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Medium 9781442277229

The Museum of Conflict: An Alternative Model of Social Engagement

Juilee Decker Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub
Anushka RajendranSchool of Arts and Aesthetics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India, anushka.rjndrn@gmail.comAbstract Conflictorium: The Museum of Conflict was established in Mirzapur, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, in 2013, as a small community museum in the western part of India committed to its local context. The area has a history of ongoing communal tensions between the various communities that coexist within it, and the museum directly responds to the demands generated by this particularity. The exhibits at the museum consist of a collection of participative/immersive contexts that accumulate narratives of the experiences and memories of its visitors, thereby working through the trauma embedded in the everyday. By identifying as a museum, the space routes the validation that being part of a museum collection forges to acknowledge the legitimacy of the contemporary history of its community, thereby lending them a sense of belonging. This sensitivity to the audience that the museum addresses is particularly unique in India, where state-funded museums have historically had limited active engagement with their viewing publics. This article contextualizes the Conflictorium’s presence as an alternative museum model in the country’s social and political context as well as the existing network of public, private, and community museums. See All Chapters
Medium 9781607321996

INTRODUCTION Individual Intentionality, Social Structure, and Material Agency in Early Writing and Emerging Script Technologies

Joshua Englehardt University Press of Colorado ePub

JOSHUA ENGLEHARDT AND DIMITRI NAKASSIS

A search for “agency” and “archaeology” in virtually any academic database will yield a vast number of books, articles, and reviews, written for the most part in the past twenty years. If, however, one adds the search term “text” or “writing,” the number of hits diminishes dramatically, and if references to modern texts and writing are removed, the result is virtually nil. Such searches measure very crudely what we archaeologists already know: agency and text have not to date been archaeological concerns (cf. Yoffee 2005, 113—30). Why should this be? After all, reading and interpreting ancient texts are an important aspect of doing archaeology in many chronological periods in both the New and Old Worlds. Indeed, it could be argued that ancient writing should have increased in prominence with the popularity of agency approaches in archaeology; after all, individual agents are frequently evident in early writing systems in a way that they are not in the archaeological record. Early texts are full of people with names doing specific things in particular places and times. These textually attested actors seem to have agency, if we use the generally accepted definition of agency as the capacity to make a difference through action (Giddens 1984, 14). This is precisely the problem, however—identifying individuals and their actions alone does not constitute the study of agency. The view that social life is the aggregation of the intentional and rational decisions of historical actors is one that agency approaches of nearly every stripe seek to abolish and overcome.

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Medium 9781574416367

How Detroit Was Reborn The Inside Story of Detroit’s Historic Bankruptcy Case

Gayle Reaves, Editor UNT Press ePub
Medium 9781449330064

3. Case Studies

Jonathan Gray O'Reilly Media ePub

In this section we take a more in-depth, behind-the-scenes look at several data journalism projectsfrom apps developed in a day to nine-month investigations. We learn about how data sources have been used to augment and improve coverage of everything from elections to spending, riots to corruption, the performance of schools to the price of water. As well as larger media organizations such as the BBC, the Chicago Tribune, the Guardian, the Financial Times, Helsingin Sanomat, La Nacin, Wall Street Journal, and the Zeit Online, we learn from smaller initiatives such as California Watch, Hack/HackersBuenos Aires, ProPublica, and a group of local Brazilian citizen-journalists called Friends of Januria.

The Opportunity Gap used never-before-released U.S. Department of Education civil rights data and showed that some states, like Florida, have levelled the field and offer rich and poor students roughly equal access to high-level courses, while other states, like Kansas, Maryland, and Oklahoma, offer less opportunity in districts with poorer families.

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Medium 9781449305604

18. On the Therapist's Couch: Books as Apps, Really? (Neal Hoskins, WingedChariot)

Hugh McGuire O'Reilly Media ePub

Neal Hoskins is the founder of wingedchariot. Outdoors and onscreen its all about the obvious. You can follow him on twitter at @utzy. WingedChariot makes beautiful multi-lingual applications for many screens. Their work sits at the intersection of quality print and digital production. Follow @storiestotouch for news.

I begin with a personal story. By the time these crisp chapters come out, three years will have passed since WingedChariot made its first app. In terms of app development, this is long ago, but in practice it is really only 36 months.

That first app was an 18-slide picture book that was designed to be read on a 3.5 inch screen. Readers swiped to move the page and saw a total of six animations of a sheep on a motorbike. At the time, many people laughed at this effort. What is it? they asked. Really? A childrens book on such a small screen?

Then, in 2010, larger-form tablets arrived, and boy, we were off, as in Vroooooooooooooooooooooooom.

But track back a little to 2008 when the first app stores were opening. At the time, we were inspired by innovators like Scrollmotion and Enhanced Editions. These and other firms were pioneers, ones that saw apps as a way to provide books with pictures, sounds, and interactivity in a much more friendly and hands-on way than publishers ever achieved on formats like the CD-ROM or floppy disk.

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Medium 9781442265790

Access, Indexes, and Technology

Collections ePub

Erin Roussel

Scanning Manager, The Louisiana Colonial Documents Digitization Project, Louisiana State Museum, 400 Esplanade Ave, New Orleans, LA 70116; eroussel@crt.la.gov

Erin Kinchen

Reading Room Attendant, The Louisiana Historical Center, Louisiana State Museum, 400 Esplanade Ave, New Orleans, LA 70116; ekinchen@crt.la.gov

AbstractThe Louisiana State Museum’s Louisiana Historical Center holds approximately thirty thousand French Superior Council and Spanish Judicial Colonial Documents. These documents contain quotidian details about life in the colonial Atlantic, showcase the judicial and legal structure of the French and Spanish colonies, and place the colonies within the context of developing global political and economic structures. The only existing indexes of the Colonial Documents were created in the first half of the twentieth century and are incomplete. This is in large part a consequence of cultural, social and political constructions that informed the processes of conservators, translators and scholars. However, an ongoing, collaborative initiative entitled The Louisiana Colonial Documents Digitization Project (LCDDP) aims to preserve the hundreds of thousands of individual pages from these records to culminate in an online, newly-indexed, comprehensive database that will be accessible internationally and free of charge. This article demonstrates how the LCDDP, in addition to digitally preserving manuscripts, provides solutions to technical and historiographical issues presented by current indexes as well as physical limitations of the collection. This article also examines the LCDDP for its limitations vis à vis access and conservation as well as its relationship to new research based on current trends and theories in Atlantic World research.

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Medium 9781442271340

A Corner Cupboard Spills Family History

Collections Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

NOTES FROM THE FIELD

Cheryl Harper

Artist/independent curator and organizer of exhibition projects, charperartist@hotmail.com

Abstract As baby boomers assist their parents in downsizing to their next stage of life, many adult children are inheriting collections that have been passed down through generations. Instead of dispersing objects that may no longer have family stories or information connected to them, one may, with the assistance of Internet search engines, genealogical sites, and historical libraries, discover lost context for these heirlooms. The results may restore history to some objects, create avenues for further research, and identify objects that may be sold within specialized markets and auctions. This case study explains how an art historian with assistance from her amateur genealogist husband approached their family legacy of objects.

The Harper corner cupboard is not fancy, has only residual evidence of the original milk paint finish typical of such Pennsylvania Berks County furniture, but has been stubbornly passed down through generations for at least 150 years. A family story is that when the banks of the river near the family home overflowed, the cupboard floated down the Schuylkill and was rescued, without, one assumes, much paint. Lisa Minardi, assitant curator at the Winterthur Museum, dated through photos, the cabinet circa 1830. She observed that oak grained paint was a later popular Victorian treatment. Every female Harper who owned it placed her own precious belongings and bric-a-brac locked behind twelve panes of hand-molded glass resting on a bottom cabinet with a single panel door. There are holes on the underside of four deep shelves where cups once hung, a double track of grooves that surround the perimeter to hold plates, and short wood stops to keep trays in place at the rear. In 2014, I became the designated person to pack up its contents. My late mother-in-law, its most recent owner, never spoke much about what she chose to put in the cupboard and generally was not at all interested in fine things but the contents in the cabinet included a variety of ceramic, glass, silver, and other intriguing objects. I am an art historian and independent curator and so the mysteries of the corner cupboard contents became the springboard to a serious research project for me, the next caretaker.

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Medium 9781442267923

Cultural Treasures or Cash Cows?: Cheating Posterity and Selling Art Collections to Balance the Budget

Collections Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Pamela J. White, J.D. and Ph.D.

Faculty, Graduate Program in Museum Studies, Western Illinois University; email: pj-white@wiu.edu

Sadie Wasmund

Law student, University of Iowa College of Law, Iowa City, IA; email: sadie-wasmund@uiowa.edu

Abstract   Throughout history, the value of art collections has often been too great an enticement to avoid their commodification. Nonetheless, museum advocates must fight to retain their collections even amidst pressure from forces that hold financial control and ultimate decision-making power over them. A case could be made that some view collections as cultural treasures while others view them as cash cows. For instance, the city of Detroit's bankruptcy, due to the national economic downturn and the decline of the city's economic strength, has fostered discussions of selling the Detroit Institute of Arts' collection. That city's financial—and cultural—crisis parallels situations faced by some museums that are nested in colleges and universities. The sagas of four museums nested in institutions of higher education are explored and compared: The Maier Museum at Randolph College; The Rose Museum at Brandeis University; Fisk University; and The University of Iowa. In a final analysis of these case studies and broader concerns, the authors advocate for nested museums to take a strong stance of financial self-sufficiency by creating cooperative ownership networks with other museums. Such a model aims to keep art collections safe from sale by continually keeping them on display at different museum locations while protecting their status as works kept for the public in perpetuity.

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Medium 9781576754306

10 Learn How to Combine

Jack Foster Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

He can beat your’n with his’n and he can beat his’n with your’n.

Football coach Bum Phillips on
the ability of coach Don Shula

Asthma doesn’t seem to bother me any more unless I’m around cigars or dogs. The thing that would bother me most would be a dog smoking a cigar.

Steve Allen

Dr. Livingston I Presume (full name of Dr. Presume).

Unknown

To be is to do.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

To do is to be.

Jean-Paul Sartre

Do be do be do.

Frank Sinatra

If “a new idea is nothing more nor less than a new combination of old elements,” it stands to reason that the person who knows how to combine old elements is more likely to come up with a new idea than a person who doesn’t know how to combine old elements.

Here are some suggestions that will help you combine:

An analogue is a comparison between two things that are similar in one or more respects, and is used to help make one of those things clearer or easier to understand.

Is your problem similar to other problems? What’s it dissimilar to?

If the greatest benefit of your product or service is speed, what’s the fastest thing in the world? Can you compare your benefit to that thing? What’s the slowest thing in the world? Can you compare it to that?

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Medium 9780253357137

Part 4. Prehistories of an Apex Predator

Genese Marie Sodikoff Indiana University Press ePub

Laurie R. Godfrey and Emilienne Rasoazanabary

This chapter results from the collaborative efforts of Laurie Godfrey, a primate paleontologist, and Emilienne Rasoazanabary, a specialist on the behavior of living nonhuman primates. Both of us study the primates that live or once lived on the island of Madagascar—lemurs. In this chapter, we examine extinction, taking as our example recent extinctions on Madagascar (including the extinction of giant lemurs) and threats to the smaller-bodied lemur species that remain there today. Extinctions can be viewed in deep time, in near time, or in today’s world; each view generates insights that cannot be gained from any of the others. A “deep time” perspective is usually reserved for extinctions that occurred before humans evolved, so humans cannot have been responsible. There have periodically been major mass extinctions in the past (called extinction “events” because of the unusually high number of species extinctions concentrated in relatively short periods of time), each with different but profound effects on the evolutionary history of life on Earth. Quaternary extinctions, “extinctions in near time,” demand a consideration of humans as at least possible agents of extermination (MacPhee 1999). It was during the very last part (the most recent 100,000 years) of the geological period called the Quaternary (or Pleistocene and Holocene) that people began to populate many regions that had never before experienced their presence, and these regions, one after the other, suffered dramatic species loss. In many ways, such “near-time” extinctions rivaled or surpassed some of the worst mass extinctions of the distant past, and tools that have been applied to the analysis of species rarefaction in the deep past have been applied as well to late Quaternary extinctions.

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Medium 9781538104118

Call for Papers and Proposals

Juilee Decker Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Diane Bruxvoort

University of Aberdeen

Diane Bruxvoort joined the University of Aberdeen’s Library, Special Collections and Museums as university librarian and director in the spring of 2014. Before this, she was the senior associate dean serving as deputy to the dean of Libraries at the University of Florida with responsibility for collections, acquisitions, cataloguing, public services, digital services, and special collections. Previously, Bruxvoort worked at the University of Houston Libraries for 10 years starting as the head of Access Services and ending her time there as the associate dean for Collections. While at Houston, she provided leadership for a major building program, led the transition to electronic access to journals, and affected a major redesign of the library website.

Before moving into academic libraries, she spent 17 years working in public libraries in and around Houston, Texas. Bruxvoort is president of the Library Leadership, Administration, and Management Division of the American Library Association.

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Medium 9781576754306

9 Rethink Your Thinking

Jack Foster Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

Who spread gloom.”

Many people would rather die than think. In fact they do.

Bertrand Russell

Sixty minutes of thinking of any kind is bound to lead to confusion and unhappiness.

James Thurber

A conclusion is the place where you got tired thinking.

Martin H. Fischer

The way you think affects what you think about and what kinds of thoughts you get.

And the more kinds of thoughts you get, the more grist you’ll have for your idea mill.

Here are some different ways of thinking:

You and I were brought up to think with words. And when we form a thought today—any thought—it’s probably in the form of a statement. “Haste makes waste.” “The world is all screwed up.” “Nothing builds confidence like success.”

But many of the most creative minds in history thought with pictures instead of words.

Albert Einstein said that he rarely thought in words. Notions came to him in images that only later he tried to express in words or formulas.

William Harvey was watching the exposed heart of a living fish when he suddenly “saw” it as a pump.

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Medium 9781622500277

Redundancy

Elliott Quinley Saddleback Educational Publishing PDF

Basic Skills Practice

Redundancy

An effective sentence contains only those words necessary to express the main idea.

Any words or phrases that do not add to meaning are redundant. The best sentences are never too wordy; they are concise and to the point. redundant sentence:

The bracelet which is made of solid silver was made by an artist in Mexico. concise sentence:

The solid silver bracelet was made by a Mexican artist.

Notice that eliminating extra words makes the sentence easier to read and understand.

A. Read each sentence carefully. Then rewrite it on the line, eliminating repetition

and redundancy. Hint: Look for unnecessary synonyms or definitions and phrases that can be shortened to one word.

1. School starts at 8:00 a.m. in the morning and ends at 3:00 p.m. in the afternoon.

__________________________________________________________________________

2. The little child called Rafael is a preschool student.

__________________________________________________________________________

3. Trimming and pruning trees can be done during any season of the year.

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Medium 9781538104118

Museums, Ethics and Cultural Heritage edited by Bernice L. Murphy

Juilee Decker Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ePub

Introduction to Metadata

Edited by Murtha Baca. 3rd edition. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2016. 96 pages. ISBN: 978-1-60606-479-5. Read online for free: http://www.getty.edu/publications/intrometadata/

Reviewed by Jessica Williams, Associate Collection Information Manager, Digital Department, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1000 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10028; jessica.williams@metmuseum.org

Introduction to Metadata provides an overview of metadata and examines the methods, tools, and standards for presenting digital resources on the web. The guide focuses on the function of metadata in expanding access and use of digital collections in museums, libraries, and archives. The third edition has been updated to explore the changes in metadata standards and technologies in the information field, and includes an expanded glossary of terms. The guide is available as an online resource with updates posted on the project repository site GitHub.

In the initial chapter “Setting the Stage,” Anne Gilliland provides an overview of metadata for museums, libraries, and archives. Gilliland explains the types of metadata standards, including structure, value, content, and format/technical exchange, and the purpose of standards to maintain the quality, consistency, and interoperability of metadata. She examines the types and functions of metadata, including administrative, descriptive, preservation, technical, and use. She also focuses on the role of metadata in improving access, maintaining context, and expanding use of digital resources.

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Medium 9780982259269

8 - Which One Doesn't Belong?

Lindsay Carleton Marzano Research ePub

For lower elementary through high school language arts, math, science, and social studies

Design

This game is modeled after the one played on the children's television show Sesame Street, though it is more versatile as described here. It can be played in elementary through high school classes in any of the four major subject areas (language arts, math, science, and social studies), and can be tailored to students who have very little knowledge of the content terms and phrases, students who are practicing and deepening their knowledge, or students who have a firm grasp of the vocabulary. The idea, as the name implies, is that students look at a group of terms or phrases and pick out the one that does not belong.

Materials

You will be splitting the class into pairs or teams, and each team will need a flag (or something to signify when they are ready to provide an answer). You will also need a chalkboard or whiteboard.

Set Up

Prepare the sets of terms or phrases beforehand, with each set consisting of three terms that share some common theme or link, and one term that “does not belong.” For example, if you choose the terms yellow, green, and blue, you would choose a fourth term that is not a color word, such as one or coin. You need between ten and thirty sets, depending on how familiar the students are with the terms and phrases you have chosen and how challenging you want the game to be.

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