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Fort Chadborne

B. W. Aston and Donathan Taylor University of North Texas Press PDF

Fort Chadbourne•57TOURIST INFORMATION(Whe n possible please call to be sure these services are still available.)Albany (915/ 762-2525)Chamber of Commerce, P. O . Box 185, Albany, TX 76430Population:2,040Points of-,at:Shackelford County CourtHouse, built in 1883-84The squareOld Jail Art Center, on Second Street one block east of the the courthouse, permanent exhibits include works of Giacomo Manzu, John Marin, CharlesUmlauf, Louise Nevelson, Henry Moore, AmedeoModigliani, Pablo Picasso, and examples of Chinese art from the Han, Wei, Sui, Tang and Ming Dynasties. Housed in a restored county jail (c. 1878).Open Tuesday-Saturday from 10-5, Sunday from2-5.Ledbetter Picket House, 700 Railroad Street, restored frontier dog-run cabin built of slender upright poles (pickets), with rustic period furnishings.Open daily from 8-5.Matthews Memorial Presbyterian Church, built in1898 and housing one of the finest pipe organs inWest TexasOld MKT Depot, Central and Main Streets, serves as chamber of commerce office, community center and exhibit area for local handicrafts. Open weekdays.

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Medium 9781574411799

Chapter I Pioneer Days—An Indian Scare

Revised by William Rathmell. Edited with an Introduction and Annotations by Robert K. DeArment University of North Texas Press PDF




Pioneer Days—

An Indian Scare

In Nashville, Tennessee, in 1822, there lived in happiness and comparative prosperity, a very youthful married couple, the husband being scarce eighteen years of age. This was the handsome and ever good-natured Williamson Marlow Sr. and his child wife.1

After the birth of their first child2 they moved to Missouri, and a few years later, when three little pledges of love had gathered about the family fireside, the grim King of Terrors came in the still hours of the night and robbed that peaceful little home of its dearest treasure—a mother’s love and watchful care. A tiny spark of humanity was placed in the young widower’s arms, making four little ones3 for the griefstricken Williamson to be both father and mother to, and on that memorable day life lost for him its charm. Grief for the loss of a dutiful wife and loving mother knocked at his heart with a knell and he became for a time a wanderer, a brother and sister caring for the children. But time heals all wounds, so after the keen edge of his sorrow had worn

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Medium 9781574416213

9. March 1967

James G. Van Straten UNT Press ePub

Chapter 9

On the morning of 2 March, Sergeant Quan, an ARVN NCO whom I sometimes used as an interpreter when Sergeant Thong wasn’t available, came to me and said that he had a very sick baby. I asked him what the doctor had to say about the baby. He explained that he wasn’t married. and therefore a doctor within the ARVN medical system could not see his illegitimate child. He went on to explain that he was Buddhist and that his girlfriend, the mother of his child, was Christian. Neither his parents nor her parents would consent to an inter-faith marriage, so he and his girlfriend simply lived together. I was able to get the baby, only eleven days old, seen by an ARVN physician as an exception to policy. When the doctor saw the baby girl, she was near death. The Sergeant expected a miracle of medicine. The miracle didn’t happen. The baby died late that very afternoon. The next day, Sergeant Quan told me that he would now separate from his girlfriend. He said he and his girlfriend both felt as if they had failed their parents.

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Medium 9780874214321

17 : Full Circle

Raye Ringholz Utah State University Press ePub

It was the Siren Song all over again. The mailbox at the AEC compound in Grand Junction overflowed with letters and postcards. “Tell me about the new uranium boom.” “Where can I go to prospect?” “Where can I sell it if I find it?”

By 1966, word had spread that the long-awaited commercial uranium industry was finally gearing up. Fifteen nuclear power plants were in operation in the United States. Eight more were under construction and twenty in the planning stages. This was music to the ears of mining companies whose production had been slashed by a series of stretchouts in the government procurement program.

“Nuclear Power Plant Needs Begin to Revive Sick Uranium Industry,” the Wall Street Journal headlined on August 1, 1966. “About half the total power output of new generating plants placed on order so far this year will be drawn from nuclear fuel, compared with about half of the new capacity ordered in all of 1965,” the article reported.1

The Grand Junction AEC office corroborated the news. “The nuclear power industry is developing rapidly,” said staffer Nielson B. O’Rear.

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Medium 9781574415476

36. Dr. O. S. Jones

Edited and Annotated by Jacques D. Bagur University of North Texas Press PDF

260    Red River Reminiscences

Portwood play the fiddle, and they will, if necessary, vouch for the truth of every word written by this (to some of them) unknown



1. New Orleans.

2. Charles Moores is listed in the 1850 Bowie County census as a 76-yearold planter born in North Carolina. He came to Bowie County with five of his sons in 1837 to clear land and build a home, moved his family in l840 to the Mooresville settlement near present-day Redwater, and operated Moores’

Landing and its ferry to the south on Sulphur Fork. On Moores and his family, see J. H. Atkinson, ed., “Travel In Pioneer Days” (Arkansas Historical

Quarterly, 1961); the articles on “Moores’, Texas” and “Moores’ Landing” in the

Handbook of Texas Online; the profile of his grandson Alex in the Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas; and the online “Charles Moores

& Mary Harrison Family, Texarkana.”

3. Frances, who was born in 1828, married R. H. Allen, and appears to have died in childbirth in 1848.

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Medium 9780870819124

Chapter Seven: All the Panoply of Glorious War

Flint Whitlock University Press of Colorado ePub


IT WAS INEVITABLE THAT, BECAUSE COLORADO’S GOVERNOR LAVISHED SUCH LOVING attention on it, the regiment soon became known as Gilpin’s Pet Lambs, and the activities of the troops were regularly featured in Denver City’s newspapers.

In September 1861, a reporter observed, “Captain Cook’s Cavalry Company were out on company drill this morning, back of town, and their maneuvering exhibited proficiency in the ‘highest style of the art.’ They will prove themselves no skulking cowards in the faces of the Texan lazzaroni.”1 And a few weeks later: “The military are taking advantage of the fair weather, and can be seen in many parts of the city, going through the different maneuvers of marshaling in arms, and all the panoply of glorious war.”2

As the ranks filled, a newspaper editorialized,

This regiment is composed of the bone and sinew of Colorado, inured to hardships and privations. . . . We expect much of this first pride of our young territory, and will gladly hail the day when our pet First shall be brought to show its giant muscle to the terror stricken foe. Success to Col. Slough and the “bully” First.3

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Medium 9780253010599

1 Jack Woofter : The Education of a Southern Liberal

Mark Ellis Indiana University Press ePub

Born in Macon, Georgia, in 1893, Thomas Jackson (“Jack”) Woofter Jr. was raised in an atmosphere of New South optimism about public education, economic regeneration, good roads, and the resurgence of the white middle class. An only child, with slight connections to the planter aristocracy in Georgia, he was part of the post-Populist generation that assumed responsibility for the modernization of the region and the consignment to history of feudal features of southern life.

His father, T. J. Woofter Sr., one of eight children of a West Virginian farm family distantly related to Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson, became a schoolteacher at the age of sixteen and was principal of a normal school at twenty-three. After studying law at the University of West Virginia, he crisscrossed the South as a teacher and superintendent until 1893, when he became a mathematics instructor at Mercer University in Macon. In 1897, he moved to Milledgeville, the old state capital about one hundred miles southeast of Atlanta, to teach psychology and philosophy at Georgia Normal and Industrial College. Having completed a PhD by summer study with the American School in Chicago, he joined the University of Georgia (UGA) in Athens in 1903 as a professor of philosophy and education, specializing in rural schools and modern testing methods. He pushed for better funding for black normal schools and the admission of women to UGA, where a colleague described him as “congenial in association and conversation, [but] of rather solemn face”; his students called him “gloomy.” He was to play a key role in the academic and physical growth of UGA until the 1920s. An influential president of the Southern Education Council, he sat on the Georgia Board of Education from its creation in 1911 until 1919, a period of extensive reform. He was a Freemason, a Democrat, and a skilled fundraiser, securing money from the Georgia-born Wall Street banker George Foster Peabody and Governor M. Hoke Smith for several new projects. President Theodore Roosevelt commended him for persuading New South universities to undertake social and economic research and train reform-minded public officials.1 In 1904, he told the chancellor of UGA, “The University must furnish the constructive thinkers and leaders. No greater opportunity for genuine service is now open to the university.”2 And yet, as a Virginian Baptist who owned no land, T. J. Woofter Sr. remained a parvenu in Georgia.

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Medium 9781574413540

10. From East Texas to the Texas Panhandle

Chuck Parsons University of North Texas Press ePub


From East Texas to the Texas Panhandle


—Editor J. C. Howerton in the Cuero Daily Record, July 3, 1908

An urgent call for help from Wood County began the new year of 1906. Sheriff William J. Ray1 had brought an accused murderer to the jail at county seat Quitman, a small community located in far east Texas. He had been held in the Dallas County jail while preparations were made for his trial. The sheriff feared a lynch mob would storm the jail; he understood completely what the mob would do once his prisoner was in its hands. Captain Hughes with three Rangers left Austin headquarters on January 3 to assist the sheriff in protecting his prisoner during his court proceedings. Not surprisingly the presence of Hughes and his three men prevented any mob violence, which was appreciated by Wood County authorities, especially the district judge. They were back in Austin on the thirteenth, having logged 531 miles in all. On the same day Robert W. Simpson, judge of the 7th Judicial District, wrote Governor Lanham to compliment the work of Captain Hughes and his men. “I desire to thank you for your prompt action in sending the Rangers to this place,” he began. There had been no trouble, and of course maybe there would not have been anyway, but, he added, “I feel sure that the presence of Capt. Hughes and his efficient force had a very desirable effect.” Simpson continued: “Permit me to say in behalf of Capt. Hughes and each of his men here, that they are estimable gentlemen, and have so conducted themselves that every one is complimenting them.” The judge believed the service of the Rangers would not be needed again, and expressed to the governor the idea that the Rangers were “more efficient” than the local militias. In addition he recommended the force should be increased and perpetuated “as long as mob violence is threatened in this state.”2 Mob violence was a very real fear in Texas, as elsewhere in the country. Many blacks suffered at the hands of mobs, as did suspected horse thieves in many western counties.

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Medium 9781623491109

3. Starting the Caney Sugar Plantation

Margaret Lewis Furse Texas A&M University Press ePub

Chapter 3


In Texas J. B. Hawkins went into partnership with another brother, John Davis Hawkins Jr., and on October 17, 1846, these two brothers signed a written agreement to buy and cultivate land on Caney Creek. While 1846 is the date of their written agreement, the two brothers had selected their land earlier in 1845. The agreement does not specify that their plantation is to be for sugar cane exclusively; it speaks only of the cultivation of crops in general. This written and signed partnership agreement was witnessed by still another brother, Dr. William J. Hawkins. Following is a summary of the 1846 partnership agreement that marks the beginning of the North Carolina Hawkins family’s farming and (in later years) ranching business in Texas.1

James B. Hawkins and John D. Hawkins Jr. agreed to purchase land in Matagorda County for cultivating crops along the Caney Creek, sometimes called the Caney River. From Thomas Williams they bought about fifteen hundred acres at a price of three dollars per acre, payable in installments and without interest. The Thomas Williams League is located just north of Sargent on both sides of Caney Creek at the place that was to include the acres of the Hawkins sugar plantation and the crossroads village later called Hawkinsville.

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Medium 9780253339638

17. “We had Better let him Alone”

Brian K. Burton Indiana University Press ePub

“We Had Better Let Him Alone”

JULY 1 FOUND THE ARMY of the Potomac for the most part consolidated on Malvern Hill. Samuel Heintzelman reached Malvern Hill at about 1:30 in the morning. McClellan told him to consult with John Barnard and Fitz John Porter regarding his position, but there was no reason to try to point it out in the dark, so they waited until daylight. At that point, McClellan came onto the plateau. After riding the length of the line with Heintzelman, Little Mac left a couple of staff officers to post the men. Phil Kearny, the first to arrive, took his place along the eastern crest of the hill. Joe Hooker's division, the last of the Union units to reach the hill, settled in south of Kearny. One man wrote of the scene he encountered, “I could hardly conceive any power that could overwhelm us.” Edwin Sumner's corps trudged past George Morell's line to rest near the southern end of Malvern Hill and the Malvern house. Some could see the James, “‘our glittering goal,’ ‘our haven of rest’” in the distance. George McCall's shattered division, now commanded by Truman Seymour, stopped near the same house. Henry Naglee, with his “wearied mortals,” joined Henry Wessells's men to reunite John Peck's division near Haxall's Landing. Henry Slocum's men found “the long-looked-for River” and halted on Peck's left, and Baldy Smith stopped on Slocum's left.

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Medium 9780253019318

Memoir 55 “Ch’ao-hsien”

Ssu-ma Ch'ien Indiana University Press PDF

Ch’ao-hsien, Memoir 551 translated by Chiu Ming Chan and William H. Nienhauser, Jr.

[115.2985] [Wei] Man [衛]滿 (ca. 220-ca. 130 BC),2 the King of Ch’ao-hsien 朝

鮮, was a native of old Yen 燕.4 Starting from the time when Yen was at its height, it overran and took control of Chen-fan 真番 and Ch’ao-hsien, it set up officials and



The parallel version of this chapter can be found on Han shu, 95.3863–67.

Eun-jung Choi and Jimi Kim drafted a translation of the first half of this chapter several years ago. Chiu Ming Chan more recently undertook a revision of the text and notes. The translator’s note and a final revision was completed by the editor.


Wei Man’s full name is given in the account of Ch’ao-hsien found in the “Tung-yi liehchuan” 東夷列傳 of the Hou Han shu (not the Han shu as “So-yin” argues; Hou Han shu

85.2817; see also the translator’s note). Accounts of Wei Man (Wiman in Korean) can also be found in various Korean historical records. Some historians believe Wei Man was Korean, not a Han Chinese and this has skewed modern scholarship on the question along nationalistic lines. Chien Chiang-tso 簡江作 provides a summary of the controversy in his Han-kuo li-shih yü hsien-tai Han-kuo 韓國歷史與現代韓國 (Taipei: Commercial Press, 2005), pp. 4–8.

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Medium 9780253013866

17. Cape Coast Castle and Rituals of Memory

Akinwumi Ogundiran Indiana University Press ePub

Brempong Osei-Tutu

The materialization of memory through landscape and structural designs has proliferated over the past two decades, and the study of memory-making and commemoration has become an important meeting point for several disciplines (Araujo 2012; Connerton 1989; Linenthal 1995; Macdonald 2005; Nora 1989; Reinhardt 2005; Ruffins 1997, 1998; Young 1993). Some of the best-known memorials include the Vietnam Veterans War Memorial and the Holocaust Memorial Museum, both in Washington, D.C., and recently the National September 11 Memorial and Museum in New York City. In particular, the Holocaust memorials in Europe and the United States have provided models for commemorating other episodes of collective trauma (Ruffins 2006: 424; Young 1993). A significant development in this emerging trend is the establishment in July 2001 of the International Committee of Memorial Museums in Remembrance of the Victims of Public Crimes by the International Council of Museums (Murphy 2005: 75). Since the 1990s, UNESCO’s Slave Route Project has sought to connect significant sites and events associated with the transatlantic slave trade. This and other efforts have sparked debates and policy actions on the memorialization of slavery, particularly in Africa, where that subject has largely been sequestered from public discourse. UNESCO’s initiative has bolstered the Ghanaian authorities’ efforts to restore Cape Coast and Elmina castles, two of Ghana’s seventeen extant European fortifications—designated as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1979—as memorials to transatlantic slavery.

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Medium 9781574411843

Chapter 22. A Family Full of Scars

Edited by Francis Edward Abernethy and Kenneth L. Untiedt University of North Texas Press PDF


A FAMILY FULL OF SCARS by George Ewing of Abilene

My mother’s poverty after her father died never wiped out her Old

South aristocratic tastes, but when I was two or three, the meager evidence we had of this heritage was her one sterling silver baby spoon and a many-faceted sugar bowl.

“That’s cut glass!” she used to explain, but the only significance of cut that I got from that was the half-inch white scar in the middle of my brother Henry’s thick black left eyebrow. I knew the story by heart. When he was just a little fellow tugging at the skirt of our pretty teenage cousin Ruth, she had accidentally knocked the sugar bowl off the icebox, and it bounced off Henry’s upturned face, splitting the eyebrow to the bone and providing an identifying feature he would wear to the grave.

Henry’s lifestyle seemed to attract injury. After he started to school in Bishop, Texas, at recess one day when he was running full speed with his eyes on the boys chasing him, he glanced ahead and saw his path cluttered with little girls. Unable to stop—and certainly unwilling to hurt the friends of Mardelle McKenzie, whom he loved with all his heart—he turned and dived headfirst into a brick wall. He was sent home with a lump in the center of his forehead the size of half an orange and both eyes swelled shut. Those eyes turned so black he was the envy of all the tough boys of the neighborhood, and the knot never disappeared completely from his forehead.

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Medium 9781574411638


Jack Bell University of North Texas Press PDF


Credit for sorting out the confusing story of the so-called “Preston” shells goes to

Warren Ripley. In his classic book, Artillery and Ammunition of the Civil War, Ripley traces the history of the Preston name.

“Preston” is painted on several shells photographed at the Charleston Arsenal in

1865, undoubtedly by Union Army officers who recovered them and labeled them as such. The label probably relates to the use of the shells in Blakely rifles. The particular ones with the flanged rifling were made in the Fawcett, Preston and Co. foundry in

Liverpool, England.1 Ripley diligently checked surviving Confederate records, but could find no references to Preston in the 3.5-inch and 4-inch caliber. He did find a reference to

Blakely in those calibers in the records, and confirmed that the 4-inch Blakely rifle had 6groove rifling that matched the “Preston” shape.

Subsequent research has confirmed that the patent for the “Preston” design of rifle and projectile was actually awarded to Blakely in 1863.2

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Medium 9781574411898

Chapter 7 Long Road to Mansfield

Thomas Reid University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 7

Long Road to Mansfield


“Aim low boys, and trust in God.”

—Maj. Gen. John G. Walker1

The stillness of Camp Rogers, and indeed of all of Avoyelles Parish, was shattered on Sunday, March 13, 1864. The enemy had landed, and was on the march from Simmesport. As the division wagon trains were loaded and moved toward Cheneyville, the 13th Texas and Waul’s first brigade quickly marched to reinforce the bridges on the primary avenue of approach.2 General Scurry’s third brigade was stationed the farthest forward, near Yellow Bayou, four miles west of Simmesport. After determining the overwhelming strength of the invasion force, Scurry withdrew to the long bridge on Bout de Bayou, ten miles east of Marksville on the Simmesport road. The 13th Texas and the other regiments of Waul’s first brigade marched as far as Scurry’s position, but were ordered four miles back and placed in reserve between Scurry’s brigade and Randal’s second brigade, which was guarding the bridge on Bayou de Lac, eight miles from Bout de Bayou. An unusually dry winter had turned the swamps, normally a natural barrier to Union movements, into solid ground, converting a maze of natural defensive wetlands into a broad field of battle, surrounded by major watercourses; the only exit for Walker’s Division was the bridge on Bayou de Lac.3

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