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Medium 9780874216349

The Politics of Place: An Interview with Terry Tempest Williams Scott London, Insight & Outlook Radio Show, 1995

Michael Austin Utah State University Press ePub

The connection between language and landscape is a perennial theme of American letters. Nature has been a well-spring for many of our finest writers—from Whitman and Thoreau to Peter Mathiessen and Edward Abbey. Terry Tempest Williams belongs in this tradition. A native of Utah, her naturalist writing has been richly influenced by the sprawling landscape of the West. It also draws on the values and beliefs of her Mormon background.

Terry Tempest Williams is the naturalist-in-residence at the Utah Museum of Natural History in Salt Lake City. She was thrown into the literary spotlight in 1991, with the release of her sixth book, Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place. It tells of how the Great Salt Lake rose to record levels and eventually flooded the wetlands that serve as a refuge for migratory birds in Northern Utah. Williams tells the story against the backdrop of her family’s struggle with cancer as a result of living downwind from a nuclear test site.

For Williams, there is a very close connection between ourselves, our people, and our native place. In the words of the Utne Reader—who recently included her among their 100 leading “visionaries”—her writing “follows wilderness trails into the realm of memory and family, exploring gender and community through the prism of landscape.”

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Medium 9780253372086

29. Man’s Glassy Essence

Charles S. Peirce Indiana University Press PDF

29

Man’s Glassy Essence

15 July 1892

Morris Library

In the Monist for January, 1891, I tried to show what conceptions ought to form the brick and mortar of a philosophical system. Chief among these was that of absolute chance for which I argued again in

1 last April’s number. In July, I applied another fundamental idea, that of continuity, to the law of mind. Next in order, I have to elucidate, from the point of view chosen, the relation between the psychical and physical aspects of a substance.

The first step towards this ought, I think, to be the framing of a molecular theory of protoplasm. But before doing that, it seems indispensible to glance at the constitution of matter, in general. We shall, thus, unavoidably make a long detour; but, after all, our pains will not be wasted, for the problems of the papers that are to follow in the series will call for the consideration of the same question.

All physicists are rightly agreed the evidence is overwhelming which shows all sensible matter is composed of molecules in swift motion and exerting enormous mutual attractions, and perhaps repulsions, too. Even Sir William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, who wishes to explode action at a distance and return to the doctrine of a plenum, not only speaks of molecules, but undertakes to assign definite magnitudes to them. The brilliant Judge Stallo, a man who did not always rightly estimate his own qualities in accepting tasks for himself, declared war upon the atomic theory in a book well worth careful perusal. To the old arguments in favor of atoms which he found in Fechner’s monograph, he was able to make replies of considerable force, though they were not sufficient to destroy those arguments. But against modern proofs he made no headway at all. These set out from the mechanical theory of heat. Rumford’s experiments showed that heat is not a substance. Joule demonstrated that it was a form of energy. The heating of gases under

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Medium 9780253008053

6. Reflections on Wiesel's Hasidic Tales

Edited by Steven T Katz and Alan Rosen Indiana University Press ePub

STEVEN T. KATZ

THE HASIDIC TALE IS both a central aspect of the history and spirituality of Hasidism and a feature of modern efforts to reinterpret traditional Judaism for modern men and women. Within the world of Hasidism, from the earliest period of the movement, tales have been a central method of communicating hasidic teachings to the Jewish masses. R. Yaakov Yosef of Polnoyye, secretary to the founder of the movement, R. Israel Ben Eliezer, better known as the Baal Shem Tov, already tells us in his Toldot Yaakov Yosef, the first hasidic book, published in 1781, twenty-one years after the death of the founder in 1760:

“And there are yihudim in all material speech and stories, and also, as I heard from my master [the Baal Shem Tov], he engaged in yihudim between himself and ahotah dematronita [the Divine Presence] by means of material [or: mundane] stories, and he explained the reason…. This rabbi also said that by speaking with the masses he draws himself closer to ahotah dematronita, by means of material stories, and he explained the reason…. This rabbi also said that by speaking with the masses he draws himself closer to them, and draws them closer to the Torah and the commandments.” And further: “There are people who engage in prayer even when [seemingly] speaking of material matters with their fellows.”1

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Medium 9780253372055

Chronological List, 1884–1886

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

Chronological List

1884-1886

Three kinds of materials are included in this list which (save the twentyfive manuscripts at the beginning) covers the middle of 1884 through the end of 1886:

1. All of Peirce's known publications, identified by P followed by a number. For these numbers and for further bibliographical information, see A

Comprehensive Bibliography of the Published Works of Charles Sanders

Peirce, 2nd ed. rev., ed. Kenneth Laine Ketner (Bowling Green, OH: Philosophy Documentation Center, 1986), the letterpress companion volume to the 161-microfiche edition of Peirce's published works.

2. All of Peirce's known manuscripts, typescripts, and annotated offprints, identified by MS followed by a number. These numbers reflect the Peirce

Edition Project rearrangement and chronological ordering of the Peirce

Papers, the originals of which are in the Houghton Library of Harvard

University, and of papers found in other collections. Parentheses after the

MS number give either the name or location of those collections, or they identify the Harvard manuscript number. For the latter, see Richard S.

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Medium 9780253006257

10 - Post-Integration Blues: Black Geeks and Afro-Diasporic Humanism

Edited by Lovalerie King and Shirley Moo Indiana University Press ePub

ALEXANDER G. WEHELIYE

On the one hand, this essay grows out of a general interest in taking stock of some significant shifts in African American identity and cultural production subsequent to the Civil Rights Movement, and, on the other hand, it is a result of teaching a course about the recent history of the African American novel.1 When initially conceptualizing this course a few years ago, I felt it was necessary to provide a topical focus that moved beyond temporal or generic frameworks, and, as a result I named the course “Post-Integration Blues,” since all of the texts on the syllabus grappled with the consequences of integration, especially in educational settings. For my purposes, the phrase “post-integration blues” serves as an apt description of how integration has affected black subjects because it amplifies both the immense gains achieved by the Civil Rights Movement and the cultural, political, and psychological fallout from these benefits. In other words, “post-integration blues” insists on coarticulating the positive and negative dimensions of integration without resolving the tensions between them. The blues, as a structure of feeling rather than a particular musical genre, provides a pathway to understanding the central contradictions of the post-integration era. As Albert Murray has argued:

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Medium 9780253018618

The Last Bird

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

The Last Bird

morning up in the middle

relative to all high above

witness barely in the sky

a black dot soar until it hurt

the eyes.

away until the end of the mirror

liquid memory more taken than

goodness of gravity for granted,

watched bittersweet vanishing

goodness in theory in perspective

courageous up the middle of

blue dash without reflection

like an unmarked confederate grave

the ground still steaming blocking the

sun after sherman’s burning sky

into the narrowing of morning blazed

into the middle of the red hurt my eyes

all the way to the end of the mirror the

last bird in the sky.

all relative to outlook no night

promises no star can keep like

harlem after Malcolm disappeared

into a little black dot straight up

into the middle of the morning air

after learning nothing from war

the last cry heard but barely

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Medium 9780253007278

4 Cold War, Hot Seat

Gerald Sorin Indiana University Press ePub

The uneasy wartime alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union dissolved in 1945 with the coming of peace, exposing longstanding hostilities between the two new superpowers. Dangerous confrontations, especially over the division of Germany and the future of Eastern Europe, intensified the hostilities and morphed into the “Cold War.” American Communists, including Howard Fast, and hundreds of fellow travelers—those on the periphery of a Party so closely associated with the USSR—found themselves subject to increased suspicion, investigation, and harassment.1

In the face of amplified anti-Communism, Fast began losing faith in the United States as a natural home for socialism. Moving faster and further away from American mainstream left-liberalism, he concluded, as did the CPUSA generally, that trying to reform capitalism would only sustain the system and bring defeat for Communism. While still not publicly acknowledging his membership in the Party, Fast recommitted himself as an openly leftist writer and a radically partisan citizen to the political conflicts of his times.2

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Medium 9781857547658

A Stuttered Essay on the French

Iain Bamforth Carcanet Press Ltd. PDF

A Stuttered Essay on the French

Nation légère et dure…

Voltaire

There is no such country as France. There is however a Platonic form and true beehive object of knowledge, called the Hexagon, which people refer to as ‘France’.

Having nurtured two of the greatest poets of the modern age,

Charles Baudelaire and Arthur Rimbaud, the French have renounced poetry. Poets are now part-time psychoanalysts, and what is left of poetry is called poetics. (Wholesale rationalism, as

Michael Oakeshott once remarked, is like literary criticism without a literature.)

Only in France is one reminded that psychology is a branch of

Christian theology, the word having been coined in the fifteenth century by theologians who sought to delimit the nature of the soul. Freud (whose name on French lips sounds like a fraud to

English ears) follows in the tradition, extending this ‘soul’ in space while attempting to lay hold of its phantomic body and describe its surface anatomy, digestive system and visceral eructions on the basis of models drawn from electricity, hydraulics and other

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Medium 9780253001795

2. Queer “Tropics” of Night and the Caribe of “American” (Post) Modernism

DeGuzmán, María Indiana University Press ePub

We define nations tonight.

—Rane Arroyo, “Nights Without Dawns” for James Baldwin,
from The Portable Famine

I turn from night among Chicana/o cultural producers to an investigation of its uses among contemporary queer poets of Hispanic Caribbean descent who are living in the United States and are at least half Anglographic. What I mean by “Anglographic” is writing in English, hence “graphic” and not merely “Anglophone.” Why queer Anglographic poets of Caribbean descent? Why their deployments of tropes of night? What does an investigation of this cross section of variables—queer, Anglographic, poets, Caribbean descent, living in the United States—entail? A starting point for addressing these questions is the work on queer, transnational Caribbean and U.S. identity formations initiated in the mid to late 1990s. Scholars such as Manuel Guzmán have written about sexiles, “those who have had to leave their nation of origin on account of their sexual orientation.1 Arnaldo Cruz-Malavé,2 Rubén Ríos Ávila,3 Frances Negrón-Muntaner,4 José Quiroga,5 and Cruz-Malavé and Martin F. Manalansan6 have grappled with homosexuality and Caribbean displacements as forms of double sexual and geopolitical exile that intersect with each other in a history of colonialism. Lawrence La Fountain-Stokes synthesizes a great deal of this scholarship and contributes highly original and detailed readings of his own in his book Queer Ricans: Cultures and Sexualities in the Diaspora (2009).7

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Medium 9780874216349

Terry Tempest Williams: Derrick Jensen, Listening to the Land: Conversations about Nature, Culture, and Eros, 1995

Michael Austin Utah State University Press ePub

Terry Tempest Williams has written that “it’s strange to feel change coming. It’s easy to ignore. An underlying restlessness seems to accompany it like birds flocking before a storm. We go about our business with the usual alacrity, while in the pit of our stomach there is a sense of something tenuous.”

Where, Terry Tempest Williams asked, can we find refuge in change? She has answered that question as well, “I am slowly, painfully discovering that my refuge is not found in my mother, my grandmother, or even the birds of Bear River. My refuge exists in my capacity to love. If I can learn to love death then I can begin to find refuge in change.’’

Terry Tempest Williams is naturalist-in-residence at the Utah Museum of Natural History in Salt Lake City. Her first book, Pieces of White Shell: A Journey to Navajoland, received the 1984 Southwest Book Award. She is also the author of Coyote’s Canyon, Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place, two children’s books, and most recently, An Unspoken Hunger: Stories from the Field. She is the recipient of the 1993 Lannan Literary Fellowship in creative nonfiction.

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Medium 9780253015723

3 Poetry in Diaspora: From al-Andalus to Provence and Back to Castile

David A. Wacks Indiana University Press ePub

The poetry of Todros Abulafia, who wrote at the court of Alfonso X of Castile-León (1252–1284) is the product of two diasporas, one human and one poetic. As a diasporic poet, Abulafia is very much in the tradition of Jacob ben Elazar and other Sephardic poets before him, who negotiated between the Andalusi and biblical Hebrew poetic imaginaries. The troubadour style of poetry has its roots in the Iberian Peninsula, in the highly refined Andalusi lyric brought to Provence by William IX of Aquitaine at the close of the eleventh century. Troubadouresque poetry later returned to the Peninsula as a prestigious export from beyond the Pyrenees, setting the standard for courtly poetics in Christian Iberia. We find in Abulafia’s poetry a curious mixture of Andalusi Hebrew and troubadour poetics that is the product of the diaspora of Andalusi poetics itself, of its sojourn in southern France and its return to Castile at the court of Alfonso X.1

Todros Abulafia was author of an extensive corpus of Hebrew poetry, which he himself collected in his Diwan titled Gan hameshalim ve-ha-hidot (The Garden of Saws and Parables).2 He enjoyed the direct patronage of Alfonso X, “The Learned,” and his diwan contains a number of poems addressed to the king himself.3 Abulafia is a rare if not unique case of a Jewish poet writing in Hebrew under royal Christian patronage, and his poetry, like that of the Provençal and Galician-Portuguese troubadours at Alfonso’s court, is not typically included in scholarly overviews of literary practice at the court of the Learned King. To modern scholarship, Abulafia has been a diasporic poet who is a shadowy outsider from any angle. In Spain he is virtually unknown, despite having written the most significant corpus of poetry and having produced the only known diwan (collected poems of a single author) at the court of that country’s most intellectually important medieval ruler. He is not mentioned in any of the studies of the Christian troubadours who wrote and performed at the court of Alfonso X. He scarcely appears in historical studies of Alfonso’s reign, even in those that deal specifically with the boom in arts and letters for which Alfonso X is famous (hence “the Learned”). Abulafia is absent in Evelyn Procter’s discussion of Provençal and Galician poets of Alfonso’s time.4 Norman Roth mentions him in passing in his discussion of the Jewish translators who collaborated with Alfonso X.5 Joseph O’Callaghan gives an overview of the Galician-Portuguese troubadours active at Alfonso’s court but does not mention Abulafia.6 Salvador Martínez makes brief mention of one verse of the poet in his discussion of the detainment of Alfonso’s Jewish tax farmers.7 Jewish scholars of medieval Hebrew poetry have viewed Abulafia at times with admiring curiosity, at times with disdain. He is still a bit of an enigma. Peter Cole aptly sums up the diverse opinions scholars have formed of Abulafia: one called him “one of the greatest poets of whom the Jews can boast,” while others dismiss him as a “mediocre epigone.”8

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Medium 9780253010575

1 Police on Trial: The Tabit Affair, Newspaper Sensationalism, and the End of the Years of Lead

Jonathan Smolin Indiana University Press ePub

The Tabit Affair, Newspaper Sensationalism, and the End of the Years of Lead

On the morning of February 3, 1993, two female university students entered the first instance court of Anfa, the most affluent district of Casablanca, to report a shocking and gruesome crime. They told the public prosecutor that a man claiming to be a police commissioner abducted them from the city streets the day before, held them hostage in his apartment, and videotaped himself and an associate sexually assaulting them for more than three hours. The two women said that before he finally let them go, the man took down the information from their identity cards and threatened them with retribution if they told anyone what had happened. Scared for their safety and the shame and scandal the incident would bring on them and their families, the two women reluctantly decided to keep quiet about the brutal crime. That morning, however, as they walked in the streets near the university, they saw the same man following them in his car. Terrified, the two ran off and managed to escape. It was at this point that they decided to go to the authorities and press charges, regardless of the consequences.

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Medium 9780253007278

9 Trials and Tribulations

Gerald Sorin Indiana University Press ePub

Throughout the mid-fifties Howard Fast, certain he was in possession of the truth, fully supported the USSR and remained genuinely committed to the goals of the Communist Party of the USA. At the same time he persisted in his indefatigable quest for fame and fortune through writing. Fast never stopped working at his craft, even as he continued organizing, traveling, fundraising, and speaking for the Party. Albert Maltz was “constantly astonish[ed]” at Howard’s “enormous productivity,” and his “great gift of combining solid writing with so many other activities.”1

In 1952 Fast published Tony and the Wonderful Door, a book for school-age children, and in 1953, The Passion of Sacco and Vanzetti: A New England Legend, even during a grueling, but unsuccessful, run for Congress in 1952, significant, direct involvement in the Steve Nelson sedition case, a careful following of the trials of the Smith Act defendants, and rapt immersion in the international effort to save Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Early in 1953, even as he was writing his novel about the Italian immigrant anarchists, he also squared off with Joe McCarthy’s Senate subcommittee.

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Medium 9780253329561

Chapter Seventeen

Scott Russell Sanders Indiana University Press ePub

During most of that first week after the landing at Whale’s Mouth Bay it rained. The meadow squished underfoot as the colonists went about erecting domes and laying pathways of glass. The needles of spruce and hemlock, glistening with rain, looked like fine green jets squirting from branches. Grass stems bent under the weight of water. Marie had to cover her garden with polyfilm to keep it from turning into a quagmire. Coyt grumbled because unbroken clouds reduced the power from his photoelectric cells. There was methane enough from the seaweed digester, however, and enough hydrogen from the vats of blue-green algae to fuel stoves and generators, so the colony enjoyed electricity and warm food.

Rain pipped the surface of the fishpools, which were stocked with fingerlings of bluegill and rainbow trout and bullhead catfish, all carefully smuggled from Oregon City. The smuggled crayfish had died in their barrels, so Josh and Jurgen went off hunting some wild ones. Rain pattered on the greenhouse, where Phoenix helped sow vegetables. Teeg was delighted to see him poking his fingers into the sterilized dirt.

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Medium 9780253372017

ON THE LOGIC OF SCIENCE [HARVARD LECTURES OF 1865]

Peirce, Charles S. Indiana University Press PDF

162

W R I T I N G S OF P E I R C E , 1857-1866

Lecture I

MS 94: February-March 1865

Though I ask your attention to one of the studies of the ancient

Trivium—a study therefore according both to etymology and long prejudice, trivial—I trust I need not at this day defend it from the charge of piddling. It is now pretty plain that though modern science has scorned the scholastic terminology it has either continued to employ or has been forced to relearn the ideas that terminology conveyed, having simply thrown away the advantage of exact expressions. Logic in itself, however, has never been contemned by profound minds. It was a particular scheme of logic and not the science itself against which Bacon protested (see Aphorism XI); hence, he proceeds at once to substitute for that scheme another of his own,—and that intended to be a strictly logical one as I shall hereafter show. In the same way the reform of

Ramus, the reform of Kant and all the reforms of science have been logical reforms. The Ramists sneered at the scholastics, the modern natural theorists sneer at both, and certain persons are now beginning to sneer at the natural theorists. Another reform seems to be coming: it is in the air. Several logical questions are already under discussion by scientific men. Naturalists are divided into two classes, more according to Lyell upon a logical question than anything else. An eminent mathem/aticjian has proposed a reform of the most important part of the theory of probabilities on logical grounds. And physicists ought not to feel too secure of the logical character of the hypothesis of impenetrability and its consequences which has already been attacked by men of high standing. On this account, I believe that there are not now many thoughtful men of science who will think that the investigation of the logical character of scientific reasoning is a needless or unimportant inquiry.

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