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4 Freed to Kill Again

Gary M. Lavergne University of North Texas Press PDF


Freed to Kill Again

“You know, when you’re on parole and you been on death row, it’s hard to find a date.”

—Kenneth Allen McDuff


Furman v Georgia was not the only significant development affecting the prison life of Kenneth McDuff in 1972. That year, a disgruntled Texas prison inmate named David Ruiz, who was serving a twenty-five-year sentence for armed robbery, initiated a handwritten lawsuit alleging a variety of violations of his civil rights in the prison system. His complaint alleged overcrowding, poor medical care, and the use of Building Tenders as guards of other inmates. The Building Tenders kept control of their area, and in turn, received preferred treatment by guards and prison officials. Ruiz alleged that Building Tenders beat other prisoners to keep them in line.1 The Ruiz case went before United States District Judge

William Wayne Justice of Tyler. Thus began the longest and most expensive trial in the history of Texas.

Years later, during the early to mid 1980s, Judge Justice, in effect, seized the prison system from the people of Texas. His ruling concluded that the system violated inmate rights through crowding, poor medical care, using inmates as guards, brutality by professional guards, and unconstitutional grievance and discipline procedures. He ordered a complete overhaul of the prison system and set up federal monitors and

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6. “We're Holding them, but it's Getting Hotter and Hotter”

Brian K. Burton Indiana University Press ePub

“We’re Holding Them, but It’s Getting Hotter and Hotter”

THE LONGER LEE WAS forced to wait, the worse his situation became. He had uncovered New Bridge, and it was rebuilt on the twenty-seventh after the Federals tore it down the day before. Lee thus had direct contact with Magruder and Huger, but it was tenuous. He needed to maintain pressure to keep McClellan blind as to the true situation, and the only force he had close at hand for that purpose was James Longstreet's division.

Longstreet was in reserve that day and had settled his brigades on the west side of Powhite Creek. Brigadier Generals Cadmus M. Wilcox's, Roger A. Pryor's, and Winfield S. Featherston's brigades were in the front, with Brig. Gen. George E. Pickett's brigade in support, and the brigades of Brig. Gens. James L. Kemper and Richard H. Anderson bringing up the rear. Old Pete was facing Porter's left on Turkey Hill, which was crowned with batteries. Union guns south of the river could easily enfilade Longstreet's lines. Longstreet said he was “in the position from which the enemy wished us to attack him.”

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Chapter 3

Edited by Kenneth W. Howell University of North Texas Press PDF


The World Turned Upside Down?:

The Military Occupation of Victoria and Calhoun Counties, 1865–1867 by

Charles D. Spurlin


he last remnant of formal Confederate military resistance in the

Civil War ended on June 2, 1865, with the capitulation of the

Trans-Mississippi Department by Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith. Soon thereafter, federal forces under Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger, commander of the Thirteenth Army Corps and overall commander of the Union troops in Texas, commenced occupation duty in the state and thus began the first phase of Reconstruction that lasted until 1867. Cavalry units made their way from Louisiana through eastern Texas to reach their assignments in San Antonio and Austin. In addition to the Thirteenth Army

Corps and the cavalry regiments, troops from the Twenty-fifth Army

Corps were transported by water from City Point, Virginia, to the Texas coast for duty at Indianola and Corpus Christi, but the bulk of the corps was instructed to take positions along the Rio Grande. Meanwhile, the

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11. Victoria Studio, 1949

Anand Pandian Indiana University Press ePub

There are photographs meant to capture some moment as it is. Others do something very different—they sketch a life yet to come. That’s what this portrait of Ayya and Paati must have been: a pair of figures mounted high upon a wall within every house they kept, calmly taking in the domestic struggles occurring below, reminding my grandparents of a comfort and peace that might still fall within their reach. An image not of a moment but of its longings.

Ayya still remembers that day at Victoria Studio. The studio was on a small lane near the Meenakshi temple in Madurai. It was full of things that gave the impression of wealth and leisure: costume jewelry, toys, books, carved wooden furniture, porcelain ceramics—things, that is, generally missing from the lives of those who posed here for pictures. The photographer and his assistants would arrange their subjects among these foreign objects, demanding postures of bluffed repose. “Wear this . . . Hold that . . . Stand like this . . . Bend your arms like that . . .”

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7. Our First Mission over Germany

Ralph H. Nutter University of North Texas Press PDF

7: Our First Mission over Germany


n 26 January 1943, Hansell called a meeting of group leaders to phm our first bombing mission over Germany. He opened the meeting by telling us that at the Casablanca conference General Arnold had ordered General Eaker to launch immediate missions against the German homeland. He told us that we must make a maximum effort and, if possible, put as many as ninety planes over the target.

LeMay asked Hansell if we were ready to fly into Germany without fighter support.

Hansell said we had no choice. Arnold insisted on an immediate mission. LeMay made no comment. The other group commanders looked grim. Hansell terminated the meeting without further discussion.

We returned to Chelveston to plan the mission. I worked out our group flight plan with LeMay and Preston and didn't get to bed until 11:30 P.M. Wake-up call was at 3 A.M., and after a breakfast of powdered eggs and Spam at 4 A.M., our crews assembled in the briefing room.

I pulled back a large curtain covering a map of Germany. I had placed a red string on the map indicating the route from our base at Chelveston in East Anglia, across the North Sea and the German

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