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Medium 9781574412048

Appendix IV

David Johnson University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix IV

The following list was developed by Glenn Hadeler based upon the assumption that men who band together have other affiliations in common. The list presents a scientific approach to determining some of the mob members during the Hoo Doo War but should not be interpreted as a definitive fact. It was first presented at the Second

Hoo Doo War Symposium held at Mason, Texas, during 2003.


Leather Jackets



August 1874

Clark Posse

Carl Bader

Mathew Bast

Jacob Bauer

Wilhelm Bickenbach

Peter Bickenbach

Fred Brandenberger

Otto Donop

Mathew Bast

Jacob Bauer

Wilhelm Bickenbach

Peter Bickenbach

Fred Brandenberger

Otto Donop

Jacob Durst

George Durst

Jacob Durst

Heinrich Hasse

Frederick Hoerster

William Hoerster

Ernst Jordan

Dietrich Kothmann

Fritz Kothmann

William Kothmann

Carl Lehmberg

Germans Mentioned

In the Hoo Doo War

Carl Bader

Peter Bader

Bernard Durst

Heinrich Hasse

Frederick Hoerster

William Hoerster

Daniel Hoerster

Ernst Jordan

Peter Jordan

Dietrich Kothmann

Fritz Kothmann

William Kothmann

Carl Lehmberg


Henry Doell

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Medium 9781574415476

5. The Relief and Hunter Above

Edited and Annotated by Jacques D. Bagur University of North Texas Press PDF

The Reminiscences    37

River County tax rolls. Gamble had been a keelboatman using the eastern route around the raft according to the March 21, 1872, Daily Shreveport Times.

The Mariner under Capt. J. W. Gamble advertised in the January 14, 1841,

Shreveport Intelligencer and Caddo Beacon that she would run regularly during the boating season from the raft to Fort Towson. Gamble was no longer a resident of the state by 1846 according to a court summons in the May 13, 1847,

Clarksville Northern Standard.

9. The voyage of the Rover under Capt. Crooks through this area in 1836 is described in detail in the March 1, 1836, Arkansas Gazette. The Hunter under

Capt. B. Crooks advertised in the January 14, 1841, Shreveport Intelligencer and

Caddo Beacon that she would run regularly during the boating season from the raft to Fort Towson.

10. The Mariner was snagged at Pecan Point on March 10, 1841, according to William Lytle’s Merchant Steam Vessels of the United States, 1807–1868. The machinery was used by John Dyer at Berlin on the Upper Red River to build the Red River Planter, on which Dyer served as captain and Gamble as pilot, as indicated in Letter 18.

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Medium 9780253018557

Controllin the Planet

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

AN EPIDEMIC OF schizophrenia afflicted rap artists in the 1990s and 2000s. At least, that’s how it seemed. In record numbers, rappers from across the East-West divide suddenly claimed to be schizophrenic. For instance, in 1995, Natural Born Killaz (a Dr. Dre and Ice Cube collaboration) rapped about their insanity. “Journey with me into the mind of a maniac,” Dr. Dre rhymed, “doomed to be a killer . . . with a heart full of terror.” “I’m the unforgiving, psycho-driven murderer / It’s authentic,” Ice Cube replied, “goddamn it, schizophrenic.” Not to be outdone, longtime Brentwood hip hop artists EPMD, rapping with LL Cool J, boasted that they smoked M.C.s because their rhyme style was “deadly psychopath schizophrenic.” Meanwhile, Bizzy Bone’s call to arms, “Thugz Cry,” intoned that “we represent the planet, get schizophrenic and panic.”

Rap lyrics are the latest installments in a political debate that has evolved over the past century (at least) regarding the contested relationships between race, madness, violence, and civil rights.

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Medium 9781574412567

Preface by Kenneth L. Untiedt

Kenneth L. Untiedt, editor University of North Texas Press PDF
Medium 9780253342935

7 Expulsion from the Ghettos

Yitzhak Arad Indiana University Press ePub

The extermination process began with the deportations from the ghettos. A master plan was formulated to determine to which death camps Jews from each district would be sent; this was determined in accordance with the killing capacity of each camp and the available transportation (mainly trains). The deportations executed within the framework of Operation Reinhard were coordinated by Sturmbannführer Höfle.

The SS authorities in charge of the deportations developed a method that became routine procedure in all the ghettos. The basic principles were surprise, speed of execution, terror, and ensuring that the victims were unaware of their destination and fate. The Jewish councils and general Jewish population were informed of their imminent expulsion and what they were permitted to take only a few hours or, at most, one day before the deportations actually started. At the same time, the ghetto was surrounded by security reinforcements to prevent escape and resistance. With the onset of the deportation itself, small security units, composed of SS men, Ukrainians, local Polish police, and sometimes members of the Jewish police in the ghettos, dispersed throughout the ghetto and ordered the Jews to leave their homes and congregate at the assembly points. From there they were taken on foot, under police escort, to the embarkation stations. The sick and elderly, those who were unable to walk, and those who refused to leave their homes were very often shot on the spot.

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Medium 9781574416114

12. A Lost Soul

James Carson UNT Press ePub

Chapter 12

According to Horace, his father was very much at loose ends upon his retirement. Once ensconced at the West Hotel in Minneapolis, he could not stay put for long. In January 1895, he headed south, first to Thomasville, Georgia, just north of the Florida border near Tallahassee, and eventually on to Jamaica where he whiled away his time fishing.1 In March, he was back in New York City. Eventually, he returned to Minneapolis to build a house.

During this unsettled period, Lazelle also became increasingly drawn into spiritualism, which he first began exploring after Rebecca’s death. As Horace remembered, his father had long been fascinated with dreams, kept a dream book, and would interpret all of his dreams. Both he and Rebecca were quite superstitious. For example, she would never go out on Fridays. In exploring spiritualism after Rebecca’s death, Horace believed, his father was driven partly by guilt that he had given her too hard a life, and wanted to reach her after her death to say he was sorry. As he had written to his friend, Barrows, shortly after her death, he also believed that she, too, felt “a part” of his sorrow. He longed to share these feelings with her.

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Medium 9781609949853

Chapter 7 The Politics of the Revolution of 1800: Prelude

Sisson, Dan Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

No measures will be too intemperate that tend to make the citizens revolutionary enough to make the man of 1775 the man of 1800.

— Fisher Ames, 1800

AS THE YEAR 1800 ARRIVED, ALEXANDER HAMILTON SKETCHED a political portrait of the republic in starkly prophetic terms. Addressing himself to the problem of faction, he lamented the loss of George Washington, expressed his pique with the president, assessed the condition of Federalist political disorganization, and then, announcing that the administration would ultimately prevail, proceeded to draw a specter of revolution:

At home every thing is in the main well; except as to the Perverseness and capriciousness of one and the spirit of faction of many.…

The spirit of Faction is abated nowhere. In Virginia it is more violent than ever. It seems demonstrated that the leaders there, who possess completely all the powers of the local Government, are resolved to possess those of the National, by the most dangerous combinations, and, if they cannot effect this, to resort to the employment of physical force.”1

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Medium 9781574411485

Roy E. Lewis

Larry A. Sneed University of North Texas Press PDF



"Unlike some witnesses, I didn't see any smoke or smell any gun powder, nor could I tell the direction of the shots because it was like an echo there. But no way did I suspect anything coming from the Texas School Book Depository... "

Originally from Carthage, Texas, Roy E. Lewis was married in 1962 and went to work part-time that same year at the Texas School Book

Depository. His work eventually evolved into a full-time job. Lewis was an eyewitness to the assassination while standing on the front steps of the

School Book Depository.

I was sixteen when I started working there in August or

September of 1962 but had told the man, Roy Truly, that I was eighteen so that I could get the job. The peak working period there was mainly in the summer when school ended or right before it started back. But even after that we didn't have any layoffs.

At the Book Depository, we had order pickers and packers.

Order pickers would get their assignment orders, take a clipboard, go up on the floors to pick their orders then bring them back down on a cart to put in the packing tape. The packers would then pack them, wrap them, and ship them out.

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Medium 9780253348838

Part 2. Communities

Jeff Sahadeo Indiana University Press ePub

Communal units, in the past and present, have been of critical importance across Central Asia. For pastoralist nomads and settled peoples alike, groups linked by kin, territory, religion, or a shared sense of identity have not only offered camaraderie and shared values, but also provided support vital for everyday existence. In a region endowed with a harsh climate and scarce resources, communities secure food and shelter; arrange marriages and distribute labor and supplies; and defend against unwelcome incursions from outsiders. Communities have also acted as anchors in times of transition. Group loyalties today remain multilayered, even as many residents of Central Asia identify themselves as Afghans, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tajiks, Turkmen, or Uzbeks, or, in a larger sense, as Muslims. Extended joint families, tribes, clans, villages, and urban neighborhoods (mahallas) are central to individual and group identities and relations, as described in the articles written by Adrienne Edgar, Robert Canfield, and Morgan Liu. Edgar discusses kin-based communities among nineteenth-century Turkmen nomads as vital sources of political and economic solidarity in regions where police or courts were virtually nonexistent. Resource scarcities and power imbalances perpetuate village solidarity in twentieth-century Afghanistan, according to Canfield. Even in contemporary urban Kyrgyzstan, Liu finds a high degree of identification with the centuries-old mahalla, where residents share common courtyards, work, socialize, and pray together. Communal loyalties are less evident, however, in mixed, new districts constructed following the British and Russian conquests.

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Medium 9781574411751


James J. Cozine Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF


1. Maxine Johnston, “Twenty-five Years of Milestones: Big Thicket National Preserve,” manuscript found in Big Thicket National Preserve Library,

Big Thicket National Preserve, Beaumont, Texas, 1999, p. 1.

2. See above, pp. 162–64.

3. Johnston, “Twenty-five Years,” 1–3.

4. “Complete the Preserve,” Beaumont Enterprise, November 11, 1981, sec. A.

5. Joe Fohn, “Big Thicket Group Upset by Stalled Land Acquisition,”

San Antonio Express, November 26, 1982, sec. B.

6. Richard Connelly, “Out of the Thicket,” Texas Lawyer, April 20, 1992, p. 16.

7. Steve Moore, “Title Hassles Snag Thicket Land Sales,” Beaumont Enterprise, October 8, 1978, sec. D.

8. “Jewell Honored,” Big Thicket Bulletin, no.11 (September 11, 1994): 8.

9. Pete A.Y. Gunter, The Big Thicket: An Ecological Reevaluation (Denton,

TX: University of North Texas Press, 1993), 99–100.

10. Geraldine Watson, Reflections on the Neches, Temple Big Thicket Series 3 (Denton, TX: University of North Texas Press, 2003), 248–50.

11. National Park Service. Briefing Statement for Jennifer Yezek, aide to

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Medium 9780253330178

VII. Black Homes, White Homilies

David Barry Gaspar Indiana University Press ePub

Robert W. Sienes

On August 24, 1899, Simão Alves appeared at one of the main parish churches of Campinas, in Brazil’s São Paulo state, “to make a new registration of the act of marriage celebrated between Policarpo Salvador and Afra.” The witnesses to this new document—Egydio Franco and José Antonio Aranha—declared that Policarpo and Afra were “husband and wife—by virtue of the fact that they were married—the religious act having been celebrated in the church which was the parish seat of this county during the time when the said couple were slaves of Mr. Thomaz Luiz Alves Cruz—more or less in the year 1858–59.” Egydio and José Antônio “added that they had been companions [of Policarpo and Afra] in slavery and that for thirty and twenty-four years [respectively] they have known them always as a married couple.” The testimony of these men is reliable. Although it is not possible to check their story against the original marriage certificate (perhaps because the register of slave marriages for most of 1858 and 1859 disappeared from the church archives in Campinas—a fact which may provide us with the motive for the “new registration” of 1899), another document confirms its accuracy. On October 19, 1862, a child named Benedicta, aged thirteen days, was baptized in the county; she was identified as “a daughter of Policarpo and Afra, slaves of Thomas Luis Alvares [sic].”1

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Medium 9780253008572

5 Seeing the Past: Maps and Ottoman Historical Consciousness \ Giancarlo Casale

Hakki Erdem Cipa Indiana University Press ePub


The world map commonly known as the “Mappamundi of Tunuslu Hajji Ahmed” easily ranks among the most significant achievements of early modern cartography. Created as a woodcut in an unknown Venetian workshop in 1559, it is the earliest known Turkish-language work of any kind to be designed for publication and sale in the Ottoman market. With the exception of two earlier charts by the famous cartographer Pīrī Re’īs (d. 1554), now extant only in fragmentary form, it also ranks as the oldest stand-alone Turcophone world map. Its copious companion text, intricately and painstakingly inscribed around the map’s outer margins, is among the most extensive original Turkish-language geographical treatises to have survived from the sixteenth century.1

Yet for all of these singular qualities, Hajji Ahmed’s map has attracted surprisingly little attention from Ottoman historians: no complete transcription or translation of its contents has ever been published; it is regularly omitted from catalogues and reference works devoted to Ottoman geography and cartography; and it has, to date, been studied by only a handful of scholars with the linguistic skills to read its contents. Even among these specialists, the main topic that seems to have generated genuine scholarly interest relates to the question of the “real” identity of its author, a subject first addressed by the philologist Victor L. Ménage in a seminal article published in 1958.2

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Medium 9781574414691

6. “Up Buck! Up Ball! Do Your Duty!”: Women and the Runaway Scrape - Light Townsend Cummins

Edited by Mary L. Scheer University of North Texas Press ePub


“Up Buck! Up Ball! Do Your Duty!”

Women and the Runaway Scrape

Light Townsend Cummins

The Runaway Scrape during the spring of 1836 constitutes one of the most noteworthy and poignant chapters of the Texas Revolution, in large part because it touched the lives of almost all Anglo-Americans in the province whether soldier or civilian. The “Runaway Scrape” quickly became the term used by those involved to describe the flight of Texans towards Louisiana and the United States at they moved eastward during the spring of 1836. Thousands of people rolled before the movement of the Mexican armies and eventually became involved in this exodus. The military forces commanded by General Sam Houston constituted a significant part of this movement, but the largest number of people proved to be the men, women, and children of the families living in the areas from San Antonio to the Sabine River. The Runaway Scrape accordingly involved a considerable number of women who took to the roads with their families and children. Many of them experienced profound hardships and privations. Some of them lost their lives in the process.

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Medium 9780876111734

2. Wagon Roads West

Francell, Lawrence J. Texas State Historical Assn Press ePub



WITH THE DISCOVERY OF GOLD in California the need for communication and a continental transportation network became paramount. This was so pressing that unique experiments, such as the Pony Express and the use of camels, were undertaken. The period between the Mexican War and the Civil War would be one of intense, scientific exploration of the American West. The goals were to establish a transcontinental transportation network, and to delineate the United States boundaries with Mexico and Canada. The army took the lead both in keeping the lines of communication open, and in exploration. Fort Lancaster was established to protect a major route to California.

Although the Spanish, having explored the Rio Grande and Pecos Rivers for most of their courses, were familiar with West Texas, at the beginning of the republic period the maps of this part of Texas were still devoid of detail; and, though there was great desire to take some of the Santa Fe trade away from Missouri, the Republic of Texas did nothing with its western domain. The Missouri merchants controlled the main supply route to Santa Fe, and with this monopoly they, in effect, also controlled the lucrative Chihuahua City trade as well. In an attempt to shorten the Missouri to Chihuahua City route, the first effort to explore West Texas in the republic period was lead by Dr. Henry Connally, a Missouri trader. In 1839–1840, leading a party of Texans and Mexicans, Connally crossed the Red River and journeyed through Central Texas to Horsehead Crossing on the Pecos. From there he proceeded via Comanche Springs (Fort Stockton) to Paisano Pass (Alpine), then down Alamito Creek to La Junta, the junction of the Rio Conchos and Rio Grande (near present-day Presidio), and from there to Chihuahua City. Ten years later, this route became part of the major trading route from San Antonio.26

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Medium 9780253010780

12 Anticipating USAF Change

Jeffrey J. Smith Indiana University Press ePub


The Nation’s interests in the future, as in the past, are likely to be better served by the diversity than by the scale of capabilities offered by the Air Force.




This chapter opens the analysis of Period Three beginning in the present day and attempts to map how the future organizational structure of the USAF might develop (2013–2030). In the view of Bernstein, Lebow, Stein, and Weber, “Social scientists cannot afford the luxury of only examining the past, they are deeply engaged in the attempt to explain the present and think analytically about the future.” Moreover, “Our [social scientists’] interest is in the identification and connection of chains of contingencies that could shape the future.”1 Up to this point in the present analysis, I have deliberately considered Periods One and Two in order to assess the explanatory power of the outlined organizational change models within the context of the organizational elements of the USAF. Finding that the organizational modeling appropriately helped to describe, inform, explain, and anticipate organizational change within the context of the USAF, I then used these insights as a guide to examine the first eighteen years of Period Three (1992–2010) in preparation and as a basis for continuing Period Three analysis into the future.

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