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2. Anne Frank Revisited

Lawrence L. Langer Indiana University Press ePub

On May 5, 1944, an anonymous teenager began to keep a diary in the Lodz ghetto. This was his first entry:

I have decided to write a diary, though it is a little too late. To recapitulate past events is quite impossible, so I’ll begin with the present. This week I committed an act which best illustrates the degree of “dehumanization” to which we have been reduced. I finished my loaf of bread in three days, that is to say, on Sunday, so I had to wait till next Saturday for a new one. I was terribly hungry, I had the prospect of living only on the workshop soups, which consist of three little potato pieces and two dkg. [dekagrams, a few ounces] of flour. Monday morning I was lying quite dejectedly in my bed, and there was my darling [12-year-old] sister’s half loaf of bread “present” with me. To cut a long story short: I could not resist the temptation and ate it up totally. After having done this—at present a terrible crime—I was overcome by terrible remorse of conscience and by a still greater care for what my little one would eat the next 5 days.

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Appendix 3 • Names of Indian tribes in Arizona Department

Edited and Annotated by Charles M. Robinson III University of North Texas Press PDF
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3 Education as Public Good or Private Resource: Accommodation and Demobilization in Iran’s University System

Daniel Brumberg Indiana University Press ePub

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Education as Public Good or Private Resource

Accommodation and Demobilization in Iran’s University System

Shervin Malekzadeh

Pupils have never credited teachers for most of their learning. Bright and dull alike have always relied on rote, reading, and wit to pass their exams, motivated by the stick or by the carrot of a desired career.

—Ivan Illich, Deschooling Society

In the play a young man meets the long-awaited Hidden Imam, who informs him that he has been selected to help bring justice and order to the world. The young man balks. He has college entrance exams the next day, he tells the imam. He has studied obsessively, he explains, and cannot afford to miss them. He then turns to the imam and asks: “Can’t we save the world next week?”

—Afshin Molavi, The Soul of Iran: A Nation’s Journey to Freedom

ACTS OF INTIMIDATION and formal warning filled the month of June as authorities in Iran scrambled to contain the unexpected mobilization of millions of young people during the buildup to the 2009 presidential elections in Iran. For weeks, the streets of Tehran and other major cities had been filled with spontaneous but unauthorized rallies by partisans of all political stripes, proclaiming the virtues of their candidates. By June 12, what had been at best a guarded tolerance to these gatherings quickly gave way to force and violent crackdown as Iran tumbled into what would become the largest political and social crisis since the 1979 revolution. With the validity of the elections called into question, millions of Iranians took to the streets to demand, “Where is my vote?”1

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7. Presents from the Past

Bernhard, Virginia Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub

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Presents from the Past

Most people would have considered the creation of a museum like Bayou Bend the achievement of a lifetime, but Ima Hogg’s interest in preserving the past was not confined merely to collecting American decorative arts. During the years she was building the collections at Bayou Bend she was also engaged in the preservation of her parents’ house at Quitman, the excavation of her father’s birthplace at Rusk, and the restoration and reconstruction of several antebellum buildings in the old German community of Winedale, near Round Top, Texas. Between the dedication of the Varner-Hogg Plantation State Park in 1958 and the opening of Bayou Bend in 1966 Ima Hogg decided to restore the house where her parents had lived in Quitman, Texas, in the 1870s. The small frame house where James Stephen and Sallie Hogg had set up housekeeping when they were newlyweds was rebuilt, restored, and refurnished. It is now known as the Honeymoon Cottage and is open to visitors. The town of Quitman, where Jim Hogg had spent some of his early years, had honored his memory in 1951, the centennial year of his birth, with a Jim Hogg Day, and in 1969, Quitman paid homage to the governor’s daughter with an Ima Hogg Day and the opening of the Ima Hogg Museum on the grounds of the Jim Hogg State Park. At the dedication ceremony, held in the Quitman High School stadium, the band played “Oh, You Beautiful Doll” as the convertible carrying Ima Hogg came onto the field. By then Ima, acknowledging cheers from the crowd, was no stranger to awards and honors. In 1953 Governor Allan Shivers had appointed Ima Hogg to the Texas State Historical Survey Committee, and in 1967 that body gave her an award for “meritorious service in historic preservation.” In 1960 she found time to serve on a committee appointed by President Dwight Eisenhower for the planning of the National Cultural Center (later Kennedy Center) in Washington, D.C. In 1962, at the request of Jacqueline Kennedy, Ima Hogg served on an advisory committee to aid in the search for historic furniture to put in the White House. During all this time, she was also working long hours on the conversion of Bayou Bend, her home for more than thirty years, to a museum.

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CHAPTER FIVE: THE ROCKEFELLER PLAN IN ACTION: THE MINES

Jonathan H. Rees University Press of Colorado ePub

The miners never lost anything at any of them [Rockefeller Plan] meetings that I ever know of. . . . They got everything they asked for at these meetings.

—FORMER CF&I MINER BILL LLOYD, MAY 18, 1978 1

In the late summer and fall of 1919, before Colorado Fuel and Iron (CF&I) became embroiled in a nationwide coal strike, Paul F. Brissenden of the U.S. Department of Labor conducted a series of meetings across southern Colorado among union miners, non-union miners, and local managers. On August 13 the superintendent of the company’s Starkville Mine wrote Elmer Weitzel, the manager of all CF&I mines at the time, about one such meeting there. “They took a standing vote on the Rockefeller Plan and everyone voted against the Plan but three men,” he reported.2 On August 15 Weitzel wrote CF&I president Jesse Welborn about a similar meeting at Sopris with 130 miners. “When the vote on the Industrial Plan was taken,” he reported, “the vote was unanimous against the plan.” At Pictou the miners held a secret ballot referendum on the Rockefeller Plan, with fifty-nine voting against the plan and only four voting for it.3 As Brissenden later explained, “At most of the meetings the great majority of those in attendance were members of the Union, although there was in nearly every case a group of non-union men present. I recall talking personally at these meetings with a number of non-union men. . . . In some of the mines the great majority of the employees are members of the United Mine Workers.”4 Welborn later received detailed reports of all the meetings from Brissenden.5 Had management actually listened to the reports of the meetings, they would have recognized that the Rockefeller Plan was not nearly as popular as John D. Rockefeller Jr. and Mackenzie King had hoped it would be.

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