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2 Living Quarters

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter two

living quarters


n prison, privacy is precious. Inmates need some place to brood, to read and write letters, to kneel and pray. There is no place to be by oneself, except for rare instances. What little privacy inmates have is in their living quarters.

Depending on the age of a particular unit and on an inmate’s custody level, he will live in one of three fashions: single-celled, in administrative segregation; double-celled, in all close, most medium, and some minimum assignments; or in a dormitory, which is only for minimum-security inmates. While many inmates would prefer cells, ironically only close-custody inmates—who have few privileges to speak of—are guaranteed cells.

At the time Ruiz v. Estelle was heard, TDCJ consisted of eighteen units—sixteen for males and two for females. Their design was primarily the same—one long corridor, intersected at intervals by housing blocks that extended, wing-like, to both sides. Imagine a cross with eight arms instead of two and you have the idea. Each block contained from two to four tiers, with twenty-one to thirty-one cells per tier. Designed for one inmate, there were never less than two inmates assigned to each cell, and severe overcrowding—a main issue in Ruiz—resulted in three or sometimes four inmates living in a forty-five-foot space.

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Medium 9781574411522

Appendix F Good Conduct Time

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9781574411676

13 For the Jury

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter thirteen

For the Jury

“You are the exclusive judges of the facts proved, of the credibility of the witnesses, and of the weight to be given their testimony, but you are bound to receive the law from the Court, which is herein given to you, and be governed thereby.”

—Judge Gerry Meier in her charge to the jury



rom his arrest on June 29, 1984, to the end of the trial, his wife

Joanie visited Abdelkrim Belachheb about once a week. During that time, he lost approximately thirty pounds and, since he no longer wore a black wig, his real, graying hair grew out on the sides of his bald head.1

In 1984, the 291st Criminal District Court was located in what was then called the Government Center. At the time of the trial,

Judge Meier’s courtroom was located on the “Civil Side” of the 5th floor, which meant it did not have direct access to the jail. Each day of his trial, Belachheb was escorted across the hall and through a stairwell. (Which was why Judge Meier prohibited cameras on the entire floor.) Because of death threats against Belachheb, Judge

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Medium 9781626562691

1 The Visiting Room

Schenwar, Maya Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Loneliness gnaws at the essence of who we were. The hunger for connection with the outside world is what, in the end, turns us callous, creating delusions that we are better off lonely.

—Abraham Macias,* Pelican Bay Prison

When my parents and I visit Cook County Jail for the first time in February 2009, it is a Saturday and the place is jam-packed. We squeeze into the slow-snaking security line, which curves around several ropes and bumps up against the doorway. Some visitors stare at their feet, hands stuffed in their pockets, trudging forward every few minutes when the line loosens. Others shout to their children to stay within the roped boundaries, fearing that they’ll be booted out for causing a disturbance. A thin, shivering woman standing in front of us is shaking her head over and over, rocking a blanket-covered baby in her arms.

As we inch closer to the metal detector, a guard pulls a tall young woman off to the side, gesturing to her short skirt and scoffing, “You think you can come in here like that? Huh?” After a few hesitant protests—“Sorry, sorry, I didn’t know”—she walks away slowly, toward the exit, face in her hands. We follow commands, removing our shoes and socks, stepping through the metal detector, raising our arms for the pat-down, following the officer who escorts us across the yard.

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Medium 9780749468750

10. What differentiates orbit shifters?

Steve Bax Kogan Page ePub


What differentiates orbit shifters?

Orbit-shifting innovation cannot be managed, it can only be unleashed. And this is not a one-off effort; rather it will have to be done at each threshold of the orbit-shift mountain. The energy and the focus required to navigate the orbit-shifting journey from one threshold to the next have to be replenished. Resolves have to be re-strengthened and commitments re-sought. Without this, the default setting of orbit-maintenance is likely to take over and drag the orbit-shifting journey down into just another orbit-maintaining activity.

What gives orbit shifters the capacity to scale the five thresholds, to confront gravity and new unknowns at every threshold, and restart again and again without feeling de-motivated? And whats more, not just to do it once but to be willing to take on new orbit-shifting challenges again and again.

To start zero-based at every threshold! To do this again and again requires more than tools and process templates. It requires fundamentally different mindsets.

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Medium 9781574411829

4. Boot Camps

Gail Caputo University of North Texas Press PDF


Boot Camps


Boot camps are highly popular residential intermediate sanctions typically used for young offenders and provide for very structured and military-like activities such as strict discipline, physical training and labor, drill, and a regimented schedule of daily activities. Boot camps differ from other intermediate sanctions in that participants are incarcerated, albeit for short and intensive terms, participants are often under the jurisdiction of state or county correctional departments and therefore considered inmates, and many boot camps are located on or near prison grounds.

Although the term boot camp is often used synonymously with shock incarceration, boot camps are actually only one form of shock incarceration. Shock incarceration programs vary, but the common feature is that an offender is confined for some period; this incarceration experience is typically brief but intense. As the term suggests, the idea behind shock incarceration is to provide a deterrent shock or jolt to the offender. To achieve this sense of shock, boot camps are structured and emphasize discipline and rigorous physical training. Boot camps differ from other forms of shock incarceration in that participants are separated from other inmates, participate in physical training drill, and the atmosphere of the program is militaristic in nature with a strict daily structure of activities (MacKenzie & Shaw, 1993).

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Medium 9781626562691

2 The 100-Year Communication Rewind

Schenwar, Maya Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

It’s been awhile. We’ve missed you!

Securus, Illinois’ prison phone company, in an email I received three months after Kayla’s release from prison

From time to time, Kayla asks me to send one of her incarcerated friends a card or a letter for a birthday, or a death in the family, or simply “so she can hear her name” called out when the mail comes around, to provide a brief interruption in the insular monotony of the daily routine. “Mail call” can be the pinnacle of the day in prison—or the low point, for those prisoners who don’t receive anything.

When Kayla’s locked up again in the fall of 2011, I don’t pay her any visits: I’m living across the country in California, where Ryan is finishing his master’s degree. I’m bored there—it’s a small university town with little to do outside of academia—and spend most of my nonworking time pacing through the public library and wandering up and down the same streets. Maybe it is my loneliness, or maybe it’s Kayla’s desperation—but for whatever reason, over these months, we grow closer than we’ve been in years. We’re linked almost solely by letters. We share our weirdest hopes for the future (I’m briefly obsessed with moving to the North Pole), our tiniest short-term goals (she is working hard to befriend a squirrel she has met in the yard), and her day-to-day activities (memorizing all the muscles in the human body, painting and repainting her nails).

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Medium 9781902375014

5.6 Consultants’ drawings

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


A case study of ISO 9000 in large scale projects

5.1 Introduction

Although quality management systems were introduced more than a decade ago in the construction industries of the developed countries (in the United Kingdom, for example), the implementation of quality management systems in some less developed countries is still a relatively new phenomenon.

While quality management systems are now slowly making their presence felt in the less developed countries, there has been a lack of study of the problems faced by practitioners in implementing quality management systems for building projects during their infancy stage in the industry. This vacuum was, likewise, felt in the more developed countries like the United Kingdom when quality management systems were first introduced to their construction industries. This lacuna at the infancy stage means that the lessons and experiences learnt from implementing quality management systems in one particular building project are not necessarily transferred to benefit other projects. Apart from filling this vacuum, the aims of this chapter are to:

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Medium 9781574413175

Chapter 3: A Man with a Plan

Bill Neal University of North Texas Press PDF



A Man with a Plan

Escape, Flight, and Pursuit


Sneed to concoct any one plan that would accomplish all of his goals.

Revenge had to be exacted—not only against Lena but also against

Al. Both had publicly humiliated him. His battered hubris had to be assuaged; his honor in that Victorian society had to be restored.

And he had to do all of that while publicly portraying himself in some heroic role. In 1911 Texas society he could kill Al, even waylay him from ambush and most likely get away with it—maybe even be applauded for it. After all, there was still a statute on the law books of Texas that justified the killing of a libertine provided the enraged husband caught him in bed with his wife.1 But what about Lena?

She had to be punished too. However, as any southern gentleman knew, killing a woman, even a cheating wife, was out of the question.

There was just no way that slaying a woman could be portrayed as the act of a proud, courageous, manly southern hero. On the other hand, after it became public knowledge that Lena had committed adultery, he couldn’t take her back—couldn’t permit that soiled dove to return to the marital bed—without incurring public disdain and therefore disgracing himself.

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Medium 9781574411522

Appendix H Administrative Offices and Unit Profiles

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix H

Administrative Offices and Unit Profiles

Administrative Offices:

Offender Grievances

901 Normal Park, Suit 101A

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 293-4065

Offender Mail System

P.O. Box 99

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 294-6908

Risk Management (Safety)

P.O. Box 99

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 437-2500

Institutional Division (Ad/seg, Disc.)

P.O. Box 99

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 294-2169

Pest Control

One Circle Drive

Sugarland, TX 77478

(281) 490-1152

Sex Offender Treatment Program

P.O. Box 38

Huntsville, TX 77344

(936) 295-6331 ext. 241


2503 Lake Rd., Suite 19

Huntsville, TX 77340

(936) 437-5050

Laundry & Food Services

P.O. Box 99

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 437-5150

Health Services

3009 Highway 30 West

Huntsville, TX 77340

(936) 437-3570

Substance Abuse Treatment

1600 Financial Plaza, Suite 370

Huntsville, TX 77340

(936) 437-2850

Inner Change (Religious Program)

P.O. Box 99

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 294-2183

Classification & Records (good time, status)

P.O. Box 99

Huntsville, TX 77342

(936) 294-6231

Preventive Medicine (HIV/Hepatitis C)

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Medium 9781574411676

5 The North Dallas Nightclub Scene

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter five

The North Dallas

Nightclub Scene

“He is violent even when he is not drinking. But when he does, it’s all over. I used to say, ‘It’s a good thing you can’t get a gun here [in Brussels].’ How did he get one in Texas?”

—Jenny, Belachheb’s first wife quoted in the Dallas Morning News



o one of the waitresses he encountered, Abdelkrim Belachheb was merely a five-foot six-inch man with a wig and crooked teeth.1 To some others, he apparently represented romance from the Mediterranean and mystery from Africa. The frequency of his sexual conquests is as much attributable to his tenacity as to his charm.

His compulsion for sexual conquests, especially of rich women, took him to the nightclubs that sprang up along the LBJ Freeway; the center of the Dallas construction boom. The wilder action was further north in Addison, where the clubs were louder and more raucous. But those establishments attracted a younger crowd— people emerging from high school and college, with good jobs and plenty of money to spend.

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Medium 9781457109737

Chapter 10 Environmental Regulation in Indian Country

General, Conference of Western Attorneys University Press of Colorado ePub

P.439, n.101.      Add the following to the end of the footnote:

Most recently, the EPA has issued a memorandum, Strategy for Reviewing Tribal Eligibility Applications to Administer EPA Regulatory Programs (Jan. 23, 2008), available at http://www.epa.gov/tribal/pdf/strategy-for-reviewing-applications-for-tas-01-23-08.pdf (last visited Jul. 28, 2009), aimed at improving the process for TAS application review under the CWA, CAA and SDWA. See generally David F. Coursen, EPA’s New Tribal Strategy, 38 Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 10643 (2008) (discussing the background and development of the TAS process generally under the three statutes and the new strategy’s components).

P.449, n.178.      Add the following to the end of the footnote:

The Tenth Circuit subsequently upheld the EPA’s determination that the involved land constituted a “dependent Indian community,” as such term is used in 18 U.S.C. § 1151(b), for “Indian country” purposes. Hydro Res., Inc. v. USEPA, 562 F.3d 1249, 1262–67 (10th Cir. 2009).

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Medium 9781574414325

Chapter 20 – Racism, Gangs and Violence

Jorge Antonio Renaud The University of North Texas Press ePub


racism, riots, and gangs

A Time cover story in the early 1980’s declared the East Texas prison unit of Eastham “America’s Toughest Prison,” a distinction hotly disputed by other Texas prison units. The entire then-Texas Department of Corrections rocked after Judge William Wayne Justice ordered the building tender system dismantled as a result of Ruiz v. Estelle. Without its inmate goons to keep order, TDC was exposed as almost criminally understaffed.

Coupled with the mass resignings and reassignments of many old-time guards and wardens—who had flourished under Director W.J. Estelle’s term—the lack of supervision left a power vacuum that was soon exploited by burgeoning prison gangs. Flexing their muscles, the various gangs waged war for the right to control the prison drug trade and jumped at the opportunity to settle old scores. The murder rates rocketed as the media fueled the killing frenzy by publicly lamenting the records for violent deaths that TDCJ convicts were daily rewriting. Clemens, Ellis, I, Coffield, Ramsey I, Darrington—where a 1984 triple murder in a sunlit dayroom prompted TDC’s first system-wide lockdown as officials frantically tried to isolate gang members—all laid valid claims to the dubious title of America’s deadliest joint.

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Medium 9781855753723

CHAPTER TWO: Assessing families

Roger Kennedy Karnac Books ePub

Assessment as process

Making clinical assessments of families is a complex task, requiring attention to details of the family’s history, observing present relationships, looking at the developmental needs of the child, making a judgement about parenting capacity as well as the parents’ personality, while all the time trying to see, often through a mass of paperwork and information of varying reliability, what is in the child’s best interests. Maintaining a capacity to think and reflect is essential to the assessor, and finding such a capacity, however limited, in the family being assessed is a hopeful sign of the possibility of change. After all, a fundamental aim of assessment is to see how much a family is capable of change. But assessing change can be difficult, provoke very different views in professionals, and may need a certain amount of time and an open attitude of mind, the latter being particularly difficult when both the family and the professional network have already made up theirs.

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Medium 9781902375014

8.1 Introduction

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


Total Quality Management

8.1 Introduction

While quality management systems will help to promote good quality construction, it should be realised that the building industry is, however, frequently characterised by diverse professionals as well as a heavy dependence on foreign labour in some countries. This diversity and reliance can lead to cultural, social as well as professional stratification. Hence, to achieve quality construction, there is a need for all parties involved in the building process to cultivate a teamwork mindset. Unfortunately, such a mindset appears to be still lacking in today’s construction industry. It follows from such a situation that a more rational management approach for the construction process needs to be identified. The existing system of project implementation frequently leads to conflicts among the parties involved in the building process, hence rendering the system devoid of effective communication and teamwork. As construction projects become more varied and complex in nature, a fresh management paradigm seems imperative. In this context, a shift from the profession based scenario to a project-oriented team based scenario may be envisaged. The various disciplines should function within such a team culture, guided by policies, procedures and systems whilst focusing on the objectives and benefits identified for the project from the outset.

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