6511 Slices
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Medium 9780870819643


Jonathan H. Rees University Press of Colorado ePub

Under the Industrial Representation Plan, you are like a general without an army.


Andrew J. Diamond was born in Joliet, Illinois, on June 27, 1877. In 1896 he went to work in the rod mill at Illinois Steel Company, which became part of the giant U.S. Steel Corporation in 1901. Diamond left Illinois Steel to take a series of jobs at small independent mills throughout the Midwest and then began a three-year stint at Colorado Fuel and Iron (CF&I) in 1903. Through working these jobs, he became a member of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Plate Workers, the only independent union representing workers in the steel industry at the time. In 1913, Diamond returned to CF&I to work in the rod mill. When CF&I steelworkers began representation under the Rockefeller Plan in 1916, he signed his name to the Memorandum of Agreement since his colleagues had elected him a representative for his division of the mill. He served for four years, took a brief break, and then returned to service as a representative under the employee representative plan (ERP). In 1925, Diamond became chair of the employee representatives at the Minnequa Works, a position he held until the National Labor Relations Board ordered management to dismantle the ERP in 1942.2

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Medium 9780253015495

Conclusion: Disaster(s) without Content

Thomas Stubblefield Indiana University Press ePub

These are the days after.


Falling Man

Terrorism and the “war on terror” are parts of [the] new media regime, but they are not its basis, not even its primary focus. At most, they are catalysts: they intensify and speed up the emergence of new media forms, and of their corresponding new modes of subjectivity.


Post-Cinematic Affect




While the immediate aftermath of 9/11 saw Hollywood pull virtually anything from distribution that vaguely resembled the experience of that day, five years later in 2006 the event would be front and center in films such as United 93 and World Trade Center. Writing in February of the same year, Julian Stallabrass noted, “There is . . . a vast outpouring of 9-11 merchandise that surely seeks to heal the image wound: posters of heroic firemen against the backdrop of the fallen towers, badges, caps, T-shirts, magnets and memorial candles.”1 The cries of “too soon” seemed to have rescinded and the concomitant return of the image appeared to form something of a bookend to the reconstitution of the visible that took place in the wake of the disaster. As W. J. T. Mitchell observes, “the spectre of 9-11” was supplanted by the global financial crisis and the killing of Osama bin Laden. For Mitchell, the latter is especially important, as the sense of closure it enacted was the product of a kind of double negative within the spectacle which canceled out the power of invisibility: “It is significant that the War on Terror that began with a massive spectacle of erasure on 9-11 should end with the erased image of someone who had been reduced to little more than a hollow icon of a widely discredited movement.”2 In these terms, the killing of bin Laden not only redresses the constellations of invisibility outlined in this book, but also recuperates an earlier image of absence which would mark the beginning of the “war on terror.”3 A similar symbolic transference was performed in almost ritualistic fashion in a press conference held on the eve of the invasion of Iraq.

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Medium 9780253008152

11 Inversion Rituals: The African Novel in the Global North \ Catherine Kroll

Edited by Brandon D Lundy and Solomon N Indiana University Press ePub

If narratives can bloom again, if languages, words, and stories can circulate again, if people can learn to identify with characters from beyond their borders, it will assuredly be a first step toward peace. . . . Instead of the “we” so proudly trumpeted, the “we” flexing its muscles, puffing up its pectorals, it is another “we,” diffracted, interactive, translated, a waiting, listening “we”—in short a dialoguing “we” will be born.

—Abdourahman A. Waberi, In the United States of Africa (2009)

I draw the chapter title from the Zulu inversion rituals of the 1930s, in which women during times of seasonal dearth assumed male roles: seizing the power to suppress men, to dress like them, and to take over their herding responsibilities (Gluckmann 1935). The modern African novel itself functions as a kind of inversion ritual: it provokes a radical, mind-shifting experience for Western readers. African novelists counter the West’s centuries-old depiction of their societies as “archaic,” “timeless,” riven by ethnic strife, and cursed by an inhospitable environment. Scholars and teachers working in African studies have an obligation to contest the cultural and political positioning of African peoples within such a framework of alterity and to open up an equitable, transcultural dialogue that reveals African thinking about African identities.1

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Medium 9780253006271

3 “Free and French”: La Constitution de la colonie française de Saint-Domingue

Walsh, John Patrick Indiana University Press ePub

On 7 June 1802 Toussaint was taken hostage by French troops and soon thereafter shipped to France aboard le Héros, a vessel whose nomenclature suddenly conveyed a simple irony for his captor, Napoleon Bonaparte.1 It must have been a theatrical scene: a hero of the protracted drama of the Haitian Revolution was on his way to a tragic death. Toussaint arrived in the harbor of Brest by mid-July. Nearly two weeks later, Bonaparte decreed, “The so-called Toussaint Louverture will be transferred and held prisoner at the Fort de Joux. He will be held in secret, with neither the ability to write nor communicate with any individual other than his servant.”2 Bonaparte’s minister of war, General Berthier, relayed these orders to the local prefect, Jean De Bry, and inquired about the security of the fortress in the Jura, the mountains of eastern France on the border with Switzerland. De Bry responded to his superiors on 15 August: “I have inspected the premises myself, and I can assure you in advance that there will be no difficulty in carrying out the complete execution of the will of the government.”3 Unfortunately for De Bry, the ink had barely dried on his letter when two prisoners at the fort, General d’Andigné and le Comte de Suzannet, escaped in the middle of the night.4

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Medium 9781574414653

Capturing the Grand Mogul (John Wesley Hardin)

Edited by Bruce A. Glasrud and Harold J. Weiss, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF


Capturing the Grand Mogul

(John Wesley Hardin)

Leon Metz


s late as June 17, 1874, the Texas Rangers suspected John Wesley Hardin still considered Comanche home. Ranger W.  J.

Maltby wrote Major John B. Jones from Brownwood, and said the local people are still “severely threatened by the notorious outlaw John Hardin and a band of desperadoes that he has enlisted under his banner.” Maltby believed Hardin was still in the county and “seeking the lives of the best citizens.” For the next three years, newspapers frequently reported Hardin activity in Texas when he actually was in Alabama and Florida.1

Hardin considered vanishing into Mexico as well as Great Britain, but a Hardin on the run needed funds. Joe Clements and Neill

Bowen were in Kansas where their cattle remained unsold, awaiting a favorable market. A desperate John Wesley dispatched his younger brother Jefferson to Kansas with instructions to sell regardless of price. Jeff returned with five hundred dollars. Neill Bowen followed shortly thereafter, and he and Hardin settled accounts. Hardin said he had considerable money when he left the state.2

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Medium 9780253015846

5 Capitalist Ethics?

Samuli Schielke Indiana University Press ePub


Although People Understand grand schemes as being located outside the ordinary world, they do have material form and shape. And most often in the early twenty-first century, that form is of a commodity.

Commodity and consumption have become a ubiquitous part of life in Egypt. Being a respectable person largely depends on one’s capacity to buy consumer goods. Love is transformed through the consumerist principle of gratification. Religious proselytization is a lucrative trade. This shared sense of existence is in the focus of this chapter. Capitalism is not only a configuration of relations of production and consumption but also a sensibility of existence inherently accompanied by an ideology, promises, and ends of its own. And while Islam may appear to be the moral counterpart to capitalist economy, the Islamic revival has brought key anxieties to the forefront of people’s religious consciousness that resonate with capitalist modes of production and rationality in peculiar ways. Capitalism and religious revival share a sense of temporality that connects the two in complex and unpredictable ways. It is the temporality of a life in the future tense.

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Medium 9781574416251

Chapter 5: The Pride of Mecklenburg County

James Carson UNT Press PDF


Against the Grain

with the notation that “Capt. Lazelle will be ordered to join his regiment,” then located at Hancock Barracks in Baltimore, Maryland.2

Sometime in October or early November, Lazelle suffered a flare-up of a rheumatic condition that had struck him early in 1862 and would plague him for the rest of his life. On November 23, he wrote the Adjutant

General to explain that he was unable to rejoin his regiment because he was bed-ridden in Washington and under the care of an Army surgeon for severe rheumatism “contracted in the field during the past year.” The doctor confirmed Lazelle’s medical condition in a separate memorandum and endorsed his request for a duty assignment in the Department of the

Gulf, where the warm weather would be more conducive to his recovery.

Provost Marshal Duty

As he prepared to leave Washington, however, he made yet one more attempt to secure a staff job, again presenting his name to Brigadier

General Thomas, Assistant Adjutant General, as “an applicant for the appointment of Assistant Adjutant General in the Regular organization of the United States Army.”3 It was not to be. On December 1, Lazelle was ordered to report “in person, without delay” to the Commanding General,

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Medium 9780253014467

8. “Solving” the Muslim Question

Elena I. Campbell Indiana University Press ePub

As of 1910, the tsar’s government found itself with multiple, contested, and contradictory recommendations about the Muslim Question. While many of these initiatives were launched during Stolypin’s time, they were carried out in a changing political context. Stolypin himself did not last long; he was assassinated on 14 September 1911. His coalition with the conservative and nationalist elements in the Third Duma had turned out to be precarious, and he managed to alienate both the Right and the Left. His successors had neither his influence within the government nor his determination to implement a program of reforms. Once again, the government faced increasing opposition from members of educated society and mass protest movements. And once again, Russia became involved (this time indirectly) in the conflict with the Ottomans, which intensified during the two Balkan wars of 1912–1913. Along with other important geopolitical consequences, the Balkan wars stimulated pan-Slavist sentiments within Russian society while at the same time positioning Russian Muslims as potential enemies. This chapter explores how the Russian government attempted to implement its program on the Muslim Question under these challenging circumstances.

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Medium 9781574411461

CHAPTER FIVE 1851 “My spirit is restless and longs for activity.”

Elizabeth Wittenmyer Lewis University of North Texas Press PDF

My spirit is restless



“My spirit is restless and longs for activity.”

Lucy Petway Holcombe

ucy traveled to New Orleans with her mother and sister to shop for Anna Eliza’s trousseau and while there she met her old suitor, St. George Lee. The meeting was not by accident but, when the time came for Lucy to return home to Marshall,

St. George refused to accompany her as she requested. No explanation of his need to return to his business in Mobile satisfied the selfcentered Lucy. The unhappy suitor left and poured out his emotions in a letter written on board the steamboat Florida, “I lay awake all night thinking of how I left you like a broken lily drooping your fair head in utter prostration. I felt almost criminal . . . I am on the rack

‘till I hear from you.”1

Lucy left him on the rack. She broke off their long-standing friendship and told him she’d never marry. It would be many years before she forgave St. George but at the moment the excitement of Anna’s wedding demanded her attention. On 14 January 1851, Anna Eliza,

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Medium 9781574415858

6. Rangers Against the Confederacy

Chuck Parsons and Donaly E. Brice University of North Texas Press ePub



“I find that Kimble County is a thiafs [sic] stronghold. [T]he two Llanos and all tributaries are lined with them.”

—Private H. B. Waddill, Company C, February 27, 1877

The beginning months of 1877 must have seemed terribly uneventful for Reynolds and the boys of Company A, stationed at Camp Hubbard in Frio County—named after Gov. Richard B. Hubbard, who had succeeded to the governorship upon the resignation of Richard Coke—as scout followed scout in the same general area with very little probability for action. On December 27, 1876, Captain Coldwell sent Reynolds with a nine-man squad up the Sabinal River, reaching Sabinal post office, some sixty miles west of San Antonio, the next day. They remained there for three days and then went to the small settlement of D’Hanis, a stage stop on the road between San Antonio and the Rio Grande. They remained there but one day and although they were unaware of it at the time a party of Indians had just passed through the country; when the Rangers learned of their presence it was too late to follow the trail. The squad returned to camp on the evening of January 2, having marched a total of eighty-two miles.1

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Medium 9780253356680

1 Assia Djebar’s Transvergent Nuba: The Nuba of the Women of Mount Chenoua (Algeria, 1978)

Florence Martin Indiana University Press ePub

Shahrazad’s tales included other tales in a mise en abyme that deepened as the Nights unfolded. Contemporary Maghrebi women’s filmic narratives often follow a similar pattern. The resulting films offer a complex narrative web of embedded tales. In Barakat, for instance, the surface narrative of the quest for a disappeared woman soon reveals another narrative embedded within it: the story of a past mujahida (woman freedom fighter). Shahrazad also embedded political messages in her narratives: this Sultan whose story I am telling you, she whispered to the caliph prettily, is “fair,” is “wise,” and acts in a politically courageous way. Similarly, Rachida, for instance, tells a fictitious story focused on one female protagonist that embodies the plight of Algeria during the 1990s (see chapter 3); and Bab al-sama maftouh/Une Porte sur le ciel/A Door to the Sky by Farida Benlyazid, for instance, tells a fictitious story focused on one female protagonist whose spiritual and feminist choices reach into the history of women in the Maghreb, and shows how to make significant personal/political choices.

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Medium 9781574412130

Part IV. Modern Travelers on the Butterfield Trail—The Past Is Not Past: The Trail's Still Down There

A. C. Greene University of North Texas Press PDF


you fly over Mountain Pass in Taylor County, Texas, you can see in the chalky earth below two faint white tracks which follow the north edge of the hills, climbing toward the low summit of the pass. And if your imagination and your sense of history are as good as your eyesight, you should hear the clatter of hooves and wheels, the pop of a whip, or the faint cries of a brass bugle heralding the approach of the stagecoach, for this is one of the few visible traces of the actual road of John Butterfield's Southern Overland

Mail through Texas: the Butterfield Trail. Most of the remainder of the trail has been plowed under, paved over, overgrown by mesquite and scrub oak, or lost midst the maze of mechanical tracks created when an oil well is drilled and sustained.

There is a challenge to the modem traveler trying to follow in any fashion-foot, horse, or auto-the old Butterfield Trail. But arduous as the effort becomes, my wife and I found the job not just rewarding but exhilarating when we traced the trail in the 1990S.

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Medium 9781574415056

15. Huntsville and Punishment

Chuck Parsons and Norman Wayne Brown University of North Texas Press ePub



“I was carefully guarded by Lieut. N. O. Reynolds, who commanded twenty-five well armed brave men; but I knew the power of the mob, the spirit that possessed them, and knew that my life hung on a tread.”

John Wesley Hardin

While waiting the result of his appeal, Brown Bowen was placed in the Travis County jail with Hardin, sent there from Gonzales. Confined together in the Travis County jail they could not avoid each other. On January 29, 1878, Hardin wrote to Jane, pointing out that friend Bill Taylor’s conviction for killing Gabriel Webster Slaughter back in March of 1874 had been remanded; hence there was hope Taylor would be somehow acquitted of the deed, and be released from Galveston jail. Cousin Mannen Clements was to go to Gonzales for a bond hearing, and Hardin was confident he was “Sure to Get out Soon.” He encouraged her to keep her spirits up, reminding her that where “there is a will there is a way and that the darkest hours are Just before day[.]” Of course Brown joined him “in Sending Love to all[.]”1

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Medium 9781574416541

14. The U.S. Marshals Improvement Revolution

David S. Turk University of North Texas Press ePub
Medium 9781574411485

Jim Ewell

Larry A. Sneed University of North Texas Press PDF


News Reporter

"If anyone of us had gotten in to where we could break 'the story of the century,' and that was the conspiracy behind the assassination of Kennedy, no lap dog reporter would have been sitting out there waiting for the story to break... "

After delivering his hometown newspaper as a boy in West Texas, Jim

Ewell became interested in a career in journalism. After attending HardinSimmons College, Ewell began as a cub reporter for the Abilene Reporter

News. Specializing in crime reporting and interested in police work, he became a part time crime beat reporter for the Dallas Times Herald in 1953, and by 1963 had become a full-time day side crime beat reporter for The

Dallas Morning News. In that capacity, Ewell observed the capture of Lee

Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theater and wrote extensively about the events of that tragic week end.

The Dallas Morning News was a Republican newspaper in a sea of Democrats across the Southwest, and though Dallas was a conservative city, it was probably an exaggeration that Dallas was that ultra-conservative. I never felt that we were so far politically to the right that it would intoxicate our thinking as sane people. I don't think that was the case. If nothing else, there were some incidents that played into the mind-set that Dallas was this ultraright stronghold such as the little incident involving Adlai

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