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5.10 Conclusion

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


A case study of ISO 9000 in large scale projects

5.1 Introduction

Although quality management systems were introduced more than a decade ago in the construction industries of the developed countries (in the United Kingdom, for example), the implementation of quality management systems in some less developed countries is still a relatively new phenomenon.

While quality management systems are now slowly making their presence felt in the less developed countries, there has been a lack of study of the problems faced by practitioners in implementing quality management systems for building projects during their infancy stage in the industry. This vacuum was, likewise, felt in the more developed countries like the United Kingdom when quality management systems were first introduced to their construction industries. This lacuna at the infancy stage means that the lessons and experiences learnt from implementing quality management systems in one particular building project are not necessarily transferred to benefit other projects. Apart from filling this vacuum, the aims of this chapter are to:

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7 Medical and Dental Facilities

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter seven

medical and dental facilities


ecause the medical care received in prison is such an important issue, this chapter is broken into two parts. The second, Appendix B, is taken word-for-word from the TDCD-ID Comprehensive Health

Manual, and it outlines what services are available to Texas inmates.

As you will see, they are impressive and are an enormously welcome improvement from the shockingly negligent system in place before


However, there is a huge gulf between what services are available and what services are actually provided. Many factors influence the quality of prison medicine, and the single biggest is the attitude I referred to in chapter one—the system cares little for inmates’ welfare except when it is possible that staff negligence may result in an inmate’s injury and death, and the system will then be held liable.

In this chapter I will again refer to Judge Justice’s March 1, 1999 order in Ruiz v. Johnson, 37 F. Supp 2d and 55 (S. D. Tex. 1999.) While

Judge Justice did not find the medical practices unconstitutional, the testimony of expert and inmate witnesses, and the admissions of medical personnel and TDCJ officials, will help illustrate some of the problems I will point out.

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Medium 9781623491376

4. Water: Privately Owned

Porter, Charles R. Texas A&M University Press ePub


In the hydrologic cycle, surface water, before it becomes water in a watercourse, likely gets to the watercourse by running off the ground. Diffused surface water is rainwater or the water in our rare snowmelts—runoff—that stays on a landowner’s property before it enters a bed or channelized flow.1 This diffused surface water is owned by the landowner and is subject to capture without obtaining a permit from the state. If the landowner is able to capture the runoff water, defined as “casual or vagrant” water, before it joins a natural gully, stream, or watercourse, the landowner owns this water.2 This captured diffused water can be sold or used as the landowner sees fit. However, the moment this captured water enters a watercourse, its ownership transfers to the state. Water left standing in upland areas after a flood recedes may also qualify as diffused surface water, even though actual floodwaters cannot be captured because they are owned by the state.


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2 Living Quarters

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter two

living quarters


n prison, privacy is precious. Inmates need some place to brood, to read and write letters, to kneel and pray. There is no place to be by oneself, except for rare instances. What little privacy inmates have is in their living quarters.

Depending on the age of a particular unit and on an inmate’s custody level, he will live in one of three fashions: single-celled, in administrative segregation; double-celled, in all close, most medium, and some minimum assignments; or in a dormitory, which is only for minimum-security inmates. While many inmates would prefer cells, ironically only close-custody inmates—who have few privileges to speak of—are guaranteed cells.

At the time Ruiz v. Estelle was heard, TDCJ consisted of eighteen units—sixteen for males and two for females. Their design was primarily the same—one long corridor, intersected at intervals by housing blocks that extended, wing-like, to both sides. Imagine a cross with eight arms instead of two and you have the idea. Each block contained from two to four tiers, with twenty-one to thirty-one cells per tier. Designed for one inmate, there were never less than two inmates assigned to each cell, and severe overcrowding—a main issue in Ruiz—resulted in three or sometimes four inmates living in a forty-five-foot space.

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Medium 9780253017314

Unconstitutional Abuse of Power or Legitimate and Necessary Security Measures? NSA Programs under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

David P Fidler Indiana University Press ePub

Unconstitutional Abuse of Power or
Legitimate and Necessary Security Measures?
NSA Programs under the Foreign
Intelligence Surveillance Act

It all started with disclosure of this document, which came to be known as the “Verizon Order.” In it, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC) ordered Verizon to produce to the NSA on a daily basis records of telephone calls—telephony or telephone metadata—between the United States and foreign countries and wholly within the United States, pursuant to Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act (codified as 50 U.S.C. §1861). Information sought under Section 215 for foreign intelligence purposes or to protect against international terrorism must be “relevant to an authorized investigation.” The Verizon Order revealed that the FBI, NSA, and FISC interpreted this requirement to mean the NSA could collect from Verizon, and from other telephone companies under similar FISC orders, metadata on millions of telephone calls made by Americans every day. Exposure of the telephone metadata program, and the associated interpretation of Section 215, triggered a political and legal controversy in the United States.

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5 Disposable Babies

Schenwar, Maya Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

She’s in the free world, so there are security considerations.

—Prison guard, explaining why Kayla can’t call us from the hospital after giving birth

It’s late July and humidity drenches the sweat-scented air of the visiting room at Logan prison. Kayla is shifting back and forth in her stiff chair, tugging at her pink polo shirt, which is standard attire for incarcerated pregnant women. The pink identifies them as particularly vulnerable bodies, should “something happen.” (The example Kayla gives is a physical fight: A person will get in more trouble, she says, if her adversary is pregnant.) She pushes impatiently at her belly, which is beginning to usurp the rest of her body. “I’m just moving Angelica around,” she explains. “She’s getting up in my rib cage.” Kayla’s a month and a half from her due date. We ask if her fellow prisoners avoid the topic of the pregnancy. Kayla shakes her head.

“People put their hands on my baby, and say, Aww, when is she due,’ and I’m thinking, Who the hell did you murder?” she says, rolling her eyes. Logan houses all but three of the women convicted of homicide in Illinois. Kayla heaves her long hair into a pile atop her head, dark drizzles of makeup residue sliding out the corners of her eyes. “The next day, I find out. Oh great, you killed your kid! And your dog? Thanks for the good luck.” She smiles. Kayla’s sense of humor may be floundering a bit, given her current pool of material, but she’s still got it.

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2.7 Leadership style

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


Behavioural influence of ISO 9000

2.1 Introduction

The ISO 9000 standard is a quality management system which involves every employee within an organisation, both directly and indirectly. As a management system, it requires discipline within an organisation to ensure that procedures are followed closely by all employees. Unless everyone contributes with the right attitude, the system will not function properly. While documentation is the key to implementation, top management’s commitment, the generous provision of resources and a positive attitude towards ISO 9000 are important attributes which underpin quality management systems. Quality management systems do not function effectively without the support of senior management.

In reality, however, things are not always smooth going. It is human nature to resist change, even for the better. Apart from employees’ reluctance to follow a set of rigid procedures, they may also perceive it as pointless to document procedures for activities which they have been doing every day for many years. The failure of management in securing co-operation and co-ordination adds to difficulties in implementing quality systems. Furthermore, organisation politics is another reality which should not be ignored for managing quality systems effectively. While the technical requirements of ISO 9000 are important, studies have suggested that other non-technical, irrational and socio-political factors may have an equally adverse influence on quality management systems (Seymour and Low, 1990; Low, 1989, 1993).

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Epilogue: B. Reflections, Speculations, and Unsolved Mysteries

Bill Neal University of North Texas Press PDF



How skillfully, how masterfully, did McLean, Johnson, Scott, and even Beal Sneed himself when he took the stand, play on those prejudices, those fears of female eroticism, which, unless decisively restrained, threatened their own manhood and honor, those fears that a northern encroachment of modernism was threatening their core values and their way of life. In the end, the only patriotic thing the jurors could do to protect the home of John Beal Sneed, and— even more importantly—to protect their own homes, and to protect the homes of all upright and right-thinking citizens of Texas was to send forth a clear and resounding message that this was not the North; that henceforth free love, promiscuity, female eroticism, lightness in women, easy divorces, as well as lustful libertines, and any other brand of northern modernism would not be tolerated.

Henceforth Texas homes would be protected!

Because . . . well, after all, because this was Texas.

In the end, it seems more than probable that the jurors, at least the jurors in the second Fort Worth murder trial, didn’t really believe that Lena was insane, didn’t really buy into that “moral insanity” charade. But they were willing to give Beal Sneed a pass on that to salvage his tattered pride. What the jurors did buy into, however, was the “protecting the home” fiction that the McLean-Johnson-Sneed team orchestrated so masterfully to resonate so well with the jurors’ inherited Victorian culture.

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1 Diagnostic

Jorge Antonio Renaud University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter One



ince October 1, 1849, when a horse thief became the first person to be held in the state’s custody instead of by local law enforcement, Huntsville has been synonymous with Texas prisons. The beautiful town of

Huntsville—nestled in the midst of the state’s most lovely forests; four votes from being state capital instead of Austin; adopted home of General Sam Houston—is, nonetheless, by virtue of that first prison, fated to always be linked with prisons in the minds of Texans. That unit, built in what would soon be downtown Huntsville and known as the Walls, also soon included the growing system’s administrative offices. Over a century later, as the system began to expand rapidly, it became obvious that a separate unit was needed as a processing center. The Diagnostic Unit, built in 1964 a few thousand yards from the original Walls, became that intake unit. While there are now other units that may also serve some of the functions as the Diagnostic Unit, (now called the Byrd Unit), it was the first, it remains the most thorough, and it is the one I will use as a model.

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Chapter 14 – Craft Shop

Jorge Antonio Renaud The University of North Texas Press ePub


craft shop

There are perhaps only three ways an inmate may legally make money while he is in TDCJ. One is to write and then market his fiction, essays and poetry to free-world magazines. Another is to paint or draw and sell his artwork to interested buyers outside the walls. Both of these moneymaking ideas are subject to not just individual talent but to the mails, and to the hit-and-miss assistance of outside parties.

TDCJ offers one way for inmates who keep clear disciplinary records to make money while inside the walls, with all work and most sales being done by the inmates. It’s called the craft shop, or the “piddling” shop, and it is a privilege not to be dismissed lightly. The craft shop is just that: an area where inmates work on leather goods, jewelry, wood projects, paintings, fanciful stick creations—any of a number of personal expressions that can be done at a minimum of cost and then sold to officers or visitors or marketed to the free-world.

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3 Defining Village Boundaries at the Time of the Introduction of the Malikane System: The Struggle of the Ottoman State for Reaffirming Ownership of the Land

Schull, Kent F. Indiana University Press ePub

Michael Nizri

SINCE LAND FORMED the major economic resource for centuries, providing a large share of people’s income and an important part of government’s taxes, the Ottoman state and Hanafi jurists had to deal with problems and issues relating to ownership, land management, access to agricultural surplus, and the settlement of disputes.2 As power relations shifted among various forces—the state, provincial administrators, local notables, owners of “free-hold” properties, waqf founders, peasant cultivators, and so forth—the rules of landed property were occasionally recast by legal thinkers and the central government.3 After all, as Sabrina Joseph asserts, “the law is a dynamic discourse, an integral part of the historical process, which is responsive to existing reality and actively engaged in shaping and re-shaping this reality. Thus, the law, similar to relations of power, is constantly being renegotiated.”4

Legal norms relating to landed property were formulated on the basis of Islamic law (sharia) and Ottoman imperial regulations (sing. kanun) defined in sultanic decrees and derived from local and customary usage as well as administrative exigencies. They emphasized first and foremost the role of the state or the ruler as the source of property rights (the right to make decisions regarding the land). These rights did not entail absolute claims over a certain property. Rather, they described differentiated and particularistic claims of revenue and subsistence. Not only rights to revenues, to the use of the land, and to its title were differentiated, but each claim could also be assigned to different claimants under various categories of property.5

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Chapter 12: The John Beal Sneed Wars Continue

Bill Neal University of North Texas Press PDF



The John Beal Sneed

Wars Continue

Combat in the Courts, Firefights in the Streets

JOHN BEAL SNEED walked out of the Vernon courthouse a free

man on February 25, 1913. For almost two years he had soldiered on through physical, mental, and emotional ordeals that would have worn out the body and crushed the spirit of an ordinary man— all the confrontations, the bloodletting, the killing of two human beings, and then being run through the emotional wringer during four murder trials—in three of which his own life hung in the balance. On top of all of that, his family life had been devastated.

In the end, John Beal Sneed’s iron will, his callous disregard for anyone except himself, and his grim determination to prevail, whatever the cost, did prevail. He had succeeded in ending the love triangle between his wife and Al Boyce; he had publicly vindicated his wounded pride by killing Colonel Boyce and Al Boyce; he had forced a woman who hated him to remain his wife and live with him; and finally, he had defeated all the criminal charges lodged against him. It would seem that any mortal man who had been through all that John Beal Sneed had just endured would have been more than

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7.8 Proposed construction quality costs quantifying system (CQCQS)

Low Sui Pheng Chartridge Books Oxford ePub


A system for quantifying construction quality costs

7.1 Introduction

There are three components that make up quality costs: Prevention, Appraisal and Failure costs. The ISO 9000 standard introduces a quality management system that has been widely claimed would reduce the costs of business. One of the ways it does this is through a reduction in quality costs. The ISO 9000 quality management system establishes work procedures that reduce defects. Proper design and implementation of these work procedures lead to reduced wastage as more work would be done right the first time. Ultimately, the costs of operation would decrease. However, no study has been done based on the above premise. Although it has been widely claimed that ISO 9000 would reduce the costs of doing business, no studies have been undertaken within the context of ISO 9000 certified construction firms. Due to this vacuum, this chapter proposes a cost system to capture site quality costs. The aims of this chapter are to:

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10 A Wakeup

Schenwar, Maya Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

It’s time to understand, go open-eyed into ourselves, into our deepest fears, among our underground youth, into the futureless future, and then rise up.
The time of sleeping is over.

—Luis Rodriguez, “The Wanton Life”

Emerging from a childhood seared by poverty and gang violence, poet Luis Rodriguez was incarcerated briefly in 1970. Later, his son spent more than thirteen years in prison. In “The Wanton Life,” Rodriguez writes of the prospect of a cultural awakening—not by way of brilliant innovation, but through the process of connecting, with both ourselves and those we have estranged, with eyes that remain open even as they drink in fear.

Incarceration may provide public reassurance that “dangerous” people have vanished and are therefore no longer in existence—but it also permits a different kind of closed-eyed comfort for those safely ensconced in non-prisonerhood. As Angela Davis notes, it veils homelessness.1 (Lacino, running from foster care, living in stolen cars—locked up.) It veils poverty. (Sable, lawyerless, helpless to fight the contorted charges against her—locked up.) It veils illiteracy. (The 97 percent of prisoners who are assessed as not “proficient” in reading and writing—locked up.) It veils drug dependency. (Kayla, passed out on the street, homeless and near death, a needle in her arm—locked up.) And it veils racism—the criminalization of black and brown people, persisting over the centuries under the mask of “justice.”

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4. Introduction to Federal and Interstate Issues

P. Andrew Jones University Press of Colorado ePub

It is important to understand water law concepts employed in other states and the basic principles governing disputes between states to gain a better understanding of Colorado’s prior appropriation system. The United States follows the general rule that each state has “plenary control” over the waters within its boundaries and is free to develop whatever system of water rights administration it chooses.1 The McCarran Amendment (43 U.S.C. §666) is a federal statute, adopted in 1953, that allows the United States the right to claim the adjudication and administration of certain rights to use water within a state’s water allocation system. (The effect is to permit state courts to adjudicate federal water rights claims under state law.)2 In Colorado, for example, the federal government must have an adjudicated decree just like any other Colorado water rights holder to divert water from a stream for a federal project or purpose. The federal government cannot take water out of priority or create a new place on the adjudicated priority lists that was not established in the original local water court proceedings.

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