3544 Chapters
Medium 9780253003089

4. Historic Changes Underway in African Migration Policies: From Muddling Through to Organized Brain Circulation

Edited by Abdoulaye Kane and Todd H Lee Indiana University Press ePub


This chapter takes a step back and examines the new state of play in Africa with respect to brain circulation or the deliberate attempt among southern nations to utilize emigration to advance their socioeconomic development. Numerous modalities exist that illustrate the existence and dimensions of brain circulation on the continent. Researchers could conduct in-depth case studies of nations and comparative analyses to examine closely the strategies of these nations. Another option for researchers is to ascertain primary data or take existing secondary data on dozens of African nations and apply inferential statistics to analyze their brain circulation strategies. Researchers could also apply statistical analysis to cross-tabulated data or even subject extensive panel study data to analysis. All these approaches are valuable and our collective understanding of brain circulation in Africa would be enriched tremendously if we had a combination of studies applying to each of these approaches.

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Medium 9780253011572

5 The Costly Offensive in the West

Xiaobing Li Indiana University Press ePub

BETWEEN APRIL 22 AND APRIL 29, 1951, THE FIRST STEP OF THE Chinese Spring Offensive began sparking what Allan Millett has described as the “most widespread and intense fighting of the Korean War.”1 The CPVF launched its greatest offensive against the U.S. I Corps, along the western portion of the 38th Parallel. Peng Dehuai and his CPVF-NKPA Joint Command sent more than 700,000 men into battle in an attempt to cross the 38th Parallel, annihilate five divisions and two brigades of the U.S. I Corps, and retake Seoul. After eight days of fierce fighting, all three CPVF army groups had broken through defense lines of the UNF and either reached or crossed the 38th Parallel.

Although the CPVF’s Ninth Army Group achieved some of its operational goals by opening a gap near Kapyeong and separating the U.S. I Corps in the west from the U.S. Eighth Army’s IX Corps in the center and X Corps in the east, overall the offensive failed. The main CPVF armies were unable to penetrate deeply enough into UNF lines to encircle and destroy even a single division or brigade. The CPVF Third Army Group, fighting against the center of the U.S. I Corps, and the Nineteenth Army Group on the left of the I Corps, faced serious operational problems due to lack of preparedness and supplies and, worst of all, heavy casualties during the first week of the Spring Offensive.

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Medium 9781623491109

16. Janie and Harry

Margaret Lewis Furse Texas A&M University Press ePub

Chapter 16


While the Hawkins family often spent Sunday afternoons together at some county beach or wooded spot on the ranch itself, they were also likely to gather on a week day in the evening on the screened porch at Janie’s house in Bay City. The time of day chosen would have been “after supper,” in the early evening. Meal times for all households were scheduled, sit-down affairs, and visitors courteously delayed an unannounced arrival until after supper. Gatherings like this were also likely settings where the condition of the Ranch House was discussed.

The porch at Janie’s was next to the dining room, and on evenings when the family gathered on that porch, Janie and Harry would have finished their supper. Typically it would be a thin steak, grits, tomatoes with cucumbers, biscuits, and for dessert, Jell-O with heavy cream. After the meal they would put away their large white dinner napkins, folding them and pushing them through their respective silver napkin rings. Janie’s was an oval one with “Janie” engraved in cursive script; Harry’s was octagonal with his initials in block letters, H.B.H. for Henry Boyd Hawkins. I was often there too, a child who had stayed too long and been invited to supper. If I had been in the way, the family’s code of hospitality would never have let that fact be noticed.

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Introduction: Central Asia and Everyday Life

Jeff Sahadeo Indiana University Press ePub

For its citizens, contemporary Central Asia is a land of great promise and peril. Promise, for the end of Soviet rule has allowed new opportunities for social mobility and cultural expression. Peril, for political and economic dynamics have imposed severe restrictions on independent activity and widened the gap between rich and poor. In this volume, we will examine how ordinary residents of Central Asia, past and present, lead their lives and navigate shifting historical and political patterns. Contributors, drawn from a wide range of academic disciplines, will tell provocative stories of Turkmen nomads, Afghan villagers, Kazakh scientists, Kyrgyz border guards, a Tajik “strongman,” and guardians of religious shrines in Uzbekistan. These and other narratives of ordinary citizens and their everyday lives will intertwine with important questions and relations of gender, religion, power, culture, and wealth. Moving tales of personal struggle mix with those of success as Central Asians confront, adapt to, and seek to influence global movements and trends as well as increasingly strong and invasive states. We expose a vibrant and dynamic world of everyday life in urban neighborhoods and small villages, at weddings and celebrations, and around classroom tables as well as the dinner tables of the peoples of Central Asia.

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Medium 9780253015846

5 Capitalist Ethics?

Samuli Schielke Indiana University Press ePub


Although People Understand grand schemes as being located outside the ordinary world, they do have material form and shape. And most often in the early twenty-first century, that form is of a commodity.

Commodity and consumption have become a ubiquitous part of life in Egypt. Being a respectable person largely depends on one’s capacity to buy consumer goods. Love is transformed through the consumerist principle of gratification. Religious proselytization is a lucrative trade. This shared sense of existence is in the focus of this chapter. Capitalism is not only a configuration of relations of production and consumption but also a sensibility of existence inherently accompanied by an ideology, promises, and ends of its own. And while Islam may appear to be the moral counterpart to capitalist economy, the Islamic revival has brought key anxieties to the forefront of people’s religious consciousness that resonate with capitalist modes of production and rationality in peculiar ways. Capitalism and religious revival share a sense of temporality that connects the two in complex and unpredictable ways. It is the temporality of a life in the future tense.

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