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Medium 9781902375014

9.1 Overview and future directions

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

CHAPTER 9

Conclusion

9.1 Overview and future directions

The ISO 9000 certification is a voluntary, third party quality system registration scheme. It assesses and certifies companies’ quality systems to the relevant parts of the ISO 9000 standards. The benefits associated with certification include:

Many practitioners have traditionally viewed ISO 9000 from a purely technical perspective. While an understanding of the technical requirements of ISO 9000 is critical, this alone will not ensure effective development, implementation and maintenance of quality management systems. Other non-technical issues relating to ISO 9000 must also be addressed. As shown in Figure 9.1, this book is an attempt to address the more pertinent non-technical issues in Chapters 1 to 8 as well as discuss the lessons which can be used to overcome some of the pitfalls encountered. Practitioners should keep these lessons in mind when managing the development, implementation and maintenance of ISO 9000 in the construction industry.

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Medium 9781574411829

7. Monetary Penalties: Fines and Restitution

Gail Caputo University of North Texas Press PDF

CHAPTER 7

Monetary Penalties:

Fines and Restitution

FINES

BACKGROUND

Fines are monetary penalties requiring the offender to pay money to the court as full or partial punishment for criminal offending. Other financial penalties, such as court costs and supervision fees, are not intermediate sanctions. Court costs offset the costs incurred by the court in the processing of a criminal case. Supervision fees are monies by a person under supervision and are commonly applied to offenders in an effort to offset the cost of corrections, such as probation supervision.

The fine is one of the oldest known penalties, dating back to before

Biblical times when it was used for punishment of criminal and moral offenses (Mullaney, 1988). In the 10th century, kings and other royal officials imposed fines for criminal punishments and by the 13th and

14th centuries, fines became one of the most frequently used punishments in Europe when criminal justice systems began to develop. Then it was commonly used in combination with capital punishment, exile, and public shaming (Peters, 1995). The fine remained a viable penalty in

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Medium 9781626562691

7 Working from the Inside Out: Decarcerate!

Maya Schenwar Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

This could be your brother, your son, or your father. This is what’s in our future. We have to stop it.

—Reginald Akkeem Berry, on the need to oppose supermax prisons

In 2006, a letter was slipped in through the door slat in Johnnie Walton’s cell. Johnnie was living—twenty-three hours a day—in a seventy-square-foot cell furnished with a concrete bed, a solid steel door, and a window through which little light traveled. Through the slat in the door, three times a day, Johnnie’s meals appeared. For one hour each day, Johnnie was permitted solitary “recreation” in a small pen just outside his cell.

The same routine went for the roughly 250 other prisoners in Tamms, the supermax prison that had opened in Southern Illinois in 1998. Practices at Tamms were similar to those in other supermax prisons and “Secure Housing Units” (such as the one Abraham Macías occupies at Pelican Bay) around the country: The prison, with no yard, no chapel, no dining hall, no library, and no phone calls (unless a close relative was dying), was designed to extinguish the outside world for the men trapped within.

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Medium 9780253006295

8 Lessons from Suffering: How Social Justice Informs Spirituality

john a. powell Indiana University Press ePub

EIGHT

Lessons From Suffering

HOW SOCIAL JUSTICE INFORMS SPIRITUALITY

As people who live – in a broad sense – together, we cannot escape the thought that the terrible occurrences that we see around us are quintessentially our problems. They are our responsibility – whether or not they are also anyone else’s.

Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom

[The] need to face and understand our suffering, and to change toward new values, is perhaps the basic spiritual narrative – the common core of world spirituality.

Roger Gottlieb, Joining Hands: Politics and Religion Together for Social Change

Much of the literature on the relationship between social justice and spirituality focuses on how spirituality has informed and inspired social justice work. Relatively little attention is paid to how social justice might inform the practice and development of spirituality. These spheres, however, share a deep concern with suffering, which is a central concern and animating force of both. Social justice and spirituality are, moreover, in a recursive relationship, on which I focus here.

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Medium 9781855753723

CHAPTER THREE: The “best worst option”: three examples

Roger Kennedy Karnac Books ePub

It is rare to come away from a family assessment thinking that one has recommended an easy option. Decisions about a child’s future have to be made, and that usually means that someone is going to suffer, including the child. If a child is going to be reunited with their parents, then they will lose valuable foster parents; if the decision is to remove children from harmful parents, the children will still miss their parents, and will usually try to make contact with them when they become adolescent, however abusive they may have been. Siblings may have to be separated, one parent may lose the right for any direct contact, families in treatment will have to face difficult thoughts and feelings, a child placed with adopted parents may be abused by them. Hence the title of this chapter; there is no perfect answer in this work; there is no certainty. The examples given, taken from my own caseload, try to show something of the complexity of the issues that are addressed in the detail of these kinds of situation. While in each case clear recommendations came out of the assessment process, it took some time to reach them and there were no easy answers.

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Medium 9781574411522

21 Parole, Good Time, and Discharge

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter twenty-one

parole, good time, and discharge

N

ow, to what you’ve all been waiting for: the frustrating rules governing an inmate’s release from prison. First—parole is not a right; it is not guaranteed to any inmate. Parole is a privilege. It is granted by the

Texas Board of Pardons and Paroles, which consists of eighteen men and women who were appointed to their seats due to their avowed interest in law and order. Second—parole will be awarded when the members of the board decide, and their decision is subjective. It is also influenced by the political winds of the day, and by pressures brought to bear by overcrowded prisons and available money to build new ones.

So, if a convict tells you he is “up for parole,” don’t rush out to buy him clothes. All he is saying is that he is now eligible and that the board will shortly review his case and consider him for parole.

Before I go into details, let me stress those two points. Parole is not guaranteed, and there is no way to predict what the board will do in any given case. A man serving a twenty-year sentence for robbery may become eligible for parole after two and one-half years and be granted parole. Then again, he could be denied, reviewed every year thereafter and denied each time until he has done his entire twenty years, and it would all be perfectly legal, although rare.

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Medium 9781626562691

9 The Peace Room

Maya Schenwar Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

When we think about the prison abolitionist movement ... it’s not “Tear down all prison walls tomorrow,” it’s “crowd out prisons” with other things that work effectively and bring communities together rather than destroying them.

—Andrea Smith, INCITE!: Women of Color Against Violence 1

As spring exhales its way into summer, I pay a visit to Manley High School in Chicago’s North Lawndale neighborhood. In 2007, Manley logged the most “violent incidents” of any high school in the city—though of course such rankings will always be subjective, depending on which incidents are reported, which are dubbed violent, and who’s counting.2 Largely attended by black and Latino students, it’s prime ground for the school-to-prison pipeline, in which school-based arrests pave a quick path to early incarceration. Research by Project NIA found that about one out of five juvenile arrests in Chicago in 2010 took place at a school. Seventy-five percent of those arrested were black youth, even though black kids make up only 42 percent of the Chicago school system.3

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Medium 9781623491376

Appendix 2. Government and Other Resources

Porter, Charles R. Texas A&M University Press ePub

APPENDIX 2

GOVERNMENT AND OTHER RESOURCES

1. Edwards Aquifer Authority (EAA): www.edwardsaquifer.org. This is the website of the most influential groundwater district in the state. It is also an extensive site with access to everything the EAA is authorized to regulate.

2. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): www.epa.gov. This federal website includes extensive information about issues pertaining to water across the United States.

3. Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA): www.lcra.org. The website of the LCRA is full of good information about weather and river conditions.

4. River authorities: Use the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department site for links to all the river authorities in Texas: http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/landwater/water/habitats/rivers/authorities.phtml.

5. San Antonio Water System (SAWS): www.saws.org. The SAWS website has extensive information about San Antonio’s water supply system and also keeps up a fine internal site on the status of the Edwards Aquifer upon which San Antonio depends for its freshwater. SAWS is a water policy leader in the state and heavily influences water issues. Prudent researchers should place themselves on the mailing list to receive in advance the agendas of SAWS meetings.

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Medium 9781902375014

1.1 Introduction

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

CHAPTER 1

Development and implementation of ISO 9000

1.1 Introduction

Formal quality management systems are increasingly recognised worldwide as an essential attribute of any business. The objectives of quality management are to create and sustain management systems that are sound professionally, commercially, operationally and contractually.

In the 1970s, a large number of national standards were developed for quality systems used in the manufacturing, military and nuclear industries. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, formal quality management techniques were applied in many other business sectors including the service industry and professional organisations. The first quality management standards were not drafted for professional services but these still form the basis for all third party assessments in the service industry. The services provided by building professionals such as architects, engineers and quantity surveyors, unlike a product, often cannot be easily set down tangibly. These services and judgements are highly personalised and intangible. Issues change from time to time and very often there is no single way or an absolute answer to a set of problems, which cannot simply be reduced to pre-planned checklists and routines.

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Medium 9781574411676

6 A Position for Tragedy

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter six

A Position for Tragedy

“I don’t like him. He stares at me.”

—Linda Lowe

I

L

inda Lowe was not one to sit home alone with her two cats.

She very much enjoyed patrolling the Dallas nightclub scene to listen to musicians. On different occasions she had been a member of several “all-girl” musical groups. On Tuesday, June 26, 1984, she called her brother Wade and told him that later in the week she was going to a place called Ianni’s to listen to a band. Wade later related that she was looking for talented musicians to form a new group.1 She was an outgoing person who clearly liked being around others, so she may have grown tired of playing the piano by herself.

Linda was planning to surprise Wade for his upcoming birthday by picking him up in a limo and taking him out for a nice dinner. Those who knew Linda would not have been surprised by her “very generous” and considerate nature, her mother later said.

Linda even sent her brother a Father’s Day card. The bartenders at the nightclubs, who came to know her as a person and a performer, all gushed about how “sweet and nice” she was.2 No one, it seems, had anything negative to say about her—except Abdelkrim

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Medium 9781902375014

4.10 Control of customer-supplied product

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

CHAPTER 4

Legal implications for the construction industry

4.1 Introduction

Traditionally, a client’s expectations with regard to quality in construction works are ensured and upheld by building contracts. With the recent emergence of ISO 9000 quality management systems, however, the definition and assurance of quality have taken on a new dimension. Many contractors have since applied quality management systems in their organisations without understanding its intricate relationship with the building contract used. This chapter examines the likely conflicts and compatibility between Standard Forms of Building Contract and quality management systems. An understanding of the possible legal obligations that may arise from adopting a quality management system contractually will help contractors and clients protect their interests when defects arise. In addition, many contractors are in the process of establishing their quality management systems to increase their competitive and bidding edge.

This trend has raised questions as to the application of quality systems to Standard Forms of Building Contracts in the construction industry. There is a tendency for both the Quality Manager and Construction Manager to consider quality systems and their associated legal obligations separately from building contracts. This may be acceptable when the quality system is still in its infancy stage. As the quality system matures, however, there would be unavoidable interaction between quality systems and contractual/legal obligations at different levels, especially when there is evidence of reliance by the purchaser on certification such as ISO 9000.

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Medium 9781902375014

8.4 Implementing TQM using the ISO 9000 route

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub

CHAPTER 8

Total Quality Management

8.1 Introduction

While quality management systems will help to promote good quality construction, it should be realised that the building industry is, however, frequently characterised by diverse professionals as well as a heavy dependence on foreign labour in some countries. This diversity and reliance can lead to cultural, social as well as professional stratification. Hence, to achieve quality construction, there is a need for all parties involved in the building process to cultivate a teamwork mindset. Unfortunately, such a mindset appears to be still lacking in today’s construction industry. It follows from such a situation that a more rational management approach for the construction process needs to be identified. The existing system of project implementation frequently leads to conflicts among the parties involved in the building process, hence rendering the system devoid of effective communication and teamwork. As construction projects become more varied and complex in nature, a fresh management paradigm seems imperative. In this context, a shift from the profession based scenario to a project-oriented team based scenario may be envisaged. The various disciplines should function within such a team culture, guided by policies, procedures and systems whilst focusing on the objectives and benefits identified for the project from the outset.

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Medium 9781626562691

3 On the Homefront

Maya Schenwar Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

I remember Judge McBryde saying “life,” and Mom screaming over and over, “You can’t do that! You’re not God! You can’t take someone’s life.”

               —Billy Jackson, son of federal prisoner Joe Jackson

In the classic game Monopoly, the square called “Jail” sits ominously in a corner of the board. It’s a hole into which an unsuspecting player might fall after an unlucky roll of the die, or the drawing of a bad card, or simply stumbling upon a space marked “GO TO JAIL” while ambling along the path to riches or ruin. Once you’ve been “sentenced,” you’ve got just three possible routes out of your lonesome confinement: luck (rolling doubles), privilege (a Get Out of Jail Free card), or money.

But once in a while, players stuck inside the jail square have company. A pale green space clings to its outward-facing perimeter: a kind of dry, liminal moat between Jail and the edge of the board, inscribed with the words, “Just Visiting.” A player who happens upon Jail without being mandated there isn’t punished, but must merely spend a brief turn in the square, then get along on her way to other squares and other ventures, as if it had never happened.

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Medium 9781605099866

Tool H: Model Whistleblower Hotline Policy

Tom Devine Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Since the 2002 passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act for corporate accountability, all corporations that are publicly traded in the United States must have whistleblower hotlines to the audit committee for each board of directors. This requirement has institutionalized a common practice for decades at government agencies and companies. It has also created a dynamic, growing cottage industry in the United States for what traditionally was a scattered phenomenon with widely varying standards of quality.

Historically, there has been little credible evidence that hotlines are an effective vehicle through which whistleblowers could challenge corruption or other abuses of power sustained by secrecy. This model policy is drawn from the accumulated best practices of the past seven years since SOX reform created a growth market.

Individuals are invited to make disclosures of information that evidence illegality, gross waste, mismanagement, abuse of authority, substantial and specific danger to public health or safety, and any other action that could create significant liability or other risks to the health of the corporation.

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Medium 9780856832888

Part 1: Where The World Is Currently Heading

Polly Higgins Shepheard-Walwyn ePub

Ecocide is the extensive damage to, destruction of or loss of ecosystem(s) of a given territory, whether by human agency or by other causes, to such an extent that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants of that territory has been severely diminished.

AT certain points in history the world changes gear. We abolished slavery, apartheid was outlawed and we criminalised genocide. Each time humanity reached a tipping point; no longer could we justify using blacks as slaves, destroy lives and allow others to determine the outcome of a man’s life. We get to a stage that we turn and face the truth, even when it is not a sight we wish to see, we give it a name and we say, ‘no more’.

We are now at another point of acceleration; we are poised to move the gear stick up to the next level. We have our foot on the pedal and we are ready to go. But wait. To go to the next level we need new rules. Number one rule is set out below, others are contained within this book. Collectively they make for a safe journey into the unknown. Treat this book as your guide to take with you on your journey, to equip you with the language and the route map to the new world.

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