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Medium 9781574414769

Chapter 27: Back in the West

Mark T. Smokov University of North Texas Press ePub


Back in the West

A westbound Great Northern train was stopped by three men near Malta, Montana, on August 28, 1903. The bandits were frustrated in their holdup attempt when guards on the train prevented them from boarding the engine. Giving it up as a bad job, they rode away toward the Bear Paw Mountains. The railroad said it was the work of the Curry gang, and the outlaw leader had been reported seen in Malta earlier in the week.1 Another robbery attempt on the Great Northern took place on September 2 in Great Falls, in which the bandits rode the train into the city limits.2 It is difficult to believe that Curry would have attempted a train robbery so soon after his escape. Wild Bunch members were known to take several weeks and even months to plan their robberies. The need for money would not have overridden his innate caution. Also, the modus operandi of the holdups did not fit Curry’s style. In fact, northern Montana may not have been his first destination after eluding the Pinkertons and federal officers in the mountains of North Carolina. The detective agency would most likely have sent agents to watch Jim Thornhill and other friends of Curry’s.

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Medium 9781574411386

Chapter 7. Transition

Fred L. Edwards, Jr. University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 7



Lieutenant Colonel Harry Holeman, the J-2 MACV science advisor, wants to discuss a project involving long-range patrolling with several members of G-2 and G-3 at II Field Force headquarters in Long

Binh.l Harry's clearance precludes in-country trips outside of American-held territory, but his fighter pilot spirit influences him to go anyway. Except for an official trip to Tokyo, he hasn't been out of

Saigon/Cholon, and is looking forward to this trip.

I draw a pair of pistols and pick him up in the office jeep. The rotund little man looks incongruous in his Air Force khaki tropical worsted and blue frame cap, with a .45 automatic strapped around his waist, but I guess that Air Force scientists don't bring field uniforms to Vietnam.

On the Bien Hoa highway a tragi-comic act with a Lambretta unfolds. A Lambretta is a motorbike with one wheel in front and two wheels on an axle in the rear. Built over this triangular frame is an enclosure which houses the driver in front and his cargo in the rear. A Lambretta can carry four Americans or a dozen Vietnamese. Thousands of Lambrettas serve as taxies, buses, and cargo trucks in the Saigon-Cholon-Bien Hoa area.

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Medium 9781574414233

Appendix B The AT-6 Incident

Tom Killebrew University of North Texas Press PDF

Appendix B

The AT-6 Incident

Hugh Morgan’s book By the Seat of Your Pants has an interesting story on pages 115 and 116. According to Morgan, “Just hours before the arrival of the first course a potential crisis arose which was only averted by the inspirationally quick thinking of Wg Cdr Hilton.”

The civilian instructors had been to an RAF refresher course in

Canada and the instructors there had very negative comments about the AT-6. “The aircraft apparently had an enormous number of vices. . . . it had an unfortunate tendency to fail to recover from a flat spin and ground loop when taxiing, etc.” Hilton, according to

Morgan, “Strode out to the nearest readily flyable AT6A, took off, and proceeded to put the aircraft through an imaginative aerobatic routine.” Morgan concludes that No.1 BFTS never again received any complaints from the instructors regarding the suitability of the AT-6.

This is a great story and it has been repeated in other sources. It reads like a Hollywood movie script. The basis for the story is found in ORB dated June 14, 1941, and the writer (probably Flight Lieutenant Palmer since he was the administrative officer) readily admits this portion of the ORB had been written twenty-one months after the fact from the memory of others (Palmer did not arrive in

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Medium 9780253009661

2 The Plantations: Sowing the Seeds of Ireland's Religious Geographies

Ian N. Gregory Indiana University Press ePub


The major plantations of Ireland, which were put in place during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, were an attempt, or a series of attempts, to establish a Protestant population from England and Scotland in Ireland. This occurred for both political reasons—Protestant England was worried about the threat that Catholic France and Spain could pose through Ireland—and economic ones, in particular due to the close trading ties between southwestern Scotland and northeastern Ireland. The plantation period is outside the temporal range of this book, and the sources on which much of the remainder of the book is based do not exist for this time. We have, however, included a brief description of the events that occurred and the geographies that they established, since, as chapter 3 will describe, their legacies lasted until the early nineteenth century and therefore provide the foundations of much of what was to follow. Indeed, the events of this period left spatioreligious patterns that continue to have an influence to this day.

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Medium 9780253345677

10. A Night to Remember

Thomas Goodrich Indiana University Press ePub

SHORTLY BEFORE 8:30 P.M., AS drizzle began to fall softly on Washington, a carriage halted outside the imposing facade of Ford’s Theater. Despite the weather, a large number of curious spectators were on hand, some to see the president, but most to view for themselves the man so much had been made of recently, Ulysses Grant. When the four occupants finally stepped down and into the light, however, the short, bearded general and his trademark cigar were nowhere to be seen. Nevertheless, the presidential party, in the “gayest spirits,” was imposing enough, and Lincoln himself was more than sufficient to write home about.1

“I had never been so near to him before, and I remember remarking how much taller he appeared than I had previously imagined,” wrote a man who boarded just across the street from Ford’s. “He was engaged in animated conversation as he passed me, and I was struck with the peculiar softness of his voice. . . . As he passed through the crowd he towered a full head and shoulders above them.”2

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Medium 9781574413700

5. Federal Policies at the Four Major Prisons in Illinois and Indiana

James M. Gillispie University of North Texas Press ePub



To this point the argument has been made that Union officials enacted policies that cannot accurately be termed negligent or abusive. Their policies towards captured Confederate soldiers and officers were well within the boundaries of the rules of war as defined and accepted by both sides during the Civil War. Yankee regulations were designed to provide prisoners with the basic necessities for survival: food, clothing, shelter, and medical care. Of course, setting policies and actually having them implemented adequately can be two completely different things, as anyone familiar with government bureaucracies will readily confirm. Therefore a brief examination of major individual Northern prisons is necessary to determine whether or not the charges of negligence and abuse leveled at Yankee authorities are as irrefutable as many commentators have maintained for over a century.


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Medium 9781574413243

Chapter 3 ✚ A Disguise to Fool a Sniper

Joann Puffer Kotcher University of North Texas Press PDF

✚ C ha p t e r 3 ✚

A Disguise to Fool a Sniper

May 1966, An Khe, South Vietnam


uring my assignment at An Khe the war became personal. Our recreation center sat next to the hospital, so we saw many patients.

One man was proud of his face. “My scars are better than all of my buddies’.” One anticipated his recovery, “The muscle in this arm was so messed up, the doctors took it out. Now the muscle underneath will build up and take its place. I’ll be as good as new.” Another was amazed,

“The dentist put my teeth back together.” Still another showed me how he could light a cigarette with one hand while the other was in a sling.

All of them bragged about what great medical care they were getting.

A doctor in the mess explained, “If the Medevacs can get a wounded man to the hospital, he has a 98 percent chance of survival. We don’t count head wounds.” What a relief I felt to conclude that Hollywood was wrong; all the soldiers don’t die. Some live to continue being heroes.

We usually scheduled two girls in the recreation center, a short distance from our living quarters, while the other two visited troops around the division. Men came and went at the center all day and evening. We tried to have coffee and some kind of juice available; sometimes we had food. One day Sandra arrived with two fresh loaves of bread. “I talked the guys at the bakery into giving us these.” Her slicing

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Medium 9780253356833

9. It Looks Like Dewey

David M. Jordan Indiana University Press ePub

While the Dewey forces worked on accumulating delegate commitments, and John Bricker's people did what they could to put together an anti-Dewey bloc, the national party officers worked on making sure that the national convention itself unrolled smoothly and as planned. Harrison Spangler, the Republican national chairman, got together his twenty-six-member arrangements committee in Chicago on April 18 and 19, to see where they stood.

Joe Martin of Massachusetts, the House minority leader, was pretty much agreed on by everyone as the permanent chairman of the convention. Martin had served in this role in 1940, and there were no complaints about his fairness and efficiency. The question of the convention's temporary chairman, however, was very much up in the air. The principal function of the temporary chairman was to give the keynote address the first night of the convention. The keynoter gave to the nation, in his speech and even more in his persona, the image of the party which its leaders wished to present.

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Medium 9780253006035

5 Operation Vigorous

Vincent P. O'Hara Indiana University Press ePub

Perhaps we should [have been] grateful that it was the Italians and the
Germans with their equal lack of understanding of how to operate naval
air power that we faced in those waters and not the Japanese.

Commander A. J. Pugsley, HMS Paladin

ON 18 APRIL the Chiefs of Staff Committee concluded that it would be impossible to send a convoy to Malta in May. Instead they decided to mount a massive operation during the June dark period—a simultaneous double convoy from Alexandria and Gibraltar. The western operation, dubbed Harpoon, planned and commanded by personnel from the Home Fleet, would include five transports and a tanker. The convoy from the east, which was a production of the Mediterranean Fleet’s new commander in chief, (acting) Admiral Harry Harwood, and was code-named Vigorous, would have ten merchant ships and a tanker. Because they were independent operations, these convoys will be considered sequentially.

The Mediterranean Fleet lacked capital ships, which the experiences of the December 1941, February 1942, and March 1942 convoys suggested would be needed to protect the operation against the Italian battleships. However, at the time the convoy was conceived, London anticipated that a desert offensive would have secured airfields near Benghazi, increasing the effectiveness of the land-based airpower that Admiral Harwood considered a potential offset. He envisioned “bombers and torpedo bombers to provide the heavy hitting power, and long-range fighters to give the cover that had previously been provided by battleships and carriers.” London also recognized that Malta’s fighter squadrons needed to be reinforced if they were to protect two convoys and cover their unloading.1

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Medium 9781574412048

Chapter 9: “Intervention Was Necessary”

David Johnson University of North Texas Press PDF

chapter 9

“Intervention Was Necessary”

The terror that gripped Mason in the fall of 1875 is almost impossible to comprehend. On October 4 it was rumored that John Baird was in town. The rumor proved false, but it provides glimpses of rampant tales that spread fear in the community.1 At the same time, Clark and his men rode to Loyal Valley and proceeded to terrorize the community. One of the citizens harassed was John O. Meusebach. The mob stormed into his store and shots were fired that grazed his legs.

“He did not move a muscle but with a withering gaze looked directly into the faces of the attackers. After a moment his molesters dropped their eyes, turned sheepishly, and rode away.”2

Meusebach’s biographer believed that the attack was committed by the Baird faction during the feud. However, the only documented raid on Loyal Valley was perpetrated by John Clark and the Hoo

Doos. Additional insight into the incident is found in a petition to



The undersigned citizens of Loyal Valley are under the impression that you are in command of the State

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Medium 9780253347978


Olga Semyonova Tian-Shanskaia Indiana University Press ePub

Form of a Contract between Seasonal Employers and Peasants

On the 2nd of October, 1899, we, the undersigned peasants of Yepifanskii uezd of Murashenskii township and Chernyshevka village, Yakov Matveev Marsakov, Pavel Spiridonov Shikunov, Nikita Pavlov Blagov, and Maksim Grigoriev Seleznyov, have filed this contract with the Karavaevo office of Semyon Tikhonovich Blagopoluchnyi, merchant of the 2nd guild, to the effect that:

1. We, the peasants, have undertaken to farm in the coming year 6 desiatinas of rye and 6 of oats on the estate owned by Semyon Tikhonovich Blagopoluchnyi, merchant of the 2nd guild.

2. For farming these 12 desiatinas we have received upon signing this agreement the entire payment of 5 rubles per desiatina, or 60 rubles in all.

3. Rye will be worked in the following manner: the field is to be plowed and harrowed twice and weeded out. After the rye seeds have been sown, the field is to be harrowed two or three times. Lastly, the rye is to be cut, bound, packed into shocks, transported to the threshing yard, and the ricks covered. Oats will be worked in the following manner: sowing, harrowing twice, weeding, cutting, binding, packing into shocks, transporting to the threshing yard, covering the ricks. In the fall, the field is to be plowed.

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Medium 9781574411898

Chapter 3 From Red River to White River

Thomas Reid University of North Texas Press PDF

Chapter 3

From Red River to White River


“We was compelled to take it afoot.”

— Pvt. Thomas Rounsaville1

Leaving Camp McCulloch on July 2, the 13th Cavalry traveled through Gilmer in Upshur County and spent the Fourth of July in camp four miles north of Coffeeville on Cypress Bayou. By July 8, the regiment had passed Hickory Hill and Linden in Cass County on the way to the Texas state line. The weather was hot, but not excessively so. In the afternoons, breaks were called every hour or so, to take advantage of roadside shade. Capt. William Blewett of Company

H wrote,

Several of the boys are complaining but all of them are able to ride . . . we are traveling from fifteen to twenty miles a day which will reduce our horses but very little. So far we have found plenty of corn but the probability is that in some places between this and Little Rock we will be scarce. Our stock are generally in fine order at this time and the only difficulty now is to get them shod, a great many of them being tender footed and the roads are rocky and very rough.2

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Medium 9780253354525

7 Breakthrough

Richard C. Hall Indiana University Press ePub

By the end of the summer of 1918, conditions on the Macedonian Front had worsened considerably for the Central Powers. The great influenza epidemic had caused some physical and morale problems among the Bulgarian soldiers.1 Much to the dismay of the Bulgarian command, the Germans had withdrawn considerable numbers of troops and weapons to use in the great offensives on the Western Front. At the same time, the material condition of the Bulgarians deteriorated to an appalling degree.

The morale problem in the Bulgarian army did not escape the notice of the Entente forces in Macedonia. A French report dated 15 September noted, “the Bulgarian people and army are overcome with a desire for peace, increased by a determined hatred of the Germans and Turks.”2 Deserters reported that many soldiers believed that the Bulgarian government would make peace on 15 September. This was the anniversary of the initial mobilization in 1915. Nor were the Germans oblivious to the morale problems in the Bulgarian army. A German report of 10 August indicated that the influence of Aleksandŭr Stamboliski’s antiwar Agrarian Party had grown very strong at the front. The same report noted, however, that despite the overwhelming war weariness, neither the tsar nor the government intended at that point to seek a separate peace. The reported cautioned, “The picture could change, if the Tsar and government, despite their good intentions, face opposition and lose courage to continue the war. Unfortunately we need to keep such an eventuality in mind, so that we do not have to reorient our affairs at the last possible moment.”3 The war-weary situation on the Macedonian Front and throughout Bulgaria was obvious to the Germans. The report implied that an Entente military effort could knock Bulgaria out of the war. By the end of the summer of 1918 Bulgaria, like all the other Central Powers, was at the end of its ability to wage war.

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Medium 9781574413038

4. The Importance of Doctrine and How to Manage: The American Command and General Staff School

Jörg Muth University of North Texas Press PDF


The Importance of Doctrine and How to Manage: The American

Command and General Staff School and the Overlooked Infantry School

“A career officer is going to school as long as he lives.”1

—General Matthew Bunker Ridgway


nother cornerstone of the American professional military education system was founded by General William Tecumseh Sherman,

USMA 1840, in May 1881 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Then known as

“School of Application for the Infantry and Cavalry,” it went—even in later years—through several name changes, which proves the point that it “initially lacked a clearly defined purpose.”2 The problem of lacking a definite educational task would haunt the school even decades later.3

From the outset, the school ran into several problems that tainted its reputation. Though the U.S. Army had the greatest demand for officers with knowledge of professional staff work, the majority of students

Leavenworth school admitted at first were lieutenants. Officers with this rank, however, were supposed to command a platoon, while the school was supposed to teach staff procedures for higher units.

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Medium 9781574411652

CHAPTER ELEVEN Glimpses of Baptiste

W. Dale Nelson University of North Texas Press PDF


Glimpses of Baptiste

Jean Baptiste Charbonneau was something of a greenhorn when he returned to the American frontier from his sojourn in a European palace.

Quite quickly, however, he was plunged into the rigors of frontier life as a member of a group of trappers in what is now eastern

Idaho. Trying an overland short-cut from the Snake River at present-day American Falls to the Wood River, they found themselves on a seventy-mile trek over lava beds crisscrossed with deep chasms that they had to leap on horseback. When they came to a chasm too broad to leap, they gave up on reaching their destination and turned to searching for water.1

Baptiste, suffering from heat and thirst like the rest, strayed from his companions. They feared he was dead. Spotting a campfire on a bank of the Malad River in the dead of night, he thought the campers must be hostile Indians, and Baptiste decided to retrace his steps. Meanwhile, the other trappers found the Malad and, said trapper J. H. Stevens, “drank, and laved, and drank

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