1137 Slices
Medium 9781855754324


Jan Abram Karnac Books ePub

1   Paediatrics and psychoanalysis

2   The “natural” and “healthy” mother

3   The good-enough mother

4   Good-enough illusion

5   Biology and mother's body

6   The woman becoming mother and the man becoming father

7   Fantasies surrounding sexual intercourse

8   The myriad functions of the good-enough mother

9   Mother's reliable enjoyment

10   Mirror-role of mother

11   The value of the process of disillusionment

12   The not-good-enough mother

T he mother is pivotal in Winnicott's theory of emotional development. She is, for the baby, the first environment, biologically and psychologically. How the mother behaves and feels in relation to her infant will influence the infant's health—particularly around the time of pregnancy and just after birth—for the rest of his life.

The concept of mother as environment includes the woman mother is—that is, the woman she was before baby was born and will continue to become as she develops in her own right—as well as the father, siblings, the extended family, society, and the world at large.

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Medium 9781855759077

CHAPTER ELEVEN: The borderline child and the establishment of internal reins

Maria Pozzi Monzo Karnac Books ePub


I found myself in a quandary, once again, in thinking of cases to include in this chapter. Alistair, the boy I discuss, could have easily been included in the chapter on hyperactivity. Equally, children presented in other chapters, such as Pilar in the chapter on hyperactivity or Craig in the chapter on parental guidance, could be diagnosed as borderline children. The difficulty in categorizing borderline children is shared amongst clinicians, who find that many features of the borderline group are similar to those of a range of psychological disorders in childhood. Lubbe writes that the current profile of borderline children is “loaded down as it is with descriptions of conduct disturbance, attention deficit, impulsivity and emotional disregulation” (Lubbe, 2000, p. 6). In his review of the literature on borderline personality disorders, he quotes authors who have outlined some diagnostic features in this type of childhood disorder. He mentions a “rapid shift between psychotic-like and neurotic levels of reality testing; a lack of ‘signal anxiety’ (Freud, 1926) and a proneness to states of panic dominated by overwhelming concern of body dissolution, annihilation and abandonment” (Lubbe, 2000, p. 41). We also find idiosyncratic thinking and disruption of thought processes, impairment in relationships, and a difficulty in distinguishing self from others. There is a lack of impulse control, of the capacity to modulate destructive tendencies and to contain intense feelings. These characteristics are generally thought to define borderline personality in children.

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Medium 9781780642949

6: Forensic Examination of Animal Hair

Bailey, D. CABI PDF


Forensic Examination of Animal Hair

Claire Gwinnett*

Department of Forensic and Crime Science, Staffordshire University,

Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, UK

6.1 Introduction�

6.2  Hair as Evidence�

6.3  The Use of Animal Hair in Criminal Casework�

6.4 �Recovery, Documentation, Packaging and Storage Methods for Animal Hair Evidence�

6.4.1  Recovery of questioned aka target animal hairs�

6.4.2  Recovery of control aka known hair samples�

6.4.3  Packaging and storage�

6.4.4  Documentation of evidence�

6.5  General Structure of Hair�

6.5.1  Types of hair�

6.6  Forensic Animal Hair Analysis�

6.6.1  Stages of hair analysis�

6.6.2  Microscopy preparation of animal hairs�  Creating a whole mount� �Scale casts and impressions of the animal hair surface�  Medulla slides�

6.6.3  Microscopical analysis of animal hairs�

6.7  Species Identification from Animal Hair�

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Medium 9781855750203

3. The process of internal consultation

Robert Bor Karnac Books ePub

There are many approaches that can be used when consulting to professional colleagues. An aim of consultation is to elicit and address different views of problems and to generate a climate in which new ideas, beliefs, alternatives, meanings and behaviours can emerge. There is no research at present which has established the efficacy of any one consultation approach. If the consultation is to be conducted in a professional manner then guide-lines, based oil theory of practice, can be used to focus on the different stages of the process and for conducting the consultation interview. The guidelines have emerged from a theory of the evolution, maintenance and resolution of interpersonal problems. A theory is important because it informs our professional practice. Explanations about what happens in clinical practice (ie why a specific intervention was chosen or why another was ruled out) take place between colleagues and between professionals and their students. In some circumstances, explanations have to be made in a court of law. One cannot not have an explanation for what happens in clinical practice. In this chapter, one approach is described which has been found to be helpful in expanding to requests for consultation. Such guide-lines help to organize ideas about how to best help colleagues by clarifying roles and professional relationships, and identifying what happens in the course of consultation.

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Medium 9781855754188

CHAPTER THREE: Amanda, Arnaud, Alice, Sandrine and Emma-somatisations and regressions

Jean Benjamin Stora Karnac Books ePub

“Somatic diseases generally stem from the individual's inadequacies with regard to the living conditions that he encounters”.

Pierre Marty (1990, p. 48)

When we examine somatic patients in a hospital setting at the request of doctors in the department, the conditions are different from those found in psychosomatic psychoanalytic institutions. The psychologist or psychoanalyst who is also a psychosomatician is in a difficult position because he is not conducting a psychiatric examination (with which somatician doctors are familiar) and he has to communicate the essential findings of his examination to doctors in a matter of minutes so as to assist in the patient's care in a way that complements the medicine being given. Beyond the difference in scientific approach, there is also the question of the terms in which the diagnosis is formulated: how are we to communicate the provisional findings of an examination to a doctor who has no knowledge of the psychosomatic and psychoanalytic models that form the point of reference? We can thus recognise the scale of difficulty surrounding the exchange and interaction between the various parties who are addressing problems of illness and health.

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