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Chapter 5: Constable Robert Emmett Morison (November 8, 1916)

Richard F. Selcer and Kevin S. Foster University of North Texas Press PDF

5

Constable Robert Emmett

Morison

1

(NOVEMBER 8, 1916)

“Died a martyr to his duty”

ROBERT EMMETT MORISON was the first

Tarrant County constable to die in the line of duty, a victim of old-fashioned

“lead poisoning,” as they used to call it. But demon rum was just as much to blame. The Constable’s death was an example of what happens when strong personalities mix with strong drink and guns.

Morison, who went by his middle name, was a career lawman who wore This rough sketch, handed several badges during a long career but down through the family, is the known representation of never strayed far from home. He was only

Emmett Morison. Date and artist first elected town marshal of Mansfield unknown. (Courtesy of Terry Baker) in 1881, nine years before the town was incorporated. Under state law, unincorporated towns could not have a marshal, so his title was unofficial; he really functioned more as a

“regulator” than a regular marshal.2 On November 5, 1912, he was elected constable of Tarrant County Precinct No. 8 (Mansfield) and was re-elected in 1914.3

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Part V: Texas and the Twentieth Century

Edited by Richard B. McCaslin, Donald E. Chipman, and Andrew J. Torget University of North Texas Press PDF

Investing in Urban: The Woman’s

Monday Club and the Entrepreneurial

Elite of Corpus Christi, Texas1

Jessica Brannon-Wranosky

N

ewly urban areas in the South, around the turn of the twentieth century, promised opportunity to thousands of people looking to make their mark. Spread across the region, cities sprung up in areas where plantation and ranching agriculture was once the primary path to regional influence. Like most of the South, Corpus Christi in

1900 was surrounded by a mostly rural landscape, but a growing class of optimistic urban social elites believed that a different future lay ahead for the small seaside city. Middle class by national economic standards, this group included the town’s leading lawyers, storeowners, doctors, and bankers. As a group, they wielded much influence, but it was the women among them, including their wives, who made some of the greatest strides in the early Progressive-era reforms in Corpus Christi.2

Very few families in the area, except ranch tycoons like the Driscolls,

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5 Knowledge unfits a child to be a slave: Temporal and Spiritual Education

Wilma King Indiana University Press ePub

TEMPORAL AND SPIRITUAL EDUCATION

The white folks feared for niggers to get any religion and education.

W. L. Bost

Enslaved children spent some of their leisure time in search of the fundamentals of education, both secular and sacred. Their primary concern with the temporal was literacy, while their interest in the spiritual involved religion, especially Christianity. The extent to which they succeeded depended upon their owners’ attitudes about the intellectual and religious development of slaves. Southern owners were conscious of the possibility that religion and education could undermine slavery if they changed the bondservants’ worldviews and made them restive. Neither education nor religion for northern slaves caused comparable angst among owners since gradual emancipation laws promised freedom within a specified period. In the meantime, enslaved children destined for freedom had some opportunities to learn to read and write. This is not to say education and religion would not make northern slaves restless, it is simply a matter of acknowledging differences in the possible influences of education and religion. It was virtually impossible for owners in the North or South to prevent enslaved boys and girls from exposure to knowledge, since they learned to keep such matters “under de covers.” Differences in the amount and kind of knowledge owners approved for their chattel to learn and the amount and kind of the knowledge enslaved people desired for themselves fostered conflicts.1

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Chapter 10: Finale of the Frontier Battalion

Harold J. Weiss Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 10

FINALE OF THE FRONTIER BATTALION

On the killing of T. L. Fuller of Company B in the line of duty: shot

“without warning.”1

The troubles at Orange, Texas, where Fuller went down, led to the demise of the Frontier Battalion at the turn of the twentieth century.

During the last half of the 1890s, the lifestyles of the members of the Frontier Battalion remained similar to the existence of those who served in the early Rangers. They still wore nondescript clothes, rode horses, carried revolvers, rifles, and shotguns, and lived under harsh conditions imposed by nature and distances traveled. In addition, the men in the four companies in the field continued under the command of Brooks, Hughes, McDonald, and

Rogers. These captains tried to maximize the use of their time and energies in combating crime and maintaining order.

At the start of the twentieth century, the Lone Star State faced a growing population and an increasing number of farms, ranches, towns, and larger urban centers. For some time the Rangers of Texas tried to change their operations to meet these new conditions.

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Chapter 7: W. R. McLaury, Attorney-at-Law

Paul Lee Johnson University of North Texas Press PDF

Seven

W. R. McLaury,

Attorney-at-Law

If Frank McLaury was kept out of the Fort Worth jail by his brother, it could have only been during a narrow band of time between the arrival of

Will McLaury and the departure of Frank (and Tom). In May 1876, Will and

Malona McLaury with their son, John, and new daughter, Katherine, left the

Dakotas. Their reasons for leaving were, in all probability, for Lona’s health.

They reached Fort Worth, Texas, in June of 1876, as the Fort Worth Daily

Democrat of July 7, 1876, proclaimed, “W. R. McLaury, recently of Iowa, a young lawyer of more that [sic] ordinary ability, has arrived with his household gods [sic] and taken up abode in our city.” 1

Not all the news was so benign. It was the same newspaper issue that brought the news of Custer’s disaster at the Little Big Horn. Nationally, the news about Custer created a backlash against the Grant Administration’s pacification policies under the Secretary of the Interior, Carl Schurz. The aim of the policies was to contain (on reservations) and “civilize” the tribes—that is, convert them—either religiously or culturally, mostly both. There were even activists among the Radical Republicans who sought to extend citizenship to the Indian. Custer’s disaster also had the effect of briefly distracting people from the most intractable domestic problem the government had to deal with: Reconstruction.

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