657 Chapters
Medium 9781786391520

16 Perspectives on Global Bovine Tuberculosis Control

Chambers, M.; Gordon, S.; Olea-Popelka, F. CABI PDF

16 

Perspectives on Global Bovine

Tuberculosis Control

Francisco Olea-Popelka,1 Mark A. Chambers,2,3 Stephen Gordon4 and Paul Barrow5,*

1Department

of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical

Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; 2Animal and

Plant Health Agency – Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK; 3School of Veterinary

Medicine, Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, UK;

4UCD School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland; 5School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham,

Sutton Bonington, Loughborough, UK

16.1 Introduction

In the preceding chapters the authors have distilled the current status of research on bovine tuberculosis (TB) and the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead on the path to disease control. In this final chapter, we present some of our own thoughts on the control of bovine TB, highlighting the relevant chapters where particular issues are dealt with in more depth. While great strides have clearly been made in our understanding of the fundamental pathogen biology of Mycobacterium bovis and its interaction with the bovine host, substantial challenges remain in diagnosis, vaccination, disease epidemiology, public health and ultimate eradication.

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Medium 9781786392459

3 The Welfare Effects of PCBs in the Ocean

Butterworth, A. CABI PDF

3

The Welfare Effects of PCBs in the Ocean

Mark Peter Simmonds

3.1 Introduction

One of the penalties of an ecological education is that one lives alone in a world of wounds. Much of the damage inflicted on land is quite invisible to laymen. An ecologist must either harden his shell and make believe that the consequences of science are none of his business, or he must be the doctor who sees the marks of death in a community that believes itself well and does not want to be told otherwise.

(Aldo Leopold from his essay ‘The Round River:

A Parable’ (c.1940–1948); Leopold, 1993)

In the world of animal issues, and perhaps especially at an international level, animal welfare lags far behind conservation in terms of interest and investment of time and money. Yet how we treat the other living, feeling and sentient animals around us is clearly a mark of our own humanity. The way

I look at it is that, even if the world ends tomorrow, at least we should feel that we have tried to make sure that those non-human beings around us have had lives as free from unnecessary pain and other suffering as possible.

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14 Vaccination of Domestic and Wild Animals Against Tuberculosis

Chambers, M.; Gordon, S.; Olea-Popelka, F. CABI PDF

14 

Vaccination of Domestic and Wild

Animals Against Tuberculosis

Bryce M. Buddle,1,* Natalie A. Parlane,1 Mark A. Chambers2,3 and

Christian Gortázar4

1AgResearch,

Hopkirk Research Institute, Palmerston North, New Zealand; and Plant Health Agency – Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey, UK; 3School of

Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, UK;

4SaBio – Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, Universidad de

Castilla-La Mancha & CSIC, Ciudad Real, Spain

2Animal

14.1 Introduction

Mycobacterium bovis has a very wide host range and is the predominant cause of tuberculosis

(TB) affecting domestic and wild animals, although tuberculosis in animals can also be caused by other members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The disease in cattle, defined as bovine TB, continues to be a major economic animal health problem worldwide

(Waters et al., 2012). The test-and-slaughter bovine TB control programmes introduced in many countries in the mid-20th century achieved dramatic results and a number of countries were able to eradicate this disease.

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Medium 9780253010544

2 The Cape Coloured Community

Anna Aulette-Root Indiana University Press ePub

This Book is about women who face stigma, discrimination, poverty, and violence. It is about women who do care work for children and men, and whose responsibilities sometimes force them to make choices between their own needs and those for whom they are caring. And it is about women who must contend with all of these challenges at the same time they fear for the deterioration of their own physical selves and their lost beauty as a result of HIV. Women all over the world face similar challenges, and in that sense the women in our study represent the experience of women across many borders. The women in this case, however, also represent one particular community on the globe with its own unique history and its own particular expectations about women. This case study is about Coloured women in Cape Town, South Africa. Who are these women?

In the United States the word “colored” is an offensive holdover from the period in American history when apartheid was legal under Jim Crow laws. In South Africa, however, while there is controversy surrounding the language used to describe various groups of people in the country, the term “Coloured” is generally not perceived as a derogatory term. In fact, it is widely used by people who identify themselves as Coloured. The identity of Coloured and the character and experience of the Coloured community is an important feature of South Africa to be explored. And as our research unfolded it became an essential issue for discussion in order to understand the lives of women in the Western Cape who identify themselves as Coloured. This chapter describes a little of the history of Coloured people through slavery, colonialism, apartheid, and the struggle that finally toppled a racially defined government in the 1990s. It also provides some context for understanding contemporary issues in the Coloured community as South Africans continue the fight to depose the deeply entrenched social, economic, and political remnants of that history and as Coloured women face all of these issues in addition to gender injustice.

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Medium 9781780644394

27 Technologic Support for Antimicrobial Stewardship

LaPlante. K.; Cunha, C.; Morrill, H. CABI PDF

27

Technologic Support for

Antimicrobial Stewardship

Renée-Claude Mercier1* and Carla Walraven2

1

University of New Mexico College of Pharmacy, Albuquerque, New Mexico, US;

University of New Mexico Hospitals Department of Pharmacy Services,

Albuquerque, New Mexico, US

2

Introduction

Over the last 25 years, advances in technology have significantly changed practice within the healthcare setting. From literature searching, e-mail communication, electronic medical records, clinical decision support systems to mobile devices, every component has helped to enhance access to data, and communication with the patient and amongst providers. Technological advances have been of great benefit for most specialties within the hospital, including the antimicrobial stewardship team.

Important aspects of stewardship involve medical chart reviewing and documentation, literature searching, education and communication with healthcare professionals. Technologies that have contributed to facilitating the work of the stewardship team are the focus of this chapter.

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