1020 Chapters
Medium 9781786391858

18 Ethical Hunting

Carr, N.; Broom, D.M. CABI PDF


Ethical Hunting

Brent Lovelock*

University of Otago, New Zealand

*  Corresponding author: Brent.lovelock@otago.ac.nz

© CAB International 2018. Tourism and Animal Welfare (N. Carr and D.M. Broom)


B. Lovelock

Hunting is indefensible. That is, unless, for example, you are a Maasai youth hunting a lion as part of a centuries-old cultural rite of passage; or a Papuan highlander hunting boar to support the meagre protein diet that you and your clan manage to survive upon. Few of us, even those most adamantly opposed to hunting, would go so far as to criticize such hunting practices, undertaken for subsistence and cultural reasons. While these are not examples of touristic hunting, they do, however, have some similarities with it.

I was in my local hunting store the other day, as the ‘roar’, our hunting season, is soon upon us, that joyous time of year when we find excuses to linger for hours over hunting magazines, and buy new gear, a new rifle, perhaps a new scope, a knife, ammo, new boots.

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Medium 9781780647463

4: Fluid Therapy and Treatments

Scott, D.E. CABI PDF


Fluid Therapy and Treatments

There are many commonly performed treatments and procedures used in avian medicine. Raptors are very tolerant and usually cooperative, but it is important to become proficient. Practicing with cadavers is always a good idea before attempting to work with a live patient.

Learning Objectives

1. How to provide fluid therapy.

2. Various bandages including the figure-8 wrap.

3. Advanced procedures such as blood transfusions.

4. Humane euthanasia.

Fluid therapy: routes of administration

The maintenance requirement is 50 ml/kg/day and this volume can be administered in many ways including orally, subcutaneously, intravenously, or intraosseously. The route depends on many factors, the most important being the patient’s clinical condition.

Oral Fluids and Formula

Oral fluids and/or dietary supplementation are appropriate when the patient is able to stand, is able to keep its head elevated and when there is little chance of regurgitation or aspiration. The stomach volume can be roughly estimated as

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10 Ethical Challenges in Transitioning to End-of-Life Care: Exploring the Meaning of a “Good Death”

Connie M. Ulrich Sigma Theta Tau International ePub

–Gwenyth R. Wallen, PhD, RN

Chief of Nursing Research and Translational Science, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center

–Karen Baker, MSN, CRNP

Pain and Palliative Care Service, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center

• When caring for a patient at the end of life, a nurse must examine her or his own ethical perspectives and the meaning of a “good death,” as well as those of the patient and her or his family.

• Advance directives must be verified to examine patient preferences. Printing a copy of the advance directive from the electronic medical record and having it available in the direct care setting are optimal.

• Ongoing assessment of symptom control is paramount and should include exploring unmet psychosocial and spiritual needs.

• When palliative sedation is being considered, assess whether all symptom relieving agents have been maximized.

• Patient care conferences that include the interdisciplinary team, patient, and family should occur early and often.

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8 Body image and the psychosomatic patterns of childhood. Medical publicity regarding the skin

Jorge Ulnik Karnac Books ePub

When a child is born, he receives a series of stimuli with which he will construct his body image. With a pedagogical objective, they will be grouped arbitrarily into three categories:

•  Sensoperceptive stimuli

•  Interaction with the Other1 who speaks with him

•  Visual images both of himself and of the helpful person

Although the three categories are, all things considered, senso-perceptive stimuli (in which case we could say that the first category in fact includes the other two), here they have been artificially separated since each of these stimuli has a different influence.

Among the sensoperceptive stimuli, those received by exteroceptors, proprioceptors and interoceptors will be emphasised. We must also add to these the so-called superior sensations (DeMyer, 1976).

These receive sensations of vision and of sound, olfactory sensations and cutaneous sensations. The main sensations provided by the cutaneous exteroceptors are the superficial sensations of the skin: tactile sensations, temperature, superficial pain, and itching and ticklish feelings.

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1. A caregiving focus to an extension of attachment theory

Dorothy Heard Karnac Books ePub

This book is written by practising psychoanalytic psychotherapists with a background in medicine and psychiatry. We are writing for members of the caregiving professions who are interested in exploring the nature of caregiving and the circumstances in which it appears to succeed or fail. It is interesting that among the range of theories centred on the development of human beings and ‘the self, the capacity for caregiving has been taken as implicit and until recently has attracted little attention in its own right.

Most therapists are aware that the predicaments brought by patients or clients are often centred on failures of parental caregiving. They are also aware that parents are often ineffective caregivers because their own upbringing had not encouraged the development of caregiving abilities. In the relative paucity of theoretical explanations of how the capacity to give care develops, we have put forward a theoretical model of caregiving that is based on Bowlby’s model for instinctive behaviour and is complementary to his model of attachment and attachment behaviour. It draws into one theoretical frame a number of recognised clinical and empirical findings that have a crucial bearing on the development of the capacity to give effective care, to which the phenomenon of attachment in the form of careseeking is a major challenge.

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