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Medium 9781574414257

Sixteen: End of the Trail

Paul N. Spellman University of North Texas Press ePub


End of the Trail

Aa he approached the house walking along Twelfth Street, Captain Rogers bundled his heavy coat around him a bit tighter, his tall white hat pulled down over his brow. The north wind was blustery that day, whistling down the hill as he reached the intersection and crossed to the front steps of his house. But that was not entirely the reason he kept his coat wrapped around his chest.

Two of his grandchildren met him as he reached the steps with cries of “Grandaddy!” calling the others from inside as well. Soon they had gathered around the gray headed gentleman. A tiny smile grew beneath the white mustache as the captain patted each of the little ones on their head. He stepped back from the wiggling entourage and his eyes widened. The children froze in anticipation; Grandaddy always brought some prize when they visited. The old Ranger reached inside the heavy coat and retrieved the tiny puppy from under his vest. The children squealed in delight and ran inside to tell their parents what a wonderful gift had just arrived.

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2 The Bridled “Bride of Palestine”: Urban Orientalism and the Zionist Quest for Place

Daniel Monterescu Indiana University Press ePub

Above the mosques the moon is rising

Above your house the neon lights are lit

And again the jasmine bush gives its scent

And again we’re here by the clock tower

And again a girl without “why” or “how come”

My hands are holding yours

There’s something strange and unknown

Something wonderful about this town

The seagulls flew from the dock

The sea has gone silent

This is Jaffa, girl, this is Jaffa

That penetrates the blood like wine.

YOSSI GAMZU, “This Is Jaffa”

The gentrified city is a cultural space of unyielding desire for the quality of life lost in the metropolitan chaos or in the emptiness of suburban sprawl. Imagining a new authentic lifestyle in the erstwhile disinvested yet quaint “inner city” is bound to cause considerable adaptation pains for the individual(ist) newcomer, but these are often overshadowed by the promise of a new enabling environment—a horizon of creative possibilities for the “new middle class.” In cities like Jaffa, located at the periphery of the metropolitan center, gentrification bridges the anonymous functionality of the big city and the communal intimacy of the neighborhood. Seen as a convoluted shell of negation and passion, alienation and purpose, the cultural problem of gentrification echoes early formulations of the modern city as a site of “bitter hatred” as well as the seat for urbanites’ “most unsatisfied yearnings” (Simmel [1903] 1950, 420).

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Medium 9781574415476

29. To Spanish Bluff

Edited and Annotated by Jacques D. Bagur University of North Texas Press PDF

202    Red River Reminiscences

now well nigh run into the small hours, we retired to fall asleep as the remembrance of Juno’s pranks should flit away, and the spirits of loved ones at home come in their place to watch over our slumbers.

Morning came, but no Major Leiper, nor any word from him or Juno; and after waiting until the sun was full two hours high,

“Uncle Joe” concluded that in all probability the hitherto faithful

Juno had been overcome by his double potation and had fallen by the wayside, and, so by a little indiscretion of his own the “tail had gone with the hide,” and the Relief went on her way without the cotton. We consoled ourselves for the loss, hoping that it might in the end prove a gain, and if we came back again we would find it here, and if not it would fall to the lot of some venturesome



1. The 1850 Bowie County Slave Census indicates that William Boyce had 82 slaves, but none meeting the description.

2. Joseph Leeper’s headright was immediately southeast of the Dyer headright at the mouth of Mill Creek.

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Medium 9781574416015

3. “We Fought under the Black Flag”

Bob Alexander, Chief Kirby W. Dendy and Texas Rangers University of North Texas Press PDF





“We Fought under the Black Flag”

the first of the jones brothers to become Frontier

Battalion Texas Rangers were William Kenner and Pinckney. Both enlisted in Neal Coldwell’s Company F in Kerr County on June 4,

1874. Following the footprints they laid down hunting for Indians in the Texas Hill Country and later chasing bandits in South Texas below the Nueces Strip—The Wild Horse Desert—is achievable but only serves, in this narrative, to sidetrack their brother Frank’s story.

Though, before they mustered out during the summer of 1875,

William had made the rank of lieutenant and Pinckney figuratively wore sergeant’s stripes.1 The bottom line is not blurred—Will and

Pink Jones were lawyers—not lawmen.

The daring Jones boys were not participants at the time, but episodes of historic proportion transpired in North Texas and the

Panhandle during 1874, subsequent to charter formation of the famed Frontier Battalion. The exhilarating events, scores of miles removed from Curry Creek, would have considerable bearing on the future of Frank Jones.

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Medium 9781574412284


Stephen L. Moore University of North Texas Press PDF


The Village Creek


May 4–30, 1841

Tarrant’s Expedition: May–June 1841

The present Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex area was a hotbed of Indian expeditions conducted by militia and ranger forces during 1841. General Morehouse’s early spring expedition to the

Trinity was soon followed up by another large militia force from the Red River settlements under General Edward H. Tarrant.

A noted lawyer who had settled in the present Bowie County area, Tarrant had replaced General John Dyer as the northern

Texas commander of the Fourth Militia Brigade of the Texas

Militia. His regional headquarters was in Clarksville in Red River

County. He was eager to take to the field to counter depredations against the settlers by the northern Indians living in the area of present Fort Worth. In March, John Yeary’s home in Fannin

County had been attacked. He had been badly beaten, but had fought off his attackers.

Shortly after the attack on the Yeary family, General Tarrant received word of another Indian depredation in his district. This occurred on April 10, 1841, against the Ambrose Ripley family, who had settled in 1837 on Ripley Creek in what later became

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Medium 9781574413533

Chapter 11. Bill Was Still Fighting

Rick Miller University of North Texas Press ePub

Chapter 11

Bill Was Still Fighting

The Lee County sheriff mounting the search for the Longley brothers was James McKeown, the father of Bill’s early criminal companion, Johnson. Sheriff McKeown was elected as Lee County’s first sheriff on June 2, 1874.1 But the posse led by James McKeown never came close to the fleeing brothers, who headed north after leaving Burleson County.

Jim later recalled2 that they initially steered clear of settlements where they might be recognized. Camping out in the open each night, Jim hunted and killed swamp rabbits to eat with the bacon and bread they had brought with them. They approached the Brazos River, heading toward Bryan, and encountered a black man with three yokes of steers that he was taking to Caldwell. The two outlaws, apparently feeling their oats, made the man “dance,” riding on after rewarding him with a half-quart of whiskey. One can only suspect what happened to the other half-quart.

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Medium 9780253337979

14. The Equipment

Jr.Herbert H. Harwood Indiana University Press ePub

“Mishmash” is the only appropriate word to describe the Lake Shore Electric’s original roster. When the company was formed on September 25, 1901, it inherited a mixed collection of rolling stock from its four predecessor companies — none of it really suitable for the type of operations its creators envisioned. In total there were 41 interurban passenger cars (“interurban” sometimes being rather loosely defined), 22 city streetcars, five box freight motors, four powered work cars, 33 work trailers, and three steam locomotives no less. Some of these cars dated to the pioneering days of interurban and street railway operations in the early 1890s and, although young in years, already were obsolescent if not completely obsolete. Only the former Toledo, Fremont & Norwalk’s 22 Barney & Smith cars of 1900–1901 were usable for long-distance interurban operations, but these were rather austere and, worse, were underpowered and thus slow. Nonetheless the new company had to rely on them until it could buy equipment specifically designed for its planned high-speed, deluxe services.

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Medium 9781574415964

8. Ticking Time Bombs

Anita Belles Porterfield and John Porterfield University of North Texas Press PDF

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, the Department of Defense’s only maximum security prison and where Nidal Hasan is currently on death row. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army

8. Ticking Time Bombs


By the work one knows the workman.

~Jean de La Fontaine

ver 14,000 people were murdered in the United States in

2013, a four percent decrease from 2012 and a fourteen percent decline from 2003.1 The incidence of mass murders also declined with twenty-four occurrences in the past decade, down from forty-three cases in the 1990s.2 Large-scale mass homicides such as the Fort Hood massacre are rare events that are sensationalized by the national print and broadcast media. Mass killings are so disconcerting and shocking that they become locked into our collective psyche, leading us to believe that there are many more of these events than there actually are. Because multiple homicides are increasingly committed with semi-automatic firearms with high-capacity magazines, there has been an increase in the total numbers of victims killed and injured.3

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Medium 9781574411782

Chapter 11–Lam Son 719

Chuck Gross University of North Texas Press PDF



February 2, 1971

Dear Tom,

Hi and how is everyone? I’m sorry I didn’t write sooner. We’re in the middle of a big operation and I just don’t have the time.

We moved out of Chu Lai and are up north along the DMZ, now working the Khe Sanh Valley. We are presently living in

Quang Tri and it’s a lot worse than Chu Lai. We’re operating our company out of tents and that’s really bad for the maintenance of our aircraft. We have no place to take a shower now and I think that’s the worst part. I imagine you’ll be reading about this operation in the newspaper and on TV. It’s one of the biggest in the war. You won’t believe how cold it is here! I got Mother’s letter of the 25th tonight. I really appreciate hearing from you all.

Today I go under 100 days left in country. I’m really anxious to leave. It just all builds up on you after awhile.

We left Chu Lai on the morning of January 30 and arrived at

Quang Tri that afternoon. From February 1–7 we were involved in support of Operation Dewey Canyon II, the first phase of Lam Son

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Medium 9780253006035

5 Operation Vigorous

Vincent P. O'Hara Indiana University Press ePub

Perhaps we should [have been] grateful that it was the Italians and the
Germans with their equal lack of understanding of how to operate naval
air power that we faced in those waters and not the Japanese.

Commander A. J. Pugsley, HMS Paladin

ON 18 APRIL the Chiefs of Staff Committee concluded that it would be impossible to send a convoy to Malta in May. Instead they decided to mount a massive operation during the June dark period—a simultaneous double convoy from Alexandria and Gibraltar. The western operation, dubbed Harpoon, planned and commanded by personnel from the Home Fleet, would include five transports and a tanker. The convoy from the east, which was a production of the Mediterranean Fleet’s new commander in chief, (acting) Admiral Harry Harwood, and was code-named Vigorous, would have ten merchant ships and a tanker. Because they were independent operations, these convoys will be considered sequentially.

The Mediterranean Fleet lacked capital ships, which the experiences of the December 1941, February 1942, and March 1942 convoys suggested would be needed to protect the operation against the Italian battleships. However, at the time the convoy was conceived, London anticipated that a desert offensive would have secured airfields near Benghazi, increasing the effectiveness of the land-based airpower that Admiral Harwood considered a potential offset. He envisioned “bombers and torpedo bombers to provide the heavy hitting power, and long-range fighters to give the cover that had previously been provided by battleships and carriers.” London also recognized that Malta’s fighter squadrons needed to be reinforced if they were to protect two convoys and cover their unloading.1

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Medium 9780253332516

3 Ogun, the Empire Builder

SANDRA T BARNES Indiana University Press ePub

Sandra T. Bames and Paula Girshick Ben-Amos

During the years between 1400 and 1700 a cluster of conquest states rose to power along the Guinea Coast of West Africa and dominated large areas of this forest-belt region for several centuries. The expansion of these states was based on their many advantages, the most obvious of which was that each had a well organized and heavily equipped army, using a highly developed iron technology and, in a few cases, a mounted cavalry. The states included the Edo Kingdom of Benin, the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey, and a series of Yoruba kingdoms, the largest of which was Oyo (see Map 3.2). All of these states owed their political dominance to a policy of aggressive militarism.

It is no accident, we think, that each of these polities shared a symbolic complex which incorporated the three elements of iron, warfare, and state-building. This complex centered on Ogun (also known as Gu). For centuries there was close interaction between citizens of these states, thanks to migration, trade, warfare, and the itineracy of craftsmen and other specialists. Through this ongoing and intensive interaction, knowledge of a deity such as Ogun could easily have diffused.

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Medium 9780253019028

A Tribute to Ali Mazrui

IU Press Journals Indiana University Press ePub

Ali Mazrui. Photo by Seifudein Adem. ©2011

LET ME SPEAK briefly to Mazrui’s love of writing, his commitment to scholarship, and his position on issues of justice in general. Mazrui loved writing, and in 1974, he told us why:

[T]his tremendous urge to communicate . . . This is why I write at all, why I write so much, why I write on such varied subjects. I have a constant urge to try and share with others what I think are glimpses I have had . . . When I want to communicate any particular thought that has occurred to me, a) I want to work it out and b) I want to communicate it to others. I have to work it out. I work it out in the writing. Having worked it out, I want somebody else to know what occurs to my mind, to my being.

In order to play Boswell to Mazrui’s Samuel Johnson someday, hopefully, I kept more than 5,000 pages of handwritten correspondence with him. This collection bears testimony to Mazrui’s love of writing, a collection that includes his instantaneous thoughts and immediate reactions in writing when he was pleased and when he was less-than-pleased.

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Medium 9780876111710

5. Collapse of the Confederacy

Ralph A. Wooster Texas State Historical Assn ePub



Private George T. Brown, Company B, Third Texas Cavalry (Arizona Brigade). Courtesy Lawrence T. Jones III, Austin.

DESPITE THE MANY sacrifices made by Texans and other Southerners, the effort to establish a Confederate nation came to an end in early 1865. On April 9, after four years of fighting against overwhelming odds, Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House. Three days later the formal exchange of men and weapons took place. Among those in Lee’s army were 617 members of Hood’s Texas Brigade, the last of over five thousand Texans and Arkansans who had served in the brigade. After being paroled, these proud veterans began to make their way home to Texas and Arkansas.80

During the next month other Confederates capitulated. In late April Joseph E. Johnston surrendered what remained of the Army of Tennessee to William T. Sherman near Durham, North Carolina. On May 4 Richard Taylor surrendered Confederate troops in Alabama and Mississippi to E. R. S. Canby at Citronelle, Alabama.81

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Southeast Texas Monuments

Kelly McMichael Texas State Historical Assn ePub


Alvin, Brazoria County

ALVIN IS TWELVE MILES SOUTHEAST OF HOUSTON at the junction of state highways 6 and 35. The monument is in the Confederate Cemetery on Farm to Market Road 517 near the intersection of State Highway 35.

The Lamar Fontaine Chapter of the UDC dedicated a monument to the John A. Wharton Camp, UCV, on May 30, 1924. The old soldiers had named their camp in honor of Wharton, a Confederate brigadier general from Brazoria County. The monument is inscribed with the phrase “superior to adversity; equal to prosperity.”1

In the 1890s veterans in the county purchased a plot of land, named it Confederate Cemetery, and dedicated it as the final resting place for local veterans and their families. With the large numbers of deaths following the hurricane of 1900, they increased the cemetery’s acreage and opened the grounds to nonveteran dead. Several hurricane victims are also buried in the cemetery. Although most Americans rightly associate the hurricane of 1900 with Galveston, the fierce storm destroyed towns across the Texas gulf region as well, leaving death and destruction in its wake. Today, the dead from all of the last four American wars are buried in the cemetery, along with several civic leaders.2

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Medium 9780253019523

3 Along the Briny Strand

Barbara Kreiger Indiana University Press ePub

In 1800, when exploration of the Dead Sea was in its tentative early stage, there was no central source of information to which a potential traveler could refer in preparing for his trip. Hardly anything had been written about the region, and much of what had been written was so distorted by individual and religious bias that it was of little use to serious explorers. But by the middle of the century, things were considerably different, and by the third quarter, it has been noted, several thousand books and articles had been published about Palestine in general, many of them containing at least some reference to the Dead Sea or its environs.

Explorers of the second half of the nineteenth century inherited from those of the first half a dogged enthusiasm and a wealth of information about this previously little known, much misunderstood lake, and a good part of their time was devoted to sifting through the material, distilling questions and looking for leads. Given the remoteness of the Dead Sea valley and the diversity of the travelers, the constant exchange of information throughout those decades was remarkable. Some reports were admired, some criticized, and some even mocked. But if one thing can be said, it is that there was an eager audience, both lay and professional, for all that was written, and no explorer set out ignorant of the findings and opinions of those who had preceded him.

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