235 Chapters
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Medium 9781622500291

Caring for Family Pets

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

name

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date ____________________________

CARING FOR FAMILY PETS

Practice using synonyms (words with similar meanings) as context clues. Notice the boldfaced vocabulary word in the first sentence of each item.

Then circle a synonym for that word in the second sentence. The first item has been done as a model.

1. Tehmeena takes her dog and two cats to Dr. Tan, the veterinarian.

The animal doctor tries to make each visit a good experience.

2. Sometimes Dr. Tan must give the pets their vaccinations. These injections protect against disease.

3. Tehmeena knows her pets must be obedient. If they are well-behaved, she can take them places without worrying.

4. When Bingo the dog follows commands, Tehmeena gives him a reward. This prize is usually a dog biscuit or a romp in the park.

5. Tehmeena spends lots of money on flea control products. Those pests can bite not only dogs and cats, but family members as well.

6. The dog and the cats all wear collars. ID tags and licenses hang from their neckbands.

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Medium 9781622500291

Buying a Car 1

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

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BUYING A CAR I

Match words in the box with clues.

Write the words on the puzzle. make model sticker price warranty lease trade-in negotiate option rebate msrp

ACROSS

2. a feature that can be chosen or not chosen

1

5. an agreement by which a dealer lets a car be used for a specified length of time and for a certain amount of money

2

3

4

5

9. an itemized list of charges and a final price; these appear on a sheet glued to the car window

10. a part given back from the amount paid

7

6

8

9

DOWN

1. the specific style or design of the car, such as a Mustang from Ford

10

3. a guarantee that a car company will repair problems or replace parts for a certain length of time

4. to talk over a deal in the hope of reaching an agreement

6. a used car given as partial payment on a new one

7. the name of the company that made the car, such as Buick

8. abbreviation for manufacturer’s suggested retail price

CHALLENGE!  On the back of this sheet, write sentences explaining the

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Medium 9781626567856

Some Parting Advice

Burke, Fauzia Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

From my many years of promoting books online, the one thing I know for sure is that each book has its own sales trajectory. Some start selling right out of the gate and reach great heights, while others take the scenic route and sell steadily for years. And yes, there are some books that don’t sell well at all. With the same marketing efforts, some books resonate with buyers better and more rapidly than others. Why is that?

As much as I would love to say, “I know the answer,” it’s just not possible to know. We have worked on many books that turned into huge bestsellers, and on many more that we wished would have sold better. What I do know for sure is that as publicists, we work with diligence and commitment. We believe in the books we promote. We are creative and flexible. We follow up religiously, and then we hope for a little magic.

When books don’t sell as well as we had hoped, it is disappointing for everyone, not just their authors. The effectiveness of your online marketing efforts should not be judged by book sales alone. Through TV you can reach millions of people with one segment; this type of publicity is not possible online. Online exposure is diffused. You may get millions of hits, but they will be staggered. People will more likely come from different sites and see the information at different times, on different days, in different months or even years. When you think of online exposure, think longevity and message control.

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Medium 9780253019417

3 “Grow with That, Walk with That”: Hymes, Dialogicality, and Text Collections

Edited by Paul V Kroskrity and Anthony Indiana University Press ePub

M. Eleanor Nevins

THIS ESSAY REFLECTS upon Dell Hymes’s contribution to dialogic anthropology and to the interpretation of Americanist text collections. I will show how Hymes’s concerns for communicative relativity, genre, and poetics enable new understandings of dialogic relations hidden in the documentary record of the Americanist tradition and in ethnographic research encounters more broadly. Dennis Tedlock (1979) and Bruce Mannheim have identified dialogism as a way to address what they describe as the “phenomenological critique” of anthropology (Mannheim and Tedlock 1995, 3; cf. Fabian 1971). They find promise in bridging the theoretical concerns of Bakhtin with the Americanist tradition’s documentary practice of transcribing stories, songs, speeches, and other long stretches of indigenous consultants’ speech. While I follow them in these respects, I expand the role they assign to the ethnography of speaking. The latter is limited, in their view, by its reliance on synchronic structure and a static, normative relation of competence drawn between individual and collective.

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Medium 9781622500291

Words on Government Forms

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

name

_________________________________________

date ____________________________

WORDS ON GOVERNMENT FORMS

All citizens must fill out government forms at one time or another.

Whether you’re getting a driver’s license, filing income tax, or changing your address, it will be useful to know the words in this lesson.

A. Sometimes writers include a short definition with a difficult

word. Readers can use these definitions as context clues. Read each pair of sentences below. Notice the boldfaced word in the first sentence. Then find and underline its definition in the second sentence. Use the first item as a model.

1.

As an applicant for a Social Security card, Tanisha printed her name at the top of the form. She saw that the person submitting the application also needed to sign at the bottom of the page.

2.

Directions also told Tanisha to fill out the attached documents.

These papers were fastened to the application with a staple.

3.

The Social Security Department is a federal agency. It is under the control of the central government of the United States.

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Medium 9781622500291

Job Review Words

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

name

_________________________________________

date ____________________________

JOB REVIEW WORDS

The vocabulary words in this lesson are adjectives that might appear on a job review.

A. Read the sentences about each employee. Then

circle a letter to show which adjective describes that person. Use a dictionary if you need help.

Riley never wastes a minute on the job. He is always on-task and

1. produces more than most other workers.

Riley is  a. industrious.  b. lazy.  c. curious.

2.

Mariah comes up with new solutions to problems. She has fresh ideas.

Mariah is  a. tidy.  b. creative.  c. irritating.

3.

Clyde is never reckless or in a hurry. He uses caution and completes all work carefully. Clyde is  a. positive.  b. polite.  c. prudent.

4.

Henri is sure of himself. He is able to make good decisions on his own and work with very little direction. Henri is  a. self-employed.  b. self-confident.  c. selfish.

5.

Juanita can perform tasks in nearly every department. Whether a letter needs typing or a machine needs fixing, Juanita can do it.

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Medium 9780253019417

8 Translating Oral Literature in Indigenous Societies: Ethnic Aesthetic Performances in Multicultural and Multilingual Settings

Edited by Paul V Kroskrity and Anthony Indiana University Press ePub

Sean Patrick O’Neill

IN MANY WAYS, the process of translation is one of the most fundamental concerns within the field of anthropology (Becker 1995; Rubel and Rosman 2003). Even at the outset, one must question the extent to which translation is possible when passing—as anthropologists so often do—between distant and often unrelated languages and cultures. What happens to words and other elements of discourse as they are lifted from one social context and placed in another language, far from the living subjects who once animated these utterances? When it comes to writing up these encounters, every anthropologist is faced with the daunting task of representing these remote worlds of experience in “plain English” or some kind of academic jargon as we attempt to recreate field interactions in new contexts, for audiences who may not share the same cultural background or even speak the same language as the original consultants. Thus, in a deep and abiding way, one wonders how much is lost in the process of translation once the anthropologist departs from the original language and the context of shared life experiences.

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Medium 9781936765171

4 Intervening for English Learner Performance

Douglas Fisher Solution Tree Press ePub

The debate about the effects of accountability systems has produced one wide area of agreement—it has drawn overdue attention to the progress of students with learning and language differences. The shorthand of accountability-speak is that these groups comprise “significant subgroups”—that is, students whose socioeconomic, ethnic, language, and disability differences warrant our attention. However, any principal knows that the broad categories of significant subgroups can obscure the uniqueness of their members.

Response to instruction and intervention (RTI2) with English learners is complex because of the many factors that influence second language development. English learners deserve supplemental and intensive interventions, especially when their performance pales in compares with that of true peers, not just chronological ones.

• What are true peers?

• What is RTI2?

• What elements are necessary in quality core instruction?

• Is English language development (ELD) the same as Tier 2?

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Medium 9781622500291

Styles of the Century 1

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

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_________________________________________

date ____________________________

STYLES OF THE CENTURY I

Read about some clothing styles that were popular during the first half of the

20th century. Then circle words to complete the sentences that follow the chart.

DECADE STYLE

1900–

1910

1910–

1920

1920s

1930s

• corset

•top hat

• hobble skirt

• boater

• cloche hat

• raccoon coat

• evening gown

•high heels

• Skokies

• turban

• zoot suit

DESCRIPTION

•tight-fitting undergarment meant to slim a woman’s figure

•gentleman’s formal hat with high crown

•high-fashion gown tied near the hem by a straight band

•man’s straw hat for summer wear

•close-fitting woman’s hat; like a cloth bathing cap

•big fur coat popular with young men

•long, graceful formal dress

•women’s shoes with high, slender heels

•lightweight, rubber-soled men’s shoes

•cloth head wrap for women

•men’s suit coats with wide, padded shoulders,

1940s

  the pants ballooned at the knee and were tight

  at the ankles

1. For a popular “hourglass figure,” women of the early 1900s cinched their waists with stiff, uncomfortable ( corsets / blazers ).

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Medium 9781574411713

2: Introduction

Guadalupe San Miguel Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

CHAPTER 2

THE EXPANSION OF BILINGUAL

EDUCATION, 1968–1978

INTRODUCTION

During the first decade of its existence, from 1968 to 1978, bilingual education policy was strengthened and transformed as it was implemented.

Federal court rulings, executive actions, and the political struggles of minority and non-minority group members contributed to its growth and strengthening.

The proponents of bilingual education constantly struggled for funds, created the administrative mechanisms for encouraging the establishment of bilingual education programs, provided definitions of and clashed over the goals and content of bilingual education, and developed a federal support system for its implementation. These developments led to a variety of programmatic, educational, and political changes and to the transformation in the goals, scope, and character of bilingual education. They also led to the emergence of an organized opposition to bilingual education policy.

TRANSFORMATION OF POLICY

Expand Scope of Legislation: From Categorical to

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Medium 9781936764976

PART V Collaborative Writing

Richard E Ferdig Solution Tree Press ePub

PART V

Collaborative Writing

Writing is usually perceived as a solitary activity. However, more and more teachers are recognizing that writing is often a collaborative venture that contains significant benefits for students. Kenneth Bruffee (1973, 1984) is credited with developing collaborative writing instruction as a pedagogical practice. From a theoretical perspective, this adheres to a sociocultural view of literacy in which reading and writing are social and cultural practices (Schultz, 1997).

Collaborative writing can encompass a range of formats. Usually, it means students are composing and crafting a piece of writing in pairs or groups. Students work together from the initial brainstorming to submitting a final piece of writing (Kittle & Hicks, 2009). Research finds that collaborative writing can be very beneficial for students (Rish & Caton, 2011; Schultz, 1997). Collaborative peer groups can serve as scaffolds for students when learning specific writing strategies or when providing constructive responses (Graham et al., 2012). The National Council of Teachers of English (2008b) recommends collaboration as a means for students to develop an “understanding of voice in writing” (p. 5).

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Medium 9781574411713

Conclusion

Guadalupe San Miguel Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION

This brief history focused on one of the most contentious and misunderstood policies in the country: federal bilingual education. It traced and explained, in bold sketches, the rise and fall of federal bilingual education policy during the years from 1960 to 2001 and the role played by the contending groups of supporters and opponents in its development.

Three major findings were presented in this book. First, this study showed that contestation, conflict, and accommodation were integral aspects of federal bilingual education policy development. From its origins in the 1960s to the present, different groups with competing notions of ethnicity, assimilation, pedagogy, and power have contended, clashed, struggled, and negotiated with each other for hegemony in the development and implementation of bilingual education. Second, contextual forces over time, especially electoral politics and a changing political climate at the national, state, and local level, significantly shaped the contours and content of this policy. Finally, those supportive of or opposed to federal bilingual education displayed a wide array of political, educational, and social reasons for their actions.

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Medium 9780253007452

1 Introduction: “Message” Is the Medium

Michael Lempert Indiana University Press ePub

“Message” Is the Medium

If the genius of the Clinton campaign was its disciplined focus on message—“The economy, stupid”—the Clinton transition stumbled slightly out of the gate.

Although it harnessed masterfully the new prestige of the president-elect with Clinton’s symbolic reaching out to common people during his walk on Georgia Avenue last week, it has also endured a torrent of stories about such “off message” matters as homosexuals in the military and the role of Hillary Clinton.

Washington Post, 22 November 1992

In their professional jargon, political insiders call it simply—and to many outsiders, misleadingly—“message.” It is the politician’s publicly imaginable ‘character’ presented to an electorate, with a biography and a moral profile crafted out of issues rendered of interest in the public sphere. In this book we examine the ways in which modern electoral politics in the United States revolves around contests over “message.”

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Medium 9781622500291

Getting Around on Foot

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

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_________________________________________

date ____________________________

GETTING AROUND ON FOOT

Looking for transportation? Look no farther than the ends of your legs! Walking is a great way to get around and is carbon neutral!

A. Read the passage. Use context clues to figure out the meanings of

the boldfaced words. Then write the definitions in your own words.

Hai crosses busy 43rd Street on his daily walk to work. He usually uses the corner crosswalk. On Monday, however, Hai was late! He thought he would save time by crossing in the middle of the street.

He looked left and right. There was no traffic, so he jogged across.

Then Hai noticed the police car. It was too late! The officer got out and marched toward Hai.

“Don’t you know it’s dangerous to jaywalk?” he asked Hai.

“I’m writing you a ticket.”

Hai stuffed the ticket in his pocket and continued on to work.

Luckily, his hobby was race walking, so he easily picked up the pace.

But even though he hurried, Hai was later than ever for work!

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Medium 9781622500291

Time Management

Saddleback Educational Publishing Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

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_________________________________________

date ____________________________

TIME MANAGEMENT

“Too much to do and too little time!” Have you ever heard that common complaint?

The words in the box are about planning your time wisely. appointment calendar entertainment exercise organized recreation schedule social stress responsibilities

Complete the dialogue below by filling in the missing letters. The complete words can be found in the box.

CHARACTERS: Crazed Carmen and Orderly Olivia

Carmen: (frantically) I can’t handle my r __ s __ __ __ __ __ b __ __ __ t __ __ __!

I have too much to do!

Olivia: (calmly) You need to get o __ __ __ n __ z __ d.

Let’s make a list of the things you usually do in a week.

We’ll write them on a __ a __ e __ d __ r. First, let’s plan next week’s __ c h __ __ __ l __. What do you have to do?

Carmen: I have a doctor’s   __ p __ __ __ n __ m __ __ t  at 3:00 on

Tuesday. I’ll go straight from school. Wait! That’s when I usually jog! When will I find time to e __ __ __ __ __ s __?

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