She had also become increasingly mistrustful of other people and had started to isolate herself at home. According to a Finnish doctor, Faadumo was depressed, but according to an Islamic scholar and healer (sheikh) in Hargeysa, these symptoms were caused by witchcraft. One of the aims of Faadumo’s trip was to verify this diagnosis and, if necessary, try the sheikh’s treatment, which she had earlier refused.

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Case studies in autism

Michael Fordham Karnac Books ePub

The following studies of autism (pp. 161-288) were presented in a seminar at the C. G. Jung Institute in 1957. They were designed to show Jungians that there could be a psycho-pathology of childhood that was not much influenced by the parents. In the first case, little therapy was done with Anthony’s mother and certainly none of the kind that Jung’s thesis would require. The cases that follow were living in a special hostel for children evacuated, mostly from London but from other cities as well, during World War II. They were separated from their parents, who continued to live in the towns.

The demonstration of child psychopathology is no longer needed, since its existence is now recognized, but these seminars contain so much matter that still bears reflecting upon that it seems worth publishing them. In any case, they represent my jumping-off ground for the more detailed studies I have made of Alan and James, recorded in this volume. None of the cases described in this chapter were being analysed, but Anthony was seen for psychotherapy regularly once a week over about two years.

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