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7.3 Importance of quality costs

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


A system for quantifying construction quality costs

7.1 Introduction

There are three components that make up quality costs: Prevention, Appraisal and Failure costs. The ISO 9000 standard introduces a quality management system that has been widely claimed would reduce the costs of business. One of the ways it does this is through a reduction in quality costs. The ISO 9000 quality management system establishes work procedures that reduce defects. Proper design and implementation of these work procedures lead to reduced wastage as more work would be done right the first time. Ultimately, the costs of operation would decrease. However, no study has been done based on the above premise. Although it has been widely claimed that ISO 9000 would reduce the costs of doing business, no studies have been undertaken within the context of ISO 9000 certified construction firms. Due to this vacuum, this chapter proposes a cost system to capture site quality costs. The aims of this chapter are to:

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1 Toward Neoliberalism

Molé, Noelle J. Indiana University Press ePub

While mobbing is a term recognized throughout the European Union, it has come to have a particular urgency and salience in Italy. Mapping the field of Italy’s dynamic political, social, and economic orders uncovers the historical conditions and tensions from which mobbing emerges. The discourse about mobbing reflects cultural apprehensions about the worst of global capitalism, reiterating its risks, effects, and human costs. The rapid replacement of Italy’s protectionist labor regime, once one of the world’s strongest, with neoliberal economic and social policies has played a significant role in shaping how workers might experience a sense of persecution and harassment at work. The social and economic history of stable work, as well as the speed with which neoliberalism has been implemented, has played a critical role in generating a set of moral orders in which the hasty removal of secure labor breeds fear, anxiety, and dread. Only in the context of Italy’s moral economy, in which protected labor has been seen as a right of citizenship, could precarious work be recognized as unethical and even health endangering.

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CHAPTER 3 From Commons to Capital

Capra, Fritjof Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

The fundamental transformation in science that produced the mechanistic approach and its notion of the laws of nature finds striking parallels in the development of Western legal thought. Just as scientific thinkers following Galileo, Descartes, and Newton divided the whole into an aggregate of separate parts governed by strict laws of nature, legal scientists fragmented the medieval legal order, a holistic system that had adapted customary religious and Roman law materials to the practical requirements of flesh-and-blood human relationships. In the transition to modernity, Western legal scholars began to conceive of the law as an aggregate of discrete component parts governed by strict natural laws of individual reason. The ancient holistic vision of the world as a Kósmos, of the Earth as a generous gift of God to humankind as a whole and abundant commonwealth collectively accessible by all, was replaced by a humanist emphasis on the individual and human reason, which resulted in a mechanistic legal vision known as rationalist natural law.1

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Appendix Two: Timeline

Bill Neal University of North Texas Press PDF




“Parson” Joseph Perkins Sneed, Tennessee circuit-riding

Methodist preacher, migrates to Texas and settles in Central

Texas area north of Austin.


Tennessee native James Boyce migrates to Texas and settles in the same Central Texas area.

May 8, 1842

Albert Gallatin Boyce, son of James Boyce, is born near Austin.


Dudley H. Snyder, Mississippi native, migrates to Texas at the age of twenty-one and settles a short distance north of



John Wesley Snyder, younger brother of Dudley H. Snyder, migrates to Texas, soon followed by a third Snyder brother,

Thomas Shelton Snyder. All settle in the same Central

Texas area.

July 24, 1875

Al Boyce, Jr., son of Colonel Albert G. Boyce and wife, Annie

Boyce, is born.

Dec. 30, 1877

John Beal Sneed, son of Joseph Tyre Sneed and wife,

Lillian Beal Sneed, and grandson of Joseph Perkins Sneed, the Methodist parson, is born.

Aug. 15, 1879

Lenora (Lena) Snyder, daughter of Thomas Shelton Snyder, is born.


Famous three-million-acre XIT Ranch carved out of Texas

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5.6 Consultants’ drawings

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


A case study of ISO 9000 in large scale projects

5.1 Introduction

Although quality management systems were introduced more than a decade ago in the construction industries of the developed countries (in the United Kingdom, for example), the implementation of quality management systems in some less developed countries is still a relatively new phenomenon.

While quality management systems are now slowly making their presence felt in the less developed countries, there has been a lack of study of the problems faced by practitioners in implementing quality management systems for building projects during their infancy stage in the industry. This vacuum was, likewise, felt in the more developed countries like the United Kingdom when quality management systems were first introduced to their construction industries. This lacuna at the infancy stage means that the lessons and experiences learnt from implementing quality management systems in one particular building project are not necessarily transferred to benefit other projects. Apart from filling this vacuum, the aims of this chapter are to:

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